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Years: 1902 1903 1904 - 1905 - 1906 1907 1908
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1905 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1905

Ab urbe condita 2658
Armenian calendar 1354
Bahá'í calendar 61 – 62
Buddhist calendar 2449
Coptic calendar 1621 – 1622
Ethiopian calendar 1897 – 1898
Hebrew calendar 5665 5666
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1960 – 1961
 - Shaka Samvat 1827 – 1828
 - Kali Yuga 5006 – 5007
Holocene calendar 11905
Iranian calendar 1283 – 1284
Islamic calendar 1322 – 1323
Japanese calendar Meiji


(明治 38年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2565
Julian calendar 1950
Korean calendar 4238
Thai solar calendar 2448
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Year 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar.


As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War begins, more than 100,000 die in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos leads to a revolution against the Tsar. (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled "The Year 1905" to commemorate this.) Canada and the U.S. expand west, with the Alberta and Saskatchewan provinces and the founding of Las Vegas. 1905 is also the annus mirabilis of Albert Einstein, publishing papers which lay the foundations of quantum physics, introduced the special theory of relativity, explained Brownian motion, and established mass-energy equivalence.

Russian Revolution of 1905



  • January 1 – The Trans-Siberian Railway officially opens after its completion on July 21, 1904.
  • January 2Russo-Japanese War: The Russian Army surrenders at Port Arthur, China.
  • January 5 – The play The Scarlet Pimpernel opens at the New Theatre in London and begins a run of 122 performances and numerous revivals.
  • January 22 (January 9 O.S.) – The Bloody Sunday massacre of Russian demonstrators, at the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg, helps trigger the abortive Russian Revolution of 1905.
  • January 26 – The Cullinan Diamond is found near Pretoria, South Africa at the Premier Mine.


  • February 12 – In Christchurch, New Zealand, the Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament is opened.
  • February 16 – At Haulbowline Base in Ireland, two explosions on board HM Submarine A5, due to petrol fumes after refueling, kill six of the eleven crew.
  • February 17 – At Fremantle, Western Australia, the R.M.S. Orizaba is wrecked, but all 160 passengers and the mail are saved.
  • February 19Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Mukden begins in Manchuria.
  • February 23Rotary International is founded.


March 3: Nicholas II creates the Duma.

  • March 1 – Australian Conservative leader Richard Butler takes office as Premier of South Australia.
  • March 3Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to create an elected assembly (the Duma).
  • March 4U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt begins a full term.
  • March 5Russo-Japanese War: Russian troops begin to retreat from Mukden after losing 100,000 troops in 3 days.
  • March 10
    • Russo-Japanese War: The Japanese capture of Mukden (now Shenyang) completes the rout of Russian armies in Manchuria.
    • Cassie Chadwick is sentenced for 14 years in Cleveland, Ohio for fraud.
  • March 14Chelsea FC is founded.
  • March 17Albert Einstein publishes his paper On a heuristic viewpoint concerning the production and transformation of light, in which he explains the photoelectric effect using the notion of light quanta.
  • March 20Grover Shoe Factory disaster: A boiler explosion, building collapse and fire in Brockton, Massachusetts kills 58.
  • March 31 – German Emperor Wilhelm II asserts German equality with France in Morocco, triggering the Tangier or First Moroccan Crisis.


  • April – Albert Einstein works on the special theory of relativity as well as the theory of Brownian motion.
  • April 1Penny post established between the United Kingdom and Australia.[1]
  • April 2 – The Simplon Tunnel is officially opened through the Alps.
  • April 4 – In India, the 1905 Kangra earthquake hits the Kangra valley, kills 20,000, and destroys most buildings in Kangra, Mcleodganj and Dharamshala.
  • April 6Lochner v. New York: The Supreme Court of the United States invalidates New York's 8-hour-day law.


May 15: Las Vegas, Nevada is founded with auction of 110 acres (0.45 km2).

