Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1850s  1860s  1870s  - 1880s -  1890s  1900s  1910s

Years: 1885 1886 1887 - 1888 - 1889 1890 1891
1888 in topic:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
Art - Literature (Poetry) - Music - Science
Sports - Rail Transport
Countries:     Australia - Canada - France - Germany - Ireland - Mexico - New Zealand - Norway - South Africa - UK - USA
Leaders:   State leaders - Colonial governors
Category: Establishments - Disestablishments
Births - Marriages - Deaths

Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

In Germany, 1888 is known as the Year of Three Emperors. Currently, it is the year that, when written in Roman numerals, has the most digits (13). This record will not be equalled until 2388 (MMCCCLXXXVIII), or surpassed until 2888 (MMDCCCLXXXVIII).

Events of 1888[]

January - March[]

  • January 3 - The 91-centimeter telescope is first used at Lick Observatory.
  • January 12 - Blizzards (see: Schoolhouse Blizzard) hit Dakota Territory, the states of Montana, Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas, and Texas, leaving 235 dead, many of whom are children on their way home from school.
  • January 13 - In Washington, DC, the National Geographic Society is founded.
  • February 27 - In West Orange, New Jersey, Thomas Edison meets with Eadweard Muybridge, who proposes a scheme for sound film.
  • March 8 - The Agriculture College of Utah, (later Utah State University) is founded in Logan, Utah.
  • March 11 - The "Great Blizzard of '88" begins along the eastern seaboard of the United States, shutting down commerce and killing more than 400.
  • March 20 - The very first Romani language operetta premieres in Moscow, Russia.
  • March 22 - The Football League is formed.
  • March 27 - Dorus Rijkers saves the 30-man crew of the Renown, risking his own life.

March 11: Great Blizzard of 1888.

April - June[]

  • April 11 - The Concertgebouw in Amsterdam is inaugurated.
  • May 1 - The United States Congress establishes the Fort Belknap Indian Reservation.
  • May 13 - Brazil abolishes the last remnants of slavery.
  • May 28 - In Scotland, the Celtic F.C. plays its first official match winning 5-2 against the Rangers F.C..
  • June - Annie Besant organizes the London matchgirls strike of 1888.
  • June 3
    • The Kingdom of Sedang is formed in modern-day Vietnam.
    • Casey at the Bat is published.
  • June 15 - Wilhelm II is crowned German Emperor.
  • June 19 - In Chicago, the Republican Convention opens at the Auditorium Building. Benjamin Harrison & Levi Morton win the nominations for President and VicePresident, respectively.
  • June 29 - Handel's Israel in Egypt is recorded onto wax cylinder at The Crystal Palace, it being the earliest known recording of classical music.

July - September[]

August 31: Victim found from Jack the Ripper?

  • July 25 - Frank Edward McGurrin, a court stenographer from Salt Lake City, Utah, purportedly the only person using touch typing at the time, wins a decisive victory over Louis Traub in a typing contest held in Cincinnati, Ohio. This date can be called the birthday of the touch typing method that is widely used now.
  • July 27 - The British Parliament passes an act that permits bicycles on the road, on condition that they are equipped with a bell that should be rung while on the carriageway. The law is eventually abolished in 1930.
  • August 5 - Berta Benz arrives in Pforzheim, having driven 40 miles from Mannheim in a car manufactured by her husband Karl Benz, thus completing the first "long-distance" drive in the history of the automobile.
  • August 7 - The body of Martha Tabram is found, a possible murder victim of Jack the Ripper.
  • August 20 - There is a mutiny at Dufile, India, and the Emin Pasha is imprisoned.
  • August 31 - Mary Ann Nichols is murdered. She is considered the first of Jack the Ripper's victims.
  • September 4 - George Eastman registers the trademark Kodak, and receives a patent for his camera which uses roll film.
  • September 6 - Charles Turner becomes the first cricket bowler to take 250 wickets in an English season - a feat since accomplished only by Tom Richardson (twice), J.T. Hearne, Wilfred Rhodes (twice) and Tich Freeman (six times).
  • September 8
    • In London, the dead body of Annie Chapman is found. She is considered to be the second victim of Jack the Ripper.
    • In England, the first 6 Football League matches are played.
  • September 30 - In London, the bodies of Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes are found. They are generally considered Jack the Ripper's third and fourth victims, respectively.

