The 2020s began in the midst of the initial rapid spread of a novel coronavirus that caused a brief global economic recession as well as an ongoing global supply chain crisis. International demonstrations occurred in the early 2020s, including those in Hong Kong against anti-democratic legislation and others around the world against racism and police brutality. The private space race also greatly accelerated in the early 2020s, as did military conflicts such as the Azerbaijan-Armenian War, the Tigray War, the Israel–Palestine crisis and the Fall of Kabul, which marked the end of the 20-year War in Afghanistan. With many extreme weather events worsening in the early 2020s, several world leaders have called it the "decisive decade" for climate action as ecological crises continue to escalate.
- 1 Politics and conflicts
- 1.1 Conflicts and peace
- 1.2 Nuclear proliferation
- 1.3 Terrorist attacks
- 1.4 Political trends
- 1.5 Prominent political events
- 1.6 World leaders
- 2 Assassinations and attempts
- 3 Disasters
- 4 Economics
- 5 Cybersecurity and hacking
- 6 Health
- 7 Science and technology
- 8 Society
- 9 Culture
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Politics and conflicts
Conflicts and peace
The prominent wars of the decade include:
|Name||Start date||End date||Description|
||1948||Ongoing||The conflict between Jewish and Arab communities in Israel and the West Bank has been ongoing since 1948. After Israel took control of the West Bank, it began making settlements there, which led to heightened clashes to this day.|
|Kurdish-Turkish conflict||27 November 1978||Ongoing||Numerous Kurdish groups, including the Kurdistan Workers' Party (the PKK) have fought for an independent Kurdistan incorporating parts of Turkey. In 2016, Turkey has occupied parts of Northern Syria and in 2019, invaded Kurdish-held areas of Northern Syria. In 2020, Turkey launched an insurgency in Iraqi Kurdistan.|
||February 1988||Ongoing||The region of Karabakh has been disputed over the Republic of Artsakh, which is supported by the Armenian government. A ceasefire was held in 1994. In July 2020, a series of border skirmishes left at least 15 dead. From 27 September until 10 November 2020, a second war broke out in the region.|
|War on terror
||11 September 2001
||Motivated by the September 11 attacks, the United States and other governments started a large scale effort to eliminate terrorism. With support from NATO, the United States invaded Taliban-controlled Afghanistan and overthrew the government, however remained in the country to stabilise the situation. Two years later, on the pretext that the government of Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction, the United States and a coalition of partners invaded Iraq and overthrew Hussein's regime, after which the U.S. occupied the country, officially leaving in 2011. However, insurgencies remained active in both countries, long after the invasions.|
|Russian military intervention in Ukraine||20 February 2014||Ongoing||After the fall of Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych, Russian soldiers took control of strategic positions in the Ukrainian territory of Crimea and subsequently annexed the region after a controversial referendum. In the months that followed, demonstrations in Donbass escalated into an armed conflict between the government of Ukraine and Russia-backed separatist forces.|
|Military intervention against ISIL||13 June 2014||Ongoing||In late-2013, a terrorist organisation called the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant began making rapid advances and territorial gains in Iraq and Syria. It captured Mosul in June and made Raqqa its capital. Various international coalitions were formed to help fight the militants. By December 2017, ISIL had lost much of its former territory.|
|Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen||26 March 2015||Ongoing||During the Yemeni Civil War, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and other countries part of a coalition invaded parts of Yemen in order to depose the Houthi-controlled government.|
|Turkish occupation of northern Syria||24 August 2016||Ongoing||During the Syrian Civil War, Turkey invaded parts of northern Syria in order to combat the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Syrian Democratic Forces, and the PKK.|
|Name||Start date||End date||Description|
|War in Darfur||26 February 2003||Ongoing||A peace agreement was signed on 31 August 2020 between the Sudanese authorities and several rebel factions to end armed hostilities.|
|Mexican drug war||11 December 2006||Ongoing||Following a rise in criminal violence as a result of drug trafficking in the country, Mexican President Felipe Calderón declared a war on drugs in December 2006. Since the start of the war, the death toll from drug violence had sharply increased. Arrests of key cartel leaders led to increasing violence as cartels fought for control of trafficking routes into the United States.|
|War in Somalia||31 January 2009||Ongoing||In 2009, Al-Shabaab, an Islamist militant group, began waging an insurgency against the newly formed Transitional Federal Government. In 2011, the federal government captured Mogadishu and subsequently retook several towns across the country. Since then, the government has attempted to clean out the remaining Al-Shabaab strongholds with help from AMISOM soldiers.|
|Mali War||16 January 2012||Ongoing||In January 2012, a rebellion by Tuaregs in Northern Mali began. After Malian president Amadou Toumani Touré was ousted in a coup d'état, Tuaregs captured Northern Mali, and declared it to be the independent state of Azawad. However, shortly afterward, various Islamists groups took over Northern Mali from the Tuaregs and imposed sharia law on the region.|
|South Sudanese Civil War||15 December 2013||22 February 2020||On 22 February 2020, rivals Kiir and Machar struck a unity deal and formed a coalition government, after an estimated 400,000 deaths and more than 4 million people displaced by the war.|
|Second Libyan Civil War||16 May 2014||23 October 2020||Following the factional violence that engulfed Libya after the fall of Muammar al-Gaddafi, a second civil war broke out among rival factions seeking control of the territory and oil of Libya. The conflict at the beginning was mostly between the House of Representatives (HoR) government that was controversially elected in 2014, also known as the "Tobruk government"; and the rival General National Congress (GNC) government, also called the "National Salvation Government", based in the capital Tripoli, established after Operation Odyssey Dawn and the failed military coup.|
|Yemeni Civil War||19 March 2015||Ongoing||Preceded by a decade-long Houthi insurgency, the Yemeni Civil War began between two factions: the then-incumbent Yemeni government, led by Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, and the Houthi militia, along with their supporters and allies. Both claim to constitute the Yemeni government.|
|Philippine drug war||30 June 2016||Ongoing||Following a rise in criminal violence as a result of drug trafficking in the country, the Philippines has been engaged in a drug war since Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte was inaugurated on 30 June 2016. It had caused more than 5,000 deaths and over 150,000 arrests by the beginning of the decade.|
|Iraqi insurgency||9 December 2017||Ongoing||A part of the larger Iraqi conflict that has been waged since 2003, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant has been engaged in an insurgency against the Iraqi government and CJTF-OIR since the loss of territorial control in the Iraqi Civil War in 2017.|
Note: To be included, entries must be notable (have a stand-alone article) and described by a consensus of reliable sources as "terrorism". They also must have 100 or more fatalities reported.
Sitting leaders Idriss Déby of Chad, John Magufuli of Tanzania, Jovenel Moïse of Haiti, Pierre Nkurunziza of Burundi, and Sultan Qaboos bin Said of Oman all died in office. Former world leaders who died were Hosni Mubarak, Valery Giscard d'Estaing, John Turner, Daniel arap Moi, Pranab Mukherjee, Kenneth Kaunda, Anerood Jugnauth, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, Amadou Toumani Touré, Jerry Rawlings, Mamadou Tandja, Tabaré Vázquez, Enrique Bolaños, Roh Tae-woo, Benigno Aquino III, Carlos Menem and Javier Pérez de Cuéllar.
