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1776 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1776

Ab urbe condita 2529
Armenian calendar 1225
Bahá'í calendar -68 – -67
Buddhist calendar 2320
Coptic calendar 1492 – 1493
Ethiopian calendar 1768 – 1769
Hebrew calendar 5536 5537
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1831 – 1832
 - Shaka Samvat 1698 – 1699
 - Kali Yuga 4877 – 4878
Holocene calendar 11776
Iranian calendar 1154 – 1155
Islamic calendar 1189 – 1190
Japanese calendar An'ei 5

(安永 5年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2436
Julian calendar 1821
Korean calendar 4109
Thai solar calendar 2319
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Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.


January 10: Common Sense published


  • January 15Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense.[1]
  • January 20American Revolution: South Carolina Loyalists led by Robert Cunningham sign a petition from prison agreeing to all demands for peace by the formed state government of South Carolina.
  • January 24American Revolution: Henry Knox arrives at Cambridge, Massachusetts with the artillery that he has transported from Fort Ticonderoga
  • February 17Edward Gibbon publishes the first volume of The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
  • February 27 – American Revolution: Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge: North Carolina Loyalists charge across Moore's Creek bridge near Wilmington to attack what they mistakenly believe to be a small force of rebels. Several loyalist leaders are killed in the ensuing battle. The patriot victory virtually ends all British authority in the town.


  • March 4 – The American Revolution: The Americans capture "Dorchester Heights" dominating the port of Boston, Massachusetts.
  • March 9Adam Smith publishes The Wealth of Nations.
  • March 17 – American Revolution: Threatened by Patriot cannons on Dorchester Heights, the British evacuate Boston.
  • March 28Juan Bautista de Anza finds the site for the Presidio of San Francisco.
  • April 12 – American Revolution: The Royal Colony of North Carolina produces the Halifax Resolves making it the first British colony to officially authorize its Continental Congress delegates to vote for independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain.


  • May 1Adam Weishaupt founds the Bavarian Illuminati (Order of the Illuminati) in Ingolstadt, Bavaria.
  • May 4Rhode Island becomes the first American colony to renounce allegiance to King George III of Great Britain.
  • June 7 – American Revolution: Richard Henry Lee of Virginia proposes to the Continental Congress that "these united colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states."
  • June 8 – American Revolution: Battle of Trois-Rivières: American invaders are driven back at Trois-Rivières, Quebec.
  • June 11 – American Revolution: The Continental Congress appoints a committee to draft the Declaration of Independence.
  • June 12 – American Revolution: Virginia Declaration of Rights by George Mason adopted by the Virginia Convention of Delegates.
  • June 15 – American Revolution: Delaware Separation Day: The Delaware General Assembly votes to suspend government under the British Crown.
  • June 17 – Lt. Jose Joaquin Moraga leads a band of colonists from Monterey Presidio, landing on June 29 and constructing the Mission Dolores of the new Presidio of San Francisco.


July 4: American Declaration of Independence.

  • July 8 – American Revolution: The Liberty Bell rings for the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence.
  • July 9 – American Revolution: An angry mob in New York City topples the equestrian statue of George III in Bowling Green.
  • July 12 – Captain James Cook sets off from Plymouth England on his third, and fatal, expedition to the Pacific Ocean.
  • July 21Mozart's celebrated Haffner Serenade is first performed in Salzburg, Austria
  • August 2 – Most of the American colonies ratify the Declaration of Independence
  • August 15 – American Revolution: First Hessian troops land on Staten Island to join British forces.
  • August 27 – American Revolution: Battle of Long Island: Washington's troops routed in Brooklyn by British under William Howe.


  • September – First running of the St. Leger Stakes horse race in England.
  • September 6 – Hurricane hits Guadeloupe, killing more than 6000.
  • September 7 – American Revolution: World's first submarine attack. American submersible craft Turtle attempts to attach a time bomb to the hull of British Admiral Richard Howe's flagship HMS Eagle in New York Harbor.
  • September 11American Revolution: abortive peace conference between British and Americans on Staten Island.
  • September 15 – American Revolution: British land on Manhattan at Kip's Bay.

September 22: British hang spy Nathan Hale in New York City.

  • September 16 – American Revolution: Battle of Harlem Heights is fought.
  • September 22 – American Revolution: Nathan Hale executed in New York City for espionage.
  • October 7Crown Prince Paul of Russia marries Sophie Marie Dorothea of Württemberg.
  • October 9 – Father Francisco Palou founds Mission San Francisco de Asis in what is now San Francisco, California.
  • October 11 – American Revolution: Battle of Valcour Island: On Lake Champlain near Valcour Island, a British fleet led by Sir Guy Carleton defeats 15 American gunboats commanded by Brigadier General Benedict Arnold. Although nearly all of Arnold's ships are destroyed, the two day-long battle will give Patriot forces enough time to prepare defenses of New York City.
  • October 28 – American Revolution: Battle of White Plains: British forces arrive at White Plains, attack and capture Chatterton Hill from the Americans.
  • October 31 – In his first speech before British Parliament since the Declaration of Independence that summer, King George III acknowledges that all is not going well for Britain in the war with the United States.