October 9: Washington Monument opens.

October - December[]

  • October 1 - Sofia University officially opens, becoming the first university in liberated Bulgaria.
  • October 9 - The Washington Monument officially opens to the general public.
  • October 14 - Louis Le Prince films the first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene in Roundhay, Leeds, West Yorkshire, UK (followed by his movie Leeds Bridge).
  • October 25 - St. Cuthbert's Society, University of Durham is founded after a general meeting, chaired by the Reverend Hastings Rashdall.
  • November 6 - U.S. presidential election, 1888: United States Democratic Party incumbent Grover Cleveland wins the popular vote, but loses the Electoral College vote to Republican challenger Benjamin Harrison, therefore losing the election.
  • November 9 - In London, England, the dead body of Mary Jane Kelly is found. She is considered to be the fifth, and last, of Jack the Ripper's victims. A number of similar murders in England follow, but the police attribute them to copy-cat killers.
  • December 23 - During a bout of mental illness, Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh infamously cuts off the lower part of his own left ear.


  • John Robert Gregg first publishes Gregg Shorthand.
  • Edward King, Anglican bishop of Lincoln, is prosecuted for using ritualistic practices begins.
  • Sarawak and Borneo become British protectorates.
  • Susan B. Anthony organizes a Congress for Women's Rights in Washington, DC.
  • A national library in Athens, Greece is established.
  • The first railway in China goes into operation.
  • The Kodak camera increases the popularity of photography as a hobby.
  • The dolphin Pelorus Jack is first sighted in Cook Strait, New Zealand.
  • The Camborne School of Mines is founded in Cornwall, United Kingdom.
  • The Finnish epic Kalevala is published for the first time in the English Language by John Martin Crawford.
  • The Baldwin School is founded in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania.
  • A storm with hail the size of grapefruits falls somewhere in Asia.
  • Chin Gee Hee starts the Quong Tuck Company.
  • U.S. President Grover Cleveland declares the Chinese "impossible of assimilation with our people and dangerous to our peace and welfare".


1888 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1888

Ab urbe condita 2641
Armenian calendar 1337
Bahá'í calendar 44 – 45
Buddhist calendar 2432
Coptic calendar 1604 – 1605
Ethiopian calendar 1880 – 1881
Hebrew calendar 5648 5649
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1943 – 1944
 - Shaka Samvat 1810 – 1811
 - Kali Yuga 4989 – 4990
Holocene calendar 11888
Iranian calendar 1266 – 1267
Islamic calendar 1305 – 1306
Japanese calendar Meiji 21

(明治 21年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2548
Julian calendar 1933
Korean calendar 4221
Thai solar calendar 2431

January - March[]

April - June[]

  • April 4 - Tris Speaker, Baseball Hall of Famer (d. 1958)
  • April 4 - Zdzisław Żygulski, Sr., Polish literary historian (d. 1975)
  • April 6 - Hans Richter, German filmmaker (d. 1976)
  • April 18 - Duffy Lewis, Major League Baseball player (d. 1979)
  • April 26 - Anita Loos, American writer (d. 1981)
  • April 27 - Florence La Badie, Canadian actress (d. 1917)
  • May 10 - Karl Barth, Protestant theologian (d. 1968)
  • May 10 - Max Steiner, Austrian-American composer (d. 1971)
  • May 11 - Irving Berlin, American composer (d. 1989)
  • May 17 - Tich Freeman, English cricketer (d. 1965)
  • May 23 - Zack Wheat, Baseball Hall of Famer (d. 1972)
  • May 25 - Miles Malleson, English actor (d. 1969)
  • May 27 - Louis Durey, French composer (d. 1979)
  • May 28 - Jim Thorpe, American athlete (d. 1953)
  • May 31 - Jack Holt, American actor (d. 1951)
  • June 3 - Tom Brown, American jazz musician (d. 1958)
  • June 6 - Pete Wendling, American composer, pianist, and piano roll recording artist (d. 1974)
  • June 9 - Ida Rentoul Outhwaite, Australian illustrator (d. 1960)
  • June 13 - Fernando Pessoa, Portuguese writer (d. 1935)
  • June 16 - Peter Stoner, American mathematician, astronomer and Christian apologist (d. 1980)
  • June 24 - Gerrit Rietveld, Dutch architect (d. 1964)
  • June 27 - Antoinette Perry, New York stage director, Tony Award named for her (d. 1946)

July - September[]

October - December[]

See also Category: 1888 births.


