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Years: 1934 1935 1936 - 1937 - 1938 1939 1940
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1937 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1937

Ab urbe condita 2690
Armenian calendar 1386
Bahá'í calendar 93 – 94
Buddhist calendar 2481
Coptic calendar 1653 – 1654
Ethiopian calendar 1929 – 1930
Hebrew calendar 5697 5698
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1992 – 1993
 - Shaka Samvat 1859 – 1860
 - Kali Yuga 5038 – 5039
Holocene calendar 11937
Iranian calendar 1315 – 1316
Islamic calendar 1355 – 1356
Japanese calendar Shōwa


(昭和 12年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2597
Julian calendar 1982
Korean calendar 4270
Thai solar calendar 2480
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Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.



January 19: Howard Hughes sets record.

  • January 1Anastasio Somoza García becomes President of Nicaragua.
  • January 3 – The first science fiction convention is held in Leeds, England.
  • January 11 – The first issue of Look magazine goes on sale in the United States.
  • January 19Howard Hughes establishes a record by flying from Los Angeles to New York City in 7 hours, 28 minutes and 25 seconds.
  • January 20 – Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes swears in Franklin D. Roosevelt for a second term. This is the first time Inauguration Day in the United States occurs on that date, on which it has occurred ever since; the change is due to the ratification in 1933 of the 20th amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
  • January 23 – In Moscow, seventeen leading Communists go on trial, accused of participating in a plot led by Leon Trotsky to overthrow Joseph Stalin's regime and assassinate its leaders.
  • January 26 – The U.S. state of Michigan celebrates its Centennial Anniversary of statehood.
  • January 31
    • The Ohio River floods.
    • The Soviet Union executes 31 people for alleged Trotskyism.


  • February 5 – U.S President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposes a plan to enlarge the Supreme Court of the United States.
  • February 8Spanish Civil War: Falangist troops take Málaga.
  • February 8February 27Spanish Civil WarBattle of Jarama: Nationalist and government troops fight to a stalemate.
  • February 11 – A sit-down strike ends when General Motors recognizes the United Automobile Workers Union.
  • February 16Wallace H. Carothers receives a patent for nylon.
  • February 19
    • Airliner VH-UHH (Stinson) goes down over Lamington National Park, bound for Sydney, killing five people.
    • Yekatit 12: During a public ceremony at the Viceregal Palace (the former Imperial residence) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, two Eritrean nationalists attempt to kill viceroy Rodolfo Graziani with a number of grenades. The Italian security guard fire into the crowd of Ethiopian onlookers. Authorities exact further reprisals, which include indiscriminately slaughtering native Ethiopians over the next three days, detaining thousands of Ethiopians in inhospitable conditions at Danan in the Ogaden and Nokra in the Dahlak Archipelago, and slaughtering almost 300 monks at Debre Libanos monastery.
  • February 20Roberto Ortiz is elected president of Argentina.
  • February 21 – The League of Nations Non-Intervention Committee prohibits foreign nationals from fighting in the Spanish Civil War.


  • March – The first issue of Detective Comics is published in the United States. Twenty-seven issues later, Detective Comics introduces Batman. The magazine goes on to become the longest continually published comic book in American history; it is still published as of 2012.
  • March 10 – The Encyclical Mit brennender Sorge of Pope Pius XI is published in Nazi Germany.
  • March 17 – The Atherton Report (private investigator Edwin Atherton's report detailing vice and police corruption in San Francisco) is released.
  • March 18 – In the worst school disaster in American history in terms of lives lost, the New London School in New London, Texas suffers a catastrophic natural gas explosion, killing in excess of 295 students and teachers.
  • March 19
    • The Encyclical Divini Redemptoris of Pope Pius XI about communism is published.
    • Mother Frances Hospital opens in Tyler, Texas in response to the New London School explosion.
  • March 21 – The first successful flying car, Waldo Waterman's Aerobile, makes its initial flight.
  • March 26
    • In Crystal City, Texas, spinach growers erect a statue of the cartoon character Popeye.
    • William Henry Hastie becomes the first African-American appointed to a federal judgeship .


  • April 1Aden becomes a British crown colony. Bombing of Jaén, Spain by Nazi forces
  • April 9 – The Kamikaze arrives at Croydon Airport in London; it is the first Japanese-built aircraft to fly to Europe.
  • April 12NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that the National Labor Relations Act is constitutional.
  • April 17 – The animated short Porky's Duck Hunt, directed by Tex Avery for the Looney Tunes series, featuring the debut of Daffy Duck, is released.
  • April 20 – A fire in an elementary school in Kilingi-Nõmme, Estonia, kills seventeen students and injures fifty.
  • April 26Spanish Civil War: Guernica, Spain is bombed. In his report of the Falangist attack on Guernica, British journalist George Steer reports finding German bomb casings, connecting Luftwaffe planes with the attack.


