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Years: 1917 1918 1919 - 1920 - 1921 1922 1923
1920 by topic:
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1920 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1920

Ab urbe condita 2673
Armenian calendar 1369
Bahá'í calendar 76 – 77
Buddhist calendar 2464
Coptic calendar 1636 – 1637
Ethiopian calendar 1912 – 1913
Hebrew calendar 5680 5681
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1975 – 1976
 - Shaka Samvat 1842 – 1843
 - Kali Yuga 5021 – 5022
Holocene calendar 11920
Iranian calendar 1298 – 1299
Islamic calendar 1338 – 1339
Japanese calendar Taishō


(大正 9年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2580
Julian calendar 1965
Korean calendar 4253
Thai solar calendar 2463
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Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar.



  • January 1Babe Ruth is traded by the Red Sox for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time.
  • January 2 – The second of the Palmer Raids takes place with another 4,025 suspected communists and anarchists arrested and held without trial. These raids take place in several U.S. cities.
  • January 7
    • The forces of Russian White Admiral Alexander Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. The Great Siberian Ice March ensues.
    • The New York State Assembly refuses to seat five duly elected Socialist assemblymen.
  • January 9 – Thousands of onlookers watch as "The Human Fly" George Polley climbs the New York Woolworth Building. He reaches the 30th floor before being arrested.
  • January 10League of Nations Covenant enters into force.
  • January 11 – The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was recognised de facto by European powers in Versailles.[1]
  • January 13The New York Times ridicules the American rocket scientist Robert H. Goddard. The newspaper has to publicly take it all back later on July 17 1969 when the Apollo crew is on its trek to the Moon.[2]
  • January 16
    • Prohibition begins in the United States with the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution coming into effect.
    • The World War I Allies demand that the Netherlands extradite the German Kaiser Wilhelm II, who has fled there.
    • Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Incorporated, is founded on the campus of Howard University in Washington, D.C.
  • January 19 – The United States Senate votes against joining the League of Nations.
  • January 22 – The Australian Country Party is officially formed, led by Nelson Pollard.
  • January 23 – The Netherlands refuses to extradite the German Kaiser.
  • January 28
    • The Spanish Legion is founded and stationed in North Africa to fight lions in Morocco.
    • Turkey gives up the Ottoman Empire and most of the non-Turkish areas.
  • January 30 – The oldest surviving pro wrestling match on film happens, with Joe Stecher defeating Earl Caddock.


File:Tartu rahu allkirjad.jpg

February 2: Tartu Peace Treaty

  • February 2
    • Estonian War of Independence: The Tartu Peace Treaty is signed, ending the war and recognizing Estonian independence.
    • France occupies Memel.
    • Sayyid Muhammad, Khan of Khiva abdicates.
  • February 7Admiral Kolchak and Viktor Pepelyayev are executed by firing squad near Irkutsk.
  • February 9 – The League of Nations gives Spitzbergen to Norway.
  • February 10Józef Haller de Hallenburg performs the symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating the restitution of Polish access to the open sea.
  • February 14 – The League of Women Voters is founded in Chicago.
  • February 17 – A woman named Anna Anderson tries to commit suicide in Berlin and is taken to a mental hospital, where she claims she is Grand Duchess Anastasia of Russia.
  • February 19US Senate refuses to sign the Treaty of Versailles.
  • February 20An earthquake hits Gori Georgia, killing 114.
  • February 21 – The island province of Marinduque in the Philippines archipelago is founded.
  • February 22 – In Emeryville, California, the first dog racing track to employ an imitation rabbit opens.
  • February 24Adolf Hitler presents his National Socialist program in Munich.


  • March
    • Syrian National Congress proclaim Syria independent with Faisal I of Iraq as king.
    • The world's first peaceful establishment of a social democratic government takes place in Sweden. Hjalmar Branting takes over when Nils Edén resigns.
  • March 1
    • Hungarian Admiral and statesman Miklós Horthy becomes the Regent of Hungary.
    • The United States Railroad Administration returns control of American railroads to its constituent railroad companies.
  • March 10 – The Baylor Business Men's Club changes its name to the Baylor University Chamber of Commerce. It has operated under this name since the change.
  • March 13March 17Wolfgang Kapp fails in his coup attempt in Germany due to public resistance and a general strike.
  • March 15 – The Ruhr Red Army, a communist army 60,000 men strong, is formed in Germany.
  • March 19 – The United States Congress refuses to ratify the Treaty of Versailles.
  • March 23Admiral Horthy declares that Hungary is a monarchy without anyone on the throne.
  • March 26
    • The German government asks France for permission to use its own troops against the rebellious Ruhr Red Army in the French-occupied area.
    • Irish War of Independence: The Black and Tans special constables arrive in Ireland.
  • March 28 – The 1920 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak hits the Great Lakes region and Deep South states.
  • March 29Sir William Robertson, who enlisted in 1877, becomes a field marshal in the British Army, the first man to rise to this rank from private.
  • March 31 – The Government of Ireland Act 1920 is presented in the British Parliament.


