For the North American area code, see area code 559.
|Centuries:||5th century · 6th century · 7th century|
|Decades:||520s 530s 540s 550s 560s 570s 580s|
|Years:||556 557 558 559 560 561 562|
|Gregorian calendar||559 |
|Ab urbe condita||1312|
|Armenian calendar||8 |
|Bahá'í calendar||-1285 – -1284|
|Coptic calendar||275 – 276|
|Ethiopian calendar||551 – 552|
|Hebrew calendar||4319 – 4320|
|- Vikram Samvat||614 – 615|
|- Shaka Samvat||481 – 482|
|- Kali Yuga||3660 – 3661|
|Iranian calendar||63 BP – 62 BP|
|Islamic calendar||65 BH – 64 BH|
|- Imperial Year||Kōki 1219|
|Thai solar calendar||1102|
- The Bulgars and Huns invade and raid Byzantine territory, but are driven back near Constantinople by Belisarius.
- First successful human flight: a manned kite lands in the proximity of Ye.
- Ara Gaya, a member of the Gaya confederacy, surrenders to Silla in the Korean peninsula.
- Northern Qi Wen Xuan Di, Chinese ruler
- Chen Wu Di, Chinese ruler
- Ida, king of Bernicia (traditional date)
- ^ （永定三年）使元黄头与诸囚自金凤台各乘纸鸱以飞，黄头独能至紫陌乃堕，仍付御史中丞毕义云饿杀之。 (Rendering: [In the 3rd year of Yongding, 559], Gao Yang conducted an experiment by having Yuan Huangtou and a few prisoners launch themselves from a tower in Ye, capital of the Northern Qi. Yuan Huangtou was the only one who survived from this flight, as he glided over the city-wall and fell at Zimo [western segment of Ye] safely, but he was later executed.) Zizhi Tongjian 167.
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