  • May
    • The Dáil Éireann passes the Executive Authority (Consequential Provisions) Act, 1937, which abolishes the office of Governor-General of the Irish Free State, retrospectively dated to December 1936.
    • 17 million unemployed in the USA.
  • May 1 – A general strike occurs in Paris, France.
  • May 6Hindenburg disaster: In the United States, the German airship Hindenburg bursts into flame when mooring to a mast in Lakehurst, New Jersey. Of the 36 passengers and 61 crew on board, 13 passengers and 22 crew die, as well as one member of the ground crew.
  • May 7Spanish Civil War: The German Condor Legion Fighter Group, equipped with Heinkel He 51 biplanes, arrives in Spain to assist Francisco Franco's forces.
  • May 12 – The coronation of George VI and Queen Elizabeth (later Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother) takes place at Westminster Abbey, London.
  • May 21
    • A Soviet station becomes the first scientific research settlement to operate on the drift ice of the Arctic Ocean.
    • As one of the reprisals for the attempted assassination of Italian viceroy Rodolfo Graziani, a detachment of Italian troops massacres the entire community of Debre Libanos, killing 297 monks and 23 laymen.
  • May 27 – In California, the Golden Gate Bridge opens to pedestrian traffic, creating a vital link between San Francisco and Marin County. The next day, President Franklin D. Roosevelt pushes a button in Washington, D.C., signaling the start of vehicle traffic over the Golden Gate Bridge.
  • May 28Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • May 30
    • Spanish Civil War: Spanish ship Ciudad de Barcelona is torpedoed.
    • The Chicago Police Department shoot and kill ten unarmed demonstrators in Chicago in what is known as the Memorial Day massacre.


  • June 3Wallis Simpson marries The Duke of Windsor (the former Edward VIII), in France.
  • June 8
    • The first total solar eclipse to exceed seven minutes of totality in over 800 years, is visible in the Pacific and Peru.
    • Carl Orff's Carmina Burana premieres in Frankfurt, Germany.
  • June 14Pennsylvania becomes the first (and only) of the United States to celebrate Flag Day officially as a state holiday.
  • June 21 – The coalition government of Léon Blum resigns in France.
  • June 28Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) established in the United States, superseding the Emergency Conservation Work program.
  • June – Picasso completes his painting Guernica.
  • June/July – The Dáil Éireann debates and passes the draft new Constitution of Ireland, which is then submitted for public approval by plebiscite.


  • July 1
    • The Gestapo arrests pastor Martin Niemöller.
    • In a referendum the people of the Irish Free State accept the new Constitution by 685,105 votes to 527,945.
    • First alleged sighting of the White River Monster.
  • July 2
    • Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappear after taking off from New Guinea during Earhart's attempt to become the first woman to fly around the world.
    • A guard takes his place at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Washington, DC; continuous guard has been maintained there ever since.
  • July 5 – The highest recorded temperature in Canada, at Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan, is 45°C (113°F).
  • July 7
    • Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Lugou Bridge (aka Marco Polo Bridge Incident): Japanese forces invade China (often seen as the beginning of World War II in Asia).
    • Peel Commission proposes partition of the British Mandate of Palestine into separate Arab and Jewish states.[1][2]
  • July 11 – American popular composer George Gershwin dies in Los Angeles of a brain tumor, age 38.
  • July 20 – The Geibeltbad Pirna is opened in Dresden, Germany.
  • July 21Éamon de Valera is elected President of the Executive Council (prime minister) of the Irish Free State by the Dáil (parliament).
  • July 22New Deal: The United States Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States.
  • July 24Alabama drops rape charges against the so-called Scottsboro Boys.
  • July 25July 31Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Beiping-Tianjin, a series of actions fought around Beiping and Tianjin, resulting in Japanese victory.
  • July 28 – The Irish Republican Army attempts the assassination by bomb of George VI in Belfast.


  • August 2 – The Marihuana Tax Act Pub. 238, 75th Congress, 50 Stat. 551 (Aug. 2, 1937), is a significant bill on the path that will lead to the criminalization of cannabis. It was introduced to U.S. Congress by Commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, Harry Anslinger. (The Act is now commonly referred to using the modern spelling as the 1937 Marijuana Tax Act.)
  • August 5 – The Soviet Union commences one of the largest campaigns of the Great Purge, to "eliminate anti-Soviet elements." Within the following year, at least 724,000 people are killed on order of the troikas, directed by Joseph Stalin. This was an offensive that targeted social classes (such as the kulaks), ethnic or racial backgrounds which were seen as non-Russian, and Stalin's personal opponents from the Communist Party and their sympathizers.
  • August 6Spanish Civil War: Falangist artillery bombards Madrid.
  • August 8Japan occupies Beijing.
  • August 26Sino-Japanese War: Japanese aircraft attack the car carrying the ambassador of Great Britain during a raid on Shanghai.


