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Araria district
अररिया जिला
—  District of Bihar  —
Location of Araria district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Purnia
Headquarters Araria
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Araria
 • Assembly seats Narpatganj, Raniganj, Forbesganj, Araria, Jokihat, Sikti
 • Total 2,830 km2 (1,090 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 2,158,608
 • Density 760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
 • Literacy 34.94 per cent[1]
 • Sex ratio 913
Major highways NH 57
Website Official website

Araria district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Araria town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Araria district is a part of Purnia division. The district occupies an area of 2830 km².

Origin of name[]

During the British period, the area where one Mr. Forbes's Bungalow was located was called "Residential Area", which people called as R. Area. Over a period of time, R. Area acquired the pronunciation Arariya.


The territory of the present-day district became Araria sub-division of the erstwhile Purnia district in 1964. Araria district was formed in January 1990 as one of the administrative districts of under Purnia Division


Araria district occupies an area of 2,830 square kilometres (1,090 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to Russia's Zemlya Georga.[3]

The major rivers of this district are Kosi, Suwara, Kali and Koli.


In 2006 the Indian government named Araria one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4]


Main agricultural produces of this district are Paddy, Maize and Jute.


This district has a number of Jute mills.


Araria district is divided into two sub-divisions: Araria and Forbesganj. Araria sub-division comprises 4 blocks: Araria, Kursakanta, Siktti and Raniganj. Frobesganj sub-division comprises 5 blocks: Jokihat, Palasi, Forbesganj, Bhargama and Narpatganj.

Thers are six Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Narpatganj, Raniganj, Forbesganj, Araria, Jokihat and Sikti. All of these are part of Araria Lok Sabha constituency.


According to the 2011 census Araria district has a population of 2,806,200,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica[6] or the US state of Utah.[7] This gives it a ranking of 139th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 992 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,570 /sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 30 %.[5] Araria has a sex ratio of 921 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 55.1 %.[5]

Notable people[]

Phanishwar Nath 'Renu', novelist and story writer, belonged to Araria.

See also[]


  1. ^ "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2001". Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2010-10-05. 
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  3. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Zemlya Georga 2,821km2" 
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Jamaica 2,868,380 July 2011 est" 
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Utah 2,763,885" 

External links[]

Template:Purnia Division

Template:Purnia Division topics

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Araria district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.