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Érd
—  City/(megyei jogú város)  —
Ottoman minaret in Érd

Coat of arms
Location of Pest County in Hungary



Érd is located in Hungary
Érd
Location of Érd in Hungary



Érd is located in Pest County
Érd
Location of Érd in Pest County
Coordinates: 47°22′42″N 18°55′19″E / 47.37833, 18.92194
Country  Hungary
Region Central Hungary
County Pest County
Subregion Érd
Government
 • Mayor András T. Mészáros (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
 • Total 60.54 km2 (23.37 sq mi)
Elevation 162 m (531 ft)
Population (1 Jan. 2014)
 • Total 63,294
 • Density 1,063.66/km2 (2,754.9/sq mi)
Postal code 2030
Area code 23
ksh_code 15583
Website http://www.erd.hu

Érd (Hungarian pronunciation: [eːrd]; German: Hanselbeck, Croatian: Andzabeg, Turkish: Hamzabey) is city and urban county in Pest County, Budapest metropolitan area, Hungary.

History[]

The area has been inhabited since ancient times. Archaeological findings indicate that prehistoric men lived here 50,000 years ago.

Érd itself was first mentioned in documents in 1243. The name comes either from the word erdő ("forest") or from ér ("stream").

During the Ottoman occupation of Hungary Érd was captured by the Turks in 1543, after the castle of Székesfehérvár fell. The Turks built a motte castle and a djami (mosque) here. In these times the place was called Hamzsabég (Hamzabey). In 1684 the army led by Charles V, Duke of Lorraine defeated the Turks near Érd.

In 1776 Érd became an oppidum (town). It is possible that it already had been oppidum before the Ottoman occupation. In the early 20th century Érd became the property of the Károlyi family. The town grew, but remained mainly an agricultural town until 1972, when several new facilities were built and the touristic value of Érd grew.

Érd was the fastest-growing locality in Hungary between the 1991 and 2001 censuses (up 30.6%). On November 7, 2005 the Parliament decided that Érd will be granted the rank of city with county rights from the date of the next council election in autumn 2006.

Transport[]

The mass transit are operated by Volánbusz, with 5 bus lines. A lots of buses depart to nearby cities, such as Sóskút, Pusztazámor, Százhalombatta and also Budapest.

In the city there are five railway stations (Érd, Érd alsó, Érd felső, Tétényliget, Érdliget). Passengers can travel to Budapest, Pécs, Nagykanizsa, etc.

Tourist sights[]

  • Hungarian Geographical Museum, founded by geographer Dénes Balázs
  • Saint Michael Church
  • Turkish minaret (17th century; one of only three existing minarets of the country)
  • Remains of ancient Roman road
  • Fundoklia Valley with rare plant species

Demographics[]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1870 3,027
1880 3,188 +5.3%
1890 3,343 +4.9%
1900 3,480 +4.1%
1910 3,953 +13.6%
1920 3,990 +0.9%
1930 5,632 +41.2%
1941 14,523 +157.9%
1949 16,444 +13.2%
1960 23,047 +40.2%
1970 31,205 +35.4%
1980 41,330 +32.4%
1990 43,327 +4.8%
2001 56,567 +30.6%
2011 63,631 +12.5%
2013 63,333 −0.5%

Population by nationalities:

  • Magyars - 93.4%
  • Romani - 1%
  • Germans - 0.6%
  • Others - 0.8%
  • No answer, unknown - 4.2%

Population by denominations:

  • Roman Catholic - 49.2%
  • Calvinist - 14.2%
  • Greek Catholic - 2.2%
  • Lutheran - 1.8%
  • Others (Christian) - 1.5%
  • Others (non-Christian) - 0.2%
  • Atheist - 16.5%
  • No answer, unknown - 14.3%

International relations[]

Twin towns — Sister cities[]

Érd is twinned with:

City Country
Poynton United Kingdom United Kingdom
Reghin Romania Romania
Lubaczów Poland Poland
Suzhou People's Republic of China China

External links[]

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