  • May 11Albert Einstein submits his doctoral dissertation On the Motion of Small Particles..., in which he explains Brownian motion. In the course of the year, Einstein publishes four papers, formulates the theory of special relativity and explains the photoelectric effect by quantization. 1905 is regarded as his "miracle year".
  • May 13Mata Hari debuts in Paris.
  • May 15Las Vegas, Nevada is founded when 110 acres (0.45 km2), in what later becomes downtown, are auctioned off.
  • May 17Kappa Delta Rho is founded in in room 14 of Old Painter Hall at Middlebury College in Middlebury, VT.
  • May 27May 28Russo-Japanese WarBattle of Tsushima: The Japanese fleet under Admiral Heihachiro Togo destroys the Russian fleet under Admiral Zinovi Petrovich Rozhdestvenski in a 2-day battle.

May 11: Einstein submits his dissertation.


  • June 7 – The Norwegian Parliament declares the union with Sweden dissolved, and Norway achieves full independence.
  • June 9 – The Charlton Athletic F.C. is founded.
  • June 15Princess Margaret of Connaught marries Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden, Duke of Skåne (Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden).
  • June 27 – (June 14 according to the Julian calendar): Mutiny breaks out on the Russian ironclad Potemkin.
  • June 29The Automobile Association is founded in the United Kingdom.
  • June 30Albert Einstein publishes the article On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies where he reveals his theory of special relativity.


  • July 22Taft-Katsura Agreement.
  • July 23Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time.




October 2: HMS Dreadnought.

  • October 1Galatasaray SK is founded.
  • October 2HMS Dreadnought is laid down, revolutionizing battleship design and triggering a naval arms race.
  • October 5 – The Wright Brothers' third aeroplane (Wright Flyer III) stays in the air for 39 minutes with Wilbur piloting, the first aeroplane flight lasting over half an hour.
  • October 16Russian Revolution of 1905: The Russian army opens fire in a meeting on a street market in Tallinn, killing 94 and injuring over 200.
  • October 26 – Sweden agrees to the repeal of the union with Norway.
  • October 30 – Tsar Nicholas II is forced to grant Russia's first constitution, conceding a national assembly (Duma) with limited powers.
  • October - The Fauvist artists, led by Henri Matisse and André Derain, first exhibit, at the Salon d'Automne in Paris.


  • November 4 – The application of the infamous and, from the Finnish perspective, unconstititional, February Manifesto, subordinating the local legislation of the autonomous Grand Principality of Finland to Imperial Russian legislation, is interrupted in the November Manifesto. The Senate of Finland is also ordered to prepare a proposition for a new unicameral representative organ elected in accordance to universal and equal suffrage to replace the outdated Diet of the Estates.
  • November 9 – The Province of Alberta, Canada, holds its first general election.
  • November 18 – Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway.
  • November 28 – Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith founds Sinn Féin in Dublin as a political party whose goal is independence for all of Ireland.


  • December 30
    • A bomb kills Frank Steunenberg, ex-governor of Idaho; the case leads to a trial against leaders of the Western Federation of Miners.
    • First performance of Franz Lehár's operetta The Merry Widow, at the Theater an der Wien, Vienna.

Date unknown[]

  • Women are given the vote and admitted to the practice of law in Queensland.
  • Workers' compensation is introduced in Queensland.
  • The title Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is officially recognized by King Edward VII.
  • Pathé Frères colors black and white films by machine.
  • Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer are banned from the Brooklyn Public Library for setting a "bad example."
  • Alfred Einhorn introduces novocaine.
  • Wolves become extinct in Japan.
  • Civil service examinations are abolished in China.
  • Germany insists on an international conference on the Moroccan question.
  • Max Weber publishes Die Protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus.