Prominent political events
|2020 Malian coup d'état||18 August 2020||Mali|
|Myanmar coup d'état||1 February 2021||Myanmar|
|Armenian coup d'état attempt||25 February 2021||Armenia|
|Nigerien coup d'état attempt||31 March 2021||Niger|
|2021 Malian coup d'état||24 May 2021||Mali|
|Guinean coup d'etat||5 September 2021||Guinea|
|Sudanese coup d'etat||25 October 2021||Sudan|
|First impeachment of Donald Trump||24 September 2019 – 5 February 2020||Under Article I, Section 3, Clause 6, of the U.S. Constitution, President Donald Trump was impeached for abuse of power and obstruction of Congress on 18 December 2019 by the United States House of Representatives. The United States Senate trial began on 16 January 2020 and ended on 5 February 2020, concluding with an acquittal on both charges.|||
|George Floyd protests||25 May 2020 – 2021||Protests and riots due to the murder of George Floyd spread throughout the US and lasted many months. The stated goal was to end systemic racism and police brutality. These protests and riots caused more than $1 billion in damage.|
|2020 United States presidential election and subsequent events||3 November 2020 – 13 February 2021||The 59th United States presidential election was held on 3 November 2020. Democrat and former Vice-President Joe Biden defeated Republican and then-incumbent President Donald Trump, with the Electoral College formally declaring Biden the winner on 14 December 2020. Trump refused to concede, and filed lawsuits challenging the results in several states, though most of the legal challenges were either dismissed or dropped, with judges citing lack of evidence to suggest voter fraud occurred. Trump had also unsuccessfully attempted to undo the election results by forcing government officials to stop Pennsylvania, Nevada, Arizona, Wisconsin, Michigan, and Georgia from certifying Biden as the winner, and urging his supporters to "walk" to the United States capitol to demand Trump be declared the winner of the election. This was one of the reasons for the decision of a group of his supporters to gather in Washington, D.C on 6 January 2021 and break into the Capitol building during a Joint session of Congress. The attack against the United States Capitol disrupted Congress while certifying the election, forcing both chambers to undergo lockdown lasting for four hours. On the same day, Trump coerced then-incumbent Vice President Mike Pence to overturn the election results to which Pence refused. During the attack, Trump tweeted directly to his supporters falsely claiming Congress was attempting to assist in stealing the election. Twitter responded by suspending Trump's account permanently following Trump's tweet. Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, and Snapchat all also suspended Trump from using their platforms worrying his posts may incite additional violence to the Capitol attacks. In relation to this, Trump was impeached for the second time by the House of Representatives and became the first U.S. President to be impeached twice. Meanwhile, Joe Biden was sworn in as the United States President on 20 January 2021. The impeachment trial ended on 13 February 2021, one month after its start. Trump was found not guilty of inciting the Storming of the Capitol.|||
|8th Congress of the Communist Party||16–19 April 2021||At the 8th Congress of the Communist Party, Raúl Castro officially resigned as the First Secretary, the most powerful position in Cuba. Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel is officially named First Secretary of the Communist Party following the resignation of Raúl Castro. He is the first person not of the Castro family to hold the top position since the 1959 Cuban revolution.|
|2019–2021 Persian Gulf crisis||5 May 2019||The Persian Gulf region saw tensions between the United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran escalate in mid-2019. The crisis saw oil tankers in the Strait of Hormuz sabotaged and seized, drone shootdowns, and efforts by the U.S. and United Kingdom to pursue military patrols to protect shipping in the gulf, known as the International Maritime Security Construct. On 31 December 2019 tensions reached a breaking point as Iranian-backed Shiite militia stormed into the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad, Iraq, leading to the targeted killing of Iranian General Qasem Soleimani in a U.S. drone strike on 3 January 2020.|||
|2020–2021 China–India skirmishes||5 May 2020||Since 5 May 2020, Chinese and Indian troops have engaged in aggressive melee, face-offs and skirmishes at locations along the Sino-Indian border, including near the disputed Pangong Lake in Ladakh and the Tibet Autonomous Region, and near the border between Sikkim and the Tibet Autonomous Region. Additional clashes also took place at locations in eastern Ladakh along the Line of Actual Control (LAC).|||
|2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war||27 September 2020||Starting on 27 September fierce clashes erupted along the line of contact between the armed forces of Azerbaijan and Joint Artsakh and Armenian forces. Both sides neglected ceasefire demands from France, Russia and the US and continued fighting with claims from both sides that they are prepared to fight a long war to grapple control over the long contested Nagorno-Karabakh region. On 9 November a Russian-brokered peace treaty was signed by both sides.|||
|2021 Israel–Palestine crisis||6–21 May 2021||Clashes between Israelis and Palestinians in Jerusalem lead to eleven days of fighting between Israel and Hamas in Gaza.|||
|2021 Taliban offensive||1 May 2021 – 15 August 2021||Beginning on 1 May 2021, the Taliban and allied militant groups made a final offensive against the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and its allies, coinciding with the withdrawal of most United States and allied troops from Afghanistan. It resulted in the de facto takeover of the country and the reinstatement of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, ending the twenty-year long War in Afghanistan on 15 August 2021.|
|Brexit||31 January 2020||The United Kingdom and Gibraltar formally withdrew from the European Union at 11PM (GMT).|||
- 2020 – 2021
Assassinations and attempts
Prominent assassinations, targeted killings, and assassination attempts include:
|3 January 2020||Qasem Soleimani, Iranian general, and leader in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard, was killed in a United States airstrike near Baghdad International Airport.|
|27 November 2020||Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, a senior official in the nuclear program in Iran, was killed by explosive trucks that ambushed him near Tehran.|
|22 February 2021||Luca Attanasio, Italian ambassador to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, was killed by an armed commando.|
|6 May 2021||Attempted assassination of Mohamed Nasheed|
|1 June 2021||Attempted assassination of Katumba Wamala|
|7 July 2021||Assassination of Jovenel Moïse, President of Haiti, by gunmen at his private residence.|
|Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752||8 January 2020||Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752 was shot down shortly after take-off from Tehran Imam Khomeini International Airport, Tehran, by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, who claimed to have mistaken it for a cruise missile. All 176 people on board were killed.|
|Pakistan International Airlines Flight 8303||22 May 2020||Pakistan International Airlines Flight 8303 crashed into a neighborhood in Karachi while attempting to land, killing 97 of the 99 people on board plus 1 person on the ground.|
|Sriwijaya Air Flight 182||9 January 2021||Sriwijaya Air Flight 182 crashed into the Java Sea shortly after take-off from Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Jakarta, killing all 62 people on board.|
|2020 Beirut explosion||4 August 2020||Massive explosion occurred in the port of Beirut. Reportedly, the blast was so loud that it was even claimed to be heard in Cyprus, which is 240 km from the location of the explosion. The windows of major buildings in a 6-mile radius were shattered and roads were filled with debris. According to initial findings, it was estimated that a warehouse with 2,750 tonnes of ammonium nitrate exploded, which was confiscated by the Lebanese government from the abandoned ship MV Rhosus and then stored in the port without proper safety measures for six years. There had been confirmed 220 deaths, more than 110 people were missing and at least more than 7,000 were reported injured. Beirut governor Marwan Abboud estimated that up to 300,000 people were left homeless by the explosions and there was a US$10–15 billion in property damage.|
|Surfside condominium collapse||24 June 2021||A 12-story beachfront condominium in the Miami suburb of Surfside, Florida, partially collapsed. As of 22 July 2021, a total of 98 people are confirmed to have died, while 11 were injured. One person was rescued from the rubble and about 35 people were rescued on 24 June from the uncollapsed portion of the building, which was demolished 11 days later as a safety precaution due to the approach of Hurricane Elsa. On 7 July, authorities announced that the objective of the search was transitioning from rescue to recovery, and that the missing victims are presumed dead.|
Earthquakes and tsunamis
Note: This table is a chronological list of earthquakes reported with 7.5Mw or greater or that have reported at least 100 fatalities.
