|Centuries:||18th century - 19th century - 20th century|
|Decades:|| 1800s 1810s 1820s - 1830s - 1840s 1850s 1860s
|Years:||1836 1837 1838 - 1839 - 1840 1841 1842|
|1839 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology - Architecture -|
|Art - Literature (Poetry) - Music - Science|
|Sports - Rail Transport|
|Countries: Australia - Canada - France - Germany - Ireland - Mexico - New Zealand - Norway - South Africa - UK - USA|
|Leaders: State leaders - Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Births - Marriages - Deaths
Year 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1839
January - March
- January 9 - The French Academy of Sciences announces the Daguerreotype photography process.
- January 19 - British East India Company captures Aden
- January 20 - In the Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance.
- February 11 - The University of Missouri is established, becoming the first public university west of the Mississippi River.
- February 24 - William Otis receives a patent for the steam shovel.
- March 5 - Longwood University founded, Farmville, Virginia.
- March 7 - Baltimore City College, the third public high school in the United States, is established in Baltimore, Maryland.
- March 23 - First recorded use of "OK" oll korrect (Boston Morning Post).
- March 26 - The first Henley Royal Regatta is held
- March 29 - British naturalist Charles Darwin marries his cousin Emma Wedgwood.
April - June
- April - Sultan Mahmud II of Turkey declares war on Mehemet Ali of Egypt in revenge.
- April 9 - The world's first commercial electric telegraph line comes into operation alongside the Great Western Railway line from Paddington station to West Drayton.
- April 19 - The Treaty of London establishes Belgium as a kingdom.
- June 22 - Louis Daguerre receives patent for his camera (commercially available by September with the prize of 400 Francs)
July - September
- July 1
- July 23 - British forces capture the fortress city of Ghazni, Afghanistan in the Battle of Ghazni during the First Anglo-Afghan War
- August 8 - The Beta Theta Pi fraternity was founded in Oxford
- August 19 - French government gives Louis Daguerre a pension and gives the daguerreotype "for the whole world"
- August 23 - British forces seized Hong Kong as a base, as it prepared to wage war against Qing China. The ensuing 3-year conflict would become known as the First Opium War.
October - December
- October 3 - In the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies a railway between Napoli and Portici (7.4 km length) is inaugurated by H.M. the King Ferdinand II of Bourbon. It is the first railway in the Italian peninsula.
- November 4 – The Newport Rising was the last large-scale armed rebellion against authority in mainland Britain.
- November 11 - The Virginia Military Institute is founded in Lexington, Virginia.
- November 17 - Giuseppe Verdi's first opera, Oberto, conte di San Bonifacio opens in Milan.
- November 25 - A disastrous cyclone slams India with terrible winds and a giant 40 foot storm surge, wiping out the port city of Coringa. 300,000 people die.
- November 27 - In Boston, the American Statistical Association is founded
- In the United States, the first state law permitting women to own property is passed in Jackson.
- The first parallax measurement of the distance to Alpha Centauri is published by Thomas Henderson.
- Michael Faraday publishes "Experimental Researches in Electricity" clarifying the true nature of electricity.
- Excavation on Copan begins.
- Half of the Limburg province of Belgium was added to the Netherlands, since 1839 there is a Belgian Limburg and Dutch Limburg.
- Abd al-Kader declares a jihad against the French.
- Episcopal High School in Alexandria, Virginia is founded.
- Charles Goodyear vulcanizes rubber.
|Gregorian calendar||1839 |
|Ab urbe condita||2592|
|Armenian calendar||1288 |
|Bahá'í calendar||-5 – -4|
|Coptic calendar||1555 – 1556|
|Ethiopian calendar||1831 – 1832|
|Hebrew calendar||5599 – 5600|
|- Vikram Samvat||1894 – 1895|
|- Shaka Samvat||1761 – 1762|
|- Kali Yuga||4940 – 4941|
|Iranian calendar||1217 – 1218|
|Islamic calendar||1254 – 1255|
|- Imperial Year||Kōki 2499|
|Thai solar calendar||2382|
January - June
- January 19 - Paul Cézanne, French painter (d. 1906)
- February 11 - Josiah Willard Gibbs American physicist and chemist (d. 1903)
- February 22 - Francis Pharcellus Church, American editor and publisher (d. 1906)
- March 9 - Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer (d. 1908)
- March 16 - John Butler Yeats, Northern Irish artist (d. 1922)
- March 21 - Modest Mussorgsky, Russian composer (d. 1881)
- April 12 - Nikolai Przhevalsky, Russian explorer (d. 1888)
- April 30 - Floriano Peixoto, Brazilian president (d.1895)
- June 17 - Arthur Tooth, Anglican clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s (d. 1931)
- June 21 - Machado de Assis, Brazilian author (d.1908)
July - December
- July 8 - John Davison Rockefeller, American industrialist and philanthropist (d. 1937)
- July 17 - Ephraim Shay, inventor of the Shay locomotive (d. 1916)
- November 20 - Christian Wilberg, German painter (d. 1882)
- December 5 - George Armstrong Custer, American cavalry officer (d. 1876)
- December 12 - Caroline Lake Ingalls, née Quiner, mother of author Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. April 20, 1924)
- See also 1839 births.
January - June
- February 7 - Karl August Nicander, Swedish poet (b. 1799)
- April 1 - Benjamin Pierce, U.S. politician (b. 1757)
- April 2 - Hezekiah Niles, American editor and publisher (b. 1777)
- April 11 - John Galt, Scottish novelist (b. 1779)
- April 22 - Denis Davydov, Russian general and poet (b. 1784)
- May 17 - Archibald Alison, Scottish author (b. 1757)
July - December
- August 10 - John St Aubyn, British fossil collector (b. 1758)
- August 22 - Benjamin Lundy, American abolitionist (b. 1789)
- August 28 - William Smith, English geologist and cartographer (b. 1769)
- October - William Light, British Army colonel and the first Surveyor-General of South Australia (b. 1786)
- November 15 - William Murdoch, Scottish inventor (b. 1754)
- December 3 - Frederick VI, King of Denmark, ex-King of Norway (b. 1768)
- December 15 - Ignaz Aurelius Fessler, court councillor and minister to Alexander I (b. 1756)
People of the year 1839 at Familypedia
294 people were born in 1839
195 children were born to the 142 women born in 1839
131 people died in 1839
13335 people lived in 1839
Events of the year 1839 at Familypedia
236 people were married in 1839.
There were 0 military battles in 1839.
- See also 1839 deaths.
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1839. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|