  • March 1Doris Hare, English actress (d. 2000)
  • March 3Marie Glory, French silent screen actress (d. 2009)
  • March 6Bob Wills, American singer (d. 1975)
  • March 10Richard Haydn, English comic actor (d. 1985)
  • March 12
    • Takashi Shimura, Japanese actor (d. 1982)
    • Yin Shun, Chinese Buddist master (d. 2005)
  • March 15Berthold Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, German lawyer and Nazi opponent (d. 1944)
  • March 16Elisabeth Flickenschildt, German actress (d. 1977)
  • March 18
    • Thomas Townsend Brown, American scientist (d. 1985)
    • Robert Donat, English actor (d. 1958)
    • Benny Friedman, American football player (d. 1982)
  • March 19
    • Albert Speer, German Nazi official and architect (d. 1981)
    • Joe Rollino, American strongman, weightlifter, and boxer (d. 2010)
  • March 20
    • Jean Galia, French rugby footballer (d. 1949)
    • Vera Panova, Soviet-Russian writer (d. 1973)
  • March 23
    • Lale Andersen, German singer (d. 1972)
    • Joan Crawford, American actress (d. 1977)
  • March 25Pura Santillan-Castrence, Filipino writer and diplomat (d. 2007)
  • March 27Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer (d. 1980)
  • March 30Mikio Oda, Japanese athlete (d. 1998)
  • April 21Edmund G. Brown, Governor of California (d. 1996)
  • April 25George Nepia, New Zealand Maori Rugby Player (d. 1986)
  • April 30Sergey Nikolsky, Russian mathematician


  • May 3Werner Fenchel, German mathematician (d. 1988)
  • May 5Floyd Gottfredson, American "Mickey Mouse" comic strip cartoonist (d. 1986)
  • May 8Red Nichols, American jazz musician (d. 1965)
  • May 14Herbert Morrison, American radio reporter (d. 1989)
  • May 15Joseph Cotten, American actor (d. 1994)
  • May 16Henry Fonda, American actor (The Grapes of Wrath) (d. 1982)
  • May 17Roy Nelson, American cartoonist (d. 1956)
  • May 20Gerrit Achterberg, Dutch poet (d. 1962)
  • May 27Signe Johansson-Engdahl, Swedish Olympic diver (d. 2010)
  • May 28Sada Abe, Japanese actress (d. 1970)
  • May 29Sebastian Shaw, English actor (d. 1994)
  • June 1Robert Newton, English stage and film actor (d. 1956)
  • June 7James J. Braddock, Irish-American wrestler (d. 1974)
  • June 12Ray Barbuti, American athlete (d. 1975)
  • June 14Arthur Davis, American animator (d. 2000)
  • June 19Mildred Natwick, American stage and film actress (d. 1994)
  • June 21Jean-Paul Sartre, French existentialist (d. 1980)
  • June 23Mary Livingstone, American radio comedian (d. 1983)
  • June 30Nestor Paiva, American actor (d. 1966)


  • July 4Irving Johnson, American sail training pioneer (d. 1991)
  • July 5Jock Cameron, South African cricketer (d. 1935)
  • July 8Leonid Amalrik, Russian animator (d. 1997)
  • July 12
  • July 13Alfredo M. Santos, Filipino general (d. 1990)
  • July 15Dorothy Fields, American songwriter (d. 1988)
  • July 22Doc Cramer, American baseball player (d. 1990)
  • July 23Leopold Engleitner, Austrian Holocaust survivor
  • July 25Elias Canetti, Bulgarian-born British writer (d. 1994)
  • July 29
    • Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish United Nations Secretary-General (d. 1961)
    • Clara Bow, American silent film actress (d. 1965)
  • July 30Pedro Quartucci, Argentine boxer and actor (d. 1983)
  • August 2Karl Amadeus Hartmann, German composer (d. 1963)
  • August 2Myrna Loy, American actress (d. 1993)
  • August 3Franz König, Austrian Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 2004)
  • August 5Wassily Leontief, Russian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • August 8André Jolivet, French composer (d. 1974)
  • August 9Leo Genn, English actor (d. 1978)
  • August 11Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (d. 2002)
  • August 16Marian Rejewski, Polish mathematician and cryptologist (d. 1980)
  • August 20Jean Gebser, German-born author, linguist and poet (d. 1973)
  • August 23Constant Lambert, British composer (d. 1951)
  • August 24Siaka Stevens, former President of Sierra Leone (d. 1988)
  • August 29
    • Dhyan Chand, Indian hockey player (d. 1979)
    • Al Taliaferro, Disney comics artist (d. 1969)
  • August 31Dore Schary, American film writer, director, and producer (d. 1980)



