Antiokh Dmitrievich Kantemir was born 8 September 1708 in Constantinople, Turkey to Dimitrie Cantemir (1673-1723) and Cassandra Cantacuzino (1682-1713) and died 31 March 1744 Paris, France of unspecified causes.

Prince Antiokh Dmitrievich Kantemir (Антиох Дмитриевич Кантемир in Russian, Antioh Cantemir in Romanian, Dimitri Kantemiroğlu in Turkish, Antioche Cantemir in French; 8 September 1708 – 31 March 1744) was a Moldavian-born Russian Enlightenment man of letters and diplomat.

Kantemir was born to the Moldavian Prince Dimitrie Cantemir and Princess Cassandra Cantacuzino in Iaşi.[1]

Educated by his father and at the Saint Petersburg Academy, having spent much of his youth as a hostage in Ottoman Constantinople, Antiokh joined Dimitrie in Russia at their estate in Dmitrovsk.

His work reflects the scope and purpose of Peter the Great's European-style reforms, standing out as a contribution to the integration of Russian culture into the world circuit of Classicism. In this respect, the most noticeable effort is his Petrida, an unfinished epic glorifying the Emperor.

From 1731 he was Russian envoy to London (where he brought along the manuscript to Dimitrie's History of the Growth and Decay of the Ottoman Empire, also writing the biography and bibliography of his father that accompanied the English 1756 edition). From 1736 until his death, Antiokh was minister plenipotentiary in Paris, where he was a noted intellectual figure and close friend to Montesquieu and Voltaire.

Kantemir's language seems dull and antiquated to the modern reader, because he stuck to the gallic system of rhyming, which was subsequently discarded. His best known poems are several satires in the manner of Juvenal, including To My Mind: On Those Who Blame Education and On the Envy and Pride of Evil-Minded Courtiers.

Kantemir translated de Fontenelle into Russian (1740 – Conversations on the Plurality of Worlds), although this was partly censored as heretical. He also produced a tract on old Russian versification (1744) and translated the poetry of Horace and Anacreon into Russian. His own philosophical work is the 1742 Letters on Nature and Man ("O prirode i cheloveke").

Antioch Kantemir died a bachelor in Paris, while the litigation concerning his illegitimate children dragged on for years.


  1. ^ Pavel Gusterin. Первый российский востоковед Дмитрий Кантемир / First Russian Orientalist Dmitry Kantemir. — М., 2008. — ISBN 978-5-7873-0436-7.

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NAME Kantemir, Antiochus
SHORT DESCRIPTION Russian academic
DATE OF BIRTH 8 September 1708
PLACE OF BIRTH Constantinople, Turkey
DATE OF DEATH 31 March 1744
PLACE OF DEATH Paris, France


Offspring of Dimitrie Cantemir (1673-1723) and Cassandra Cantacuzino (1682-1713)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Maria Cantemir (1700-1757) 29 April 1700 Constantinople, Turkey 9 September 1754 Moscow, Russia Peter I of Russia (1672-1723)
Ecaterina-Smaragda Cantemir (1701-1720) 14 April 1701 Constantinople, Turkey 14 July 1720 Moscow, Russia
Matei Cantemir (1703-1771) 18 October 1703 Constantinople, Turkey 30 November 1771 Moscow, Russia Agrafena Yakovlevna Lobanova-Rostovskaya (1708-1772)
Constantin Cantemir (1705-1747) 29 April 1705 Constantinople, Turkey 19 January 1747 Saint Petersburg, Russia Anastasya Dmitrievna Golitsyna (1698-1746)
Sergei Cantemir (1706-1780) 11 August 1706 Constantinople, Turkey 24 April 1780 Moscow, Russia Avdotya Moiseyevna Alfimova (c1720-c1770)
Antioh Cantemir (1708-1744) 8 September 1708 Constantinople, Turkey 31 March 1744 Paris, France
Petru Cantemir (1711-1712) 1711 Dmitrovsk, Dmitrovsk Rayon, Oryol Oblast, Russia 1712 Dmitrovsk, Dmitrovsk Rayon, Oryol Oblast, Russia
Ion Cantemir (1712-1713) 1712 Dmitrovsk, Dmitrovsk Rayon, Oryol Oblast, Russia 1713 Dmitrovsk, Dmitrovsk Rayon, Oryol Oblast, Russia

Offspring of Dimitrie Cantemir (1673-1723) and Anastasia Trubetskaya (1700-1755)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Yekaterina Smaragda Kantemir (1720-1761) 4 November 1720 Saint Petersburg, Russia 3 November 1761 Versailles, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France Dmitri Mikhailovich Golitsyn (1721-1793)


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