|August 19 in recent years
August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 134 days remaining until the end of the year.
- 43 BC - Octavian, later known as Augustus, compels the senate to elect him Consul.
- 1504 - Battle of Knockdoe.
- 1561 - An 18-year-old Mary Queen of Scots returns to Scotland, after spending 13 years in France.
- 1692 - Salem Witch Trials: In Salem, Province of Massachusetts Bay five women and a clergyman are executed after being convicted of witchcraft.
- 1745 - Jacobite Rising, Prince Charles Edward Stuart lands from a French warship in Glenfinnan, raises his standard and marches on London - the start of the Second Jacobite Rebellion known as "the 45".
- 1768 - Saint Isaac's Cathedral is founded in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
- 1782 - American Revolutionary War: Battle of Blue Licks - The last major engagement of the war, almost ten months after the surrender of the British commander Lord Cornwallis following the Siege of Yorktown.
- 1812 - War of 1812: American frigate USS Constitution defeats the British frigate HMS Guerrière off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada earning her nickname "Old Ironsides".
- 1813 - Gervasio Antonio de Posadas joins Argentina's second triumvirate.
- 1839 - Presentation of Jacque Daguerre's new photographic process to the French Academy of Sciences.
- 1848 - California Gold Rush: The New York Herald breaks the news to the East Coast of the United States of the gold rush in California (although the rush started in January).
- 1862 - Indian Wars: During an uprising in Minnesota, Lakota warriors decide not to attack heavily-defended Fort Ridgely and instead turn to the settlement of New Ulm, killing white settlers along the way.
- 1895 - American frontier murderer and outlaw, John Wesley Hardin, is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso.
- 1915 - World War I: The Battle of Van begins
- 1919 - Afghanistan gains full independence from the United Kingdom.
- 1927 - Metropolitan Sergius proclaimed the declaration of loyalty of the Russian Orthodox Church to the Soviet state.
- 1934 - The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton.
- 1934 - The creation of the position Führer approved by the German electorate with 89.9% of the popular vote.
- 1942 - World War II: Operation Jubilee - The 2nd Canadian Infantry Division leads an allied forces amphibious assault on Dieppe.
- 1944 - World War II: Liberation of Paris - Paris rises against German occupation with the help of Allied troops.
- 1945 - Vietnam War: Viet Minh led by Ho Chi Minh take power in Hanoi, Vietnam.
- 1953 - Cold War: The CIA helps to overthrow the government of Mohammed Mossadegh in Iran and reinstate the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
- 1955 - In the Northeast United States, severe flooding caused by Hurricane Diane, claims 200 lives.
- 1960 - Cold War: In Moscow, downed American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers is sentenced to ten years imprisonment by the Soviet Union for espionage.
- 1960 - Sputnik program: Sputnik 5 - The Soviet Union launches the satellite with the dogs Belka and Strelka, 40 mice, 2 rats and a variety of plants.
- 1965 - Japanese prime minister Eisaku Sato becomes the first post-World War II sitting prime minister to visit Okinawa.
- 1975 - The cricket test match between England and Australia is called off after the pitch is vandalised by supporters of George Davis.
- 1980 - Saudia Flight 163, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar burns after making an emergency landing at King Khalid International Airport in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, killing 301 people.
- 1981 - Gulf of Sidra Incident: United States fighters intercept and shoot down two Libyan Sukhoi Su-22 fighter jets over the Gulf of Sidra.
- 1987 - Hungerford Massacre: In the United Kingdom, Michael Ryan kills sixteen people with an assault rifle and then commits suicide.
- 1989 - Polish president Wojciech Jaruzelski nominates Solidarity activist Tadeusz Mazowiecki to be the first non-communist Prime Minister in 42 years.
- 1989 - Raid on offshore pirate station, Radio Caroline in North Sea by British and Dutch governments.
- 1990 - Leonard Bernstein conducts his final concert, ending with Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 7.
- 1991 - Collapse of the Soviet Union, August Coup: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev placed under house arrest while on holiday in the town of Foros, Crimea.
