Ælfflæd was born circa 880 in Wiltshire, England, United Kingdom to Æthelhelm (c850-897) . She married Edward the Elder (c870-924) 899 JL in United Kingdom.


Ælfflæd was the second wife of Edward the Elder (c870-924), king of the Anglo-Saxons from 899 to 924.

Ælfflæd was the daughter of an ealdorman Æthelhelm, probably ealdorman Æthelhelm of Wiltshire who died in 897. Genealogist David H. Kelley and historian Pauline Stafford have identified him as Æthelhelm, a son of Edward's uncle, King Ethelred I. Other historians have rejected the idea.

Ælfflæd married King Edward around 899. She only attested one charter, dated 901, where she was described as conjux regis. She never attested as queen. and although she was previously thought to have been consecrated as queen when Edward was crowned in 900, this is now thought unlikely. In 1827 the tomb of St Cuthbert in Durham Cathedral was opened, and among the objects found were a stole and maniple which had inscriptions showing that they had been commissioned by Ælfflæd for bishop Frithestan of Winchester. However, they had been donated by her step-son king Æthelstan to Cuthbert's tomb, probably in 934.

Edmund I, the future king who was a son of Edward's third wife, Eadgifu, was born in 920 or 921, so Ælfflæd's marriage must have ended in the late 910s. According to William of Malmesbury, Edward put aside Ælfflæd in order to marry Eadgifu, a claim which Sean Miller viewed sceptically, but it is accepted by other historians. She is reported to have retired to Wilton Abbey, where she was joined by two of her daughters, Eadflæd and Æthelhild, and all three were buried there.


Offspring of Edward the Elder (c870-924) and Ælfflæd
Name Birth Death Joined with
Ælfweard of Wessex (904–924) 904 Wessex, England 2 August 924 Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
Eadgifu of Wessex (902-aft955) 902 955 Charles the Simple (879-929)
Herbert III de Vermandois (c913-c982)
Eadgyth of Wessex (910-946) 910 26 January 946 Otto I von Sachsen (912-973)
Eadhilda of Wessex (-937) 937 Hugh the Great (898-956)
Ælfgifu of Wessex (-)
Eadflæd of Wessex (-)
Edwin Ætheling (c912-933) 912 Wessex, England 933 England



Footnotes (including sources)

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