|2020 Caribbean earthquake||28 January 2020||Caribbean Sea||A 7.7Mw struck in the Caribbean Sea between Jamaica and Cuba at 14:10 local time on 28 January 2020. The earthquake was also felt in the United States, Mexico, Honduras, Dominican Republic, and the Cayman Islands. No damages were reported. A small (12.2 cm) tsunami was reported in the Cayman Islands.|
|2020 Aegean Sea earthquake||30 October 2020||A 7.0 Mw earthquake occurred about 14 km (8.7 mi) northeast of the Greek island of Samos, causing 119 deaths.|
|2021 West Sulawesi earthquake||15 January 2021||A 6.2 Mw earthquake struck the Indonesian province of West Sulawesi, killing a minimum of 105 people.|
|2021 Haiti earthquake||14 August 2021||A 7.2 Mw earthquake struck Haiti on 14 August 2021, resulting in at least 2,207 deaths.|
|Cyclone Amphan||16–21 May 2020||118 people were killed and millions made homeless in the strongest storm in two decades. Damage was estimated at US$13.2 billion.|
|Hurricane Laura||20–29 August 2020||Lesser Antilles, Greater Antilles, Gulf Coast of the United States, Midwestern United States||77 people were killed and thousands made homeless during one of the strongest storms to make landfall in the United States. Damages estimated at US$19.1 billion.|
|Typhoon Vamco (Ulysses)||8–15 November 2020||102 people were killed, and the typhoon contributed to the 2020 Central Vietnam Floods. Damages totaled up to US$440.8 million.|
|Hurricane Eta and Hurricane Iota||31 October–18 November 2020||A total of 278+ people were killed during both Hurricane Eta and Hurricane Iota in Nicaragua and Honduras. Damages totaled up to US$9.3 billion from both hurricanes.|
|Hurricane Ida||26 August-4 September 2021||95 people were killed in the United States. Damages totaled up to US$50 billion.|
Floods, avalanches, and mudslides
Note: This section reports only floods with 200 or more deaths and avalanches and landslides involving 30 or more deaths.
|2020 Van avalanches||4–5 February 2020||Two avalanches in Turkey's eastern Van Province resulted in 41 deaths and 84 injuries.|
|2021 European floods||12 July 2021 – Ongoing|
|2021 Henan floods||17 July 2021 – 31 July 2021|
|2021 Maharashtra floods||22 July 2021 – Ongoing|
|2020–2021 Taal Volcano eruptions||12 January 2020 – 9 July 2021||On 12 January the Taal Volcano in the Philippines erupted at VEI 4 intensity, bringing intense ashfall to the surrounding areas and killing at least 3 people.|
|2021 Cumbre Vieja volcanic eruption||19 September 2021 – Ongoing||On 19 September the Cumbre Vieja volcano located in the La Palma island erupted.|
Droughts, heat waves, and wildfires
|2018–2021 Southern African drought||October 2018 – Ongoing||An ongoing period of drought began in the country of South Africa in late October 2018 and continued into early 2021, negatively affecting food security in the region.|
|2019–20 Australian bushfire season||June 2019 – May 2020||Unusually intense bushfires in Australia continued into 2020, having started in September 2019.|
|2020 Western U.S. Wildfires||March 2020 – December 2020||Record-breaking wildfires began in several Western American states.|
|2020–21 Argentine wildfires||July 2020 – Ongoing||Sudden wildfires started in Córdoba and extended into several Northern provinces.|
|2021 Russia heatwave||May 2021 – June 2021||Parts of Russia and eastern Europe were hit by a record-breaking heat wave in May and June 2021, with temperatures in the Arctic Circle above 30 °C and the highest temperatures recorded in Moscow and St. Petersburg.|
|2021 Western North America heat wave||June 2021 – July 2021||Extreme temperatures caused by a prolonged heat dome over western Canada and United States kills over 613 people including over 480 people in British Columbia alone. The village of Lytton, British Columbia, which recorded the highest temperatures in Canada, is destroyed by a large wildfire as over 200 other ones devastate wide areas of the province. Wildfires in parts of the western coastal states of the US such as Washington, Oregon and California are also greatly worsened by the heat wave.|
|2021 Turkey wildfires||July 2021 – August 2021||Over a hundred wildfires began in the Mediterranean Region of the forest in Turkey, the worst in the country for at least a decade. The wildfires started in Manavgat, Antalya on 28 July 2021, with the temperature around 37 °C (99 °F).|
|2020–21 North American drought||August 2020 – Ongoing||Drought developed in the Western, Midwestern and Northeastern United States in the summer of 2020. Over the course of 2021, conditions improved in the Northeast but worsened in the Western US. As of June 2021, 97% of the region was facing abnormally dry conditions. By August 2021, parts of the upper Midwestern US were experiencing some of the worst drought spells since the 1980s. Drought also affected a wide area of Mexico as of 2021, as well as the prairies of Canada.|
Other natural events
- The Brexit withdrawal agreement went into effect at the end of January 2020 with the UK completing its economic withdrawal from the EU at the end of that year.
- The United States, Mexico, and Canada signed the USMCA agreement, which came into effect on 1 July 2020.
- African Continental Free Trade Area, encompassing 54 of the African Union states comes into effect, the largest in the world
- Ever Given, large container ship, runs aground in Suez Canal causing massive disruption of global trade
- In 2021, El Salvador became the first country to accept Bitcoin as legal tender, after the Legislative Assembly votes 62–84 to pass a bill submitted by President Nayib Bukele classifying the cryptocurrency as such.