  • April 2 – The German army marches to the Ruhr to fight the Ruhr Red Army.
  • April 41920 Palestine riots: Violence erupts between Arab and Jewish residents in Jerusalem; 9 killed, 216 injured.
  • April 6 – The short-lived Far Eastern Republic is declared in eastern Siberia.
  • April 11Mexican Revolution: Álvaro Obregón flees from Mexico City during a trial intended to ruin his reputation; he flees to Guerrero where he joins Fortunato Maycotte.
  • April 19 – Germany and Bolshevist Russia agree to the exchange of prisoners of war.
  • April 20
    • Mexican Revolution: Álvaro Obregón announces in Chilpancingo that he intends to fight against the rule of Venustiano Carranza.
    • The 1920 Summer Olympics opens in Antwerp, Belgium
  • April 23 The Turkish Council is founded by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. It denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution.
  • April 24Polish–Soviet War: Polish and anti-Soviet Ukrainian troops attack the Red Army in Soviet Ukraine.
  • April 26 – The Khorezm People's Soviet Republic is officially created by Bolshevist Russia as the successor to the Khanate of Khiva.


  • May 2 – The first game of Negro National League baseball is played in Indianapolis, Indiana.
  • May 3 – A Bolshevik coup fails in the Democratic Republic of Georgia .
  • May 7
    • Polish–Soviet War: Polish troops occupy Kiev. The government of the Ukrainian People's Republic returns to the city.
    • Mexican Revolution: Venustiano Carranza leaves Mexico City in a large train.
    • Treaty of Moscow (1920): Soviet Russia recognizes independence of the Democratic Republic of Georgia only to invade the country six months later.
  • May 19Mexican Revolution: Álvaro Obregón's troops enter Mexico City.
  • May 15Russian Revolution: Russian White soldier Maria Bochkareva is executed in Soviet Russia.
  • May 16
    • Canonization of Joan of Arc. Over 30,000 people attend the ceremony in Rome, including 140 descendants of Joan of Arc's family. Pope Benedict XV presides over the rite, for which the interior of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is richly decorated.
    • A referendum in Switzerland is favorable to joining the League of Nations.
  • May 17
    • French and Belgian troops leave the cities they have occupied in Germany.
    • The first flight of Dutch air company KLM, from Amsterdam to London, takes place.
  • May 20Mexican Revolution: Venustiano Carranza arrives in San Antonio Tlaxcalantongo. Troops of Rodolfo Herrero attack him at night and shoot him.
  • May 24Venustiano Carranza is buried in Mexico City; all of his mourning allies are arrested. Adolfo de la Huerta is elected provisional president.
  • May 26Anti-Soviet opposition in the Azerbaijan SSR launches an abortive revolt in Ganja.
  • May 27Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk becomes president of Czechoslovakia.
  • May 29 – The Great Louth Flood kills 23.


  • June 4Treaty of Trianon: Peace is restored between the Allied Powers and Hungary. Hungary lost 72% of its territory.
  • June 12Polish–Soviet War: The Red Army retakes Kiev.
  • June 13
    • Essad Pasha Toptani, nominal ruler of Albania, is assassinated by Avni Rustemi in Paris.
    • The United States Post Office Department rules that children may not be sent via parcel post.[3]
  • June 15 – A new border treaty between Germany and Denmark gives northern Schleswig to Denmark.
  • June 22Greece attacks Turkish troops.


  • July 1Germany declares its neutrality in the war between Poland and Soviet Russia.
  • July 2Polish–Soviet War: Red Army continues offensive into Poland.
  • July 23Arthur Meighen becomes Canada's ninth prime minister.
  • July 12Bolshevist Russia recognizes independent Lithuania.
  • July 13London County Council bars foreigners from council jobs.
  • July 19August 7 – The Second Congress of the Communist International takes place in Saint Petersburg and Moscow. The notorious Twenty-one Conditions are adopted.
  • July 20 – The United Kingdom cedes its brief control of the key Black Sea port of Batum to the Democratic Republic of Georgia.
  • July 22Polish–Soviet War: Poland sues for peace with Bolshevist Russia (refused).
  • July 23Battle of Maysalun: The French defeat the Syrian army.
  • July 24 – French troops occupy Damascus and depose Faisal I of Syria as king.[4]
  • July 26Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa takes over Sabina and contacts de la Huerta to offer his conditional surrender. He signs his surrender on July 28.
  • July 29 – The United States Bureau of Reclamation begins construction of the Link River Dam as part of the Klamath Reclamation Project.
  • July 30August 81st World Scout Jamboree held at Olympia, London.[5]
  • July 31
    • Irish-born Australian Catholic Bishop Daniel Mannix is detained onboard ship off Queenstown and prevented from landing in Ireland or from speaking in the main Irish Catholic communities elsewhere in the United Kingdom.[6]
    • France prohibits the sale or prescription of contraceptives.


