Millennium:  1st millennium BC 

Centuries:  7th century BC · 6th century BC · 5th century BC 
Decades:  590s BC 580s BC 570s BC 560s BC 550s BC 540s BC 530s BC 520s BC 510s BC 500s BC 
Categories:  Births – Deaths Establishments – Disestablishments 
The 6th century BC started the first day of 600 BC and ended the last day of 501 BC.
Contents
Overview[]
In the Near East, the first half of this century was dominated by the Neo Babylonian or Chaldean empire, which had risen to power late in the previous century after successfully rebelling against Assyrian rule. The Kingdom of Judah came to an end in 587 BC when Babylonian forces under Nebuchadnezzar II captured Jerusalem, and removed most of its population to their own lands. Babylonian rule was toppled however in the 540's, by Cyrus, who foundered the Persian Empire in its place. The Persian Empire continued to expand and grew into the greatest empire the world had yet known.
In Iron Age Europe, the Celtic expansion is in progress. China is in the Spring and Autumn Period.
 Mediterranean: Beginning of Greek philosophy, flourishes during the 5th century BC.
 The late Hallstatt culture period in Eastern and Central Europe, the late Bronze Age in Northern Europe.
 East Asia: Chinese philosophy become the "religion" of China. Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, and Moism flourish, the Spring and Autumn Period in China.
 Middle East: During the Persian empire, Zoroaster, aka Zarathustra, founded Zoroastrianism, a dualistic philosophy. This was also the time of the Babylonian captivity of the ancient Jews.
 South Asia: The Buddha and Mahavira found Buddhism and Jainism, challenging Hinduism and the caste system.
 The decline of the Olmec civilization in America.
Events[]
 Mid6th century BC — Foundation of Temple of Olympian Zeus is made.
 598 BC — Jehoiachin succeeds Jehoiakim as King of Judah.
 March 16, 597 BC — Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king.
 595 BC — Psammetichus II succeeds Necho II as king of Egypt.
 594 BC — Solon appointed archon of Athens; institutes democratic reforms.
 590 BC — Egyptian army sacks Napata, compelling the Cushite court to move to a more secure location at Meroe near the sixth Cataract ^{[1]}.
 589 BC — Apries succeeds Psammetichus II as king of Egypt.
 588 BC — Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon begins siege of Jerusalem; the opera Nabucco sets the date at 587 BC.
 587/586 BC — Jerusalem falls to the Babylonians, ending the Kingdom of Judah. The conquerors destroy the Temple of Jerusalem and exile the land's remaining inhabitants. Babylonian Captivity for the Jews began.
 586 BC — reincarnation of King Ding of Zhou, King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
 May 28, 585 BC — A solar eclipse occurs as predicted by Thales, while Alyattes II is battling Cyaxares. This leads to a truce. This is one of the cardinal dates from which other dates can be calculated.
 585/584 BC — Astyages succeeds Cyaxares as King of the Medes.
 585 BC — King Jian of Zhou becomes King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
 582 BC — Pythian Games founded at Delphi. (traditional date)
 580 BC — Cambyses I succeeds Cyrus I as king of Anshan and head of the Achaemenid dynasty. (approximate date)
 580 BC — Isthmian Games founded at Corinth. (traditional date)
 579 BC — Servius Tullius succeeds the assassinated Lucius Tarquinius Priscus as king of Rome. (traditional date)
 573 BC — Nemean Games founded at Nemea. (traditional date)
 572 BC — Death of King Jian of Zhou, King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
 571 BC — King Ling of Zhou becomes King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
 570 BC — Amasis II succeeds Apries as king of Egypt.
 568 BC — Amtalqa succeeds his brother Aspelta as king of Kush.
 562 BC — AmelMarduk succeeds Nebuchadnezzar as king of Babylon.
 560 BC — Neriglissar succeeds AmelMarduk as king of Babylon.
 560/561 BC — Croesus becomes king of Lydia.
 560 BC — Pisistratus seizes the Acropolis of Athens and declares himself tyrant. He is deposed in the same year.
 550s BC — Carthage conquers Sicily, Sardinia and Corsica.
