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2013 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 2013
MMXIII

Ab urbe condita 2766
Armenian calendar 1462
ԹՎ ՌՆԿԲ
Bahá'í calendar 169 – 170
Buddhist calendar 2557
Coptic calendar 1729 – 1730
Ethiopian calendar 2005 – 2006
Hebrew calendar 5773 5774
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2068 – 2069
 - Shaka Samvat 1935 – 1936
 - Kali Yuga 5114 – 5115
Holocene calendar 12013
Iranian calendar 1391 – 1392
Islamic calendar 1434 – 1435
Japanese calendar Heisei

25


(平成 25年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2673
(皇紀2673年)
Julian calendar 2058
Korean calendar 4346
Thai solar calendar 2556
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2013 (MMXIII ) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2013th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 13th year of the 3rd millennium, the 13th year of the 21st century, and the 4th year of the 2010s decade.

2013 was designated as:

  • International Year of Water Cooperation[1]
  • International Year of Quinoa[1]


Events[]

January[]

  • January 10 – More than 100 people are killed and 270 injured in several bomb blasts in Pakistan.
  • January 11 – The French military begins a five-month intervention into the Northern Mali conflict, targeting the militant Islamist Ansar Dine group.[2][3]
  • January 1620 – Thirty-nine international workers and one security guard die in a hostage crisis at a natural gas facility near In Aménas, Algeria.[4][5][6][7]
  • January 27 – 242 young people (range between 18 and 25) die in a nightclub fire in the Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

February[]

  • February 12North Korea conducts its third underground nuclear test, prompting widespread condemnation and tightened economic sanctions from the international community.[8][9]
  • February 15 – A meteor explodes over the Russian city of Chelyabinsk, injuring 1,489-1,492 people and damaging over 4,300 buildings. It is the most powerful meteor to strike Earth's atmosphere in over a century.[10] The incident, along with a coincidental flyby of a larger asteroid, prompts international concern regarding the vulnerability of the planet to meteor strikes.[11][12]
  • February 21 – American scientists use a 3D printer to create a living lab-grown ear from collagen and animal ear cell cultures. In the future, it is hoped that similar ears could be grown to order as transplants for human patients suffering from ear trauma or amputation.[13]
  • February 28Benedict XVI resigns as pope, becoming the first to do so since Gregory XII in 1415, and the first to do so voluntarily since Celestine V in 1294.[14]

March[]

  • March 13Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio of Argentina is elected the 266th pope, whereupon he takes the name Francis[15][16][17] and becomes the first Jesuit pope, the first pope from the Americas, and the first pope from the Southern Hemisphere.[18]
  • March 24Central African Republic President François Bozizé flees to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, after rebel forces capture the nation's capital, Bangui.[19][20]
  • March 25 – The European Union agrees to a €10 billion economic bailout for Cyprus. The bailout loan will be equally split between the European Financial Stabilisation Mechanism, the European Financial Stability Facility, and the International Monetary Fund. The deal precipitates a banking crisis in the island nation.[21][22]
  • March 27 – Canada becomes the first country to withdraw from the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.[23]

April[]

  • April 2 – The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Arms Trade Treaty to regulate the international trade of conventional weapons.[24]
  • April 15 – Two Chechnya-born Islamist brothers (one of whom was a United States citizen) explode two bombs at the Boston Marathon in Boston, Massachusetts, in the United States, killing 3 and injuring 264 others.[25][26]
  • April 24 – The 2013 Savar building collapse, one of the worst industrial disaster in the world, kills 1,134 people in Bangladesh.[27][28]
  • April 30Willem-Alexander is inaugurated as King of the Netherlands following the abdication of Beatrix.[29]

May[]

  • May 15 – In a study published in the scientific journal Nature, researchers from Oregon Health & Science University in the United States describe the first production of human embryonic stem cells by cloning.[30]
  • May 22British Army soldier Fusilier Lee Rigby of the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers is murdered in Woolwich, southeast London by Michael Adebolajo and Michael Adebowale.
  • May 31 – The El Reno tornado, near El Reno, Oklahoma, United States, having a record-breaking width 2.6 miles (4.2 km), with maximum wind speeds up to 301 mph (484 km/h), is the widest tornado ever recorded on earth.[31][32]

June[]