  • August 2Irish War of Independence: The British Parliament passes a bill to restore order in Ireland, suspending jury trials.
  • August 3 – Irish War of Independence: Catholics riot in Belfast.
  • August 10Ottoman Sultan Mehmed VI's representatives sign the Treaty of Sèvres.
  • August 11Bolshevik Russia recognizes independent Latvia.
  • August 13August 25Polish–Soviet War: The Red Army is defeated in the Battle of Warsaw.
  • August 15 – Irish War of Independence: The town hall of Templemore, Ireland, is burned down during the riots.
  • August 19August 25Second Silesian Uprising: The Poles in Upper Silesia rise up against the Germans.
  • August 20 – The first commercial radio station in the United States, 8MK (WWJ), begins operations in Detroit, Michigan. It is owned by the Detroit News, the first U.S. radio station owned by a newspaper.
  • August 26 – The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is passed, guaranteeing women's suffrage.



  • October 9 – Polish troops take Vilnius.
  • October 10Carinthian Plebiscite: A large part of Carinthia Province votes to become part of Austria rather than Yugoslavia.
  • October 12Polish–Soviet War: After the Polish army captures Tarnopol, Dubno, Minsk, and Dryssa, the ceasefire is enforced.
  • October 14 – A peace treaty between the Soviet and the Finnish governments is concluded at Tartu.
  • October 18 – Thousands of unemployed demonstrate in London; 50 are injured.
  • October 26Álvaro Obregón is announced the elected president of Mexico.
  • October 27 – The League of Nations moves its headquarters to Geneva, Switzerland.


  • November 2
    • United States presidential election, 1920: Republican Warren G. Harding defeats Democrat James M. Cox and Socialist Eugene V. Debs, in the first national U.S. election in which women have the right to vote.
    • In the United States, KDKA AM of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (owned by Westinghouse) starts broadcasting as a commercial radio station. The first broadcast is the results of the presidential election.
  • November 11The Unknown Warrior is buried in Westminster Abbey.
  • November 15 – In Geneva, the first assembly of the League of Nations is held.
  • November 16 – Queensland and Northern Territory Aviation Services (Qantas) is founded by Hudson Fysh and Paul McGinniss.
  • November 17 – The council of the League of Nations accepts the constitution for the Free City of Danzig.
  • November 21Bloody Sunday: British forces open fire on spectators and players during a football match in Dublin's Croke Park, killing 14 Irish civilians. This follows the assassinations of 12 British agents by the IRA in an earlier attack elsewhere.
  • November 28Kilmichael Ambush: The Third Cork Brigade Flying Column under Tom Barry successfully ambushes 2 lorries of British soldiers at Kilmichael, County Cork,
  • The Edmonton Symphony Orchestra holds its first concert in the world, along with Martha Washington.


  • December 5 – A referendum in Greece is favorable to the reinstatement of the monarchy.
  • December 11Martial law is declared in Ireland.
  • December 16
    • Finland joins the League of Nations.
    • An 8.6 Richter scale Haiyuan earthquake causes a landslide in Gansu Province, China, killing 180,000.
  • December 15December 22 – The Brussels Conference establishes a timetable for German war reparations intended to extend for over 42 years.
  • December 22 – The 8th Congress of Soviets of the Russian SFSR adopts the GOELRO plan, the major plan of the economical development of the country.
  • December 23 – The United Kingdom and France ratify the border between French-held Syria and British-held Palestine.
  • December 25The Rosicrucian Fellowship's spiritual healing temple The Ecclesia is founded at Mount Ecclesia, Oceanside, California.

Date unknown[]

  • Hydrocodone, a narcotic analgesic closely related to codeine is first synthesized in Germany.



  • January 1
    • Jose Antonio Bottiroli, Argentinean composer and poet (d. 1990)
    • Heinz Zemanek, Austrian computer pioneer
    • Virgilio Savona, Italian singer and songwriter (d. 2009)
  • January 2
    • Isaac Asimov, Russian-born author (d. 1992)
    • George Herbig, American astronomer
    • Anne-Sofie Østvedt, Norwegian resistance leader (d. 2009)
  • January 3Renato Carosone, Italian musician and singer (d. 2001)
  • January 5Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Italian pianist (d. 1995)
  • January 6
    • Sun Myung Moon, Korean evangelist, founder of the Unification Church (d. 2012)
    • John Maynard Smith, English biologist (d. 2004)
    • Early Wynn, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • January 9
    • Hakim Said, Pakistani scholar and philanthropist (d. 1998)
    • Clive Dunn, British actor
  • January 12Bill Reid, Canadian artist (d. 1998)
  • January 15John O'Connor, American Catholic cardinal (d. 2000)
  • January 16Elliott Reid, American actor
  • January 19Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Peruvian Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • January 20
    • Federico Fellini, Italian film director (d. 1993)
    • DeForest Kelley, American actor (d. 1999)
  • January 23Gottfried Böhm, German architect
  • January 24Jerry Maren, American actor
  • January 27
    • Hiroyoshi Nishizawa, Japanese fighter ace (d. 1944)
    • Helmut Zacharias, German violinist (d. 2002)
  • January 30
    • Delbert Mann, American television and film director (d. 2007)
    • Michael Anderson, English film director
  • February 2Heikki Suolahti, Finnish composer (d. 1936)
  • February 3Henry Heimlich, American physician and medical researcher
  • February 7An Wang, Chinese-born computer pioneer (d. 1990)
  • February 11
    • Farouk I, King of Egypt (d. 1965)
    • Billy Halop, American actor (d. 1976)
  • February 12William Roscoe Estep, American Baptist historian (d. 2000)
  • February 13Seneka Bibile, Sri Lankan pharmacologist (d. 1977)
  • February 17Ivo Caprino, Norwegian film director (d. 2001)
  • February 18
    • Bill Cullen, American game show host (d. 1990)
    • Eddie Slovik, U.S. Army private (executed) (d. 1945)
  • February 22Burt L. Talcott, American politician
  • February 26
    • Tony Randall, American actor (d. 2004)
    • Lucjan Wolanowski, Polish journalist, writer, and traveler (d. 2006)
  • February 29Howard Nemerov, American poet (d. 1991)