  • September 2 – The Great Hong Kong Typhoon kills an estimated 11,000 persons.
  • September 5Spanish Civil War: The city of Llanes falls to the Falangists.
  • September 7CBS broadcasts a two-and-a-half hour memorial concert nationwide on radio in memory of George Gershwin, live from the Hollywood Bowl. Many celebrities appear, including Oscar Levant, Fred Astaire, Otto Klemperer, Lily Pons, and members of the original cast of Porgy and Bess. The concert is recorded and released complete years later in what is excellent sound for its time, on CD. The Los Angeles Philharmonic is the featured orchestra.
  • September 17Abraham Lincoln's head is dedicated at Mount Rushmore.
  • September 19Swiss professional ice hockey club HC Ambrì-Piotta founded.
  • September 21 – George Allen & Unwin, Ltd. of London publishes the first edition of J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit.
  • September 25Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Pingxingguan: The Communist Chinese National Revolutionary Army defeats the Japanese.
  • September 26Street and Smith Publications launches a half-hour radio program, The Shadow, with Orson Welles in the title role.
  • September 27 – The last Bali tiger dies.


  • October 1
    • The Marihuana Tax Act becomes law in the United States.
    • U.S. Supreme Court associate justice Hugo Black, in a nationwide radio broadcast, refutes allegations of past involvement in the Ku Klux Klan.
  • October 3Sino-Japanese War: Japanese troops advance toward Nanking.
  • October 4Rabotnicki Skopje is established as a football club .
  • October 5Roosevelt gives his famous Quarantine Speech in Chicago.
  • October 13Germany, in a note to Brussels, guarantees the inviolability and integrity of Belgium so long as the latter abstains from military action against Germany.
  • October 15Ernest Hemingway's novel To Have and Have Not is first published.
  • October 18October 21Spanish Civil War: The whole Spanish northern seaboard falls into the Falangists' hands; Republican forces in Gijon, Spain, set fire to petrol reserves prior to retreating before the advancing Falangists.
  • October 25Celal Bayar forms the new (ninth) government of Turkey.


  • November 3 – Underdog Maurice J. Tobin resoundingly defeats former governor and mayor James Michael Curley in a Boston mayoral election that shocks the political establishment.
  • November 5
    • Spanish Civil War – 35,000 Republican supporters are massacred in Piedrafita de Babia, near León.
    • World War II: In the Reich Chancellery, Adolf Hitler holds a secret meeting and states his plans for acquiring "living space" for the German people (recorded in the Hossbach Memorandum).
  • November 6Italy joins the Anti-Comintern Pact.
  • November 9Sino-Japanese War: Japanese troops take Shanghai.
  • November 10 – Brazilian president Getúlio Vargas announces the Estado Novo ("New State"), thence becoming dictator of Brazil until 1945.
  • November 11 – The Kogushi sulfur mine collapse, in western Gunma, Japan, kills at least 245 people.


  • December 4The Dandy comic is first published in Scotland; it will still be running as of 2011.
  • December 11Italy withdraws from the League of Nations.
  • December 12
    • USS Panay incident: Japanese bombers sink the American gunboat USS Panay.
    • Mae West makes a risque guest appearance on the NBC Chase and Sanborn Hour that eventually results in her being banned from radio.
  • December 13Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Nanjing ends and the Nanjing Massacre begins. Japanese troops slaughter over 300,000 civilians and prisoners over three months.
  • December 16 – The original production of the musical Me and My Girl opens at the West End Victoria Palace Theatre in London. A later revival of this musical would win an award.
  • December 21Walt Disney's Snow White premieres in selected theaters.
  • December 25 – At the age of 70, legendary conductor Arturo Toscanini conducts the NBC Symphony Orchestra on radio for the first time, beginning his successful 17-year tenure with that orchestra. This first concert consists of music by Vivaldi (at a time when he was still seldom played), Mozart, and Brahms. Millions tune in to listen, including U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
  • December 29 – The new Constitution of Ireland (Bunreacht na hÉireann) comes into force. The Irish Free State becomes "Ireland", and Éamon de Valera becomes the first Taoiseach (prime minister) of the new state. A Presidential Commission (made up the Chief Justice, the Speaker of Dáil Éireann, and the President of the High Court) assumes the powers of the new presidency, pending the popular election of the first President of Ireland in June 1938. The new constitution prohibits divorce.