  • June 6 – Former CIA employee Edward Snowden discloses operations engaged in by a U.S. government mass surveillance program to news publications and flees the country, later being granted temporary asylum in Russia.[33][34][35]
  • June 26Kevin Rudd defeats Julia Gillard in an Australian Labor Party leadership ballot[36] and consequently becomes Prime Minister of Australia, three years after Gillard replaced Rudd.[37]

July[]

August[]

  • August 14 – Following the military coup in Egypt, two anti-coup camps are raided by the security forces, leaving 2,696 dead.[42] The raids were described by Human Rights Watch as "one of the world's largest killings of demonstrators in a single day in recent history".[43]
  • August 21 – 1,429 are killed in the Ghouta chemical attack during the Syrian Civil War.[44]
  • August 29 – The United Kingdom Parliament votes against UK military attacks on Syria.[45]

September[]

  • September 7
    • Australian federal election, 2013: The Liberal/National Coalition led by Tony Abbott defeats the Labor Government led by Prime Minister Kevin Rudd.[46] Abbott would be sworn in on September 18th.[47]
    • The International Olympic Committee awards Tokyo the right to host the 2020 Summer Olympics.[48]
  • September 21al-Shabaab Islamic militants attack the Westgate shopping mall in Nairobi, Kenya, killing at least 62 civilians and wounding over 170.[49]

October[]

  • October 10 – Delegates from some 140 countries and territories sign the Minamata Treaty, a UNEP treaty designed to protect human health and the environment from emissions and releases of mercury and mercury compounds.[50]
  • October 18Saudi Arabia rejects a seat on the United Nations Security Council, making it the first country to reject a seat on the Security Council. Jordan takes the seat on December 6.[51]

November[]

  • November 5 – The unmanned Mars Orbiter Mission is launched by India from its launchpad in Sriharikota.[52]
  • November 8Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda), one of the strongest tropical cyclones on record, hits the Philippines and Vietnam, causing devastation with at least 6,241 dead.[53]
  • November 12Three Studies of Lucian Freud, a series of portraits of Lucian Freud by the British painter Francis Bacon, sells for US$142.4 million in a New York City auction, setting a world record for an auctioned work of art.[54][55]
  • November 17 – Fifty people are killed when Tatarstan Airlines Flight 363 crashes at Kazan Airport, Russia.
  • November 21Euromaidan pro-EU demonstrations begin in Ukraine after President Viktor Yanukovych rejects an economic association agreement between the European Union and Ukraine in favor of closer ties to Russia.[56]
  • November 24Iran agrees to limit their nuclear development program in exchange for sanctions relief.[57][58]

December[]

  • December 7Ninth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization delegates sign the Bali Package agreement aimed at loosening global trade barriers.[59]
  • December 14Chinese unmanned spacecraft Chang'e 3, carrying the Yutu rover, becomes the first spacecraft to "soft"-land on the Moon since 1976 and the third ever robotic rover to do so.[60]
  • December 15 – Fighting between ethnic Dinka and Nuer members of the presidential guard break out in Juba, South Sudan, plunging the country into civil war.[61]
  • December 25 – 38 people are killed on the Christmas Day bombings in Iraq.[62]

Births[]

Prince George of Cambridge

Deaths[]

Deaths
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January[]

Patti Page

  • January 1Patti Page, American singer (b. 1927)
  • January 2Ladislao Mazurkiewicz, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1945)
  • January 3Sergiu Nicolaescu, Romanian film director, actor, and politician (b. 1930)
  • January 7David R. Ellis, American film director (b. 1952)
  • January 9James M. Buchanan, American Nobel economist (b. 1919)
  • January 11
    • Aaron Swartz, American programmer (b. 1986)
    • Nguyễn Khánh, Vietnamese general and politician (b. 1927)
  • January 14Conrad Bain, Canadian-American actor (b. 1923)
  • January 15Nagisa Oshima, Japanese film director (b. 1932)
  • January 17James Hood, American civil rights activist (b. 1942)
  • January 18Jon Mannah, Australian rugby league player (b. 1989)
  • January 19Stan Musial, American baseball player (b. 1920)
  • January 21Michael Winner, British film director and producer (b. 1935)
  • January 23Józef Glemp, Polish cardinal (b. 1929)

February[]