  • March 3
    • James Doohan, Canadian-born actor (d. 2005)
    • Ronald Searle, British cartoonist (d. 2011)
  • March 4
    • Jean Lecanuet, French politician (d. 1993)
    • Alan MacNaughtan, Scottish actor (d. 2002)
  • March 5
    • Rachel Gurney, British actress,(Upstairs Downstairs) (d. 2001)
    • Del Latta, American politician
  • March 6Lewis Gilbert, British film director, producer and screenwriter
  • March 10
    • Alfred Peet, Dutch American entrepreneur, founder of Peet's Coffee & Tea (d. 2007)
    • Boris Vian, French writer, poet, singer, and musician (d. 1959)
  • March 11Nicolaas Bloembergen, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • March 14Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist (d. 2001)
  • March 15
    • Lawrence Sanders, American novelist (d. 1998)
    • E. Donnall Thomas, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • March 17Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Founder of Bangladesh, first President & Prime minister of Bangladesh. (d. 1975)
  • March 16Leo McKern, Australian actor (d. 2002)
  • March 19
    • Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian poet and artist (d. 2002)
    • Paul Hagen, Danish actor (d. 2003)
  • March 20
    • Pamela Harriman, English-born U.S. ambassador to France (d. 1997)
    • Vickie Panos, Greek-Canadian female professional baseball player
  • March 22Werner Klemperer, German actor (d. 2000)
  • March 23Tetsuharu Kawakami, Japanese baseball player and coach
  • March 24Corbin Harney, elder and spiritual leader of the Newe (Western Shoshone) people (d. 2007)
  • March 25
    • Patrick Troughton, British actor (d. 1987)
    • Arthur Wint, Jamaican runner (d. 1992)
  • March 27Robin Jacques, English illustrator (d. 1995)
  • March 31Deborah Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, English Dowager Duchess
  • April 1Toshirō Mifune, Japanese actor (d. 1997)
  • April 2Jack Webb, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1982)
  • April 4Éric Rohmer, French film director (d. 2010)
  • April 5
    • Barend Biesheuvel, Dutch politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 1971 until 1973 (d. 2001)
    • Arthur Hailey, American writer (d. 2004)
  • April 6Edmond H. Fischer, Swiss American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • April 7Ravi Shankar, Indian sitar player
  • April 8Carmen McRae, American jazz singer (d. 1994)
  • April 11Peter O'Donnell, British author and writer of comic strips (d. 2010)
  • April 12Buck Young, American actor (d. 2000)
  • April 13
    • Roberto Calvi, Italian banker (d. 1982)
    • Liam Cosgrave, fifth Taoiseach of Ireland
    • Jack Lambert, American actor (d. 2002)
  • April 15
    • Thomas Szasz, Hungarian-born psychiatrist and writer
    • Richard von Weizsäcker, German politician, President of Germany from 1984 until 1994
  • April 19Gene Leis, American jazz guitarist and eductor (d. 1993)
  • April 21Edmund Adamkiewicz, German footballer (d. 1991)
  • April 27Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor (d. 1956)
  • April 29Harold Shapero, American composer