The World Trade Organization reported that trade growth had stagnated and that trade restrictions were increasing as the decade began. The sectors most affected by import restrictions were mineral and fuel oils (17.7%), machinery and mechanical appliances (13%), electrical machinery and parts (11.7%), and precious metals (6%). Regional trade agreements were found to be increasing.
|2020 stock market crash||20 February 2020 – 7 April 2020||Global|
Cybersecurity and hacking
|2020 Twitter account hijacking||15 July 2020||Multiple high-profile Twitter accounts, each with millions of followers, were compromised in a cyberattack to promote a bitcoin scam.|
|Colonial Pipeline ransomware attack||6 May 2021||Colonial Pipeline in Texas suffers debilitating ransomeware cyberattack by Russian online group DarkSide causing substantial shortages in Southeastern USA|
|Event||Date||Infections and deaths||Description|
|COVID-19 pandemic||2019 – present||250.7 million+ confirmed cases and 5 million+ deaths with more than 240 countries and territories reported by 8 November 2021.|
|HIV/AIDS||1981 – present||37.9 million people living with HIV (end of 2018), 24.5 million people accessing antiretroviral therapy (end of June 2019), 32.0 million deaths from AIDS-related illnesses since the start of the epidemic (end 2018)|
Science and technology
Template:Science decade nav
- Space company SpaceX sent two NASA astronauts to the International Space Station on 30 May 2020, marking the first time a private company completed a crewed orbital spaceflight mission.
- NASA launched the Perseverance rover and Ingenuity helicopter drone on 30 July 2020 as part of their Mars 2020 mission to search for signs of ancient life on Mars. On 19 April 2021, the Ingenuity helicopter drone performed the first powered controlled flight by an aircraft on a planet other than Earth.
- The Royal Astronomical Society announced the detection of phosphine gas in Venus' atmosphere on 14 September 2020, which is known to be a strong predictor for the presence of microbial life.
- China sends Nie Haisheng, Liu Boming and Tang Hongbo to assemble and then occupy and work aboard the Tiangong Space Station
- On 11 July 2021, Virgin Galactic became the first spaceflight company to independently launch a paying civilian into outer space using the 50 mile high definition of outer space, having flown Virgin Galactic founder Sir Richard Branson above the 50 mile mark, enabling him and the rest of the crew to experience approximately 3 minutes of weightlessness above Earth’s atmosphere.
- In July 2021, Blue Origin became the first spaceflight company to launch a fully automated spacecraft with civilian passengers into space, carrying its founder Jeff Bezos and a three others. Two of the flight's crew members, Dutch student Oliver Daemen (age 18) and American aviator Wally Funk (age 82), became both the youngest and oldest people respectively to go to space (Funk's record was beaten nearly 3 month's later when actor William Shatner entered space onboard Blue Origin NS-18, at the age of 90).
- Deepmind solves the protein folding problem to 90 percent accuracy, a 50-year-old grand challenge, at CASP14 in 2020.
Communications and electronics
- 5G became increasingly widespread in 2020.
Software and electronic platforms
- Support for Adobe Flash Player ended on 31 December 2020.
Social effects of the COVID-19 pandemic
Medical experts advised, and local authorities often mandated stay-at-home orders to prevent gatherings of any size. Such gatherings could be replaced by teleconferencing, or in some cases with unconventional attempts to maintain social distancing with activities such as a balcony sing-along for a concert, or a "birthday parade" for a birthday party. Replacements for gatherings were seen as significant to mental health during the crisis. Social isolation among alcohol users also adopted a trend towards Kalsarikänni or "pantsdrunking", a Finnish antisocial drinking culture.
Low-income individuals were more likely to contract the coronavirus and to die from it. In both New York City and Barcelona, low-income neighborhoods were disproportionately hit by coronavirus cases. Hypotheses for why this was the case included that poorer families were more likely to live in crowded housing and work in the low-skill jobs, such as supermarkets and elder care, which were deemed essential during the crisis. In the United States, millions of low-income people may lack access to health care due to being uninsured or underinsured. Millions of Americans lost their health insurance after losing their jobs. Many low-income workers in service jobs became unemployed.
The coronavirus pandemic was followed by a concern for a potential spike in suicides, exacerbated by social isolation due to quarantine and social-distancing guidelines, fear, and unemployment and financial factors. Many countries reported an increase in domestic violence and intimate partner violence attributed to lockdowns amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Financial insecurity, stress, and uncertainty led to increased aggression at home, with abusers able to control large amounts of their victims' daily life. United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres called for a domestic violence "ceasefire".
The murder of George Floyd led to many protest and riots across the United States and internationally in 2020. The stated goal of the protest has been to end police brutality and racial inequality, and is closely linked with the Black Lives Matter movement.
24.3% of all national parliamentarians were women as of February 2019. 11 women were serving as Head of State and 12 as Head of Government in June 2019. 20.7% of government ministers were women as of January 2019. Katerina Sakellaropoulou became the first female president of Greece in January 2020, and Kamala Harris became the first female Vice President of the United States in 2021.
There are wide regional variations in the average percentages of women parliamentarians. As of February 2019, these were: Nordic countries, 42.5%; Americas, 30.6%; Europe excluding Nordic countries, 27.2; sub-Saharan Africa, 23.9; Asia, 19.8%; Arab States, 19%; and the Pacific, 16.3%. Rwanda has the highest number of women parliamentarians worldwide, 61.3% of seats in the lower house. About 26% of elected local parliamentarians are women.
The 2019–20 Australian bushfire season devastated the environment of Australia.
- A law allowing third gender option on driver licenses took effect in New Hampshire.
- Switzerland banned discrimination based on sexuality based on a referendum, putting into effect a law previously introduced in 2018, that was subsequently blocked by the government that requested a referendum to be held on the matter first.
- In Northern Ireland, the first same-sex marriage, after legislation to allow this took effect in January 2020.
- In Costa Rica, same-sex marriage and joint adoption by same-sex couples became legal on 26 May 2020.
- In the United States, the Supreme Court ruled that job discrimination against workers for their sexual orientation or gender identity is illegal.
- The Trump Administration passed a law on 12 June 2020 removing protections against discrimination from LGBTQ people in terms of health care and health insurance in the United States. President Joe Biden reversed a policy enacted during the Trump administration which previously allowed healthcare companies to deny coverage to gay and transgender people on 10 May 2021.
- The Equality Act passed in the House of Representatives on 25 February 2021 in the United States.
Fashion trends of the early 2020s have been largely inspired by the 2000s. Wearing a decorative mask to prevent the disease COVID-19 from spreading was a fashion trend in the early 2020s.
Several films and other upcoming movies were released exclusively on streaming platforms instead of in theatres, due to the COVID-19 pandemic. As COVID-19 cases declined through 2021 and some restrictions were lifted, some films were released both in theatres and on streaming services.
The 2020s started off with the primary streaming services being Netflix, Amazon Prime, Binge, HBO Max, Showtime, Hulu and Disney+. Additional streaming services such as Discovery+, Paramount+, and Peacock were being developed as well. Cable television and satellite television continued to fall out of popularity, and were no longer as prevalent as they were once in the 2010s and decades prior. In the 2020s, reboots and reunion episodes of 1990s and 2000s shows became widespread, including That '90s Show, How I Met Your Father, Animaniacs, The Conners, Saved by the Bell, HBO Max's Friends: The Reunion and The Fresh Prince of Bel Air Reunion, and And Just Like That..., Paramount+'s new Frasier, iCarly, and Rugrats, and Beavis and Butt-Head. As well, reboots of older movies in new iterations joined the likes of television with movies including Bill & Ted Face the Music, Space Jam: A New Legacy, Borat Subsequent Moviefilm, and Ghostbusters: Afterlife. . Streaming television such as Pluto TV become more popular.