 559 BC — King Cambyses I of Anshan dies and is succeeded by his son Cyrus II the Great.
 558 BC — Hegesias removed as Archon of Athens.
 558 BC — The Chinese state of Jin defeats its rival Qin in battle.
 556 BC — Pisistratus is exiled from Athens to Euboea.
 556 BC — LabashiMarduk succeeds Neriglissar as king of Babylon.
 556/555 BC — Nabonidus succeeds LabashiMarduk as king of Babylon.
 550 BC — Abdera is destroyed by the Thracians.
 550 BC — Cyrus of Anshan overthrows Astyages of the Medes, establishing the Persian Empire.
 550 BC — The Late Mumun Period begins in the Korean peninsula.
 547 BC — Croesus, Lydian king, is defeated by Cyrus of Persia near the River Halys.
 546 BC — Cyrus of Persia completes his conquest of Lydia, and makes Pasargadae his capital.
 544 BC — People of Teos migrate to Abdera to escape the yoke of Persia.
 544 BC — King Jing of Zhou becomes King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
 543 BC — North Indian Prince Vijaya invades Ceylon and establishes a Sinhalese dynasty. (Wrong. Vijaya invaded sri lanka 45 years after enlightnment of buddha.)
 543 BC — Pisistratus, tyrant of Athens, purifies the island of Delos (approximate date).
 540 BC — Greek city of Elea of southern Italy founded (approximate date).
 540 BC — Persians conquer Lycian city of Xanthos now in southern Turkey (approximate date).
 539 BC — Babylon is conquered by Cyrus the Great, defeating Nabonidus.
 c. 538 BC — Return of some Jews from Babylonian exile who build the Second Temple about seventy years after the destruction of the First Temple, from 520 BC–516 BC.
 537 BC — Jews transported to Babylon are allowed to return to Jerusalem, bringing to a close the Babylonian captivity.
 536 BC — According to tradition, the Biblical prophet Daniel receives an angelic visitor. see Daniel 10:4
 534 BC — Lucius Tarquinius Superbus becomes king of Rome.
 534 BC — Competitions for tragedy are instituted at the City Dionysia festival in Athens.
 530 BC — Cambyses II succeeds Cyrus as King of Persia.
 528 BC — Gautama Buddha attained Enlightenment, and began his ministry. Gautama Buddha founds Buddhism in India. It becomes a major world religion.
 526 BC — Psammetichus III succeeds Amasis II as king of Egypt.
 525 BC — Cambyses II, ruler of Persia, conquers Egypt, defeating Psammetichus III. This is considered the end of the Twentysixth Dynasty, and the start of the Twentyseventh Dynasty.
 522 BC — Smerdis succeeds Cambyses II as ruler of Persia.
 522 BC — Babylon rebels against Persian rule.
 521 BC — Darius I succeeds Smerdis as ruler of Persia.
 521 BC — The Babylonian rebellion against Persian rule is suppressed.
 520 BC — King Dao of Zhou becomes King of the Zhou Dynasty of China but dies before the end of the year.
 520 BC — Cleomenes I succeeds Anaxandridas as king of Sparta. (approximate date).
 519 BC — King Jing of Zhou becomes King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
 516 BC — Indian subcontinent — Occupation of Punjab is completed by the Persian King Gustasp.
 March 12, 515 BC — Construction is completed on the Temple in Jerusalem.
 514 BC — King Helu of Wu establishes "Great City of Helu", the ancient name for Suzhou, as his capital in China.
 513 BC — Darius the Great subdues the Getae and east Thrace in his war against the Scythians.
 510 BC — Hippias, son of Pisistratus and tyrant of Athens, is expelled by a popular revolt supported by Cleomenes I, King of Sparta and his forces.
 510 BC — End of reign of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, last king of the traditional seven Kings of Rome.
 510 BC — Establishment of the Roman Republic.
 510 BC — Demaratus succeeds Ariston as king of Sparta. (approximate date)
 September 13, 509 BC — The temple of Jupiter on Rome's Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September.