Date unknown[]

  • Switzerland begins construction of its Border Line defences.
  • The Vibora Luviminda trades union's sugar plantation strike on Maui island, Hawaii.
  • Jimmie Angel lands his plane on top of Devil's Mountain; however, the plane gets damaged and he has to trek through the rainforest for help.
  • Italian psychiatrist Amarro Fiamberti is the first to document a transorbital approach to the brain, which becomes the basis for the controversial medical procedure of transorbital lobotomy.
  • Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck is published.
  • Soviet industry produces about four times as much as it had in 1928.



  • January 1Anne Aubrey, British actress
  • January 4Dyan Cannon, American actress
  • January 6
    • Paolo Conte, Italian singer, Pianist and Composer
    • Underwood Dudley, American mathematician
    • Nida Blanca, Filipina actress (d. 2001)
  • January 8Shirley Bassey, Welsh singer
  • January 13George Reisman, American economist
  • January 14Ken Higgs, English cricketer
  • January 15Margaret O'Brien, American actress
  • January 18
  • January 19Giovanna Marini, Italian singer-songwriter
  • January 21Prince Max, Duke in Bavaria, heir to the Bavarian Royal House
  • January 22Joseph Wambaugh, American author
  • January 25Ange-Felix Patasse, former President of Central African Republic (d. 2011)
  • January 27John Ogdon, English pianist (d. 1989)
  • January 29Bobby Scott, American musician, producer and songwriter (d. 1990)
  • January 30
    • Vanessa Redgrave, English actress
    • Boris Spassky, Russian chess grandmaster
  • January 31
    • Suzanne Pleshette, American actress (d. 2008)
    • Philip Glass, American composer
  • February 1
    • Garrett Morris, American comedian
    • Don Everly, American rock 'n' roll musician
  • February 2
    • Tom Smothers, American musician and comedian
    • Magic Sam, American musician (d. 1969)
    • Remak Ramsay, American actor
  • February 3Billy Meier, Swiss Prophet
  • February 4Magnar Solberg, Norwegian biathlete
  • February 8Manfred Krug, German actor and singer
  • February 9
    • Francis William Lawvere, American mathematician
    • Robert "Bilbo" Walker Jr., American blues guitarist
  • February 10Roberta Flack, American soul singer
  • February 11Bill Lawry, Australian cricketer
  • February 12Charles Dumas, American athlete
  • February 13Rupiah Banda, President of Zambia
  • February 20
    • George Leonardos, Greek journalist and author
    • Robert Huber, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Roger Penske, American race car driver
    • Nancy Wilson, American singer
  • February 21 – King Harald V of Norway
  • February 25
    • Tom Courtenay, English actor
    • Bob Schieffer, American television journalist


  • March 2Abdelaziz Bouteflika, President of Algeria
  • March 4
    • Graham Dowling, New Zealand cricketer
    • Leslie Gelb, American president of the Council on Foreign Relations
    • Yuri Senkevich, Russian cosmonaut (d. 2003)
    • Barney Wilen, French jazz saxophonist (d. 1996)
  • March 5Olusegun Obasanjo, former President of Nigeria
  • March 6Valentina Tereshkova, Russian cosmonaut, first woman in space
  • March 8Juvénal Habyarimana, President of Rwanda (d. 1994)
  • March 9Harry Neale, Canadian ice hockey coach and broadcaster
  • March 17Frank Calabrese, Sr., American Gangster in the Chicago Outfit
  • March 20Jerry Reed, American country musician (d. 2008)
  • March 22Armin Hary, German athlete
  • March 23Craig Breedlove, American race car driver
  • March 27Thomas Aquinas Daly, American painter
  • March 30Warren Beatty, American actor and director
  • April 5Colin Powell, U.S. Secretary of State
  • April 6
    • Merle Haggard, American country musician
    • Billy Dee Williams, American actor
  • April 7Louise Faulkner, missing Australian woman
  • April 9Valerie Singleton, English television presenter
  • April 10Bella Akhmadulina, Russian poet (d. 2010)
  • April 16George "The Animal" Steele, American professional wrestler
  • April 17Ferdinand Piech, Austrian engineer and business magnate
  • April 18Jan Kaplický, British architect of Czech origin
  • April 19
    • Elinor Donahue, American actress
    • Joseph Estrada, former President of the Philippines
  • April 20George Takei, American actor
  • April 22Jack Nicholson, American actor
  • April 24Rafi' Daham Al-Tikriti, director of the Iraqi Intelligence Service
  • April 27
    • Robin Eames, Northern Irish clergyman
    • Sandy Dennis, American actress (d. 1992)
  • April 28Saddam Hussein, President of Iraq (d. 2006)
  • April 29Jill Paton Walsh, English novelist