By 2020, TikTok had become an extremely popular music platform on social media. Streaming on platforms such as Spotify, Amazon Music and Apple Music increased due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Festivals such as Coachella were cancelled because of the virus. The COVID-19 pandemic devastated the touring business.
Pop, hip hop, R&B and dance music dominated the early part of the decade, with the most popular artists being Billie Eilish, Lizzo, Lil Nas X, Megan Thee Stallion, Dua Lipa, H.E.R., The Weeknd, Post Malone, Cardi B, Tyler the Creator, Lil Baby, BTS, Doja Cat, Olivia Rodrigo, Harry Styles, Bad Bunny, SZA, Travis Scott, Ed Sheeran, the Kid Laroi and more.
The ninth generation of consoles began in 2020 with the release of the Xbox Series X/S and PlayStation 5. The video game Among Us surged in popularity online in 2020.
The Nintendo Switch continued to be popular among gamers. Animal Crossing: New Horizons had sold over 31 million copies on the Nintendo Switch, making it the second-best-selling game on the Nintendo Switch. Its success has been attributed in part to its release amid global stay-at-home orders during the COVID-19 pandemic.
There is a revival in expressionist architecture. The SoFi Stadium was completed on 8 September 2020 and is a component of Hollywood Park, a master planned neighborhood in development in Inglewood, California. The stadium serves as a home to the Los Angeles Rams and the Los Angeles Chargers. SoFi Stadium is set to host Super Bowl LVI in February 2022. The stadium is also set to host the opening and closing ceremonies, soccer and archery in the 2028 Summer Olympics, which will be hosted in Los Angeles, California, United States Of America.
The Unity Tower was finally completed on 30 September 2020. The construction of the building originally started in 1975, but stopped permanently in 1981 because of economic constraints and political unrest at the time. Due to the unfinished building's resemblance to a skeleton, it was nicknamed after Skeletor, the arch-villain in He-Man and the Masters of the Universe, which was popular in Poland at the time construction began.
- In 2021, Renzo Piano completes the COVID-19-delayed Academy Museum of Motion Pictures in Los Angeles, California
- The COVID-19 pandemic leads to the cancellation or rescheduling of numerous sporting events globally:
The 2020 Summer Olympics was postponed to July–August 2021. This was the first Olympic games to be postponed rather than cancelled in history.
National Hockey League, Major League Baseball, National Basketball Association and Premier League adapt their seasons and championship play around COVID-19 by placing players in "bubbles" and televising games played in empty arenas and stadiums
- Liverpool FC, led by Jordan Henderson, wins first Premier League title in the team's history
- Tampa Bay Lightning win second Stanley Cup championship during playoffs that were held in two "hub" cities, Toronto and Edmonton in Canada. It is the first time since 1925 that the Stanley Cup is contested entirely in Canada
- Lewis Hamilton records most Formula One career wins
- COVID-19 pandemic: Due to cross-border restrictions, the NHL realigns its team divisions with all seven Canadian teams competing in their own division for the first time
- With easing of COVID restrictions in the UK, the 2021 Wimbledon Championships are held with full attendances. Novak Djokovic wins the men's singles title, his 20th Grand Slam win equaling Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal's record
- Canada won their 27th ice hockey World title in 2021 IIHF World Championships, after defeating the reigning champion Finland in the final in overtime.
- Hideki Matsuyama wins Masters, becoming first ever Japanese golfer to win a major golfing championship
- The Milwaukee Bucks won their first NBA championship in 50 years and their second title overall, with Giannis Antetokounmpo named Finals MVP
- Italy won UEFA Euro 2020 by defeating England 3–2 on penalties
- Argentina wins Copa América
- The 2020 Summer Olympics take place in Tokyo, Japan, being the country's fourth time hosting the games. The United States wins the most gold and overall medals, with China coming in second and host Japan coming third
The 2022 Winter Olympics are scheduled to take place from 4 to 20 February 2022 in Beijing.
Food delivery apps such as DoorDash, Menulog, Uber Eats, GrubHub and Just Eat Takeaway flourished due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Indoor dining was also closed in many countries due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and upon re-opening the usage of QR Codes and other technologies in the restaurant industry increased compared to the 2010s to comply with pandemic restrictions.
- 2020s in music
- 2020s in fashion
- 2020s in television
- 2020s in science and technology
The following articles contain brief timelines which list the most prominent events of the decade:
- ^ van Lierop, Wal (24 December 2019). "Let's Make The 20s Roar Again!". https://www.forbes.com/sites/walvanlierop/2019/12/24/lets-make-the-20s-roar-again/.
- ^ Beaujon, Andrew (31 December 2019). "Finally, a Decade Whose Name We Can Agree On". https://www.washingtonian.com/2019/12/31/finally-a-decade-whose-name-we-can-agree-on/.
- ^ "COP26: First day ends with Queen’s message of statesmanship". Financial Times. 1 November 2021. https://www.ft.com/content/e9f81272-3986-44de-9715-e83ec9be2bd2.
- ^ "Cop26: Biden urges unity in 'decisive decade' for planet". The Guardian. 1 November 2021. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/video/2021/nov/01/cop26-biden-urges-unity-in-decisive-decade-for-planet-video.
- ^ "BBC NEWS". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/middle_east/03/v3_ip_timeline/html/default.stm.
- ^ "Israeli settlement plan denounced". BBC. 18 November 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/8364815.stm.
- ^ "President Bush Releases National Strategy for Combating Terrorism". 14 February 2003. https://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030214-7.html.
- ^ "Updated: Obama speech balances Afghanistan troop buildup with exit pledge". Associated Press. 1 December 2009. http://www.cleveland.com/nation/index.ssf/2009/12/obamas_speech_on_adding_30000.html.
- ^ "Pilger claims White House knew Saddam was no threat". 23 September 2003. https://www.smh.com.au/articles/2003/09/23/1064082978207.html.
- ^ "Online NewsHour Update: Coalition Says Iraqi Regime Has Lost Control of Baghdad – April 9, 2003". 1 December 2010. https://www.pbs.org/newshour/updates/baghdad_04-09-03.html.
- ^ Allawi, Ali A. (2007). The Occupation of Iraq: Winning the War, Losing the Peace. Yale University Press. https://archive.org/details/occupationofiraq00alla.
- ^ Gall, Carlotta (13 November 2004). "World Briefing | Asia: Afghanistan: Taliban Leader Vows Return". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2004/11/13/washington/world/world-briefing-asia-afghanistan-taliban-leader-vows-return.html.
- ^ "Putin signs laws on reunification of Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol with Russia". ITAR TASS. 21 March 2014. http://tass.ru/en/russia/724785.
- ^ Chulov, Martin (10 June 2014). "Isis insurgents seize control of Iraqi city of Mosul". https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/10/iraq-sunni-insurgents-islamic-militants-seize-control-mosul.
- ^ "ISIS announces formation of Caliphate, rebrands as 'Islamic State'". The Long War Journal. 29 June 2014. http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2014/06/isis_announces_formation_of_ca.php.
- ^ Nicks, Denver. "U.S. Forms Anti-ISIS Coalition at NATO Summit". http://time.com/3273185/isis-us-nato/.