  • May 2
    • Jean-Marie Auberson, Swiss conductor (d. 2004)
    • Otto Buchsbaum, Austrian-born writer and ecological activist (d. 2000)
    • Preben Neergaard, Danish actor (d. 1990)
  • May 6Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, first Prime Minister of Fiji and President of Fiji (d. 2004)
  • May 8Saul Bass, American graphic designer (d. 1996)
  • May 9Richard Adams, English author
  • May 11Denver Pyle, American actor (d. 1997)
  • May 13Gareth Morris, British flautist (d. 2007)
  • May 18
    • Pope John Paul II (d. 2005)
    • Lucia Mannucci, Italian singer (Quartetto Cetra)
  • May 19Renée Asherson, English actress
  • May 20Domenico Leccisi, Italian politician (d. 2008)
  • May 23
    • Helen O'Connell, American singer (d. 1993)
    • Sid Melton, American actor (d. 2011)
  • May 26Peggy Lee, American singer (d. 2002)
  • May 28Gene Levitt, American television writer, producer, and director (d. 1999)
  • May 29John Harsanyi, Hungarian-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2000)
  • May 30Franklin Schaffner, American film and television director (d. 1989)
  • June 2Tex Schramm, American football executive (d. 2003)
  • June 11King Mahendra,king of Nepal (d. 1972)
  • June 12
    • Dave Berg, American cartoonist (d. 2002)
    • Jim Siedow, American actor (d. 2003)
  • June 16José López Portillo, President of Mexico (d. 2004)
  • June 17
    • Jacob H. Gilbert, American politician (d. 1981)
    • François Jacob, French biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • June 25Ozan Marsh, American pianist (d. 1992)
  • June 29Ray Harryhausen, American animator


  • July 4
    • Leona Helmsley, hotel operator, real estate investor (d. 2007)
    • Anthony Barber, British Conservative politician
  • July 10Owen Chamberlain, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)
  • July 11Yul Brynner, Russian-born actor (d. 1985)
  • July 13
    • Bill Towers, English footballer (d. 2000)
    • Don Ralke, American music arranger (d. 2000)
  • July 15Theresa Kobuszewski, American professional baseball pllayer and World War II veteran (d. 2005)
  • July 17
    • Juan Antonio Samaranch, Spanish International Olympic Committee president (d. 2010)
    • June Vincent, American actress (d. 2008)
  • July 18Dolph Sweet, American actor (d. 1985)
  • July 21
    • Constant Nieuwenhuys, Dutch painter (d. 2005)
    • Isaac Stern, Ukrainian-born violinist (d. 2001)
  • July 24Bella Abzug, American feminist politician (d. 1998)
  • July 25Rosalind Franklin, British crystallographer (d. 1958)
  • August 1Sammy Lee, Korean-American diver
  • August 2Reginald Hugh Hickling, British lawyer, colonial civil servant, law academic and author (d. 2007)
  • August 4Helen Thomas, American author and former news service reporter, member of the White House press corps and columnist
  • August 8
    • Leo Chiosso, Italian poet (d. 2006)
    • Jimmy Witherspoon, American singer (d. 1997)
  • August 9Milton G. Henschel, a member of the Governing Body of Jehovah's Witnesses and 5th President of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society (d. 2003)
  • August 16Charles Bukowski, American writer (d. 1994)
  • August 17Maureen O'Hara, Irish actress
  • August 18
    • Bob Kennedy, American baseball player and manager (d. 2005)
    • Shelley Winters, American actress (d. 2006)
  • August 20
    • Ann Harnett, American female baseball player
    • Red Holzman, American basketball coach (d. 1998)
  • August 21Christopher Robin Milne, English author and bookseller (d. 1996)
  • August 22Ray Bradbury, American science fiction writer (d. 2012)
  • August 26
    • Mauri Favén, Finnish painter (d. 2006)
    • Prem Tinsulanonda, Thai prime minister
  • August 29Charlie Parker, African-American saxophonist and composer (d. 1955)


  • September 3Les Medley, English footballer (d. 2001)
  • September 4Catherine Bennett, Canadian female professional baseball player
  • September 10Fabio Taglioni, Italian motorcycle engineer (d. 2001)
  • September 14
    • Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan writer (d. 2009)
    • Cascarita [a.k.a. Orlando Guerra], Cuban music singer (d. 1975)
    • Lawrence Klein, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • September 18Jack Warden, American actor (d. 2006)
  • September 22William H. Riker, American political scientist (d. 1993)
  • September 23
    • Mickey Rooney, American film actor and first husband of Ava Gardner
    • Alexander Arutiunian, Armenian composer (d. 2012)
    • John Coltrane, American musician (d. 1967)
  • September 24Dick Bong, American fighter ace (d. 1945)
  • September 27Jayne Meadows, American actress
  • September 29Peter D. Mitchell, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1992)
  • October 1
    • Charles Daudelin, Canadian sculptor (d. 2001)
    • Walter Matthau, American actor (d. 2000)
  • October 6
    • Pietro Consagra, Italian sculptor (d. 2005)
    • Helen Andelin, American author (d. 2009)
  • October 8Frank Herbert, American author (d. 1986)
  • October 9Jens Bjørneboe, Norwegian author (d. 1976)
  • October 13Laraine Day, American actress (d. 2007)
  • October 15Mario Puzo, American author (d. 1999)
  • October 17Miguel Delibes, Spanish novelist (d. 2010)
  • October 19Pandurang Shastri Athavale, founder of the Swadhyay Movement (d. 2003)
  • October 22Timothy Leary, American psychologist and author, proponent of LSD (d. 1996)
  • October 29Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuelan-born immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2011)
  • October 30Norman Bird, British character actor (d. 2005)
  • October 31
    • Dick Francis, British jockey-turned-novelist (d. 2010)
    • Joseph Gelineau, French composer (d. 2008)
    • Fritz Walter, German footballer (d. 2002)