January - June[]

July - December[]

  • July 20 - Paul Langerhans, German pathologist and biologist (b. 1847)
  • August 9 - Charles Cros, French poet (b. 1831)
  • August 16 - John Stith Pemberton, American founder of Coca-Cola
  • August 20 - Henry Richard, Welsh peace campaigner (b. 1812)
  • August 23 - Philip Henry Gosse, British scientist (b. 1810)
  • August 24 - Rudolf Clausius, German physicist, contributor to thermodynamics (b. 1822)
  • September 24 - Karl von Prantl, German philosopher (b. 1820)
  • October 16
    • John Wentworth, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1815)
    • Horatio Spafford, American author of the hymn "It Is Well With My Soul" (b. 1828)
  • December 31 - Samson Raphael Hirsch, German rabbi (b. 1808)

People of the year 1888 at Familypedia

282 people were born in 1888

 FatherMotherAge mother at birth
Roy Christopher Abercrombie (1888-1959)Frederick Abercrombie (1836-1916)Annie Utting (c1850-)
Dagbert Moroni Adair (1888-1952)Moroni Adair (1855-1916)Emeline Whipple (1858-1924)
Ernest Arthur Adams (1888-1964)Henry Daniel Adams (1844-1920)Eliza Agnes Bradley (1846-1925)
Chandrashekhar AgasheGovind Agashe IIBhima Bapat
Morris Apatow (1888-1965)
Gabriella Aquila (1888-1968)
Aline Rose Arbuthnot-Leslie (1888-1948)George Arbuthnot-Leslie (1847-1896)Mary Rose Leslie (1851-1900)
Gordon Edward Ashdown (c1888-1943)Edward Edwin Ashdown (c1836-1904)Louisa Elizabeth Dunk (1862-1931)
Joseph James Austin (1888-1890)Frank Urquhart Austin (c1854-1916)Catherine Levingston (1856-1942)
Victor Avramescu (1888-1952)
Wilhelm Bahr (1888-1956)
Johanna Maria Bakker (1888-)Johannes Cornelis Bakker (1851-1930)Johanna Magdalena Foppen (1850-1907)
Robert William Leslie Balgowan (1888-1971)Robert Balgowan (1855-1935)Jane Frost Hanrahan (1856-1940)
Serge Frederick Ballif (1888-1958)Serge Frederick Ballif (1859-1942)Zelnora Eliza Angell (1858-1924)
Martha Jane Bankston (1888-1966)George Theodore Bankston (1854-1942)Rebecca Millie Purvis
... further results

91 children were born to the 133 women born in 1888

224 people died in 1888

 FatherMotherAge at death
Arunah Shepardson Abell (1806-1888)Caleb Abell (1763-1842)Elona Shepardson (1767-1847)
George Samuel Adams (1855-1888)George Edwin Adams (1823-1897)Ann T Cox (1838-1897)33
William Jefferson Adams (1812-1888)John Adams (1779-1851)Dolly Stuart (1782-1861)
William Amory (1804-1888)Thomas Coffin Amory (1767-1812)Hannah Rowe Linzee (1775-1845)
Amanda Rosaline Appollas (1859-1888)John H Appollas (1823-1870)Eleanor Curtis (c1827-)
James Richison Badham (1841-1888)Samuel Badham (1815-1868)Mary Bishop (1819-1844)
Christian Badior (c1824-1888)
Johanna Cornelia Bakker (1854-1888)Leendert Bakker (1825-1866)Gerarda van Steen (1822-1893)34
George Rumford Baldwin (1798-1888)Loammi Baldwin (1745-1807)Margaret Fowle (1767-1799)
Eliza Ballou (1801-1888)James Ballou (1761-1808)Mehitable Ingalls (1764-)
Sarah Marinda Bates (1817-1888)Cyrus Bates (1792-1839)Lydia Harrington (1795-1873)
Henry William Stark Beales (1843-1888)William Beales (c1816-)Eliza (c1815-)
Susanna Bechtel (1812-1888)
Augusta Bingham (1832-1888)George Charles Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan (1800-1888)Anne Brudenell (1809-1877)
George Charles Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan (1800-1888)Richard Bingham, 2nd Earl of Lucan (1764-1839)Elizabeth Belasyse (1770-1819)
... further results