Robert Coleman Richardson

Donald A. Glaser

  • February 1Ed Koch, American lawyer and politician (b. 1924)
  • February 2Chris Kyle, United States Navy sniper (b. 1974)
  • February 4
    • Donald Byrd, American trumpet player (b. 1932)
    • Reg Presley, British singer, songwriter and musician (b. 1941)
  • February 14Ronald Dworkin, American philosopher and lawyer (b. 1931)
  • February 17Tony Sheridan, British singer, songwriter, and musician (b. 1940)
  • February 18
    • Kevin Ayers, British singer, songwriter, and musician (b. 1944)
    • Damon Harris, American singer (b. 1950)
    • Chieko Honda, Japanese voice actress (b. 1963)
    • Otfried Preußler, German children author (b. 1923)
  • February 19
    • Armen Alchian, American economist (b. 1914)
    • Robert Coleman Richardson, American Nobel physicist (b. 1937)
  • February 22Wolfgang Sawallisch, German conductor and pianist (b. 1923)
  • February 23Julien Ries, Belgian cardinal (b. 1920)
  • February 25Carmen Montejo, Cuban-Mexican actress (b. 1925)
  • February 26Stéphane Hessel, French diplomat and writer (b. 1917)
  • February 27
    • Van Cliburn, American pianist (b. 1934)
    • Richard Street, American singer (b. 1942)
  • February 28Donald A. Glaser, American Nobel physicist (b. 1926)

March[]

Hugo Chávez

Princess Lilian

  • March 3Luis Cubilla, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1940)
  • March 5
    • Arthur Storch, American actor (b. 1925)
    • Hugo Chávez, President of Venezuela (b. 1954)
    • Paul Bearer, American professional wrestling manager (b. 1954)
  • March 6Alvin Lee, British guitarist (b. 1944)
  • March 7
    • Peter Banks, British guitarist (b. 1947)
    • Damiano Damiani, Italian film director and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • March 10
    • Larisa Avdeyeva, Russian mezzo-soprano (b. 1925)
    • Princess Lilian, Duchess of Halland (b. 1915)
  • March 12Clive Burr, British drummer (b. 1957)
  • March 14Ieng Sary, Vietnamese-born Cambodian politician (b. 1925)
  • March 16José Alfredo Martínez de Hoz, Argentine executive and policy maker (b. 1925)
  • March 20Zillur Rahman, 19th President of Bangladesh (b. 1929)
  • March 21
    • Chinua Achebe, Nigerian writer (b. 1930)
    • Pietro Mennea, Italian athlete (b. 1952)
  • March 22Bebo Valdés, Cuban pianist, bandleader, and composer (b. 1918)
  • March 23
    • Boris Berezovsky, Russian businessman (b. 1946)
    • Joe Weider, Canadian-born American bodybuilder and publisher (b. 1919)
  • March 27Hjalmar Andersen, Norwegian skater (b. 1923)
  • March 28Richard Griffiths, British actor (b. 1947)

April[]

Roger Ebert

Margaret Thatcher

Jonathan Winters

Armando Villanueva

  • April 1Moses Blah, 23rd President of Liberia (b. 1947)
  • April 2Jesús Franco, Spanish film director and screenwriter (b. 1930)
  • April 3Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, German-born British novelist and screenwriter (b. 1927)
  • April 4Roger Ebert, American film critic and writer (b. 1942)
  • April 6Bigas Luna, Spanish film director (b. 1946)
  • April 8
    • Annette Funicello, American actress and singer (b. 1942)
    • Sara Montiel, Spanish singer and actress (b. 1928)
    • Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1979–1990) (b. 1925)
  • April 9Paolo Soleri, Italian-born American architect (b. 1919)
  • April 10Robert Edwards, British Nobel physiologist (b. 1925)
  • April 11
    • Maria Tallchief, American prima ballerina (b. 1925)
    • Jonathan Winters, American comedian and actor (b. 1925)
    • Hilary Koprowski, Polish virologist and immunologist (b. 1916)
  • April 13Chi Cheng, American musician (b. 1970)
  • April 14
    • Colin Davis, British conductor (b. 1927)
    • Armando Villanueva, 121st Prime Minister of Peru (b. 1915)
  • April 17
    • Deanna Durbin, Canadian-born singer and actress (b. 1921)
    • Carlos Graça, 6th Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe (b. 1931)
  • April 18Storm Thorgerson, British graphic designer (b. 1944)
  • April 19
    • François Jacob, French Nobel biologist (b. 1920)
    • Tamerlan Tsarnaev, Russian-American terrorist (b. 1986)
  • April 22Richie Havens, American folk singer (b. 1941)
  • April 26
    • George Jones, American country music singer (b. 1931)
    • Maxine Smith, American civil rights activist (b. 1929)
  • April 28János Starker, Hungarian-born American cellist (b. 1924)

