Events and Trends
- Development and commercial production of electric lighting
- Development and commercial production of gasoline-powered automobile by Karl Benz, Gottlieb Daimler and Maybach
- First commercial production and sales of phonographs and phonograph recordings.
- First steel frame construction of "sky-scrapers"
- American Society of Mechanical Engineers founded 16 February 1880, New York, N.Y.
- Construction begins on the Panama Canal by the French. This is the first attempt to build the Canal.
- Heinrich Hertz discovers the photoelectric effect
- Michelson-Morley experiment, which suggested that the speed of light is invariant
- James-Lange theory of emotion
Literature and Arts
- Friedrich Nietzsche publishes Thus Spoke Zarathustra.
- Mark Twain publishes Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
- Fyodor Dostoevsky writes The Brothers Karamazov.
- Robert Louis Stevenson publishes Treasure Island and The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde
- First edition of Oxford English Dictionary published.
- Arthur Conan Doyle publishes his first Sherlock Holmes tale.
- Krakatoa, a volcano in Indonesia, erupts cataclysmically; 36,000 people are killed, the majority by the resulting tsunami
- About 300,000 Swedes emigrate to the United States
- A major step in Seventh-day Adventist's understanding of Righteousness by Faith occurred in 1888.
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