Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 16th century · 17th century · 18th century
Decades: 1600s 1610s 1620s 1630s 1640s
1650s 1660s 1670s 1680s 1690s
Categories: BirthsDeaths

As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th Century was that century which lasted from 1601}-1700 in the Gregorian calendar.

The 17th Century falls into the Early Modern period of Europe and was characterized by the Baroque cultural movement and the beginning of modern science and philosophy, including the contributions of Galileo Galilei, René Descartes, Blaise Pascal, Isaac Newton; Europe was torn by warfare throughout the century, by the Thirty Years' War, the Great Turkish War and the English Civil War among others, while European colonization of the Americas began in earnest.

Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu is the founder of Japan's last shogunate, which lasted well into the 19th century.

In the east, the 17th Century saw the flowering of the Ottoman and Mughal empires, the beginning of the Edo period in feudal Japan, and the violent transition from the Ming to the Qing Dynasty in China.



Catholic general Albrecht von Wallenstein.



Apollo and Daphne (1622-1625), by Gian Lorenzo Bernini is considered one of the masterpieces of the century.




House of Habsburg Genealogy.gif

Map of Europe in 1648 at the end of the Thirty Years' War.



Sultan Mehmed IV



Crimean Tatar soldier fighting with the soldier of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Europe's steppe frontier was in a state of semi-permanent warfare until the 18th century.


Significant people[]

Galileo Galilei is often referred to as the Father of Modern Astronomy.

Self portrait by Rembrandt, c. 1655.

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, the first person to observe bacteria using a microscope.

Sir Isaac Newton at 46 in Godfrey Kneller's 1689 portrait.

Inventions, discoveries, introductions[]

List of 17th century inventions

Major changes in philosophy and science take place, often characterized as the Scientific revolution.

Denis Papin, best known for his pioneering invention of the steam digester, the forerunner of the steam engine.


Decades and years[]

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 17th century. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.