Date unknown[]

  • Reg Bunn, British artist (d. 1971)




Date unknown[]

  • Watson Heston, American cartoonist (b. 1846)

Nobel Prizes[]

  • PhysicsPhilipp Eduard Anton von Lenard
  • ChemistryJohann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer
  • MedicineRobert Koch
  • LiteratureHenryk Sienkiewicz
  • PeaceBertha von Suttner


  1. ^ Blake, Richard. The Book of Postal Dates, 1635-1985. Caterham: Marden. p. 20. 

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1905. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

People of the year 1905 at Familypedia

188 people were born in 1905

 FatherMotherAge mother at birth
Tsunekichi Yonogi (1905-2015)Shigeru Yonogi (1876-1940)Miyoko Yonogi (1882-1950)
Carl David Anderson (1905-1991)Carl David Anderson (1878-aft1905)Emma Adolfina Ajaxson (1878)
Maren Andreasen (1905-1987)Andreas Andreasen (1864-)Ella Johanne Terkelsen (1868-)
Ethel Nora Anthoney (1905-1977)Charles Anthoney (1867-1955)Esther Louisa Long (1871-1946)
Dorothy Arens (1905-1930)
Clifford Charles Arquette (1905-1974)Charles-Augustus Arquette (1878-1927)Winifred Ethel Clark (1878-1966)
Dorothy Olive Baker (1905-1972)William Edward Baker (1861-1947)(Mary) Eliza Box (1868-1952)
James Edward Purcell Baldwin (1905-1990)John Henry Baldwin (1877-1948)Agnes Agatha Purcell (1875-1948)
Barney Balkoff (1905-1969)
Melissa Barley (1905-1989)
James Arthur Beard (1905-1961)James Samuel Beard (1882-1969)Clara Bell Smiley (1886-1956)
William Lannie Beard (1905-1970)Charles Edward "Charlie" BeardDollie Louella Barnett
Owen Arthur Justin Bellamy (c1905-1996)James Zadock Bellamy (1862-1947)Catherine Conroy (1869-1954)
Maisie Nina Berggy (1905-1982)Frank Arthur Berggy (1876-1950)Martha Malvena Cramp (1874-1937)
Alice Berliner (1905-1978)
... further results

44 children were born to the 85 women born in 1905

245 people died in 1905

 FatherMotherAge at death
Sally Adams (1825-1904)James Adams (1798-1874)Betsey Leavitt (1804-1853)
Mary Ann Alcorn (1830-1905)Richard Alcorn (c1799-1879)Charlotte Golledge (1808-1851)75
Rebecca Alderton (c1822-1905)James Alderton (1778-1851)Susan Middleditch
Elisha Smith Aldrich (1836-1905)Elisha Mathewson Aldrich (1809-1898)Rebecca Phetteplace Evans (1818-1874)
James Tillmon Sanford Allred (1825-1905)James Allred (1784-1876)Elizabeth Warren (1786-1879)
Reddick Newton Allred (1822-1905)Isaac Allred (1788-1870)Mary Calvert (1793-1851)
Archibald Alston (1827-1905)William Alston (1798-1851)Agnes Menzies (1793-1866)
Romina Angelini (1824-1905)
Mary Ann Howell Arbuthnot (1816-1905)William Arbuthnot (1781-1852)Mary Howell (1782-1854)89
Sarah Archer (1823-1905)James Archer (1795-1856)Sarah Eade (1798-1878)
Henry Hugh Armstead (1828-1905)John Armstead (-)
Hugh Wells Armstead (1865-1943)Henry Hugh Armstead (1828-1905)Sarah Wells (1833-1906)
Louise Caroline Gindrat Arnold (1828-1905)Richard James Arnold (1796-1873)Louisa Carolina Gindrat (1804-1871)
Charles Fuller Barnard (1859-1905)George Barnard (1833-1896)Jane Sophia Fuller (1835-1924)
Edson Barney (1806-1905)Royal Barney (1783-1856)Rachel Marsh Barney (1783-1864)
... further results