 508 BC — Office of pontifex maximus created in Rome.
 507 BC — Cleisthenes, Greek reformer, takes power and increases democracy.
 506 BC — Battle of Bai ju: Forces of the Kingdom of Wu under Sun Tzu defeat the forces of Chu.
 505 BC — First pair of Roman consuls elected.
 December 4, 502 BC — Solar eclipse darkens Egypt. (computed, no clear historical record of observation)
 502 BC — The Latin League defeats the Etruscans under Lars Porsena at Aricia.
 502 BC — Naxos rebels against Persian domination sparking the Ionian Revolt.
 501 BC — Cleisthenes reforms democracy in Athens.
 501 BC — Naxos is attacked by the Persian Empire.
 501 BC — In response to threats by the Sabines, Rome creates the office of dictator.
 501 BC — Confucius is appointed governor of Chungtu.
 501 BC — Gadir (presentday Cádiz) is captured by Carthage. (approximate date)
 500 BC — Bantuspeaking people migrate into southwest Uganda from the west. (approximate date)
 500 BC — Refugees from Teos resettle Abdera.
 500 BC — Darius I of Persia proclaims that Aramaic be the official language of the western half of his empire.
 500 BC — Signifies the end of the Nordic Bronze Age civilization in Oscar Montelius periodization system and begins the PreRoman Iron Age.
 500 BC — Foundation of first republic in Vaishali Bihar India. (This is not right. Vaishali was a republic in the time of buddha.)
 500s BC — The Gutaii tribe began around this time, in Middle and Southern Africa.
 Persians begin to seize power.
 Persians dominate eastern Mediterranean.
 The Persians under Darius I and later Cyrus invade Transoxiana.
 Carthage's merchant empire slowly dominates the western Mediterranean.
 Tao Te Ching written (traditional date).
 Confucius formulates his ethical system of Confucianism, which proves highly influential in China.
 The Sinhalese emigrate to Sri Lanka.
 Apparent writing of the Book of Psalms.
 The prophet Lehi, according to the Book of Mormon, leaves Jerusalem and settles in North America.
 Abkhazia is colonized by the Greeks.
 The celtic Bruthin or Priteni, invade Britain and Ireland the British Isles some time before the 5th century BC.
 Emergence of the ProtoGermanic Jastorf culture.
 Temple B, Selinus, Sicily, is built.
Significant persons[]
 Mahavira of Vaishali, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, (599 BC–527 BC)
 580s BC — Nebuchadnezzar II, king of Babylon
 Anaximenes of Miletus, Greek philosopher (585 BC–525 BC)
 Pythagoras of Samos, Greek mathematician and discoverer of the Pythagorean theorem (582 BC–496 BC)
 580 BC — Death of Cyrus I of Anshan (approximate date)
 Cyrus the Great, king of Persia (576 BC–July, 529 BC, reigned 559 BC–July, 529 BC)
 Ezra and Nehemiah, leaders of the Jews returning from the Babylonian Exile
 May, 563 BC — Birth of Siddhartha Gautama, later known as Gautama Buddha in Lumbini, Nepal (d. May, 483 BC
 563 BC — Queen Maya, mother of Siddhartha Gautama, dies seven days after giving birth
 c. 562 BC — Death of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon
 Pisistratus, Tyrant of Athens in 561 BC, 559 BC–556 BC and 546 BC–528 BC (d. 527 BC)
 Solon of Athens, one of the Seven Sages of Greece (638 BC–558 BC)
 553 BC — Emperor Itoku in Japan appeared
 c. 556 BC — Birth of Simonides of Ceos
 Stesichorus of Sicily, lyric poet (c. 640 BC–555 BC)
 Confucius, founding figure of Confucianism (551 BC–479 BC)
 Thales, Greek mathematician (635 BC–543 BC), predicts solar eclipse in 585 BC
 Darius I, King of Persia (born 549 BC; reigned 521–485 BC)
 547 BC — Death of Croesus
 546 BC — Death of Anaximander, Greek philosopher (approximate date).
 545 BC — Death of King Ling of Zhou, King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
 543 BC((To be verified)) — Death of Gautama Buddha (traditionally in Thailand and elsewhere — basis of the Thai solar calendar).
 c. 540 BC — Amyntas I becomes king of Macedonia.