- ^ Payne, Ed; Abdelaziz, Salma. "34 Islamic nations form coalition to fight terrorism". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2015/12/14/middleeast/islamic-coalition-isis-saudi-arabia/index.html.
- ^ "Mexico's drug war is getting even worse". http://www.businessinsider.com/mexicos-drug-war-is-taking-worse-turn-2015-5.
- ^ "Counting Mexico's drug victims is a murky business". March 2014. http://ncronline.org/news/global/counting-mexicos-drug-victims-murky-business.
- ^ Carl, Traci (10 March 2009). "Progress in Mexico drug war is drenched in blood". Associated Press. https://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5ilIZ5du3hOOeN7yatYIRIhFY-MJAD96RBGO00.
- ^ "High U.S. cocaine cost shows drug war working: Mexico". Reuters. 14 September 2007. https://www.reuters.com/article/domesticNews/idUSN1422771920070914.
- ^ Sullivan, Mark P., ed (18 December 2008). "Mexico – U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress". CRS Report for Congress: Mexico and the 112th Congress. Congressional Research Service. pp. 2, 13, 14. http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL32724.pdf.
- ^ "UPDATE 3-Somali government declares Islamist rebellion defeated". Reuters. 6 August 2011. https://af.reuters.com/article/commoditiesNews/idAFL6E7J601H20110806.
- ^ "Somalia: 'Al-Shabab' militants forced out of Jowhar". BBC News. 9 December 2012. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-20658236.
- ^ "SOMALIA: President says Godane is dead, now is the chance for the members of al-Shabaab to embrace peace". RBC Radio. http://www.raxanreeb.com/2014/09/somalia-president-says-godane-is-dead-now-is-the-chance-for-the-members-of-al-shabaab-to-embrace-peace/.
- ^ Daniel, Serge (4 April 2012). "Mali junta denounces 'rights violations' by rebels". AFP. https://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5grilySJ5EdrgURoNp1mt3AIJhTgg?do.
- ^ "Tuaregs claim 'independence' from Mali". Al Jazeera. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2012/04/20124644412359539.html.
- ^ Flood, Zoe. "Trouble in Timbuktu as Islamists extend control". https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/mali/9365390/Trouble-in-Timbuktu-as-Islamists-extend-control.html.
- ^ "Yemen's ousted president Hadi calls for Houthis to quit capital – World | The Star Online". http://www.thestar.com.my/news/world/2015/02/22/yemens-ousted-president-hadi-calls-for-houthis-to-quit-capital/.
- ^ Orkaby, Asher (25 March 2015). "Houthi Who?". Foreign Affairs. http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/143295/asher-orkaby/houthi-who.
- ^ Batino, Clarissa; Yap, Cecilia (3 August 2016). "Duterte to Push Ahead With Name-Shame in Drug War as Deaths Rise". https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-08-03/duterte-to-push-ahead-with-name-shame-in-drug-war-as-deaths-rise.
- ^ "SWS: Most Filipinos believe number of drug addicts decreased in 2018". CNN Philippines. https://cnnphilippines.com/news/2019/02/16/SWS-Filipinos-drug-addicts-decrease-2018.html.
- ^ "Sultan Qaboos of Oman, Arab world's longest-serving ruler, dies aged 79". BBC News. 2020-01-11. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-50902476.
- ^ Maher, Hatem (25 February 2020). "Former president of Egypt Hosni Mubarak dies at 91". ABC News. https://abcnews.go.com/International/president-egypt-hosni-mubarak-dies-91/.
- ^ Kandell, Jonathan (2 December 2020). "Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, 94, Is Dead; Struggled to Transform France". https://www.nytimes.com/2020/12/02/world/europe/valery-giscard-destaing-dead.html?.
- ^ Cheney, Kyle; Desiderio, Andrew; Breshahan, John (5 February 2020), Trump acquitted on impeachment charges, ending gravest threat to his presidency, https://www.politico.com/news/2020/02/05/trump-impeachment-vote-110805, retrieved 8 February 2020
- ^ a b Parks, Miles (2020-11-10). "Trump Election Lawsuits Filed So Far". NPR. https://www.npr.org/2020/11/10/933112418/the-trump-campaign-has-had-almost-no-legal-success-this-month-heres-what-they-ve.
- ^ a b "Transcript of Trump's Speech at Rally Before US Capitol Riot". 13 January 2021. https://www.usnews.com/news/politics/articles/2021-01-13/transcript-of-trumps-speech-at-rally-before-us-capitol-riot.
- ^ "Electoral College makes it official: Biden won, Trump lost". Associated Press. 2020-12-15. https://apnews.com/article/joe-biden-270-electoral-college-vote-d429ef97af2bf574d16463384dc7cc1e.
- ^ "Trump faces long odds in challenging state vote counts". Associated Press. 2020-11-10. https://apnews.com/article/election-2020-donald-trump-campaigns-pennsylvania-michigan-861506f10960504bcdc7e854705c8ef1.
- ^ Berenson, Tessa (2020-11-20). "In Court, Trump's Lawyers Aren't Claiming 'Massive' Fraud". https://time.com/5914377/donald-trump-no-evidence-fraud/.
- ^ Roebuck, Jeremy (2020-11-09). "Trump campaign moves to bar Pennsylvania from certifying election results in new lawsuit". https://www.inquirer.com/news/trump-lawsuit-pennsylvania-election-results-philadelphia-monitors-ballots-mail-boockvar-20201109.html.
- ^ "Trump campaign sues in Nevada to stop Vegas-area vote count". Associated Press. 23 October 2020. https://apnews.com/article/barbara-cegavske-lawsuits-carson-city-elections-las-vegas-8684039e3b82e379591cc745834c952e.
- ^ "Factbox: Trump Sues in Arizona, Court Battles Continue as Biden Wins U.S. Election". 8 November 2020. https://www.usnews.com/news/top-news/articles/2020-11-08/factbox-trump-sues-in-arizona-court-battles-continue-as-biden-wins-us-election.
- ^ Breuninger, Kevin; Mangan, Dan (1 December 2020). "Trump sues to reverse Biden win in Wisconsin". CNBC. https://www.cnbc.com/2020/12/01/trump-campaign-files-election-lawsuit-in-wisconsin-after-state-declares-biden-won-.html.
- ^ "Trump campaign sues Michigan to prevent certification of Biden win". Reuters. 11 November 2020. https://www.reuters.com/article/usa-election-legal-challenges-michigan-idUSKBN27R2FL.
- ^ Martina, Michael (5 December 2020). "Trump campaign files election lawsuit in Georgia, suffers more legal defeats". Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/usa-election-idUSKBN28E37D.
- ^ a b "Mike Pence rejects Trump's call to overturn Biden election". CNBC. 2021-01-06. https://www.cnbc.com/2021/01/06/mike-pence-rejects-trumps-call-to-overturn-biden-election.html.
- ^ Peñaloza, Marisa (6 January 2021). "Trump Supporters Clash With Capitol Police At Protest". NPR. https://www.npr.org/sections/congress-electoral-college-tally-live-updates/2021/01/06/953616207/diehard-trump-supporters-gather-in-the-nations-capital-to-protest-election-resul.
