Millennium:  1st millennium BC 

Centuries:  2nd century BC · 1st century BC · 1st century AD 
Decades:  90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 
Categories:  Births – Deaths Establishments – Disestablishments 
The 1st century BC started the first day of 100 BC and ended the last day of 1 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period. An alternative name for this century is the last century BC. The AD/BC notation does not use a year zero; however, astronomical year numbering does use a minus sign, so '2 BC' is equal to 'year 1'.
In the course of the century all the remaining independent lands surrounding the Mediterranean were steadily brought under Roman control, being ruled either directly under governors or through puppet kings appointed by Rome. The Roman state itself was plunged into civil war several times, finally resulting in the marginalization of its 500 year old republic, and the embodiment of total state power in a single man  the emperor. The internal turbulence which plagued Rome at this time can be seen as the last death throes of the Roman Republic, as it finally gave way to the autocratic ambitions of powerful men like Julius Caesar, Mark Antony and Octavian. Octavian's ascension to total power as the emperor Augustus is considered to mark the point in history where the Roman Republic ends and the Roman Empire begins. Some scholars refer to this event as the Roman Revolution. It is generally concluded that the birth of Jesus, the central figure of Christianity, took place very near the close of this century.
Contents
Events[]
 92 BC Lucullus invades Armenia, setting off the centurieslong Roman vs Persian Wars.
 81 BC Sulla is appointed dictator of the Roman state, and brings about major reforms.
 73 BC A slave rebellion led by the escaped gladiator Spartacus leads to the Third Servile War.
 63 BC Pompey captures Jerusalem and establishes Roman annexation of Judea as a client kingdom. King Judah Aristobulus II removed from power, while his brother John Hyrcanus II becomes king under Roman suzerainty.
 57 BC Silla is founded in southeastern Korea (traditional date according to Samguk Sagi, a 12th century AD historical document).
 53 BC The Parthians defeat the Romans under Crassus in the Battle of Carrhae
 49 BC January 10: Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon river, precipitating war with Rome
 44 BC Julius Caesar murdered
 37 BC Goguryeo is founded in southern Manchuria (traditional date according to Samguk Sagi)
 31 BC Roman Civil War: Battle of Actium  Off the western coast of Greece, forces of Octavian defeat troops under Mark Antony and Cleopatra.
 27 BC The Roman Senate votes Octavian the title of Augustus. Augustus eventually assumes all authority formerly held by the Roman senate, becoming the first emperor. The Roman state is henceforth known as the Roman Empire, and the period from 27 BC to AD 305 as the Principate.
 18 BC Baekje is founded in midwestern Korea (traditional date according to Samguk Sagi)
 c. 6 to 4 BC Birth of Jesus of Nazareth (see Chronology of Jesus' birth and death and Anno Domini for further details)
Significant persons[]
 Burebista, greatest king of Dacia
 Catiline, attempted to overthrow Roman Republic
 Caesar Augustus, Roman emperor
 Cicero, Roman politician and writer
 Cleopatra VII of Egypt, Egyptian ruler
 Herod the Great
 Hillel the Elder, Jewish rabbi
 Horace, Roman poet
 Jesus of Nazareth, central figure of Christianity
 Jing Fang, Chinese mathematician and music theorist
 Julius Caesar, Roman politician
 Livy, Roman historian
 Lucretius, Roman philosopher
 Marcus Antonius, Roman politician
 Marcus Junius Brutus, Caesar's adopted son, supposedly killed him
 Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, Roman statesman and general
 Marcus Vitruvius Pollio Roman writer, architect and engineer
 Sextus Pompeius, Roman general
 Ptolemy XIII of Egypt, drowned in Nile
 Ovid, Roman poet
 Virgil, Roman poet
 Spartacus, gladiator
 Sima Qian, Chinese historian, father of Chinese historiography
 Tigranes the Great, king of Armenia
Inventions, discoveries, introductions[]
 Sunspots first recorded by Chinese
 The Antikythera mechanism is made
 The first dome was built by the Romans
 Glass blowing is invented in Roman Syria
 The Chinese Ji Jiu Pian dictionary published in 40 BC during the Han Dynasty is the earliest known reference to the hydraulicpowered trip hammer device.
Decades and years[]
[[::3rd century BC3rd century BC]]
←[[::2nd century BC2nd century BC]]
← ↔ →[[::1st century1st century]]→[[::2nd century2nd century]]
[[::109–100 BC109–100 BC
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[[::109 BC109 BC
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[[::108 BC108 BC
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[[::107 BC107 BC
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[[::106 BC106 BC
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[[::105 BC105 BC
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[[::104 BC104 BC
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[[::103 BC103 BC
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[[::102 BC102 BC
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[[::101 BC101 BC
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[[::100 BC100 BC
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[[::90s BC90s BC
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[[::99 BC99 BC
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[[::98 BC98 BC
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[[::97 BC97 BC
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[[::96 BC96 BC
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[[::95 BC95 BC
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[[::94 BC94 BC
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[[::93 BC93 BC
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[[::92 BC92 BC
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[[::91 BC91 BC
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[[::90 BC90 BC
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[[::80s BC80s BC
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[[::89 BC89 BC
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[[::88 BC88 BC
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[[::87 BC87 BC
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[[::86 BC86 BC
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[[::85 BC85 BC
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[[::84 BC84 BC
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[[::83 BC83 BC
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[[::82 BC82 BC
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[[::81 BC81 BC
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[[::80 BC80 BC
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[[::70s BC70s BC
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[[::79 BC79 BC
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[[::78 BC78 BC
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[[::77 BC77 BC
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[[::76 BC76 BC
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[[::75 BC75 BC
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[[::74 BC74 BC
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[[::73 BC73 BC
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[[::72 BC72 BC
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[[::71 BC71 BC
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[[::70 BC70 BC
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[[::60s BC60s BC
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[[::69 BC69 BC
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[[::68 BC68 BC
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[[::67 BC67 BC
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[[::66 BC66 BC
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[[::65 BC65 BC
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[[::64 BC64 BC
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[[::63 BC63 BC
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[[::62 BC62 BC
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[[::61 BC61 BC
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[[::60 BC60 BC
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[[::50s BC50s BC
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[[::59 BC59 BC
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[[::58 BC58 BC
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[[::57 BC57 BC
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[[::56 BC56 BC
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[[::55 BC55 BC
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[[::54 BC54 BC
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[[::53 BC53 BC
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[[::52 BC52 BC
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[[::51 BC51 BC
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[[::50 BC50 BC
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[[::40s BC40s BC
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[[::49 BC49 BC
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[[::48 BC48 BC
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[[::47 BC47 BC
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[[::46 BC46 BC
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[[::45 BC45 BC
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[[::44 BC44 BC
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[[::43 BC43 BC
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[[::42 BC42 BC
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[[::41 BC41 BC
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[[::40 BC40 BC
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[[::30s BC30s BC
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[[::39 BC39 BC
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[[::38 BC38 BC
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[[::37 BC37 BC
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[[::36 BC36 BC
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[[::35 BC35 BC
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[[::34 BC34 BC
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[[::33 BC33 BC
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[[::32 BC32 BC
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[[::31 BC31 BC
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[[::30 BC30 BC
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[[::20s BC20s BC
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[[::29 BC29 BC
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[[::28 BC28 BC
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[[::27 BC27 BC
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[[::26 BC26 BC
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[[::25 BC25 BC
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[[::24 BC24 BC
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[[::23 BC23 BC
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[[::22 BC22 BC
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[[::21 BC21 BC
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[[::20 BC20 BC
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[[::10s BC10s BC
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[[::19 BC19 BC
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[[::18 BC18 BC
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[[::17 BC17 BC
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[[::16 BC16 BC
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[[::15 BC15 BC
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[[::14 BC14 BC
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[[::13 BC13 BC
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[[::12 BC12 BC
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[[::11 BC11 BC
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[[::10 BC10 BC
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[[::9–0 BC9–0 BC
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[[::9 BC9 BC
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[[::8 BC8 BC
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[[::7 BC7 BC
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[[::6 BC6 BC
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[[::5 BC5 BC
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[[::4 BC4 BC
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[[::3 BC3 BC
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[[::2 BC2 BC
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[[::1 BC1 BC
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[[::0–90–9]]  [[::11]]  [[::22]]  [[::33]]  [[::44]]  [[::55]]  [[::66]]  [[::77]]  [[::88]]  [[::99]]

