Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century
Decades: 1740s  1750s  1760s  - 1770s -  1780s  1790s  1800s

Years: 1767 1768 1769 - 1770 - 1771 1772 1773
1770 by topic:
Arts and Sciences
ArchaeologyArchitectureArtLiterature (Poetry) – MusicScience
Lists of leaders
Colonial governorsState leaders
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Works category
1770 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1770

Ab urbe condita 2523
Armenian calendar 1219
Bahá'í calendar -74 – -73
Buddhist calendar 2314
Coptic calendar 1486 – 1487
Ethiopian calendar 1762 – 1763
Hebrew calendar 5530 5531
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1825 – 1826
 - Shaka Samvat 1692 – 1693
 - Kali Yuga 4871 – 4872
Holocene calendar 11770
Iranian calendar 1148 – 1149
Islamic calendar 1183 – 1184
Japanese calendar Meiwa 7

(明和 7年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2430
Julian calendar 1815
Korean calendar 4103
Thai solar calendar 2313
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Year 1770 (MDCCLXX) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar.



  • January 1 – Foundation of Fort George, Bombay laid by Colonel Keating, principal engineer, on the site of the former Dongri Fort.
  • March 5Boston Massacre: Eleven Americans are shot, five fatally, by British troops in an event that helps start the American Revolutionary War five years later.
  • April 20 (April 19 by Cook's log)[1] 06:00 – First voyage of James Cook: English explorer Captain James Cook and his crew aboard HMS Endeavour become the first recorded Europeans to encounter the eastern coastline of the Australian continent.
  • April 20Georgian king Erekle II defeats Persians in battle of Aspindza, though Russian General Totleben betrays him.
  • April 29 – First voyage of James Cook: James Cook drops anchor in a wide bay about 16 km (10 mi) south of the present city of Sydney, Australia. Because the young botanist on board the ship, Joseph Banks, discovers 30,000 specimens of plant life in the area, 1,600 of them unknown to European science, Cook calls the place Botany Bay.
  • May 7 – Fourteen-year-old Marie Antoinette arrives at the French court.
  • May 16Marie Antoinette marries Louis-Auguste (who later becomes King Louis XVI of France).

July 5: Battle of Chesma, painting by Ivan Aivazovsky.

  • May 16Fireworks lit by Eric Engelbrecht, at the wedding of the crown prince of France in Paris, cause a fire, killing 132 people.
  • June – The Spanish governor of Buenos Aires sends five frigates to Port Egmont, landing some 1600 marines. The small British force present promptly surrenders.
  • June 3Gaspar de Portolà and Father Junípero Serra establish Monterey, the presidio of Alta California territory for Spain from 17771822, United Mexican States 18241846, until the California Republic.
  • June 11 – First voyage of James Cook: HMS Endeavour grounds on the Great Barrier Reef.


  • July 1Lexell's Comet (D/1770 L1) passes the Earth at a distance of 2184129 km, the closest approach by a comet in recorded history.[2]
  • July 5Battle of Chesma and Battle of Larga: The Russian Empire defeats the Ottoman Empire in both battles.
  • August 1 (July 21 in Julian Calendar) – Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774)Battle of Kagul: Russian commander Pyotr Rumyantsev routs 150,000 Turks.
  • August 22 – First voyage of James Cook: James Cook claims the eastern coast of New Holland (Australia) for Great Britain.

Date unknown[]

  • Falklands Crisis (1770).
  • Johann Gottfried Herder meets Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in Strasbourg.
  • Joseph Priestley, British chemist, recommends the use of a rubber to remove pencil marks.
  • Joseph Louis Lagrange proves Bachet's Conjecture.
  • The Baron d'Holbach's (anonymous) materialist work Le Système de la Nature ou Des Loix du Monde Physique et du Monde Moral is produced in Neuchâtel.
  • The Louth Navigation canal in Lincolnshire, England opens.




  1. ^ Hinks, Arthur R. (1935). "Nautical time and civil date". The Geographical Journal 86: 153–157. 
  2. ^ "D/1770 L1 (Lexell)". Gary W. Kronk's Cometography. Retrieved 2012-07-02. 

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1770. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

People of the year 1770 at Familypedia

174 people were born in 1770

 FatherMotherAge mother at birth
Abiel Abbot (1770-1828)John Abbot (1735-1818)Abigail Abbot (1734-1807)
Benjamin Abbot (1770-1823)Abiel Abbot (1741-1809)Dorcas Abbot (1744-1829)
Charity Adair (1770-1826)Joseph Adair (1735-1812)Sarah Dillard (1736-)
James Adair (1770-1840)Joseph Adair (1745-1820)Sarah Lowe (1750-1844)
Charles Adams (1770-1800)John Adams (1735-1826)Abigail Smith (1744-1818)
Timothy Alden (1770-1859)Israel Alden (1747-1817)Lucy Thankful Markham (1745-1829)
Jonathan Amory (1770-1828)Thomas Amory (1722-1784)Elizabeth Coffin (1741-1822)
Paul Atkins (1770-1851)Paul Atkins (1742-)Mary White (1742-)
Pantazi Bagdat (c1770-1842)Toderiță Bagdat (c1740-c1805)Safta Grecescu (c1745-c1800)
Jacob Bankras (1770-1818)Simon Bankras (-1784)Trijntje Claas (bef1770-)
Margarita Catherine Barkley (1770-1837)James Barclay (1750-1803)Maria Van Beverhoute (1750-1803)
Abijah Barnes (1770-1833)Moses Barnes (1732-1781)Hepzibah Osborn (1738-)
Elizabeth Belasyse (1770-1819)Henry Belasyse, 2nd Earl Fauconberg (1743-1802)Charlotte Lamb (1743-1790)
Penelope Blane (c1770-1846)
Lijsbeth Bleeker (1770-1836)Jan Bleeker (1740-1798)Marijtje Schoenmaker (1746-1813)
... further results