- 1997 - The Teamsters end their 15-day walkout against United Parcel Service.
- 1999 - In Belgrade, tens of thousands of Serbians rally to demand the resignation of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia President Slobodan Milošević.
- 2002 - A Russian Mi-26 helicopter carrying troops is hit by a Chechen missile outside of Grozny, killing 118 soldiers.
- 2003 - A car-bomb attack on United Nations headquarters in Iraq kills the agency's top envoy Sergio Vieira de Mello and 21 other employees.
- 2003 - A Hamas planned suicide attack on a bus in Jerusalem kills 23 Israelis, 7 of them children in the Jerusalem bus 2 massacre.
- 2005 - The first-ever joint military exercise between Russia and China, called Peace Mission 2005 begins.
- 2005 - A series of strong storms lash Southern Ontario spawning several tornadoes as well as ceating extreme flash flooding within the city of Toronto and its surrounding communities.
- 1398 - Marqués de Santillana, Spanish poet (d. 1458)
- 1557 - Frederick I (d. 1608)
- 1590 - Henry Rich, English soldier (d. 1649)
- 1596 - Elizabeth Stuart (d. 1662)
- 1621 - Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, Dutch painter (d. 1674)
- 1631 - John Dryden, English poet (d. 1700)
- 1646 - John Flamsteed, English astronomer (d. 1719)
- 1686 - Eustace Budgell, English writer (d. 1737)
- 1686 - Nicola Porpora, Italian composer (d. 1768)
- 1689 - Samuel Richardson, English writer (d. 1761)
- 1711 - Edward Boscawen, British admiral (d. 1761)
- 1743 - Madame du Barry, French courtesan (d. 1793)
- 1846 - Luis Martín, Spanish Superior-General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1906)
- 1853 - Aleksei Brusilov, Russian general (d. 1926)
- 1870 - Bernard Baruch, American financier (d. 1965)
- 1871 - Orville Wright, American aviation pioneer (d. 1948)
- 1875 - Stjepan Seljan, Croatian explorer (d. 1936)
- 1878 - Manuel Quezon, President of the Philippines (d. 1944)
- 1881 - George Enescu, Romanian composer (d. 1955)
- 1883 - Coco Chanel, French clothing designer (d. 1971)
- 1883 - Elsie Ferguson, American film actress (d. 1961)
- 1892 - Alfred Lunt, American actor (d. 1977)
- 1896 - Olga Baclanova, Russian-born actress (d. 1974)
- 1899 - Charlie Hall, English comedian actor (d. 1959)
- 1900 - Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (d. 1976)
- 1902 - Ogden Nash, American poet (d. 1971)
- 1903 - James Gould Cozzens, American novelist (d. 1978)
- 1906 - Philo Farnsworth, American inventor (d. 1971)
- 1907 - Thruston B. Morton, American politician (d. 1982)
- 1912 - Austin Dobson, British racing driver (d. 1963)
- 1913 - Richard Simmons, American actor (d. 2003)
- 1913 - John Argyris, Greek aeronautical engineer, one of the creators of the Finite Element Method (d. 2004)
- 1914 - Lajos Baróti, Hungarian footballer (d. 2005)
- 1915 - Ring Lardner Jr, American journalist and screenwriter (d. 2000)
- 1915 - Alfred Rouleau, French Canadian businessman and administrator (Desjardins Group) (d. 1985)
- 1919 - Malcolm Forbes, American publisher (d. 1990)
- 1921 - Gene Roddenberry, American television producer (d. 1991)
- 1925 - Claude Gauvreau, Canadian playwright (d. 1971)
- 1926 - Arthur Rock, American venture capitalist
- 1928 - Bernard Levin, English journalist, author, and broadcaster (d. 2004)
- 1928 - Norman Brooks, Canadian singer (d. 2006)
- 1930 - Frank McCourt, Irish-American author
- 1931 - Willie Shoemaker, American jockey (d. 2003)