  • May 1Una Stubbs, British actress
  • May 2Gisela Elsner, German writer
  • May 3
    • Frankie Valli, American musician
    • Hans Cieslarczyk, German football player
  • May 4Ron Carter, American jazz musician
  • May 5Tran Duc Luong, President of Vietnam
  • May 6Rubin 'Hurricane' Carter, American boxer
  • May 8
    • Thomas Pynchon, American writer
    • Carlos Gaviria Díaz, Colombian justice and politician
  • May 12George Carlin, American comedian (d. 2008)
  • May 13
    • Roch Carrier, Canadian writer
    • Roger Zelazny, American writer (d. 1995)
    • Trevor Baylis, English inventor
  • May 15
    • Madeleine Albright, U.S. Secretary of State
    • Trini Lopez, American musician
  • May 16Yvonne Craig, American actress
  • May 17Hazel R. O'Leary, U.S. Secretary of Energy
  • May 18Jacques Santer, Luxembourg politician, President of the European Council
  • May 21
    • John Fairfax, British ocean rower
    • Sofiko Chiaureli, Georgian actress (d. 2008)
    • Mengistu Haile Mariam, former President of Ethiopia
  • May 24Roger Peterson, pilot who flew the plane on The Day the Music Died (d. 1959)
  • June 1Morgan Freeman, American actor
  • June 2Sally Kellerman, American actress (MASH)
  • June 3
    • Phyllis Baker, American professional baseball player (d. 2006)
    • Crawford Hallock Greenewalt, Jr., American archaeologist (d. 2012)
    • Solomon P. Ortiz, U.S. Congressman from Texas
  • June 4Gorilla Monsoon, American professional wrestler and announcer (d. 1999)
  • June 7Neeme Järvi, Estonian conductor
  • June 8Toni Harper, American child singer
  • June 9Harald Rosenthal, German biologist
  • June 10Luciana Paluzzi, Italian actress
  • June 11Robin Warren, Australian pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • June 15
    • Waylon Jennings, American country singer (d. 2002)
    • Alan Thornett, British Trotskyist activist
  • June 16Charmian May, British actress (d. 2002)
  • June 18
    • Wray Carlton, American football player
    • Vitaly Zholobov, Soviet cosmonaut
  • June 23Martti Ahtisaari, President of Finland
  • June 25Keizo Obuchi, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 2000)
  • June 26Robert Coleman Richardson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • June 28Ron Luciano, American baseball umpire and writer (d. 1995)


  • July 3Richard Petty, seven-time NASCAR Winston Cup champion
  • July 4Sonja Haraldsen, Queen of Norway and wife to King Harald V of Norway
  • July 6
    • Vladimir Ashkenazy, Russian pianist
    • Ned Beatty, American actor
  • July 7Tung Chee-Hwa, Hong Kong administrator
  • July 9David Hockney, English-born artist
  • July 12
    • Lionel Jospin, Prime Minister of France
    • Bill Cosby, American actor and comedian
  • July 14Yoshiro Mori, Japanese politician
  • July 18
    • Roald Hoffmann, Polish-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Hunter S. Thompson, American author and journalist (d. 2005)
  • July 20Ken Ogata, Japanese actor (d. 2008)
  • July 27
    • Don Galloway, American actor (d. 2009)
    • Anna Dawson, British actress
  • July 29Daniel McFadden, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • August 2Coenraad Bron, Dutch Computer Scientist
  • August 4David Bedford, American musician
  • August 5Herb Brooks, American hockey coach (d. 2003)
  • August 6Barbara Windsor, English actress
  • August 8Dustin Hoffman, American actor
  • August 14Alberta Nelson, American actress (d. 2006)
  • August 16David Anderson, Canadian politician
  • August 18
    • Willie Rushton, English comedian and cartoonist (d. 1996)
    • Jean Alingué Bawoyeu, Chadian politician and former Prime Minister
  • August 20
    • Jim Bowen, English stand-up comedian and TV personality
    • Jean-Louis Petit, French composer, conductor and organist
  • August 21
    • Donald Dewar, First Minister of Scotland (d. 2000)
    • Robert Stone, American novelist
    • Chuck Traynor, American pornographer (d. 2002)
  • August 26Gennady Yanayev, former Soviet leader (d. 2010)
  • August 29James Florio, Governor of New Jersey
  • August 30Bruce McLaren, Founder of McLaren Racing
  • August 31Bobby Parker (guitarist), from USA


