Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries: 6th century · 7th century · 8th century
Decades: 600s 610s 620s 630s 640s
650s 660s 670s 680s 690s
Categories: BirthsDeaths

Eastern Hemisphere in 600AD.

The 7th century is the period from 601 to 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era.


During this century, the Eastern Roman Empire continued suffering setbacks, which increased after the 630s, when the Arab prophet Muhammad established the geographically Islamic state, and set the stage for the rapid expansion of the Arab Empire. Although life in the countryside deteriorated, Constantinople grew to become the largest and wealthiest city in the world. It is estimated that the Plague of Justinian killed as many as 100 million people across the world. It caused the Europe's population to drop by around 50% between 550 and 700. It also may have contributed to the success of the Arabs.[1]

In the Iberian Peninsula, the seventh century was the Siglo de Concilios, that is, century of councils, referring to the Councils of Toledo.


The first surah in a handwritten copy of the Qur'an.

An Anglo-Saxon helmet found at Sutton Hoo, probably belonging to Raedwald of East Anglia circa 625.

The Tang Dynasty Giant Wild Goose Pagoda of Chang'an, built in 652 AD, in modern-day Xi'an, China.

Significant persons[]

Inventions, discoveries, introductions[]

Decades and years[]


  1. ^ The History of the Bubonic Plague
  2. ^ The good and bad of a population drop
  3. ^ Roberts, J: "History of the World.". Penguin, 1994.
  4. ^ Roberts, J: "History of the World.". Penguin, 1994.
  5. ^ Roberts, J: "History of the World.". Penguin, 1994.
  6. ^ Roberts, J: "History of the World.". Penguin, 1994.
  7. ^ Roberts, J: "History of the World.". Penguin, 1994.

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