- 1934 - Renee Richards, American physician
- 1935 - Bobby Richardson, American baseball player
- 1938 - Diana Muldaur, American actress
- 1939 - Ginger Baker, English musician
- 1940 - Johnny Nash, American singer
- 1940 - Jill St. John, American actress
- 1942 - Fred Thompson, American politician and actor
- 1943 - Billy J. Kramer, British singer
- 1944 - Bodil Malmsten, Swedish writer
- 1944 - Charles Wang, Chinese-born philanthropist
- 1945 - Ian Gillan, English singer (Deep Purple)
- 1946 - Bill Clinton, Former American president
- 1946 - Beat Raaflaub, Swiss conductor
- 1946 - Dawn Steel, American film producer (d. 1997)
- 1947 - Gerard Schwarz, American conductor
- 1947 - Terry Hoeppner, American football coach (d. 2007)
- 1948 - Gerald McRaney, American actor
- 1948 - Tipper Gore, Second Lady of the United States
- 1950 - Jennie Bond, British journalist
- 1951 - John Deacon, English musician (Queen)
- 1952 - Jonathan Frakes, American actor and director
- 1953 - Nanni Moretti, Italian film actor, director and producer
- 1953 - Mary Matalin, US political consultant and commentator
- 1954 - Oscar Larrauri, Argentine racing driver
- 1955 - Peter Gallagher, American actor
- 1955 - Ned Yost, American baseball player and manager
- 1956 - Adam Arkin, American actor
- 1957 - Li-Young Lee, Indonesia-born American poet
- 1958 - Anthony Muñoz, American football player
- 1958 - Gary Gaetti, American baseball player
- 1960 - Morten Andersen, American football player
- 1961 - Jonathan Coe, British author
- 1962 - Tammy Bruce, American political commentator
- 1962 - Valérie Kaprisky, French actress
- 1963 - John Stamos, American actor
- 1963 - Yip Sai Wing, Hong Kong musician (Beyond)
- 1963 - Joey Tempest, Swedish singer (Europe)
- 1964 - Whitney Prescott, American model
- 1965 - Kyra Sedgwick, American actress
- 1965 - Kevin Dillon, American actor
- 1965 - Maria de Medeiros, Portuguese actress and director
- 1966 - Lee Ann Womack, American musician
- 1968 - Nikolaos Kaklamanakis, Greek windsurfer, gold medalist
- 1969 - Matthew Perry, Canadian actor
- 1969 - Nate Dogg, American rapper
- 1969 - Clay Walker, American singer
- 1969 - Patrick Van Horn, American actor
- 1969 - Kirk Herbstreit, American football analyst (College GameDay)
- 1970 - Fat Joe, American rapper
- 1970 - Alex Alonso, American author & producer
- 1971 - João Vieira Pinto, Portuguese football player
- 1972 - Roberto Abbondanzieri, Argentine footballer
- 1972 - Sammi Cheng Sau Man, Hong Kong singer and actress
- 1973 - Mette-Marit
- 1973 - Callum Blue, British actor
- 1973 - Marco Materazzi, Italian footballer
- 1973 - Lilian Garcia, wrestling announcer
- 1975 - Tracie Thoms, American actress
- 1977 - Iban Mayo, Spanish cyclist
- 1978 - Chris Capuano, American baseball player
- 1979 - Dave Douglas, American musician (Relient K)
- 1979 - Oumar Kondé, Swiss footballer
- 1980 - Jun Jin, Korean rapper (Shinhwa)
- 1980 - Darius Danesh, Scottish singer-songwriter & actor
- 1982 - Erika Christensen, American actress
- 1982 - J. J. Hardy, American baseball player
- 1983 - Missy Higgins, Australian singer-songwriter
- 1983 - Tammin Sursok, Australian actress & singer
- 1983 - Mike Conway, British racing driver
- 1984 - Micah Alberti, American actor
- 1984 - Ryan Taylor, English footballer
- 1985 - Megan Rochell, American singer
- 1986 - Saori Kimura, Japanese volleyball player
- 1987 - Anaïs Lameche, Swedish singer (Play)
- 1987 - Ileana D'Cruz, Indian actress