  • September 4
    • Dawn Fraser, Australian swimmer
    • Mikk Mikiver, Estonian actor and director (d. 2006)
  • September 5William Devane, American actor
  • September 6
    • Kirtanananda Swami Bhaktipada (Keith Gordon Ham), Hare Krishna guru
    • Jo Anne Worley, American comedienne
  • September 7Cüneyt Arkın, Turkish film actor
  • September 11Paola Ruffo di Calabria, Queen of the Belgians
  • September 15
    • King Curtis Iaukea, American professional wrestler (d. 2010)
    • Robert Lucas, Jr., American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Fernando de la Rúa, President of Argentina
  • September 16Keith Bosley, British broadcaster (retired), poet and translator
  • September 17Ilarion Ionescu-Galati Romanian conductor
  • September 19Abner Haynes, American football player
  • September 28Rod Roddy, American television announcer (d. 2003)
  • October 2Johnnie Cochran, American attorney (d. 2005)
  • October 4
    • Jackie Collins, English author
    • Franz Vranitzky, former Chancellor of Austria
  • October 5Barry Switzer, American football coach
  • October 10Bobby Charlton, English footballer
  • October 15Linda Lavin, American actress (Alice)
  • October 17Paxton Whitehead, English actor
  • October 23Carlos Lamarca, Brazilian military turned guerrilla leader (d. 1971)
  • October 28Lenny Wilkens, American basketball player and coach


  • November 1"Whisperin" Bill Anderson, American country music singer-songwriter and game show host
  • November 2Earl Carroll, American lead vocalist for The Cadillacs
  • November 4Michael Wilson, Canadian politician and diplomat
  • November 5
    • Chan Sek Keong, Chief Justice of Singapore
    • Harris Yulin, American actor
  • November 6Joe Warfield, American actor
  • November 8Paul Mackintosh Foot, British journalist
  • November 10Zdenek Zikan, Czech football player
  • November 11Stephen Lewis, Canadian politician and diplomat
  • November 17
    • Peter Cook, English comedian and writer (d. 1995)
    • Manuel Félix López, Ecuadorian politician (d. 2004)
  • November 20Ruth Laredo, American pianist (d. 2005)
  • November 21Ingrid Pitt, Polish-born British actress (d. 2010)
  • November 26Boris Yegorov, Russian cosmonaut (d. 1994)
  • December 1
    • Chuck Low, American actor
    • Vaira Vike Freiberga, former President of Latvia
  • December 3Bobby Allison, American race car driver
  • December 7Kenneth Colley, English actor
  • December 8
    • Michael Bowen, American artist (d. 2009)
    • James MacArthur, American actor (d. 2010)
    • Arne Næss Jr., Norwegian mountaineer and businessman (d. 2004)
  • December 9Darwin Joston, American actor (d. 1998)
  • December 11Jim Harrison, American writer
  • December 15Donald Goines, American novelist (d. 1973)
  • December 17Kerry Packer, Australian businessman (d. 2005)
  • December 21Jane Fonda, American actress and social activist
  • December 26
    • Professor John Horton Conway, mathematician
    • Gnassingbe Eyadema, President of Togo (d. 2005)
  • December 28Ratan Tata, Indian industrialist
  • December 29
    • Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, President of the Maldives (1978–2008)
    • Barbara Steele, British actress
  • December 30
    • Gordon Banks, English footballer
    • John Hartford, American musician and composer (d. 2001)
    • Jim Marshall, American football player
    • Noel Paul Stookey, American singer (Peter, Paul and Mary)
  • December 31
    • Avram Hershko, Israeli biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
    • Anthony Hopkins, Welsh actor

Date unknown[]

  • Cathie Jung, owner of the smallest waist on a living person (measuring just 15 in.).




  • April 10Ralph Ince, American film director (b. 1887)
  • April 19William Martin Conway, British art critic and mountaineer (b. 1856)
  • April 21Saima Harmaja, Finnish poet (b. 1913)
  • April 22Arthur Edmund Carewe, Armenian-American actor (b. 1884)
  • April 24Lucy Beaumont, English actress (b. 1873)
  • April 25Michał Drzymała, Polish rebel (b. 1857)
  • April 27Antonio Gramsci, Italian Communist writer and politician (b. 1891)
  • April 29William Gillette, American actor (b. 1853)
  • May 1Snitz Edwards, Hungarian actor (b. 1868)
  • May 6 – 35 victims of the LZ 129 Hindenburg disaster.
  • May 4Noel Rosa, Brazilian songwriter (b. 1910)
  • May 23John D. Rockefeller, American industrialist and philanthropist (b. 1839)
  • May 25Henry Ossawa Tanner, American Artist (b. 1859)
  • May 28Alfred Adler, Austrian psychologist (b. 1870)
  • June 2Louis Vierne, French composer (b. 1870)
  • June 7Jean Harlow, American film actress (b. 1911)
  • June 10Robert Laird Borden, eighth Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1854)
  • June 18Gaston Doumergue, French Prime Minister (b. 1863)
  • June 19J. M. Barrie, Scottish novelist and dramatist (b. 1860)
  • June 25Colin Clive, British actor (b. 1900)