  • November 16 – American Revolution: Hessian mercenaries under Lieutenant General Wilhelm von Knyphausen capture Fort Washington from the American Continentals. The captain of the American navy ship USS Andrea Doria fired a salute to the Dutch flag on Fort Oranje and Johannes de Graaff decided to answer the salute with eleven gun shots.[2]
  • December 5 – The Phi Beta Kappa society is founded at the College of William and Mary.
  • December 7 – American Revolution: Marquis de Lafayette attempts to enter the American military as a major general.
  • December 21 – American Revolution: The Royal Colony of North Carolina reorganizes into the State of North Carolina after adopting its own constitution. Richard Caswell becomes the first governor of the newly formed state.
  • December 23 – American Revolution: Thomas Paine, living with Washington's troops, begins publishing The American Crisis, containing the stirring phrase, "These are the times that try men's souls."
  • December 25 – American Revolution: Gen. George Washington orders the first issue of The Crisis read to his troops on Christmas Eve, then at 6 p.m. all 2600 of them march to McKonkey's Ferry, cross the Delaware River and land on the Jersey bank at 3 a.m.
  • December 26 – American Revolution: Battle of Trenton: Washington's troops surprise the 1500 Hessian troops under the command of Col. Johann Rall at 8 a.m. outside Trenton and score a victory, taking 948 prisoners while suffering only 5 wounded.


  • January 24E.T.A. Hoffmann, German writer, composer, and painter (d. 1822)
  • February 11Joannis Capodistrias, Greek governor of Troezen (d. 1831)
  • March 10Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of Prussia (d. 1810)
  • April 1Sophie Germain, French mathematician (d. 1831)
  • May 20Simon Fraser, Canadian explorer (d. 1862)
  • June 11John Constable, English painter (d. 1837)
  • June 28Charles Mathews, English Theatre actor (D. 1835)
  • July 4Per Aron Borg, sign language creator (d. 1839)
  • August 9Amedeo Avogadro, Italian chemist (d. 1856)
  • December 27Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (d. 1811)
  • December 31Johann Spurzheim, German physician (d. 1832)
  • date unknown


  • March 10
    • Élie Catherine Fréron, French critic (b. 1719)
    • Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish merchant and philanthropist (b. 1701)
  • March 24John Harrison, English clockmaker (b. 1693)
  • March 26Samuel Ward, American politician (b. 1725)
  • April 29Edward Wortley Montagu, English traveler and writer (b. 1713)
  • May 4Jacques Saly, French sculptor (b. 1717)
  • June 10Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier (b. 1722)
  • June 20Benjamin Huntsman, English inventor and manufacturer (b. 1704)
  • July 7Jeremiah Markland, English classical scholar (b. 1693)
  • July 10Richard Peters, English-born clergyman (b. 1704)
  • August 1Francis Salvador, American patriot (b. 1747)
  • August 2Louis François I, Prince of Conti, French military leader (b. 1717)
  • August 25David Hume, Scottish philosopher (b. 1711)
  • September 22Nathan Hale, American Revolutionary War captain, writer and patriot (executed) (b. 1755)
  • October 17Pierre François le Courayer, French theologian (b. 1681)
  • November 17James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer (b. 1710)


  1. ^ "Timeline of the American Revolutionary War". Independence Hall. Archived from the original on 30 May 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-01. 
  2. ^ Hank Rice, Footnotes in History, "The First Salute." Sons of the American Revolution, June, 2000

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1776. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

People of the year 1776 at Familypedia

149 people were born in 1776

 FatherMotherAge mother at birth
Rhoda Abbott (1776-1816)Moses Abbott (1735-1826)Elizabeth Holt (1743-1838)
Elisha Adair (1776-1844)Joseph Adair (1735-1812)Sarah Dillard (1736-)
Annie Albee (1776-1813)
Samuel Alden (1776-1855)Israel Alden (1747-1817)Lucy Thankful Markham (1745-1829)
James Allen (1776-1848)
James Williams Angell (1776-1851)Solomon Angell (1741-1806)Mary Tripp (1748-1819)
Thomas Arbuthnot (1776-1849)John Arbuthnot (c1728-1797)Anne Stone (c1733-1782)
Jacob Arney (1776-1859)Thomas Jones later Erney (c1750-)Jane Smith (c1750-)
Benjamin Ashby (1776-1840)Jonathan Ashby (1746-1797)Lydia Kimball (1748-1793)
Anne Atkinson (1776-1830)Edward Atkinson (1756-1823)Mary McCartney (1759-1817)
Lucretia Baker (1776-1856)Johnathan Baker (1753-1848)Lucretia Hendee or Hurd (1757-1849)
Henry Baring (1776-1848)Francis Baring, 1st Bart (1740-1810)Harriet Herring (1750-1804)
Samuel Bate (1776-1849)Samuel Bate (1743-1814)
Charles William Beasley (1776-1837)Henry Beasley (bef1776 )Susannah Trubshaw (bef1776 )
Thomas A. Biddle (1776-1857)Clement Biddle (1740-1814)Rebekah Cornell (c1740-)
... further results

