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Coordinates: 38°12′N 79°7′W / 38.2, -79.117

Augusta County, Virginia
Seal of Augusta County, Virginia
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Augusta County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1738
Named for Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Seat Staunton
Largest Unincorporated area Stuarts Draft
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

971 sq mi (2,515 km²)
970 sq mi (2,514 km²)
1 sq mi (1 km²), 0.06%
Population
 -  Density

73,750
67/sq mi (26/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.augusta.va.us

Augusta County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of 2010 the population was 73,750.[1] Its county seat is Staunton, although most of the administrative services have offices in neighboring Verona.

Augusta County is part of the Staunton–Waynesboro Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[]

Augusta Stone Church built in 1749

Augusta County was formed in 1738 from Orange County, although county government was not organized until 1745. It was named for Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales and mother of the future King George III of the United Kingdom.

Originally, Augusta County was a vast territory with an indefinite western boundary. Most of what is now West Virginia as well as all of Kentucky were formed from it, and it also claimed the territory north and west of those areas, theoretically all the way to the Pacific Ocean.

A series of maps show the formation and division of Augusta County from 1738 through 1791. An animated map shows the formation of Virginia and West Virginia counties from 1617 to 1995.

Reductions in its extent began in 1770, when its southern part became Botetourt County. In 1776 part of western Augusta County, an area also known as the District of West Augusta, became Monongalia County, Ohio County, and Yohogania County (abolished in 1786). In 1778 the part of Augusta County west of the Ohio River became Illinois County (abolished in 1784); the northeastern part of what was left became Rockingham County, and the southwestern part was combined with part of Botetourt County to form Rockbridge County. In 1788 the northern part of the still shrinking county was combined with part of Hardy County to become Pendleton County. Augusta County assumed its present dimensions in 1790, when its western part was combined with parts of Botetourt County and Greenbrier County to form Bath County.

During the Civil War, Augusta served as an important agricultural center as part of the "Breadbasket of the Confederacy." The Virginia Central Railroad ran through the County linking the Shenandoah Valley to the Confederate capital at Richmond. One of the bloodiest engagements ever fought in the Shenandoah Valley, was fought on June 5, 1864 at the Battle of Piedmont, a Union victory that allowed the Union Army to occupy Staunton and destroy many of the facilities that supported the Confederate war effort. Augusta County suffered again during General Philip H. Sheridan's "Burning" that destroyed many farms.

Geography[]

View of Augusta County countryside across the Shenandoah Valley toward the Blue Ridge Mountains.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 971 square miles (2,514.9 km2), making it the second largest in Virginia. 970 square miles (2,512.3 km2) is land and 1 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.06%) is water.

Districts[]

The county is divided into seven magisterial districts: Beverley Manor, Middle River, North River, Pastures, Riverheads, South River, and Wayne.

School systems[]

The county is serviced by Augusta County Public Schools.

Map of Augusta County and neighboring Counties.

Adjacent counties[]

In addition, two cities are enclaved within the county:

Under Virginia law in effect since 1871, all municipalities in the state incorporated as cities are legally and politically independent of counties.

National protected areas[]

  • Blue Ridge Parkway (part)
  • George Washington National Forest (part)
  • Shenandoah National Park (part)

Regional park[]

  • Natural Chimneys

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 10,886
1800 11,712 7.6%
1810 14,308 22.2%
1820 16,742 17.0%
1830 19,926 19.0%
1840 19,628 −1.5%
1850 24,610 25.4%
1860 27,749 12.8%
1870 28,763 3.7%
1880 35,710 24.2%
1890 37,005 3.6%
1900 32,370 −12.5%
1910 32,445 0.2%
1920 34,671 6.9%
1930 38,163 10.1%
1940 42,772 12.1%
1950 34,154 −20.1%
1960 37,363 9.4%
1970 44,220 18.4%
1980 53,732 21.5%
1990 54,677 1.8%
2000 65,615 20.0%
2010 73,750 12.4%

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 65,615 people, 24,818 households, and 18,911 families residing in the county. The population density was 68 people per square mile (26/km²). There were 26,738 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.02% White, 3.60% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. 0.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 24,818 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.70% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.80% were non-families. 20.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 26.80% from 45 to 64, and 12.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 101.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,045, and the median income for a family was $48,579. Males had a median income of $31,577 versus $24,233 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,744. About 4.20% of families and 5.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.40% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.