  • October 16Jean de Brunhoff, French writer (b. 1899)
  • October 17J. Bruce Ismay, English businessman (b. 1862)
  • October 19Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson, New Zealand physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1871)
  • October 26Józef Dowbor-Muśnicki, Polish general (b. 1867)
  • November 6Johnston Forbes-Robertson, British stage actor (b. 1853)
  • November 9Ramsay MacDonald, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1866)
  • November 13 – Caroline Louise Dudley (aka Mrs. Leslie Carter), stage & screen actress (b. 1862)
  • November 23Miklós Kovács Hungarian Slovene writer (b. 1857)
  • November 17Jack Worrall, Australian cricketer and coach (b. 1860)
  • November 23
    • Jagdish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist (b. 1858)
    • George Albert Boulenger, Belgian naturalist (b. 1858)
  • December 9Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
  • December 12Alfred Abel, German actor (b. 1879)
  • December 20Erich Ludendorff, German general (b. 1865)
  • December 21
    • Ted Healy, American actor (b. 1896)
    • Frank B. Kellogg, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1856)
  • December 25Newton D. Baker, United States Secretary of War (b. 1871)
  • December 28
    • Herbert Bullmore, Scottish Rugby Union international, grandfather of Kerry Packer (b. 1874)
    • Maurice Ravel, French composer (Bolero) (b. 1875)
  • December 30Hans Niels Andersen, Danish businessman, founder of the East Asiatic Company (b. 1852)

Date unknown[]

  • Paul Behncke, German admiral (b. 1869)

Nobel Prizes[]

  • PhysicsClinton Joseph Davisson, George Paget Thomson
  • ChemistryWalter Haworth, Paul Karrer
  • Physiology or MedicineAlbert von Szent-Györgyi Nagyrapolt
  • LiteratureRoger Martin du Gard
  • PeaceRobert Cecil


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1937. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

People of the year 1937 at Familypedia

74 people were born in 1937

 FatherMotherAge mother at birth
Maury Apatow (1937)Leo Apatow (1910-1987)Belle Zegansky (1916-1997)
Frederick Earle Atkinson (1937-2007)Percy H. Atkinson (1912-1993)Luella Shirai (1914-1994)
Susan Aubert (1937-1997)Andrew Aubert (1913-1979)Glenda Williams (1913-1989)
Romas Batūra (1937-)
Susan Antonia Bazley (1937)Anthony Gardner Bazley (1911-1937)Anne Hotham (1913)
Dr. Paul Frank Bedell, Sr. (1937-2015)Paul Lyons BedellMazie Price Bedell
Audrey Bennewitz (1937-1995)Johann Bennewitz (1900-1970)Stephanie Nakos (1903-1969)
Francine Bento (1937-2016)Joaquin Bento (1903-1967)Nadine Hagman (1907-1986)
Birgitta av Sverige (1937-)Gustaf Adolf av Sverige (1906-1947)Sibylla von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1908-1972)
Janet Brickell (1937-1999)Walter Ratcliffe Brickell (1904-1969)Margaret Heapp Drummond (1902-1992)
Eduardo Madrid Brillantes (1937-2006)Francisco Brillantes (1892-1981)Josefina Madrid (1902-1976)
Laurens Jan Brinkhorst (1937)Marius Jacobus Brinkhorst (1902-1943)Françoise Laurence Wilhelmina Holboom (1901-1981)
Robert Eugene Canfield (1937-)Albert Hugh Canfield (1910-1990)Alice Marie Henry (1913-1996)
Virginia Anne Stein (1937-2009)Walter Stein (1898-1971)Marie Agnes Straub (1895-1960)
Gheorghe I. Cantacuzino (1937)Ion Filotti-Cantacuzino (1908-1975)Elena Warthiadi (1912-2001)
... further results

