This article is based on the corresponding article in another wiki. For Familypedia purposes, it requires significantly more historical detail on phases of this location's development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there. Also desirable are links to organizations that may be repositories of genealogical information..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can.

Audrain County, Missouri
Audrain County Missouri Courthouse.JPG
The Audrain County Courthouse in Mexico
Map of Missouri highlighting Audrain County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded December 17, 1836
Named for James Hunter Audrain
Seat Mexico
Largest city Mexico
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

697 sq mi (1,805 km²)
692 sq mi (1,792 km²)
4.6 sq mi (12 km²), 0.7%
 - (2010)
 - Density

37/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 6th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Audrain County is a county located in the central part of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 25,529.[1] Its county seat is Mexico.[2] The county was organized December 13, 1836, and named for Colonel James Hunter Audrain of the War of 1812 and whom later was elected to the state legislature.

Audrain County comprises the Mexico, MO Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Columbia-Moberly-Mexico, MO Combined Statistical Area.


Audrain County was one of several along the Missouri River settled by migrants from the Upper South, especially Kentucky and Tennessee. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. They also brought characteristic antebellum architecture and culture. The county was considered at the heart of what was called Little Dixie.[3]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 697 square miles (1,810 km2), of which 692 square miles (1,790 km2) is land and 4.6 square miles (12 km2) (0.7%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[]

Major highways[]

  • US 54.svg U.S. Route 54
  • MO-15.svg Route 15
  • MO-19.svg Route 19
  • MO-22.svg Route 22
  • MO-151.svg Route 151


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 1,949
1850 3,506 79.9%
1860 8,075 130.3%
1870 12,307 52.4%
1880 19,732 60.3%
1890 22,074 11.9%
1900 21,160 −4.1%
1910 21,687 2.5%
1920 20,589 −5.1%
1930 22,077 7.2%
1940 22,673 2.7%
1950 23,829 5.1%
1960 26,079 9.4%
1970 25,362 −2.7%
1980 26,458 4.3%
1990 23,599 −10.8%
2000 25,853 9.6%
2010 25,529 −1.3%
Est. 2014 25,887 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census,[9] there were 25,529 people, 9,844 households, and 6,762 families residing in the county. The population density was 37 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 10,881 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). 89.8% of the population were White, 6.4% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% Native American, 1.2% of some other race and 1.7% of two or more races. 2.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 33.2% were of German, 16.0% American, 9.3% Irish and 8.4% English ancestry.[10]

There were 9,844 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.30% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 16.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 84.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,057, and the median income for a family was $40,448. Males had a median income of $28,550 versus $20,712 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,441. About 11.10% of families and 14.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.30% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[]

Audrain County E-911 Joint Communications[]

Audrain County Joint Communications is the primary public safety answering point (PSAP) for Audrain County, and is responsible for handling incoming and outgoing communication from the public for assistance from law enforcement, fire, and medical personnel throughout Audrain County. Joint Communications is specifically responsible for receiving incoming 9-1-1 emergency telephone calls, and dispatching the appropriate personnel; receiving other non-emergency telephone calls and dispatching, routing, or messaging those calls to the correct personnel; entering information into, and inquiring information from the Missouri Uniform Law Enforcement System (MULES) and the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) crime databases; maintaining a detailed computerized log of requests received and dispatched; and keeping current on city and county geography, so that members may assist responding personnel in locating addresses.

Joint Communications is located at 1854 East Liberty Street in Vandiver Village, and serves a coverage area of 697 square miles (1,800 km2) with a population of nearly 26,000 people.[11] Staff includes 7 full-time Dispatchers, 2 part-time Dispatchers, 3 full-time Shift Supervisors, the Assistant 911 Director, and the 911 Director. There is a minimum of two Dispatchers on duty at all times to answer incoming and outgoing communications.

Upgrades to the communications equipment and computer software were made when Mexico Public Safety Dispatch and Audrain County Sheriff's Dispatch consolidated to form the Joint Communications Center in October 1999. These upgrades allowed for even better service to the county. At that time the Vandalia Police Department elected to continue to operate their communications center for the Vandalia Police Department, Vandalia Fire District, and Van-Far Ambulance District. Audrain County Joint Communications and Vandalia Communications acted as backup sites for each other, so if anything happened to one center there would be no disruption of service to the residents and visitors of Audrain County.

In February 2007, Joint Communications implemented an Emergency Medical Dispatch (EMD) program utilizing the protocol-based Medical Priority Dispatch System created by the National Academies of Emergency Dispatch. This program allows dispatchers to quickly and accurately determine the nature of an emergency medical call and prioritize it to allow for the most appropriate response. Joint Communications's dispatchers are trained to provide real-time instruction of CPR and other life-saving first aid while simultaneously dispatching Emergency Medical Service (EMS) professionals to the emergency. This reduces the time between the onset of symptoms and when basic aid is provided to the patient, thus increasing the patient's chances of survival in life-threatening emergencies.

Another equipment upgrade was completed in March 2007. This upgrade included new 9-1-1 equipment and a new telephone and radio voice recorder. These upgrades were necessary to keep current with the latest technology available. With the new 9-1-1 system dispatchers have quicker access to a caller's telephone and address data and it introduced a mapping system to automatically plot emergency calls on a map, allowing for a faster response by emergency personnel as dispatchers previously had to look up addresses on the map manually. The new 9-1-1 system also allows for upgrades to accommodate future telephone and communications technologies. The previous 9-1-1 system was unable to process telephone number and location information from cellular telephone calls, which created a problem in determining the location of an emergency if the caller is unable to speak. The new 9-1-1 system is compatible with cellular telephone and Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) technologies, and these services will be added to the Audrain County E-911 system as they become available.

