Alleghany County, North Carolina
Seal of Alleghany County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Alleghany County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1859
Seat Sparta
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

236 sq mi (611 km²)

1 sq mi (3 km²), 0.37%
 - (2000)
 - Density

47/sq mi (18/km²)

Alleghany County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of 2000, the population is 10,677. Its county seat is Sparta6.


The county was formed in 1859 from the eastern part of Ashe County. It was named for the Allegheny River. Numerous boundary adjustments have been made since it was established, but none have resulted in new counties.

Law and government[]

Alleghany County is a member of the regional High Country Council of Governments.

Geography and Climate[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 610 km² (236 sq mi). 608 km² (235 sq mi) of it is land and 2 km² (1 sq mi) of it (0.37%) is water. Alleghany County is located in northwestern North Carolina, and its northern border is with the State of Virginia. The county is located entirely within the Appalachian Mountains region of western North Carolina. Most of the county is located atop a rolling plateau that ranges from 2,500 feet to 3,000 feet above sea level. The southern border of the county drops abruptly nearly 2,000 feet to the Piedmont region of North Carolina. The plateau is crossed by numerous hills and mountains. The major rivers of Alleghany County are the New River, and the Little River, which flows through the town of Sparta, the county seat.

Due to its elevation, Alleghany County enjoys considerably cooler summers than the lowland areas to the east and south, with temperatures rarely rising over 85 F. In the winter, however, temperatures are much colder than would be expected in a southern state. Daytime highs can fall into the teens or lower, and snowfall can be substantial.

Prominent Residents[]


The county is divided into seven townships: Cherry Lane, Cranberry, Gap Civil, Glade Creek, Piney Creek, Prathers Creek, and Whitehead.

Adjacent Counties[]

Major highways[]


As of the census2 of 2000, there were 10,677 people, 4,593 households, and 3,169 families residing in the county. The population density was 18/km² (46/sq mi). There were 6,412 housing units at an average density of 11/km² (27/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 95.69% White, 1.23% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.75% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 4.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,593 households out of which 24.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.00% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.75.

In the county the population was spread out with 19.40% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 27.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,244, and the median income for a family was $38,473. Males had a median income of $25,462 versus $18,851 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,691. About 11.30% of families and 17.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.80% of those under age 18 and 25.00% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[]

Map of Alleghany County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Coordinates: 36°29′N 81°08′W / 36.49, -81.13

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Alleghany County, North Carolina. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.