Millennium  Century  

Before Christ / Before Common Era (BC/BCE)  
[[::4th millennium BC4th]]:  [[::40th century BC40th]]  [[::39th century BC39th]]  [[::38th century BC38th]]  [[::37th century BC37th]]  [[::36th century BC36th]]  [[::35th century BC35th]]  [[::34th century BC34th]]  [[::33rd century BC33rd]]  [[::32nd century BC32nd]]  [[::31st century BC31st]] 
[[::3rd millennium BC3rd]]:  [[::30th century BC30th]]  [[::29th century BC29th]]  [[::28th century BC28th]]  [[::27th century BC27th]]  [[::26th century BC26th]]  [[::25th century BC25th]]  [[::24th century BC24th]]  [[::23rd century BC23rd]]  [[::22nd century BC22nd]]  [[::21st century BC21st]] 
[[::2nd millennium BC2nd]]:  [[::20th century BC20th]]  [[::19th century BC19th]]  [[::18th century BC18th]]  [[::17th century BC17th]]  [[::16th century BC16th]]  [[::15th century BC15th]]  [[::14th century BC14th]]  [[::13th century BC13th]]  [[::12th century BC12th]]  [[::11th century BC11th]] 
[[::1st millennium BC1st]]:  [[::10th century BC10th]]  [[::9th century BC9th]]  [[::8th century BC8th]]  [[::7th century BC7th]]  [[::6th century BC6th]]  [[::5th century BC5th]]  [[::4th century BC4th]]  [[::3rd century BC3rd]]  [[::2nd century BC2nd]]  [[::1st century BC1st]] 
Anno Domini / Common Era (AD/CE)  
[[::1st millennium1st]]:  [[::1st century1st]]  [[::2nd century2nd]]  [[::3rd century3rd]]  [[::4th century4th]]  [[::5th century5th]]  [[::6th century6th]]  [[::7th century7th]]  [[::8th century8th]]  [[::9th century9th]]  [[::10th century10th]] 
[[::2nd millennium2nd]]:  [[::11th century11th]]  [[::12th century12th]]  [[::13th century13th]]  [[::14th century14th]]  [[::15th century15th]]  [[::16th century16th]]  [[::17th century17th]]  [[::18th century18th]]  [[::19th century19th]]  [[::20th century20th]] 
[[::3rd millennium3rd]]:  [[::21st century21st]]  [[::22nd century22nd]]  [[::23rd century23rd]]  [[::24th century24th]]  [[::25th century25th]]  [[::26th century26th]]  [[::27th century27th]]  [[::28th century28th]]  [[::29th century29th]]  [[::30th century30th]] 
[[::4th millennium4th]]:  [[::31st century31st]] 
External links[]
 Jamie's Ancestors; Generations 44  65  includes (along with some whimsy) many people born in the 1st century BC
This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1st century BC. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License. 