17838 people lived in 1905

Lady Irina Bud de BudfalvaLord János Bud de BudfalvaBaroness Anna Tisza de Borosjenő et Szeged
Marcelo (Lamadrid) Madrid (1859-1921)Timoteo (Lamadrid) MadridFrancisca Alguevar
Andreas Honecker (1832-1912)Nomen nescioElisabeth Honecker (1821-1883)
Tsunekichi Yonogi (1905-2015)Shigeru Yonogi (1876-1940)Miyoko Yonogi (1882-1950)
Ludwik Wiktor Plater-Zyberk h. wł (1853-1938)Henryk Wacław Ksawery Plater-Zyberk (1811-1903)Adelaida von Keller (1817-1905)
Samantha Aaberg (1859-1930)
Geertje Aangeenbrug (1871-1947)Pieter Aangeenbrug (1834-1908)Grietje Breed (1845)
Pieter Aangeenbrug (1834-1908)Cornelis Aangeenbrug (1802-1861)Geertje Pietersdr van der Neut (1801-c1835)
Alfred Alonzo Aaron (1883-1969)Thomas Aaron (1850-1932)Sarah Dobbs (1858-1948)
Jack Aaronson (1880-1927)
Petrus Johannes Aarts (1867-1918)Johannis Aarts (1818-1900)Geertruida van Gog (1838-1897)
Ashley Aartsen (1843-1920)Edward Aartsen (1810-1890)Janet Bennewitz (1813-1900)
Amanda Abadie (1898-1957)Jean-Claude Abadie (1848-1930)Jeanette Armellino (1860-1934)
Jean-Claude Abadie (1848-1930)Donatien Abadie (1820-1900)Clara Mermoz (1819-1903)
Dominique Abasolo (1882-1947)Rafael Abasolo (1849-1900)Nancy Haugen (1855-1929)
... further results

Events of the year 1905 at Familypedia

233 people were married in 1905.

 Joined with
Macartney Abbott (1877-1960)Elizabeth Clare Hall (c1881-1968)
William Henry Adair (1883-1949)Esther Ann Snyder (1889-1970)
John Adams (1875-1964)Marian Morse (1878-1959)
Henrietta Albury (1878-1954)William Henry Whatson (1879-1949)
Henrietta Elizabeth Allen (1868-1943)Thomas Henry Flett (1847-1899)+Samuel James Snape (1843-1931)
Orson Allred (1852-1917)Mary Emeline Stephens (1854-1878) + Angelina Martha Ritter (1855-1902)+ Annie Christine Christiansdatter (1850-1919)
William Charles Apps (1885-1954)Amelia Osmond (1883-1968)
William George Archer (1869-1940)Jessie Finch (1871-1953)
Maria Barbara Bach (1877-aft1911)Johann Andreas Dombacher (1877-1945)
William Edward Baglin (1839-1908)Mary Stallard (c1839-1904)+Gertrude Rosa Burgess (1874-1958)
Alfred Francis Baker (1878-1955)Anna Fidelia Beck (1889-1963)
Harold Pryor Barton (1879-1915)Eva Monaro Falkner (1878-1958)
Henry John Bate (1881-1967)Lilla Percival (1881-1916)+Elsie May Mead (1891-1970)
Hazel Young Beatie (1882-1968)Edward Partridge Kimball (1882-1937)
Anna Fidelia Beck (1889-1963)Alfred Francis Baker (1878-1955)+ James Klok (1887-1968)
... further results

There were 0 military battles in 1905.

0.010539298127593 0.51764705882353 0.013734723623725