35 children were born to the 32 women born in 1937

254 people died in 1937

 FatherMotherAge at death
Jedediah Grant Adair (1859-1937)George Washington Adair (1818-1897)Miriam Jane Billingsley (1829-1912)
Sophia Ahrens (1859-1937)Heinrich Ahrens (c1815-1891)Sophia Fischer (c1826-1886)
Elizabeth Albury (1850-1937)John Albury (1823-1855)Mary Ann Masters (1822-1901)87
Richard Aldrich (1863-1937)Elisha Smith Aldrich (1836-1905)Anna Elizabeth Gladding (1837-1897)
Byron Harvey Allred (1870-1937)ฺByron Harvey Allred (1847-1912)Phoebe Irene Cook (1852-1913)
Edsil Myron Allred (1860-1937)Joseph Anderson Allred (1831-1891)Rhoda Ann Palmer (1834-1879)
Graziella Amato (1865-1937)
Johanna Helena Anderson (1861-1937)Elias Andersson (1837-1885)Beata Jakobsdotter Welin (1831-1925)76
James Andrus (1860-1937)James Andrus (1835-1914)Laura Altha Gibson (1837-1905)
John Macquarie Antill (1866-1937)John Macquarie Antill (1822-1900)Jessie Hassall Campbell (1834-1917)
Vincent West Ardern (1866-1937)Samuel Ardern (1836-1914)Florence West (1837-1914)
Rebecca Frances Ashcroft (1854-1937)Henry Ashcroft (1827-1896)Rebecca Frances Taber (1830-1902)
Albert Ashley (1894-1937)Delphis Philip Lafrenier (1864-1945)Delena S. Valley (1868-1929)
Elizabeth Avery (1850-1937)James Avery (c1814-1875)Catherine Heaslip (c1825-1904)87
John Back (1860-1937)William Back (1822-1901)Susannah Stockwell (1826-1921)77
... further results

13253 people lived in 1937

Lady Irina Bud de BudfalvaLord János Bud de BudfalvaBaroness Anna Tisza de Borosjenő et Szeged
Tsunekichi Yonogi (1905-2015)Shigeru Yonogi (1876-1940)Miyoko Yonogi (1882-1950)
Ludwik Wiktor Plater-Zyberk h. wł (1853-1938)Henryk Wacław Ksawery Plater-Zyberk (1811-1903)Adelaida von Keller (1817-1905)
Geertje Aangeenbrug (1871-1947)Pieter Aangeenbrug (1834-1908)Grietje Breed (1845)
Alfred Alonzo Aaron (1883-1969)Thomas Aaron (1850-1932)Sarah Dobbs (1858-1948)
Hubert Charles Titus Aaron (1919-1941)Alfred Alonzo Aaron (1883-1969)Jemima Davis (1884-1966)
Sadie Aaronson (1908-1970)Jack Aaronson (1880-1927)Laura Barenboim (1882-1932)
Rebecca Ababio (1926-1998)
Isabella Abadiano (1930-2003)
Amanda Abadie (1898-1957)Jean-Claude Abadie (1848-1930)Jeanette Armellino (1860-1934)
Annabelle Abargil (1922-2000)
Dominique Abasolo (1882-1947)Rafael Abasolo (1849-1900)Nancy Haugen (1855-1929)
Jennifer Abaya (1918-1996)
Alysson Abberton (1935-2012)
Charles Greeley Abbot (1872-1973)Harris Abbot (1812-1884)Caroline Ann Greeley (1836-1911)
... further results

Events of the year 1937 at Familypedia

122 people were married in 1937.

 Joined with
Rulon Clark Allred (1906-1977)
Homer Edward Ambrose (1900-1977)Flora Ethel Wood (1906-2003)+Dorothy Dora Teer (1908-1978)+Flora Ethel Wood (1906-2003)
Loran Wallace Armagost (1914-2002)Catherine Doris Owen (1916-2002)
Joseph Barak (1907-1987)Hannah Sandler (1902-1971)
Donald Henry Bauer (1900-1962)Lila Flanagan (1906-) +Laurel Glazier (1907-1999)
William Burke Belknap (1885-1965)Helen Clark Strong (c1885-) + Edith Mary Clarke (c1885-)
William Henry Bennett (1897-1984)Winifred Green
Jacobus Frederik Theodorus Bergman (1913-1982)Cornelia Helena Vlietman (1911-2003)+Cornelia Hendriks (1923-2006)
Jonathan Fleming Robert Boadle (1886-1962)Winifred Knightley Parker (1890-1927)+Helen Isabella Maule Crombie (1904-1952)
Harold James Bray (1905-?)Dorothy Aileen Hodgson (c1915-2010)
Arthur Henry Brazel (1897-1971)Annie Irene Tisdell (1906-1959)+Madge Lavinia Calthorpe (1910-1999)
Benjamin Brewster (1860-1941)Stella Yates (1866-1929) + Mary Phillips (1884-1941)
Kathleen Doris Bunker (1906-1977)Donald Allan Elijah Bowra (1911-2002)
Catherine Shannon Carey (1896-1969)Gordon Augustus Lara Cramp (1894-1935)+Benjamin Walter Bright (bef1937-)
Leah Collings (1895-1985)Alondus Lafayette Pack (1876-1933) + True Bradford Hatch (1881-1963) + Gustav Torvald Larson (1891-1992)
... further results

There were 0 military battles in 1937.

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