Date unknown[]

  • Tommy J. Smith, Australian trainer (d. 1998)
  • Amos Yarkoni, Israeli soldier (d. 1991)



  • January 2Paul Adam, French writer (b. 1862)
  • January 3Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician (b. 1888)
  • January 4Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (b. 1843)
  • January 6Walter Cunliffe, English banker (b. 1856)
  • January 6Hieronymus Georg Zeuthen, Danish mathematician (b. 1839)
  • January 7Edmund Barton, Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1849)
  • January 14John Francis Dodge, American automobile manufacturer (b. 1864)
  • January 16Reginald De Koven, American composer, conductor and critic (b. 1859)
  • January 18Giovanni Capurro, Italian poet (b. 1859)
  • January 22Georg Lurich, Estonian Greco-Roman wrestler and strongman (b. 1876)
  • January 24
    • William Percy French, Irish songwriter and entertainer (b. 1854)
    • Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (tuberculosis) (b. 1884)
    • William Plunket, 5th Baron Plunket, British diplomat and administrator (b. 1864)
  • January 25Jeanne Hébuterne, French artist, model, and common-law wife of Amedeo Modigliani (suicide) (b. 1898)
  • February 2Field E. Kindley, American World War I aviator (b. 1896)
  • February 3Frank Brown, Governor of Maryland (b. 1846)
  • February 6Augustus F. Goodridge, Canadian merchant and politician (b. 1839)
  • February 7Aleksandr Kolchak, Russian naval commander (b. 1874)
  • February 11Gaby Deslys, French dancer, actress & spy (b. 1881)
  • February 15Aleksander Aberg, Estonian professional wrestler and strongman (b. 1881)
  • February 15Joseph Burton Sumner, founder of Sumner, Mississippi (b. 1837)
  • February 20
    • Joseph J. Fern, Mayor of Honolulu (b. 1872)
    • Robert Peary, American Arctic explorer (b. 1856)
    • Jacinta Marto, Beatified,witnessed apparitions of the Blessed Virgin Mary in 1917 at Fátima, Portugal (b. 1910)
  • February 27William Sherman Jennings, Governor of Florida (b. 1863)
  • March 1
    • John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator from Alabama (b. 1842)
    • William A. Stone, Governor of Pennsylvania (b. 1846)
    • Joseph Trumpeldor, Russian Zionist (b. 1880)
  • March 3Theodor Philipsen, Danish painter (b. 1840)
  • March 4Roswell P. Bishop, U.S. Congressman from Michigan (b. 1843)
  • March 7Jaan Poska, Estonian barrister and politician (b. 1866)
  • March 11Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (b. 1865)
  • March 13Charles Lapworth, English geologist (b. 1842)
  • March 21Evelina Haverfield British suffragette (b. 1867)
  • March 26
    • William Chester Minor, American surgeon (b. 1834)
    • Mary Augusta Ward, Tasmanian novelist (b. 1851)
  • March 31
    • Paul Bachmann, German mathematician (b. 1837)
    • Lothar von Trotha, German military commander (b. 1848)
    • Edwin Warfield, Governor of Maryland (b. 1848)


  • April 8
    • John Brashear, American astronomer (b. 1840)
    • Charles Tomlinson Griffes, American composer (b. 1884)
  • April 10Moritz Cantor, German historian of mathematics (b. 1829)
  • April 21Maria L. Sanford, American educator (b. 1836)
  • April 26Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (b. 1887)
  • May 1Princess Margaret of Connaught, Crown Princess of Sweden (b. 1882)
  • May 11
    • James Colosimo, Italian-born gangster (b. 1877)
    • William Dean Howells, American writer (b. 1837)
  • May 14Ronald Montagu Burrows, English archaeologist (b. 1867)
  • May 15
    • Owen Morgan Edwards, Welsh writer and educator (b. 1858)
    • Maria Bochkareva, Russian White soldier (b. 1889)
  • May 16Levi P. Morton, Vice President of the United States (b. 1824)
  • May 21
    • Venustiano Carranza, President of Mexico (b. 1859)
    • Eleanor H. Porter, American novelist (b. 1868)
  • May 23Svetozar Borojevic, Austro-Hungarian field marshal (b. 1856)
  • May 28Hardwicke Rawnsley, English clergyman, poet, writer of hymns and conservationist (b. 1851)
  • May 30George Ernest Morrison, Australian adventurer (b. 1862)
  • June 5
    • Rhoda Broughton, Welsh writer (b. 1840)
    • Julia A. Moore, American poet (b. 1847)
  • June 6James Dunsmuir, Canadian politician (b. 1851)
  • June 13Essad Pasha, Prime Minister of Albania (b. 1863)
  • June 14
    • Gabrielle Réjane, French actress (b. 1856)
    • Max Weber, German political economist (b. 1864)
  • June 18
    • Jewett W. Adams, Governor of Nevada (b. 1835)
    • John Macoun, Irish born naturalist (b. 1831)
  • June 20
    • Marie Adolphe Carnot, French chemist, mining engineer, and politician (b. 1839)
    • John Grigg, New Zealand astronomer (b. 1838)
  • June 27Adolphe Basile Routhier, Canadian judge, author and lyricist (b. 1839)