122 children were born to the 62 women born in 1776

104 people died in 1776

 FatherMotherAge at death
Elizabeth K. Armstrong (1746-1776)William Lewis Armstong (1723-1781)Catherine McDonald (1727-1810)
Catherine Arnold (1690-1776)Elisha Arnold (1661-1710)Susanna Carpenter (1666-1753)
Julianna Asguthy (1702-1776)
Rebecca Atwood (1704-1776)Michael Atwood (1685-1728)Prudence Harding (1677-1713)
Ebenezer Baldwin (1745-1776)Ebenezer Baldwin (1710-1792)Bethiah Barker (1719-1762)
Thomas Baldwin (1701-1776)Thomas Baldwin (1662-1741)Abigail Lay (1673-1753)
Abigail Bartlett (1703-1776)Benjamin Bartlett (1658-1724)Ruth Pabodie (1658-1724)
Samuel Bemis (1690-1776)John Bemis (1659-1732)Mary Harrington (1663-1716)
John Blair (1705-1776)
Alexandru Bogdan (1741-1776)Lupu Bogdan (c1692-c1761)Caterina Sturdza (c1711-c1740)
Katalin Borsy (1704-1776)Mihály Borsy (c1675-c1720)Klára Csanády (c1680-c1740)
Antil Botting (1776-1776)Antil Botting (1740-1801)Jane (bef1761-1777)0
Seth Botts (1713-1776)Thomas Botts (1674-1742)Elizabeth Kennon (1679-1751)
Jonathan Brewster (1705-1776)Daniel Brewster (1666-1735)Hannah Gager (1666-1727)
Andrew Burnaby (1702-1776)Andrew Burnaby (c1658-1720)Anne (-1766)
... further results

6955 people lived in 1776

Reijnouwtje Davids (c1723-aft1753)David
Abigail Abbe (1767-1851)John Abbe (1743-1832)Abial Averill (1738-1832)
Arien Ariensz Abbenes (c1740-1806)Aarjen Hendriksz Abbenes (c1709-1788)Trijntje Gerrits (c1709-1800)
Abiel Abbot (1770-1828)John Abbot (1735-1818)Abigail Abbot (1734-1807)
Abiel Abbot (1741-1809)John Abbot (1704-1793)Phebe Fiske (1712-1802)
Abiel Abbot (1765-1859)Abiel Abbot (1741-1809)Dorcas Abbot (1744-1829)
Abigail Abbot (1734-1807)Benjamin Abbot (1686-1748)Abigail Abbot (1699-1753)
Benjamin Abbot (1770-1823)Abiel Abbot (1741-1809)Dorcas Abbot (1744-1829)
Dorcas Abbot (1744-1829)Benjamin Abbot (1686-1748)Abigail Abbot (1699-1753)
Elizabeth Abbot (1766-1853)John Abbot (1735-1818)Abigail Abbot (1734-1807)
Ezra Abbot (1772-1847)Abiel Abbot (1741-1809)Dorcas Abbot (1744-1829)
John Abbot (1704-1793)John Abbot (1674-1754)Elizabeth Harnden (1756-1693)
John Abbot (1735-1818)John Abbot (1704-1793)Phebe Fiske (1712-1802)
William Abbot (1748-1793)John Abbot (1704-1793)Phebe Fiske (1712-1802)
Elizabeth Abbott (1721-1782)John Abbott (-)Elizabeth Birege (-)
... further results

Events of the year 1776 at Familypedia

90 people were married in 1776.

 Joined with
Isaac Addams (1746-1809)Barbara Ruth (1741-1832)
John Alden (1731-1793)Mary Adams (1735-1774) + Prudence Butler (1778-1845)
William Ernest Archer (1754-1833)Martha Kensey (c1758-1816)
William Arnold (c1751-1831)Mary Stocker (c1755-1842)
David Atwood (1758-1817)Susanna Newcomb (1764-1825)
Margaret Auchincloss (c1744-1787)James Forlong (c1744-1806)
Thomas Baglin (c1725-)Hannah (bef1748-)+Betty Hurcombe (bef1776-)
Dorthea Benze (1743-1839)Gebhard Dietrich Gauss (1744-1808)
William Botting (1743)Mary Bates (c1745)
Claus Bremer (1750-1811)Marie Elisabeth Sieben (1752-1814)
Joel Brigham (1751-1829)Catherine Howe (1757-1820)
Thomas Bruce (c1749-1820)Hannah Game (c1752-1834)
Elizabeth Burnap (1738-1812)Jabez Rice (1728-1809)
Sarah Cazneau (1751-1781)Noah Rice (1734-1820)
Henry Cecil, 1st Marquess of Exeter (1754-1804)Emma Vernon (-)+Sarah Hoggins (c1773-1797)+Elizabeth Anne Burrell (1757-1837)
... further results

There were 0 military battles in 1776.

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