May[]

Giulio Andreotti

Jorge Rafael Videla

  • May 2Jeff Hanneman, American guitarist (b. 1964)
  • May 4
    • Christian de Duve, Belgian Nobel biochemist (b. 1917)
    • Mario Machado, Chinese-American journalist and actor (b. 1935)
    • Morgan Morgan-Giles, English admiral and politician (b. 1914)
    • César Portillo de la Luz, Cuban guitarist and composer (b. 1922)
  • May 6Giulio Andreotti, 41st Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1919)
  • May 7
    • Ray Harryhausen, American filmmaker and creator of visual effects (b. 1920)
    • Romanthony, American singer (b. 1967)
  • May 13Kenneth Waltz, American political scientist (b. 1924)
  • May 15Henrique Rosa, President of Guinea-Bissau (2003–2005) (b. 1946)
  • May 16Heinrich Rohrer, Swiss Nobel physicist (b. 1933)
  • May 17Jorge Rafael Videla, 42nd President of Argentina (b. 1925)
  • May 18Nam Duck-woo, 12th Prime Minister of South Korea (b. 1924)
  • May 20Ray Manzarek, American keyboardist (b. 1939)
  • May 22Henri Dutilleux, French composer (b. 1916)
  • May 23
    • Epy Guerrero, Dominican baseball player, coach, and scout (b. 1942)
    • Hayri Kozakçıoğlu, Turkish police officer and politician, 15th Governor of Istanbul Province (b. 1938)
    • Georges Moustaki, French singer and songwriter (b. 1934)
    • Flynn Robinson, American basketball player (b. 1941)
  • May 25Nand Kumar Patel, Indian politician (b. 1953)
  • May 26Jack Vance, American novelist (b. 1916)
  • May 31Jean Stapleton, American actress (b. 1923)

June[]

Esther Williams

James Gandolfini

  • June 3
    • Frank Lautenberg, American politician (b. 1924)
    • Jiah Khan, Indian actress (b. 1988)
  • June 6
    • Jerome Karle, American Nobel Prize-winning chemist (b. 1918)
    • Esther Williams, American swimmer and actress (b. 1921)
  • June 7
    • Pierre Mauroy, Prime Minister of France (b. 1928)
    • Richard Ramirez, American serial killer (b. 1960)
  • June 8
    • Yoram Kaniuk, Israeli writer (b. 1930)
    • Taufiq Kiemas, 5th First Gentleman of Indonesia (b. 1942)
  • June 9Iain Banks, British novelist (b. 1954)
  • June 11Robert Fogel, American Nobel Prize-winning economic historian (b. 1926)
  • June 15
    • Heinz Flohe, German footballer (b. 1948)
    • Stan Lopata, American baseball player (b. 1925)
    • Dennis O'Rourke, Australian director and producer (b. 1945)
    • Kenneth G. Wilson, American Nobel Prize-winning physicist (b. 1936)
  • June 16
    • Josip Kuže, Croatian footballer and coach (b. 1952)
    • Ottmar Walter, German footballer (b. 1924)
  • June 19
    • James Gandolfini, American actor (b. 1961)
    • Gyula Horn, Prime Minister of Hungary (1994–1998) (b. 1932)
  • June 23
    • Bobby Bland, American singer and songwriter (b. 1930)
    • Richard Matheson, American author and screenwriter (b. 1926)
    • Richard Matheson, American author and screenwriter (b. 1926)
    • Darryl Read, English singer-songwriter, drummer, and actor (b. 1951)
  • June 24Emilio Colombo, 40th Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1920)
  • June 26Marc Rich, Belgian-born American commodities trader and criminal (b. 1934)
  • June 27Alain Mimoun, French track and field athlete (b. 1921)
  • June 29
    • Margherita Hack, Italian astrophysicist (b. 1922)
    • Jim Kelly, American martial artist and actor (b. 1946)

July[]