  • October 2
    • Winthrop M. Crane, Governor of Massachusetts and Senator (b. 1853)
    • Max Bruch, German composer (b. 1838)
  • October 5William Heinemann, English publisher (b. 1863)
  • October 7Yves Delage, French zoologist (b. 1854)
  • October 10Hudson Stuck, English mountaineer (b. 1865)
  • October 17
    • Reginald Farrer, English botanist (b. 1880)
    • John Reed, American journalist (b. 1887)
  • October 24Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia (b. 1853)
  • October 25Alexander of Greece, Greek king (b. 1893)
  • November 1Kevin Barry, Irish republican (hanged) (b. 1902)
  • November 2Louise Imogen Guiney, American poet and essayist (b. 1861)
  • November 3Warren Terhune, United States Navy Commander, and the 13th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1869)
  • November 4Ludwig Struve, Russian astronomer (b. 1858)
  • November 13Luc-Olivier Merson, French painter and illustrator (b. 1846)
  • November 21Michael Hogan, Irish activist shot during a Gaelic football match by the British army, who also killed 14 Irish supporters
  • November 22Manuel Pérez y Curis, Uruguayan poet (b. 1884)
  • November 23George Callaghan, British admiral (b. 1852)
  • November 25
    • Madeline McDowell Breckinridge, leader of the women’s suffrage movement and one of Kentucky's leading progressive reformers (b. 1872)
    • Gaston Chevrolet, Swiss-born race car driver and manufacturer (b. 1892)
  • November 30Eugene W. Chafin, American politician (b. 1852)
  • December 3William de Wiveleslie Abney, English astronomer and photographer (b. 1843)
  • December 11Olive Schreiner, South African writer (b. 1855)
  • December 12Edward Gawler Prior, Canadian mining engineer and politician (b. 1854)
  • December 14George Gipp, American football player (b. 1895)
  • December 24Stephen Mosher Wood, American Politician (b. 1832)

Nobel Prizes[]

  • PhysicsCharles Edouard Guillaume
  • ChemistryWalther Nernst
  • MedicineSchack August Steenberg Krogh
  • LiteratureKnut Hamsun
  • PeaceLéon Victor Auguste Bourgeois


  1. ^ Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry official: result of overcoming obstacles by first Azerbaijani diplomats was international recognition in Versailles
  2. ^ Robert H. Goddard. The New York Times. 090118
  3. ^ June 13
  4. ^ Carlisle, Rodney (2007). World War I. Facts on File. p. 291. ISBN 0-8160-6061-4. 
  5. ^ "1st World Jamboree". The Pine Tree Web. 1998. Retrieved 2011-02-23. 
  6. ^ O'Farrell, Patrick (2004). "Mannix, Daniel (1864–1963)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/55446. Retrieved 2011-11-11.  (subscription or UK public library membership required)

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1920. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

People of the year 1920 at Familypedia

218 people were born in 1920

 FatherMotherAge mother at birth
Desmond Allan Shafto Adair (1920-1943)Allan Henry Shafto Adair, 6th Baronet Adair (1897-1988)Enid Violet Ida Ward (1897-1984)
Heather Agyeman (1920-2000)
Albert Alabaster (1920-2000)James Alabaster (1888-1978)Alyssa Mac Sitric (1890-1958)
Alysson Alessandroni (1920-1992)
Miguel Aquino (1920-1999)
Verna Fern Armagost (1920-2000)Walter James Armagost (1891-1980)Mary Fern Buckingham (1895-1961)
Leslie Branch Ashby (1920-2001)Robert Turner Ashby (1876-1930)Emma Brooks (1875-1939)
Raymond Albert Ashman (1920-1973)Charles Ashman (1890-1959)Sarah Snyder (1893-1939)
Mildred Irene Augustine (1920-)John Frederick Augustine (1886-1970)Cora Arledge (1886-1963)
Jennifer Aumann (1920-2000)David Aumann (1899-1959)Patricia Muff (1898-1969)
Oswaldo Azucena (1920-2000)
Brittany Babbage (1920-1983)
Edith Condie Baird (1920-2005)James Alexander Baird (1891-1956)Ada Condie (1894-1965)
Sarah Bar-Lev (1920-1970)Adam Bar-Lev (1896-1958)Christine Almog (1893-1948)
Madeline Barrault (1920-2000)Jean-Luc Barrault (1879-1950)Audrey Dominiković (1888-1939)
... further results