110 children were born to the 64 women born in 1770

121 people died in 1770

 FatherMotherAge at death
Grace Susanna Adams (1768-1770)John Adams (1735-1826)Abigail Smith (1744-1818)
Jonathan Alden (1686-1770)Johnathan Alden (1633-1697)Abigail Hallett (1644-1725)
Jonathan Arnold (1708-1770)Thomas Arnold (1675-1727)Elizabeth Burlingame (1684-1752)
Rebecca Atwood (1747-1770)Eleazer Atwood (1713-1796)Rebecca Young (1715-1790)
Mary Backus (1692-1770)John Backus (1662-1744)Mary Bingham (1672-1747)
Alexandru Bagdat (c1720-c1770)Nicolae Bagdat (c1690-c1740)
Sarah Bergroth (1690-1770)
Benjamin Berry (1708-1770)Joseph Berry (1680-1730)Mary Larrabee (1683-1750)
John Bigelow (1681-1770)Joshua Bigelow (1655-1745)Elizabeth Flagg (1655-1729)
Erzsébet Blaskovitch (c1705-c1770)Sámuel Blaskovich (c1670-1738)Judit Grassalkovich (c1685-1748)
Dirk Boerman (1706-c1770)Jan Boerman (c1675-c1735)Lijsbeth Spijl
Anne Boylston (1706-1770)Peter Boylston (1676-1743)Ann White (1686-1772)
Joseph Brewster (1698-1770)Jonathan Brewster (1664-1704)Judith Stevens (1670-1732)
Edward Broadaway (c1767-c1770)Samuel Broadaway (1734-)Alice Green (1734-)
Anton Brunswik von Korompa (c1717-1780)Michael Brunswik von Korompa (1671-1719)Margarete Theresia Vitalis von Vitalisfalva (c1685-1747)53
... further results

6676 people lived in 1770

Grietje Jans (-1775)Jan (bef1735-)
Reijnouwtje Davids (c1723-aft1753)David
Abigail Abbe (1767-1851)John Abbe (1743-1832)Abial Averill (1738-1832)
Arien Ariensz Abbenes (c1740-1806)Aarjen Hendriksz Abbenes (c1709-1788)Trijntje Gerrits (c1709-1800)
Abiel Abbot (1765-1859)Abiel Abbot (1741-1809)Dorcas Abbot (1744-1829)
Abiel Abbot (1770-1828)John Abbot (1735-1818)Abigail Abbot (1734-1807)
Abiel Abbot (1741-1809)John Abbot (1704-1793)Phebe Fiske (1712-1802)
Abigail Abbot (1734-1807)Benjamin Abbot (1686-1748)Abigail Abbot (1699-1753)
Benjamin Abbot (1770-1823)Abiel Abbot (1741-1809)Dorcas Abbot (1744-1829)
Dorcas Abbot (1744-1829)Benjamin Abbot (1686-1748)Abigail Abbot (1699-1753)
Elizabeth Abbot (1766-1853)John Abbot (1735-1818)Abigail Abbot (1734-1807)
John Abbot (1735-1818)John Abbot (1704-1793)Phebe Fiske (1712-1802)
John Abbot (1704-1793)John Abbot (1674-1754)Elizabeth Harnden (1756-1693)
William Abbot (1748-1793)John Abbot (1704-1793)Phebe Fiske (1712-1802)
Elizabeth Abbott (1721-1782)John Abbott (-)Elizabeth Birege (-)
... further results

Events of the year 1770 at Familypedia

94 people were married in 1770.

 Joined with
James Adair (1747-1831)Rebecca Montgomery (1750-1835)
Joseph Adair (1711-1788)Sarah Laferty (1715-1767)+ Susanna Murdough (1723-1800)
Joseph Adair (1745-1820)Sarah Lowe (1750-1844)
Eleazer Adams (1748-1819)Prudence Bennett (1756-1787)
John Andrews (1752-)Mary Emmerson (1750-)
Jantje Appelman (c1750-bef1816)Arien Kuiper (1743-1816)
Thomas Lee Bailey (c1745-1780)Sarah Osborn (1754-1793)
Eli Baldwin (1748-1794)Dorothy Potter (1750-1824)
Prudence Bennett (1756-1787)Eleazer Adams (1748-1819)
Enoch Bigelow (1746-1780)Elizabeth Clemons (1747-1823)
John Bigelow (1740-1807)Mary Bigelow (1742-1825)
Mary Bigelow (1742-1825)John Bigelow (1740-1807)
William Brigham (1735-1793)Rebecca Ball (1739-1768) + Lydia Chamberlain (1745-1793)
Antje Broersen (1743-?)Klaas Jonker (1739-)
Susanna Brown (c1744)John Bellett (1749)
... further results

There were 0 military battles in 1770.

0.026063511084482 1.71875 0.018124625524266