Princess Fawzia

Cory Monteith

  • July 2
    • Princess Fawzia Fuad of Egypt, Queen consort of Iran (1941–1948) (b. 1921)
    • Douglas Engelbart, American computer scientist and inventor (b. 1925)
  • July 3Radu Vasile, Romanian politician, 57th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1942)
  • July 12Amar Bose, American engineer and entrepreneur (b. 1929)
  • July 13Cory Monteith, Canadian actor and musician (b. 1982)
  • July 19
    • Mel Smith, British comedian and actor (b. 1952)
    • Bert Trautmann, German-born British footballer (b. 1923)
  • July 20Helen Thomas, American journalist (b. 1920)
  • July 22Dennis Farina, American actor (b. 1944)
  • July 23
    • Emile Griffith, American welterweight boxer (b. 1938)
    • Djalma Santos, Brazilian footballer (b. 1929)
  • July 25
    • Walter De Maria, American sculptor and composer (b. 1935)
    • Bernadette Lafont, French actress (b. 1938)
  • July 26JJ Cale, American singer and songwriter (b. 1938)
  • July 28Eileen Brennan, American actress and singer (b. 1932)
  • July 29Christian Benítez, Ecuadorian footballer (b. 1986)
  • July 30Antoni Ramallets, Spanish footballer (b. 1924)

August[]

Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau

Julie Harris

September[]

Ken Norton

  • September 1Tommy Morrison, American boxer (b. 1969)
  • September 2
    • Ronald Coase, British Nobel economist (b. 1910)
    • Frederik Pohl, American writer (b. 1919)
  • September 5Rochus Misch, German bodyguard of Adolf Hitler (b. 1917)
  • September 12Ray Dolby, American engineer and inventor (b. 1933)
  • September 18
    • Ken Norton, American boxer (b. 1943)
    • Marcel Reich-Ranicki, German literary critic (b. 1920)
  • September 19
    • Hiroshi Yamauchi, Japanese businessman (b. 1927)
    • Saye Zerbo, 3rd President and 4th Prime Minister of Burkina Faso (b. 1932)
  • September 22David H. Hubel, Canadian-born American Nobel neuroscientist (b. 1926)

October[]

Tom Clancy

Lou Reed

  • October 1
    • Tom Clancy, American writer (b. 1947)
    • Giuliano Gemma, Italian actor (b. 1938)
    • Peter Broadbent, English footballer (b. 1933)
  • October 3Sergei Belov, Russian basketball player (b. 1944)
  • October 4Võ Nguyên Giáp, Vietnamese General (b. 1911)
  • October 7
    • Patrice Chéreau, French opera and theatre director, filmmaker, actor and producer (b. 1944)
    • Ovadia Yosef, Israeli religious leader (b. 1920)
  • October 9Wilfried Martens, Belgian politician, 44th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1936)
  • October 10Scott Carpenter, American astronaut (b. 1925)
  • October 11
    • María de Villota, Spanish racing driver (b. 1980)
    • Erich Priebke, German SS captain and convicted war criminal (b. 1913)
  • October 14Bruno Metsu, French football coach (b. 1954)
  • October 20Lawrence Klein, American Nobel economist (b. 1920)
  • October 23Anthony Caro, British sculptor (b. 1924)
  • October 24Manolo Escobar, Spanish singer (b. 1931)
  • October 25
    • Bill Sharman, American basketball player and coach (b. 1926)
    • Marcia Wallace, American actress and comedian (b. 1942)
  • October 27Lou Reed, American singer, songwriter, and musician (b. 1942)
  • October 28Tadeusz Mazowiecki, 1st Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1927)

November[]

Frederick Sanger

Paul Walker

  • November 1Hakimullah Mehsud, Emir of Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (b. c. 1979)
  • November 2Walt Bellamy, American basketball player (b. 1939)
  • November 7Amparo Rivelles, Spanish actress (b. 1925)
  • November 10Richie Jean Jackson, American author, teacher, and civil rights activist (b. 1932)
  • November 12John Tavener, British composer (b. 1944)
  • November 15
    • Glafcos Clerides, 4th President of Cyprus (b. 1919)
    • T. J. Jemison, American clergyman and civil rights activist (b. 1918)
  • November 17Doris Lessing, British Nobel writer (b. 1919)
  • November 19Frederick Sanger, British Nobel biochemist (b. 1918)
  • November 20Joseph Paul Franklin, American murderer (b. 1950)
  • November 25
    • Bill Foulkes, British footballer (b. 1932)
    • Chico Hamilton, American drummer and bandleader (b. 1921)
  • November 26Arik Einstein, Israeli singer, songwriter, and actor (b. 1939)
  • November 27Nílton Santos, Brazilian footballer (b. 1925)
  • November 28Mitja Ribičič, Slovene politician, 25th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (b. 1919)
  • November 30
    • Paul Walker, American actor (b. 1973)
    • Yury Yakovlev, Soviet and Russian film actor (b. 1928)