- ^ Amenabar, Teddy; Zauzmer, Julie; Davies, Emily; Brice-Saddler, Michael; Ruane, Michael E.; Chason, Rachel; Tan, Rebecca; Olivo, Antonio et al. (6 January 2021). "Live updates: Hundreds storm Capitol barricades; two nearby buildings briefly evacuated; Trump falsely tells thousands he won". https://www.washingtonpost.com/dc-md-va/2021/01/06/dc-protests-trump-rally-live-updates/.
- ^ https://blog.twitter.com/en_us/topics/company/2020/suspension
- ^ a b https://www.cnn.com/2021/01/13/tech/snapchat-trump-ban/index.html
- ^ https://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/news/2021/01/26/youtube-ban-former-president-trumps-channel-remain-suspended/4265336001/
- ^ Reichert, Corinne (2021-01-14). "Donald Trump impeached a second time". CNET. https://www.cnet.com/news/donald-trump-impeached-following-deadly-riot-at-us-capitol/.
- ^ "Biden inauguration: New president sworn in amid Trump snub". BBC News. 20 January 2021. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-55736856.
- ^ "Donald Trump acquitted in second impeachment trial" (in en). 2021-02-14. http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2021/feb/13/donald-trump-acquitted-impeachment-trial.
- ^ "Cuba's Raul Castro confirms he's stepping down, says he's 'fulfilled his mission'". NBC News. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/latino/cubas-raul-castro-confirms-stepping-head-communist-party-rcna689.
- ^ "Cuba leadership: Díaz-Canel named Communist Party chief". BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-56802129.
- ^ "UK joins US in mission to protect oil tankers in Gulf". The Guardian. 5 August 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2019/aug/05/uk-joins-us-in-mission-to-protect-oil-tankers-in-gulf.
- ^ "Trump accuses Iran over storming of US embassy compound in Baghdad". The Guardian. 31 December 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/dec/31/us-embassy-stormed-in-baghdad.
- ^ "Column: What the killing of Qassem Soleimani could mean". PBS News Hour. 3 January 2020. https://www.pbs.org/newshour/world/column-what-the-killing-of-qassem-soleimani-could-mean-for-iran.
- ^ "Chinese troops challenge India at multiple locations in eastern Ladakh, standoff continues". The Print. 24 May 2020. https://theprint.in/defence/chinese-troops-challenge-india-at-multiple-locations-in-eastern-ladakh-standoff-continues/428304/.
- ^ Nagorno-Karabakh: "We have to get ready for long-term war" – leader of disputed region. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v2rmvvLpzlM.
- ^ Azerbaijan-Armenia clashes over Nagorno-Karabakh escalate. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G-_sdIFbigM.
- ^ "Armenia-Azerbaijan: Both sides defy Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire calls". BBC News. 1 October 2020. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-54366616.
- ^ "Israel-Gaza ceasefire holds despite Jerusalem clash". BBC News. 21 May 2021. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-57195537.
- ^ "Brexit: European Parliament overwhelmingly backs terms of UK's exit". https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-51287430.
- ^ "Trump orders attack that kills Iranian Gen. Qassem Soleimani, other military officials in Baghdad, Pentagon says". https://www.foxnews.com/world/rockets-baghdad-airport-injuries-reported.
- ^ "Alleged head of Iran's nuclear weapons program is assassinated near Tehran". The Times of Israel. 27 November 2020. https://www.timesofisrael.com/head-of-irans-nuclear-weapons-program-said-assassinated-near-tehran/.
- ^ Specia, Megan; Pianigiani, Gaia (22 February 2021). "Italian Ambassador Among Three Killed in Attack on U.N. Convoy in Congo". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/22/world/africa/italy-ambassador-killed-congo-ambush.html.
- ^ "Iran Says It Unintentionally Shot Down Ukrainian Airliner". The New York Times. 10 January 2020. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/10/world/middleeast/missile-iran-plane-crash.html.
- ^ Ellis-Petersen, Hannah; Baloch, Shah Meer (22 May 2020). "Dozens killed as passenger plane crashes near Karachi airport". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/22/pakistan-passenger-plane-crashes-near-karachi.
- ^ "Impact of Beirut blast massive, shockwaves felt 240 km away in Cyprus: Reports". https://www.indiatoday.in/world/story/impact-of-beirut-blast-massive-shockwaves-felt-240-km-away-in-cyprus-reports-1707846-2020-08-05.
- ^ "2,750 Tonnes Of Ammonium Nitrate Exploded: Lebanon PM On Beirut Blasts". https://www.ndtv.com/world-news/lebanon-pm-hassan-diab-on-beirut-blasts-2-750-tonnes-of-ammonium-nitrate-exploded-2274291.
- ^ "Lebanon: at least 78 killed as huge explosion rocks Beirut". https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/aug/04/huge-explosion-beirut-lebanon-shatters-windows-rocks-buildings.
- ^ "Condo building collapse last victim ID'd: family" (in en-US). 26 July 2021. https://www.foxnews.com/us/family-last-victim-id-florida-condo-building-collapse.
- ^ Large M7.7 Caribbean Quake Felt as Far Away as Florida Script error: No such module "webarchive". USGS, 28 January 2020
- ^ Magnitude 7.7 earthquake strikes off the coast of Jamaica and is felt as far away as Miami Script error: No such module "webarchive". by By Steve Almasy, Brandon Miller, & Alla Eshchenko, CNN, 29 January 2020
- ^ "Earthquake hits Greece and Turkey, bringing deaths and floods". BBC News. 30 October 2020. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-54749509.
- ^ Yesterday (2021-01-26). "Update Korban Gempa Sulbar : 105 Orang Meninggal" (in id). https://kabar.news/update-korban-gempa-sulbar-105-orang-meninggal.
- ^ "Haiti quake death toll surges to nearly 2,000, survivors clamor for aid". Reuters. Agence France-Presse. 17 August 2021. https://www.reuters.com/world/americas/hopes-quake-survivors-dwindle-storm-lashes-haiti-2021-08-17/.
- ^ "Recovery begins after storm ravages Indian, Bangladesh coast". ABC News. https://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/recovery-begins-storm-ravages-indian-bangladesh-coast-70851741.
- ^ "Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Events". NOAA. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/billions/events.
- ^ "Global Catastrophe Recap November 2020". Aon. 10 December 2020. http://thoughtleadership.aonbenfield.com//Documents/20201210_analytics-if-november-global-recap.pdf.
- ^ "Entra en erupción el volcán en La Palma". El País. 19 September 2021. https://elpais.com/ciencia/2021-09-19/entra-en-erupcion-el-volcan-en-la-palma.html. Retrieved 2021-09-19.
- ^ Leister, Eric (1 January 2020). "'Apocalyptic' fires turn day into night as thousands evacuate in Australia". AccuWeather. https://www.accuweather.com/en/severe-weather/apocalyptic-fires-turn-day-into-night-as-thousands-evacuate-in-australia/653764.
- ^ Vox.com Script error: No such module "webarchive"., The other plague: Locusts are devouring crops in East Africa and the Middle East Billions of hungry insects are threatening to cause famine amid the coronavirus pandemic. By Umair Irfan and Jen Kirby 20 May 2020.