18298 people lived in 1888

Marcelo (Lamadrid) Madrid (1859-1921)Timoteo (Lamadrid) MadridFrancisca Alguevar
Andreas Honecker (1832-1912)Nomen nescioElisabeth Honecker (1821-1883)
Ludwik Wiktor Plater-Zyberk h. wł (1853-1938)Henryk Wacław Ksawery Plater-Zyberk (1811-1903)Adelaida von Keller (1817-1905)
Samantha Aaberg (1859-1930)
Geertje Aangeenbrug (1871-1947)Pieter Aangeenbrug (1834-1908)Grietje Breed (1845)
Pieter Aangeenbrug (1834-1908)Cornelis Aangeenbrug (1802-1861)Geertje Pietersdr van der Neut (1801-c1835)
Alfred Alonzo Aaron (1883-1969)Thomas Aaron (1850-1932)Sarah Dobbs (1858-1948)
Jack Aaronson (1880-1927)
Petrus Johannes Aarts (1867-1918)Johannis Aarts (1818-1900)Geertruida van Gog (1838-1897)
Ashley Aartsen (1843-1920)Edward Aartsen (1810-1890)Janet Bennewitz (1813-1900)
Edward Aartsen (1810-1890)
Donatien Abadie (1820-1900)
Jean-Claude Abadie (1848-1930)Donatien Abadie (1820-1900)Clara Mermoz (1819-1903)
Dominique Abasolo (1882-1947)Rafael Abasolo (1849-1900)Nancy Haugen (1855-1929)
Rafael Abasolo (1849-1900)
... further results

Events of the year 1888 at Familypedia

247 people were married in 1888.

 Joined with
Charles Newton Adair (1865-1939)Mary Elva Woolsey (1869-1948)
Charity Melissa Adams (1868-1964)John Dagbert Whipple (1851-1898) +Erastus Brigham Anderson (1868-1933)
Louisa Maria Adams (1846-1907)Themio Laundess (1833-1886)+David McGinnity (?-?)
Charles Robert Whorwood Adeane (1863-1943)Madeline Pamela Constance Blanche Wyndham (1869-1941)
Robert Grant Aitken (1864-1951)Jessie Louisa Thomas (1865-1943)
Cathern Leonor Allphin (1869-1943)Francis Riley Owen (1861-1898) + Don Carlos Burgess (1858-1892) + Robert Wesley Averett (1861-1936)
Andrew Jackson Allred (1831-1899)Chloe Stevens (1838-1872) + Elizabeth Ivie (1856-1888) + Mettina Andreasen (1852-1909)
Calvert Lorenzo Allred (1864-1932)Gertrude Maria Jensen (1870-1913)+ Andrea Jensen (1872-1951)
Edsil Myron Allred (1860-1937)Alice Choules (1870-1955)
Marvin Adelbert Allred (1849-1916)Amanda Jane Bird (1853-1909) + Caroline Jenson (1867-1931)
Josephine Matilda Anlezark (1868-1948)Henry William Thompson (1862-1934)+Thomas Alfred Skinner (1866-1962)
Alice Mary Aris (1868-1946)Charles Waller Dickeson (1867-1901)
Fanny Malvina Arnold (1856-1932)Robert Barrer (1857-1918)
David Bailey (1861-1943)Ann Elizabeth Fernance (1868-1949)
Henry George Bailey (1859-1902)Lucy Charlotte Guest (1869-1905)
... further results

There were 0 military battles in 1888.

0.015411520384742 0.68421052631579 0.012241775057383

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