On February 15, 2008, Audrain County Joint Communications assumed the communications responsibilities for the Vandalia Police Department, Vandalia Fire District and Van-Far Ambulance District. Ralls County E-911 was designated as the backup PSAP for Audrain County Joint Communications so if anything were to happen to the Joint Communications Center there would be no disruption of service to the residents and visitors of Audrain County.[12]

In August 2008, Joint Communications Director Chris Hardin began the process of implementing Phase II wireless service to the Audrain County E-911 system. This process was expected to take several months, but after Phase II wireless service was implemented Joint Communications would be able to locate a caller when they called 911 from a cellular telephone.

Joint Communications became Wireless Phase II with AT&T Mobility (formerly Cingular Wireless) on March 3, 2009 and with US Cellular on March 16, 2009. The other cellular phone providers were expected to follow shortly.

Joint Communications became Wireless Phase II with Sprint Nextel on July 15, 2009 meaning that Joint Communications is now Wireless Phase II with all of the cellular phone providers officially serving Audrain County.

Emergency medical services[]

  • Audrain Ambulance District
  • Van-Far Ambulance District

Fire services[]

  • Farber Fire Department
  • Laddonia Fire Department
  • Little Dixie Fire Protection District
  • Martinsburg Fire Department
  • Mexico Public Safety Department
  • Vandalia Fire Department

Law enforcement[]

  • Audrain County Sheriff's Office
  • Farber Police Department
  • Martinsburg Police Department
  • Mexico Public Safety Department
  • Vandalia Police Department


The Women's Eastern Reception, Diagnostic and Correctional Center, a women's prison of the Missouri Department of Corrections, is located in Vandalia and in Audrain County.[13]


Public schools[]

Private schools[]



Audrain County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Melissa Maupin Democratic
Circuit Clerk Penny J. Creed Craghead Democratic
County Clerk Shelley Harvey Democratic
Collector Kate Becker Republican
Steve Hobbs Republican
(District 1)
Roger Young Democratic
(District 2)
Thomas Groves Democratic
Coroner Todd Yager Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Jacob Shellabarger Democratic
Public Administrator Connie J. Hagan Democratic
Recorder Janis Deimeke Republican
Sheriff Stuart D. Miller Democratic
Treasurer Patty Meyers Democratic


Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 46.85% 4,633 49.77% 4,922 3.39% 335
2008 52.35% 5,612 46.18% 4,951 1.47% 158
2004 56.72% 6,047 42.1% 4,500 1.07% 115
2000 46.29% 4,576 51.45% 5,086 2.26% 223
1996 33.32% 3,254 64.40% 6,289 2.27% 222
1992 43.18% 4,504 56.82% 5,927 0.00% 0

All of Audrain County is currently included in Missouri's 43rd Legislative District and is currently represented by Jay Houghton (R-Martinsburg) in the Missouri House of Representatives.

All of Audrain County is a part of Missouri’s 10th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Jeanie Riddle (R-Mokane).


Most of Audrain County is included in Missouri’s 4th Congressional District and is currently represented by Vicky Hartzler (R-Harrisonville) in the U.S. House of Representatives. Communities in Audrain County included in the 4th District include Mexico.

U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri’s 4th Congressional District – Audrain County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Vicky J. Hartzler 3,068 72.70
Democratic Nate Irvin 931 22.06
Libertarian Herschel L. Young 221 5.24

Some of Audrain County is included in Missouri’s 6th Congressional District and is currently represented by Sam Graves (R-Tarkio) in the U.S. House of Representatives. Communities in Audrain County included in the 6th District include Farber, Laddonia, and Vandalia.

U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri’s 6th Congressional District – Audrain County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sam B. Graves 771 70.09
Democratic Bill Hedge 296 26.91
Libertarian Russ Monchil 33 3.00

Political Culture[]

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 61.97% 6,186 35.45% 3,539 2.58% 257
2008 57.20% 6,167 41.13% 4,434 1.67% 180
2004 58.92% 6,294 40.42% 4,318 0.66% 71
2000 52.64% 5,256 45.58% 4,551 1.78% 178
1996 40.45% 3,955 47.96% 4,690 11.59% 1,133
1992 35.65% 3,798 44.41% 4,731 19.94% 2,125

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)[]

  • Former U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 1,575, than any candidate from either party in Audrain County during the 2008 presidential primary.

Template:Missouri Republican primary, 2008 Template:Missouri Democratic primary, 2008




  • Benton City
  • Martinsburg
  • Rush Hill
  • Vandiver

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Rowena
  • Thompson


Audrain County is divided into eight townships:

  • Cuivre
  • Linn
  • Loutre
  • Prairie
  • Saling
  • Salt River
  • South Fork
  • Wilson

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Audrain County, Missouri


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ The Story of Little Dixie, Missouri, Missouri Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans, accessed 3 June 2008
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 13, 2014. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 13, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 13, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 13, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 13, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder"
  11. ^ About Audrain County, 28 February 2009.
  12. ^ About Audrain County Joint Communications, 28 February 2009.
  13. ^ "Facility Addresses." Missouri Department of Corrections. Retrieved on November 24, 2010.

External links[]

Coordinates: 39°13′N 91°50′W / 39.21, -91.84

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Audrain County, Missouri. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.