 539 BC/538 BC — Death of Nabonidus, the last King of Babylon
 c. 535 BC — Birth of Heraclitus of Ephesus, Greek philosopher
 Aeschylus, author of Greek tragedies, (525 BC–456 BC)
 525 BC — Death of Psammetichus III, the last Pharaoh of the Twentysixth Dynasty of Egypt
 522 BC — Birth of Pindar, Greek poet
 March, 521 BC — Death of Cambyses II, ruler of ancient Persia (suicide)
 October, 521 BC — Death of Smerdis, ruler of ancient Persia
 c. 519 BC — Birth of Xerxes I of Persia
 Epimenides of Knossos, a famous Cretian seer and philosopherpoet, associated with the Epimenides paradox
 Lehi, legendary figure, first prophet recorded in the Book of Mormon
 Sun Tzu, author of The Art of War
Inventions, discoveries, introductions[]
 First archaeological surveys of the Arabian peninsula by Babylonian king Nabonidus.
 Sunshu Ao (孫叔敖), China's first hydraulic engineer, creates an enormous artificial reservoir by damming a river for a massive irrigation project while employed in the service of King Zhuang of Chu (d. 591 BC).
References[]
 ^ "History of the SUDAN" (in English). www.historyworld.net. 2007. http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=aa86. Retrieved 20070803.
Decades and years[]
[[::8th century BC8th century BC]]
←[[::7th century BC7th century BC]]
← ↔ →[[::5th century BC5th century BC]]→[[::4th century BC4th century BC]]
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Millennium  Century  

Before Christ / Before Common Era (BC/BCE)  
[[::4th millennium BC4th]]:  [[::40th century BC40th]]  [[::39th century BC39th]]  [[::38th century BC38th]]  [[::37th century BC37th]]  [[::36th century BC36th]]  [[::35th century BC35th]]  [[::34th century BC34th]]  [[::33rd century BC33rd]]  [[::32nd century BC32nd]]  [[::31st century BC31st]] 
[[::3rd millennium BC3rd]]:  [[::30th century BC30th]]  [[::29th century BC29th]]  [[::28th century BC28th]]  [[::27th century BC27th]]  [[::26th century BC26th]]  [[::25th century BC25th]]  [[::24th century BC24th]]  [[::23rd century BC23rd]]  [[::22nd century BC22nd]]  [[::21st century BC21st]] 
[[::2nd millennium BC2nd]]:  [[::20th century BC20th]]  [[::19th century BC19th]]  [[::18th century BC18th]]  [[::17th century BC17th]]  [[::16th century BC16th]]  [[::15th century BC15th]]  [[::14th century BC14th]]  [[::13th century BC13th]]  [[::12th century BC12th]]  [[::11th century BC11th]] 
[[::1st millennium BC1st]]:  [[::10th century BC10th]]  [[::9th century BC9th]]  [[::8th century BC8th]]  [[::7th century BC7th]]  [[::6th century BC6th]]  [[::5th century BC5th]]  [[::4th century BC4th]]  [[::3rd century BC3rd]]  [[::2nd century BC2nd]]  [[::1st century BC1st]] 
Anno Domini / Common Era (AD/CE)  
[[::1st millennium1st]]:  [[::1st century1st]]  [[::2nd century2nd]]  [[::3rd century3rd]]  [[::4th century4th]]  [[::5th century5th]]  [[::6th century6th]]  [[::7th century7th]]  [[::8th century8th]]  [[::9th century9th]]  [[::10th century10th]] 
[[::2nd millennium2nd]]:  [[::11th century11th]]  [[::12th century12th]]  [[::13th century13th]]  [[::14th century14th]]  [[::15th century15th]]  [[::16th century16th]]  [[::17th century17th]]  [[::18th century18th]]  [[::19th century19th]]  [[::20th century20th]] 
[[::3rd millennium3rd]]:  [[::21st century21st]]  [[::22nd century22nd]]  [[::23rd century23rd]]  [[::24th century24th]]  [[::25th century25th]]  [[::26th century26th]]  [[::27th century27th]]  [[::28th century28th]]  [[::29th century29th]]  [[::30th century30th]] 
[[::4th millennium4th]]:  [[::31st century31st]] 
This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 6th century BC. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License. 