Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 7th century BC · 6th century BC · 5th century BC
Decades: 590s BC 580s BC 570s BC 560s BC 550s BC
540s BC 530s BC 520s BC 510s BC 500s BC
Categories: BirthsDeaths

The 6th century BC started the first day of 600 BC and ended the last day of 501 BC.


Map of the world in 500 BC

In the Near East, the first half of this century was dominated by the Neo Babylonian or Chaldean empire, which had risen to power late in the previous century after successfully rebelling against Assyrian rule. The Kingdom of Judah came to an end in 587 BC when Babylonian forces under Nebuchadnezzar II captured Jerusalem, and removed most of its population to their own lands. Babylonian rule was toppled however in the 540's, by Cyrus, who foundered the Persian Empire in its place. The Persian Empire continued to expand and grew into the greatest empire the world had yet known.

In Iron Age Europe, the Celtic expansion is in progress. China is in the Spring and Autumn Period.

Monument 1, an Olmec colossal head at La Venta


Solon, creator of the Solonian Constitution of Athens which incorporated the first elements of formalised civil democracy in world history.

A Griffin enbelom, one of the symbols of the Persian Empire founded by Cyrus the Great

Significant persons[]

Inventions, discoveries, introductions[]


  1. ^ "History of the SUDAN" (in English). 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-03. 

Decades and years[]

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