Incorporated towns[]

  • Craigsville
  • Grottoes (partial)

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Churchville
  • Crimora
  • Dooms
  • Fishersville
  • Fort Defiance
  • Greenville

  • Jolivue
  • Lyndhurst
  • Mount Sidney
  • Mount Solon
  • Sherando

  • Spring Hill
  • Steeles Tavern
  • Stuarts Draft
  • Swoope
  • Verona
  • Weyers Cave

The independent cities of Staunton and Waynesboro (incorporated as such in 1902 and 1948 respectively) are located within the boundaries of Augusta County, but are not a part of the county, despite Staunton's status as the county seat. Most county administrative offices, however, are located in Verona, rather than in Staunton.

Notable residents[]

  • Thomas Adams, born in Augusta County, member of the Virginia House of Burgesses and signer of the Articles of Confederation[3]
  • Robert Allen, born in Augusta County, United States Congressman from Tennessee[3]
  • George Caleb Bingham (1811–1879), born in Augusta County, noted painter and State Treasurer of Missouri [3]
  • Gideon Blackburn (1772–1838), born in Augusta County, noted clergyman and founder of Blackburn College[3]
  • Samuel Brown, born in Augusta County, noted surgeon and editor[3]
  • John Wilson Campbell, born in Augusta County, United States Congressman from Ohio [3]
  • William Campbell, born in Augusta County, militia leader in the American Revolutionary War[3]
  • John Colter (c.1774–May 7, 1812(?)), born near Stuarts Draft, was a member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804−1806); best remembered for his 1807-1808 explorations as the first person of European descent to enter the region now known as Yellowstone National Park and the Grand Tetons
  • Samuel Doak, (1749–1830), born in Augusta County, noted Presbyterian clergyman, founder of Washington College, the first college west of the Alleghenies, noted abolitionist[3]
  • John H. Fulton, (died 1836), born in Augusta County, United States Congressman from Virginia[3]
  • John P. Gaines, (1795–1857), born in Augusta County, United States Congressman from Kentucky and governor of the Oregon Territory.[3]
  • John D. Imboden, (1823–1895), born in Augusta County, member of the Virginia General Assembly, Confederate Army cavalry general and partisan fighter in the American Civil War.[3]
  • "Irish" John Lewis (1678–1762), opened up what is now Augusta County to settlement.[4]
  • Thomas Lewis, Jr., born in Augusta County, United States Congressman from Virginia.[3]
  • William J. Lewis, (1766–1828), born in Augusta County, United States Congressman from Virginia.[3]
  • Robert D. Lilley, (1836–1886), born in Greenville, Augusta County, Confederate Army general in the American Civil War.[3]
  • Benjamin Logan, (c.1742-1803), born in Augusta County, United States Congressman from Kentucky.[3]
  • George Mathews, (1739–1812), born in Augusta County, later United States Congressman and Governor of Georgia.[3]
  • Robert McKnight (c.1789-1846), born in Augusta County, moved to St. Louis, Missouri in 1809, member of a trading expedition under Zebulon Pike to Santa Fe, New Mexico in 1812, captured by Spanish and imprisoned until 1821, eventually renounced his United States citizenship, moved to Mexico, and became owner of the Santa Rita del Cobre copper mine in Chihuahua (now New Mexico).[3]
  • Joel F. Salatin (b. 1957), founder, owner and manager of Polyface Farm, a holistic, beyond-organic meat and poultry farm in Swoope, Virginia. His farm employs biodynamic and permaculture methods of animal husbandry and distributes its produce through direct marketing and local distribution. He was prominently featured in Michael Pollan's book The Omnivore's Dilemma.

See also[]

  • Augusta County Sheriff's Office
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Augusta County, Virginia

References[]

  1. ^ [1]. Weldon Cooper Center 2010 Census Count Retrieved September 13, 2011
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 
  4. ^ John Meriwether McAllister and Mrs. Lura May Boulton Tandy (1906). Genealogies of the Lewis and kindred families. Columbia, Missouri: E. W. Stephens Publishing Company. 

External links[]

Template:Augusta County, Virginia


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Augusta County, Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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