- ^ The Guardian Script error: No such module "webarchive"., Unseasonal rains have allowed desert pests to breed rapidly and spread across vast distances leaving devastation in their wake.
- ^ Phys.org Script error: No such module "webarchive". Famine risk for millions in second locust wave. by Nelson Mandela Ogema, Fiona Broom, SciDev.Net, 28 May 2020.
- ^ Esquimere Script error: No such module "webarchive"., Why are swarms of locusts invading the UAE and neighbouring countries? This is the biggest outbreak of locusts in 70 years. 27 May 2020, by Sarakshi Rai.
- ^ Business Insider Script error: No such module "webarchive"., Locust swarms devour fields of crops in a single day that would feed 35,000 people – and COVID-19 threatens to make the pest problem even worse, Jessica Snouwaert 19 May 2020,
- ^ Scientific American Script error: No such module "webarchive"., NOAA is lending technical support to the United Nations in its battle against a massive locust infestation that's spread from Africa into the Middle East and Asia. 15 May 2020.
- ^ UK and EU set out contrasting goals for post-Brexit trade deal Script error: No such module "webarchive". Heather Stewart, Daniel Boffey, & Rowena Mason; The Guardian, 3 February 2020
- ^ "Brexit: New era for UK as it completes separation from European Union". BBC News. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-55502781.
- ^ Canada kicks off USMCA ratification process, urges bi-partisan co-operation Script error: No such module "webarchive". by Kelsey Johnson, Reuters Business News, 27 January 2020
- ^ "As Commons approves USMCA, Trudeau says Canada is exploring whether to close border to contain coronavirus". The Globe and Mail. The Canadian Press. 13 March 2020. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/politics/article-liberal-house-leader-pablo-rodriguez-says-mps-have-passed-legislation/.
- ^ "Bitcoin legal tender in El Salvador, first country ever" (in en). https://en.mercopress.com/2021/06/10/bitcoin-legal-tender-in-el-salvador-first-country-ever.
- ^ Report shows trade restrictions by WTO members at historically high levels Script error: No such module "webarchive". World Trade Organization news, 12 December 2019, retrieved 6 February 2020
- ^ Regional trade agreements Script error: No such module "webarchive". World Trade Organization Facts & Figures, 17 January 2020, retrieved 6 February 2020
- ^ Iyengar, Rishi (15 July 2020). "Twitter accounts of Joe Biden, Barack Obama, Elon Musk, Bill Gates, and others apparently hacked". CNN Business. https://www.cnn.com/2020/07/15/tech/twitter-hack-elon-musk-bill-gates/index.html.
- ^ "Coronavirus Update (Live)". https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/#countries.
- ^ "Global HIV & AIDS statistics — 2019 fact sheet". UNAIDS. https://www.unaids.org/en/resources/fact-sheet.
- ^ Wall, Mike (30 July 2020). "NASA launches Mars rover Perseverance to seek signs of ancient life". https://www.space.com/nasa-mars-2020-perseverance-rover-launch.html.
- ^ Hotz, Robert Lee (2021-04-19). "NASA's Mars Helicopter Ingenuity Successfully Makes Historic First Flight" (in en-US). Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. https://www.wsj.com/articles/nasas-ingenuity-helicopter-successfully-makes-historic-first-flight-on-mars-11618830461.
- ^ "Hints of life on Venus". The Royal Astronomical Society. https://ras.ac.uk/news-and-press/news/hints-life-venus.
- ^ "'It will change everything': DeepMind's AI makes gigantic leap in solving protein structures". https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-03348-4.
- ^ "AlphaFold: A Solution to a 50 Year Old Grand Challenge in Biology". https://deepmind.com/blog/article/alphafold-a-solution-to-a-50-year-old-grand-challenge-in-biology.
- ^ "Egypt's population hits 100 million". https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20200212-egypts-population-hits-100-million/.
- ^ a b "Facts and figures: Leadership and political participation". https://www.unwomen.org/en/what-we-do/leadership-and-political-participation/facts-and-figures.
- ^ "Katerina Sakellaropoulou becomes Greece's first woman president". https://www.cnn.com/2020/01/22/europe/greece-president-katerina-sakellaropoulou-intl/index.html.
- ^ "Docket of HB669". http://gencourt.state.nh.us/bill_status/Bill_docket.aspx?lsr=763&sy=2019&sortoption=&txtsessionyear=2019&txtbillnumber=HB669.
- ^ "Swiss vote to approve legislation to protect LGBTQ+ rights.". https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/feb/09/swiss-vote-to-approve-legislation-to-protect-lgbtq-rights.
- ^ "First Same-Sex Marriage Takes Place in Northern Ireland". https://impactnottingham.com/2020/02/first-same-sex-marriage-takes-place-in-northern-ireland/.
- ^ "The Marriage (Same-sex Couples) and Civil Partnership (Opposite-sex Couples) (Northern Ireland) Regulations 2019". http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2019/1514/contents/made/data.htm.
- ^ "Transgender Health Protections Reversed By Trump Administration". NPR. https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/06/12/868073068/transgender-health-protections-reversed-by-trump-administration.
- ^ "US restores transgender health protections denied by Trump". https://apnews.com/article/health-care-transgender-sex-discrimination-77f297d88edb699322bf5de45a7ee4ff.
- ^ McKay, Rhys, ed (25 February 2020). "The 10 Best Trends From 2000s Fashion For Men". https://www.who.com.au/2000s-fashion-men.
- ^ Malivindi, Diandra, ed (27 May 2020). "9 Trends From The 2000s That Are Surprisingly Back In Style". InStyle. https://www.instylemag.com.au/2000s-fashion-trends-back-in-style.
- ^ "Gen Z Is Bringing the 2000s Back...Here's How Brands Can Keep Up". YPulse. 18 February 2020. https://www.ypulse.com/article/2020/02/18/gen-z-is-bringing-the-2000s-back-heres-how-brands-can-keep-up/.
- ^ Segran, Elizabeth, ed (23 April 2020). "The hot fashion accessory of 2020? Masks, masks, and more masks". Fast Company. https://www.fastcompany.com/90494852/the-hot-fashion-accessories-of-2020-masks-masks-and-more-masks?partner=rss.
- ^ "BINGE is Australia’s latest streaming service, starts Monday 25th". Jason Cartwright. 23 May 2020. https://techau.com.au/binge-is-australias-latest-streaming-service-starts-monday-25th/. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
- ^ "How TikTok became 2020's most important music platform — from 'Old Town Road' to 'Toosie Slide'". 2020-04-22. https://www.yahoo.com/lifestyle/2020-04-22-tiktik-music-viral-drake-toosie-slide-roddy-ricch-old-town-road-24068571.html.
- ^ Wood, Mikael (9 July 2020). "How the music business is faring amid the COVID-19 pandemic". https://www.latimes.com/entertainment-arts/music/story/2020-07-09/music-business-streaming-covid-pandemic-nielsen-midyear-report.
- ^ Justin Curto, ed. "Dance Music Waited Until 2020, of All Years, to Get Its Mojo Back". https://www.vulture.com/2020/12/best-dance-disco-songs-2020.html.
- ^ Billboard - Artists 100 Chart
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Template:2020s Template:2020s in political history
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