December[]

Nelson Mandela

Peter O'Toole

Joan Fontaine

Nobel Prizes[]

  • ChemistryMartin Karplus, Michael Levitt, and Arieh Warshel
  • EconomicsEugene Fama, Lars Peter Hansen and Robert J. Shiller
  • LiteratureAlice Munro
  • PeaceOrganisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
  • PhysicsFrançois Englert and Peter Higgs
  • Physiology or MedicineJames E. Rothman, Randy W. Schekman, and Thomas C. Südhof

See also[]

  • List of international years

References[]

  1. ^ a b "United Nations Observances: International Years". United Nations. https://www.un.org/en/sections/observances/international-years/index.html. Retrieved 14 April 2015. 
  2. ^ "France launches Mali military intervention". Al Jazeera. January 11, 2013. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2013/01/2013111135659836345.html. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  3. ^ "France army in key Mali withdrawal". BBC. May 25, 2013. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-22664484. Retrieved July 25, 2013. 
  4. ^ Chikhi, Lamine (January 17, 2013). "Thirty hostages reported killed in Algeria assault". Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/2013/01/17/us-sahara-crisis-idUSBRE90F1JJ20130117. Retrieved January 17, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Foreigners held hostage by terrorists in Algeria". BBC. January 16, 2013. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-21042659. Retrieved January 16, 2013. 
  6. ^ Peterkin, Tom (January 17, 2013). "Algeria hostage crisis: Briton confirmed dead as workers held hostage by terrorists". http://www.scotsman.com/news/international/algeria-hostage-crisis-briton-confirmed-dead-as-workers-held-hostage-by-terrorists-1-2740491. Retrieved July 11, 2013. 
  7. ^ Watkins, Tom; Smith-Spark, Laura; Yousuf, Basil (January 16, 2013). "Islamists take foreign hostages in attack on Algerian oil field". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2013/01/16/world/africa/algeria-attack/index.html. Retrieved January 16, 2013. 
  8. ^ Bilby, Ethan (February 18, 2013). "EU approves tighter sanctions on North Korea". Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/2013/02/18/us-korea-north-eu-idUSBRE91H0E120130218. Retrieved July 11, 2013. 
  9. ^ "UN adopts tough new North Korea sanctions after nuclear test". BBC. March 7, 2013. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-21704862. Retrieved March 16, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Russia meteor eyewitness: 'Something like the sun fell'". BBC. February 15, 2013. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-21471942. Retrieved July 11, 2013. 
  11. ^ McKie, Robin (February 16, 2013). "Scientists unveil new detectors in race to save Earth from next asteroid". The Guardian (London). https://www.theguardian.com/science/2013/feb/16/scientists-earth-asteroid. Retrieved July 11, 2013. 
  12. ^ Broad, William J. (February 16, 2013). "Vindication for Entrepreneurs Watching Sky: Yes, It Can Fall". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/17/science/space/dismissed-as-doomsayers-advocates-for-meteor-detection-feel-vindicated.html?_r=0. Retrieved April 22, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Scientists create artificial ear using 3D printing and living-cell gels". Daily Telegraph (London). February 21, 2013. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/healthnews/9883441/Scientists-create-artificial-ear-using-3D-printing-and-living-cell-gels.html. Retrieved February 25, 2013. 
  14. ^ Pullella, Philip (February 28, 2013). "Benedict's reign ends with a promise to obey next pope". Reuters. http://uk.reuters.com/article/2013/02/28/uk-pope-resignation-idUKBRE91Q0BE20130228. Retrieved February 28, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Argentina's Jorge Mario Bergoglio elected Pope Francis". BBC. March 13, 2013. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-21777494. Retrieved April 22, 2013. 
  16. ^ Pullella, Philip; Moody, Barry (March 14, 2013). "Argentina's Bergoglio elected as new Pope Francis". Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/2013/03/14/us-pope-succession-idUSBRE92808520130314. Retrieved April 22, 2013. 
  17. ^ Hahn, Phil (March 13, 2013). "New pope chosen: Argentine Jorge Mario Bergoglio who becomes Pope Francis". CTV News. http://www.ctvnews.ca/world/new-pope-chosen-argentinian-jorge-mario-bergoglio-1.1193437. Retrieved April 22, 2013. 
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