- 1987 - Richard Stearman, English footballer
- 1988 - Travis Tedford, American actor
- 1989 - Lil Romeo, American rapper and actor
- 1998 - Ella Guevara, Filipino child actress
- 14 - Augustus, Roman Emperor (b. 63 BC)
- 1186 - Geoffrey II (b. 1158)
- 1245 - Ramon Berenguer IV (b. 1195)
- 1284 - Alphonso, son of Edward I of England (b. 1273)
- 1297 - Saint Louis of Toulouse, French Catholic bishop (b. 1274)
- 1493 - Frederick III (b. 1415)
- 1580 - Andrea Palladio, Italian architect (b. 1508)
- 1646 - Alexander Henderson, Scottish theologian
- 1662 - Blaise Pascal, French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher (b. 1623)
- 1680 - Jean Eudes, French catholic priest, founder of the Eudists (b. 1601)
- 1753 - Balthasar Neumann, German architect (b. 1687)
- 1819 - James Watt, Scottish inventor (b. 1736)
- 1822 - Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician (b. 1749)
- 1883 - Jeremiah S. Black, American statesman (b. 1810)
- 1889 - Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, French writer (b. 1838)
- 1895 - John Wesley Hardin, American gunfighter (b. 1853)
- 1900 - Jean-Baptiste Accolay, Belgian composer (b. 1833)
- 1914 - Franz Xavier Wernz, German Superior General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1844)
- 1923 - Vilfredo Pareto, Italian sociologist and economist (b. 1845)
- 1929 - Sergei Diaghilev, Russian ballet impresario (b. 1872)
- 1936 - Federico García Lorca, Spanish author (b. 1898)
- 1944 - Günther von Kluge, German field marshal (b. 1882)
- 1945 - Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (b.1875)
- 1950 - Giovanni Giorgi, Italian physicist (b. 1871)
- 1954 - Alcide De Gasperi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1881)
- 1957 - David Bomberg, English painter (b. 1890)
- 1957 - Carl-Gustaf Rossby, Swedish meteorologist (b. 1898)
- 1959 - Jacob Epstein, American-born sculptor (b. 1880)
- 1963 - Kathleen Parlow, Canadian violinist (b. 1890)
- 1967 - Hugo Gernsback, Luxembourg-born editor and publisher (b. 1884)
- 1968 - George Gamow, Ukrainian-born physicist (b. 1904)
- 1969 - Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German architect (b. 1886)
- 1970 - Paweł Jasienica, Polish historian (b. 1909)
- 1975 - Jim Londos, wrestler (b. 1897)
- 1976 - Alastair Sim, Scottish actor and rector of Edinburgh University (b. 1900)
- 1977 - Groucho Marx, American comedian and actor (b. 1890)
- 1979 - Dorsey Burnette, American singer (b. 1932)
- 1980 - Otto Frank, father of Anne Frank (b. 1889)
- 1982 - August Neo, Estonian wrestler (b. 1908)
- 1986 - Hermione Baddeley, English actress (b. 1906)
- 1994 - Linus Pauling, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry and Peace (b. 1901)
- 1995 - Pierre Schaeffer, French composer (b. 1910)
- 2000 - Antonio Pugliese, Italian professional wrestler (b. 1941)
- 2001 - Donald Woods, South African journalist and anti-apartheid activist (b. 1933)
- 2000 - Bineshwar Brahma, Bodo literateur and religious figure (birth date unknown)
- 2001 - Betty Everett, American singer and pianist (b. 1939)
- 2003 - Carlos Roberto Reina, President of Honduras (b. 1926)
- 2003 - Sérgio Vieira de Mello, Brazilian diplomat (b. 1948)
- 2005 - Bueno de Mesquita, Dutch comedian and actor (b. 1918)
- 2005 - Mo Mowlam, British politician (b. 1949)
Holidays and observances
117 Familypedia people were born on August 19
131 Familypedia people died on August 19
67 Familypedia people were first married on August 19