75 children were born to the 102 women born in 1920

360 people died in 1920

 FatherMotherAge at death
Ashley Aartsen (1843-1920)Edward Aartsen (1810-1890)Janet Bennewitz (1813-1900)
Lot Abraham (1838-1920)Chas Abraham (1812-1874)Eliza Abraham (1816-1900)
Henry Daniel Adams (1844-1920)Henry Adams (1797-1866)Elizabeth Clarke (1822-1870)
Melvin Ohio Adams (1847-1920)Joseph Adams (1818-1891)Dolly Winship Whitney (1819-1901)
William John Adams (1842-1920)Henry Adams (1797-1866)Elizabeth Clarke (1822-1870)
David Ahrendt (1847-1920)
Philo Washington Alden (1840-1920)Washington Brown Alden (1799-1859)Hannah Bartlett (1805-)
Walter Auber Alexander (1848-aft1920)William Alexander (1812-1886)Sarah Catherine Auber (1810-1874)
Ethel Maud Anlezark (1889-1920)Andrew Anlezark (1862-1908)Ellen McDonald Love (1869-)
Jennifer Armstrong (1840-1920)
Albert Henry Avard (1864-1920)David Avard (1839-1910)Elizabeth Newton (1841-1890)56
Sam Baar (1850-1920)
Henry Bailey (1837-1920)George Bailey (1812-1878)Mary Ann Porter (1806-1881)
Gordon Baird (1826-1920)
Maria Adelaide Louisa Baker (1855-1920)William Baker (1822-1907)Julia Ann Scanlin (c1824-1885)65
... further results

16265 people lived in 1920

Lady Irina Bud de BudfalvaLord János Bud de BudfalvaBaroness Anna Tisza de Borosjenő et Szeged
Marcelo (Lamadrid) Madrid (1859-1921)Timoteo (Lamadrid) MadridFrancisca Alguevar
Tsunekichi Yonogi (1905-2015)Shigeru Yonogi (1876-1940)Miyoko Yonogi (1882-1950)
Fyodor Yaroslavich of Novgorod (1219-1233)Yaroslav II Vsevolodovich of Vladimir (1191-1246)Rostislava Mstislavna of Smolensk (c1202-1244)
Ludwik Wiktor Plater-Zyberk h. wł (1853-1938)Henryk Wacław Ksawery Plater-Zyberk (1811-1903)Adelaida von Keller (1817-1905)
Samantha Aaberg (1859-1930)
Geertje Aangeenbrug (1871-1947)Pieter Aangeenbrug (1834-1908)Grietje Breed (1845)
Alfred Alonzo Aaron (1883-1969)Thomas Aaron (1850-1932)Sarah Dobbs (1858-1948)
Hubert Charles Titus Aaron (1919-1941)Alfred Alonzo Aaron (1883-1969)Jemima Davis (1884-1966)
Jack Aaronson (1880-1927)
Sadie Aaronson (1908-1970)Jack Aaronson (1880-1927)Laura Barenboim (1882-1932)
Ashley Aartsen (1843-1920)Edward Aartsen (1810-1890)Janet Bennewitz (1813-1900)
Amanda Abadie (1898-1957)Jean-Claude Abadie (1848-1930)Jeanette Armellino (1860-1934)
Jean-Claude Abadie (1848-1930)Donatien Abadie (1820-1900)Clara Mermoz (1819-1903)
Dominique Abasolo (1882-1947)Rafael Abasolo (1849-1900)Nancy Haugen (1855-1929)
... further results

Events of the year 1920 at Familypedia

183 people were married in 1920.

 Joined with
Leila Adair (1897-1989)Gilbert Marion Gates (1898-1973)
Elsie Mabel U Adams (1897-1987)Roy Courtney Curtis (1897-1963)
Mahidol Adulyadej (1892-1929)Sangwan Talapat (1900-1995)
Catherine Elizabeth Albert (1899-1991)Bertie Clarence Eggins (1894-1977)
John Vaughan Apthorp (1844-1939)Mary Sarah Sargent (1844-1908)+Louise L. Phelps (1878-1963)
Elizabeth Hilda Avard (1893-1961)Harry Perrett (1897-1983)
Sarah Bach (1900-1968)Joseph Beli (1899-1962)
Petrus Johannes Bakker (c1891-)Geertruida van den Berg (c1895-)
Melvin Russell Ballard (1897-1982)Hannah Marie Covey (1899-1923) + Geraldine Smith (1904-1983)
Norman Bartley (1889-1950)Hilda Jane Eldridge (1897-1980)
Charles F Behle (1892-1967)Mabel E. Nicholson (c1891)
Clara Catherine Behle (1891-)Frank Lange (1893-)
Joseph Beli (1899-1962)Sarah Bach (1900-1968)
Mervyn Sharp Bennion (1887-1941)Annie Louise Clark (1899-1997)
Doris Manila Bird (1898-1954)Earl Edward Hedges (1897-1964)
... further results

There were 0 military battles in 1920.

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