Alpine County, California
Seal of Alpine County, California
Map of California highlighting Alpine County
Location in the state of California
Map of the U.S. highlighting California
California's location in the U.S.
Founded 1864
Seat Markleeville
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

743 sq mi (1,924 km²)
739 sq mi (1,914 km²)
5 sq mi (13 km²), 0.61%
 - (2000)
 - Density

3/sq mi (1/km²)

Alpine County is the smallest county, by population, in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2000 census, it had a population of 1,208. There are no incorporated cities in the county. The county seat is Markleeville.

Alpine County is located in the Sierra Nevada, between Lake Tahoe and Yosemite National Park.


Alpine County was created in 1864 during a silver boom in the wake of the nearby Comstock Lode discovery. The county was formed from parts of Amador, El Dorado, Calaveras and Tuolumne Counties. At its formation, the county had a population of about 11,000. By 1868 however, the local silver mines had proven unfruitful, and the population fell to about 1,200.

After the silver rush, Alpine County's economy consisted almost entirely of farming, ranching, and logging. By the 1920s, the population had fallen to just 200 people. With the construction of the Bear Valley and Kirkwood ski resorts in the late 1960s, the population increased to the present level.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,925 km² (743 sq mi). 1,913 km² (739 sq mi) of it is land and 12 km² (5 sq mi) of it (0.61%) is water.


Adjacent Counties[]

Transportation Infrastructure[]

Major Highways[]

Public Transportation[]

There is limited, call ahead, public transportation provided by agreement with neighboring Douglas County (There are a few trailhead shuttles, designed for hikers).


Alpine County Airport is a general aviation airport located near Markleeville.


As of the census2 of 2000, there were 1,208 people, 483 households, and 295 families residing in the county. The population density was 1/km² (2/sq mi). There were 1,514 housing units at an average density of 1/km² (2/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 73.68% White, 0.58% Black or African American, 18.87% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.41% from other races, and 5.05% from two or more races. 7.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 95.0% spoke English, 3.1% Spanish and 2.0% Washo as their first language.

There were 483 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 29.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 110.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,875, and the median income for a family was $50,250. Males had a median income of $36,544 versus $25,800 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,431. About 12.0% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.4% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.

Almost half of the population in the county is Mormon.


Presidential election results
Year DEM GOP Others
2004 53.2% 373 44.4% 311 2.4% 17
2000 45.2% 265 47.9% 281 6.8% 40
1996 42.0% 258 43.0% 264 15.0% 92
1992 34.1% 215 35.2% 222 30.8% 194
1988 41.7% 230 55.4% 306 2.9% 16
1984 41.6% 194 56.7% 264 1.7% 8
1980 28.9% 133 55.1% 254 15.1% 74
1976 42.3% 189 50.3% 225 7.4% 33
1972 33.9% 195 63.5% 366 2.6% 15
1968 32.8% 83 59.3% 150 7.9% 20
1964 42.3% 91 57.7% 124
1960 23.3% 40 76.7% 132

Alpine was a Republican-leaning county in Presidential and congressional elections for most of its history. The county narrowly voted for George W. Bush in 2000 and went comfortably for John Kerry in 2004, the first time Alpine voted Democratic in a presidential election since 1936, when Franklin Roosevelt carried every county in California.

Alpine is part of California's 3rd congressional district, which is held by Republican Dan Lungren. In the State Assembly, Alpine is part of the 4th district, which is held by Republican Ted Gaines, who was first elected to the Assembly in November 2006. In the State Senate, Alpine is part of the 1st district, which is held by Republican Dave Cox, who was first elected to the Senate in November 2004.

See also[]

External links[]

Coordinates: 38°35′N 119°48′W / 38.58, -119.80

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Alpine County, California. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.