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Baker County, Georgia
Baker County Courthouse, Newton 1900.jpg
Baker County Courthouse in Newton.
Map of Georgia highlighting Baker County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 12, 1825; 196 years ago (1825)
Named for John Baker
Seat Newton
Largest city Newton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

349 sq mi (904 km²)
342 sq mi (886 km²)
7.2 sq mi (19 km²), 2.1%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

2,876
10/sq mi (4/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Baker County is a county in Georgia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 2,876.[1] The county seat and only city is Newton.[2] The county was created December 12, 1825 from the eastern portion of Early County by an act of the Georgia General Assembly and is named for Colonel John Baker, a hero of the American Revolutionary War.[3]

Baker County is included in the Albany, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The Baker County Courthouse (Georgia) is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Three other properties in Newton are also listed on the register: Notchaway Baptist Church and Cemetery, Pine Bloom Plantation, and Tarver Plantation.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 349 square miles (900 km2), of which 342 square miles (890 km2) is land and 7.2 square miles (19 km2) (2.1%) is water.[4]

The eastern half of Baker County is located in the Lower Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). The western half of the county is located in the Ichawaynochaway Creek sub-basin of the same ACF River Basin.[5]

Major highways[]

  • Georgia 37.svg State Route 37
  • Georgia 91.svg State Route 91
  • Georgia 200.svg State Route 200
  • Georgia 216.svg State Route 216
  • Georgia 253.svg State Route 253

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 1,253
1840 4,226 237.3%
1850 8,120 92.1%
1860 4,985 −38.6%
1870 6,843 37.3%
1880 7,307 6.8%
1890 6,144 −15.9%
1900 6,704 9.1%
1910 7,973 18.9%
1920 8,298 4.1%
1930 7,818 −5.8%
1940 7,344 −6.1%
1950 5,952 −19.0%
1960 4,543 −23.7%
1970 3,875 −14.7%
1980 3,808 −1.7%
1990 3,615 −5.1%
2000 4,074 12.7%
2010 3,451 −15.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2020[1]

2020 census[]

Baker County Racial Composition[10]
Race Num. Perc.
White 1,514 52.64%
Black or African American 1,128 39.22%
Native American 1 0.03%
Asian 18 0.63%
Other/Mixed 72 2.5%
Hispanic or Latino 143 4.97%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 2,876 people, 1,425 households, and 788 families residing in the county.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,451 people, 1,372 households, and 892 families living in the county.[11] The population density was 10.1 inhabitants per square mile (3.9 /km2). There were 1,652 housing units at an average density of 4.8 per square mile (1.9 /km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 48.5% white, 46.7% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.5% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.2% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 7.3% were English, and 0.0% were American.[13]

Of the 1,372 households, 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.0% were non-families, and 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.14. The median age was 41.6 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $27,462 and the median income for a family was $42,585. Males had a median income of $25,954 versus $25,688 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,379. About 23.1% of families and 30.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 49.1% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.[14]

2000 census[]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 4,074 people, 1,514 households, and 1,094 families living in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km2). There were 1,740 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 50.39% Black or African American, 47.42% White, 0.22% Native American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.33% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. 2.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,514 households, out of which 33.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.70% were married couples living together, 19.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.30% under the age of 18, 10.00% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,338, and the median income for a family was $36,438. Males had a median income of $25,891 versus $16,462 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,969. About 19.90% of families and 23.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.50% of those under age 18 and 20.10% of those age 65 or over.


Education[]

Baker County School System school building

Baker County School System operates public schools.[16]

Politics[]

Although Barry Goldwater and Richard Nixon carried it in 1964 and 1972, American Independent candidate George Wallace won the county in 1968 as a third-party candidate. Baker County is historically Democratic. In 1956, Adlai Stevenson received over 96 percent of the county's vote.[17] The county voted Democratic consistently from 1976 until 2012, but by closer margins than in 1956, and the county shifted more to the right throughout the early 2000s. In 2008 Barack Obama won with just 50.1 percent to John McCain's 49.1 percent,[18] whilst Donald Trump won the county by almost ten percent in 2016, despite declining on Mitt Romney’s performance statewide. Brian Kemp repeated this feat by double digits in the 2018 gubernatorial race, and in 2020, Trump won Baker County by nearly sixteen percentage points.

United States presidential election results for Baker County, Georgia[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 897 57.68% 652 41.93% 6 0.39%
2016 775 53.82% 650 45.14% 15 1.04%
2012 785 49.34% 794 49.91% 12 0.75%
2008 828 49.02% 846 50.09% 15 0.89%
2004 821 46.52% 936 53.03% 8 0.45%
2000 615 40.49% 893 58.79% 11 0.72%
1996 408 27.66% 955 64.75% 112 7.59%
1992 391 26.63% 864 58.86% 213 14.51%
1988 629 46.66% 707 52.45% 12 0.89%
1984 675 49.41% 691 50.59% 0 0.00%
1980 510 32.61% 1,035 66.18% 19 1.21%
1976 305 20.79% 1,162 79.21% 0 0.00%
1972 965 73.66% 345 26.34% 0 0.00%
1968 99 5.78% 548 31.97% 1,067 62.25%
1964 914 60.33% 600 39.60% 1 0.07%
1960 66 8.40% 720 91.60% 0 0.00%
1956 32 3.93% 783 96.07% 0 0.00%
1952 155 13.36% 1,005 86.64% 0 0.00%
1948 7 2.47% 218 77.03% 58 20.49%
1944 31 6.09% 478 93.91% 0 0.00%
1940 30 5.10% 557 94.73% 1 0.17%
1936 13 2.12% 599 97.72% 1 0.16%
1932 2 0.31% 647 99.23% 3 0.46%
1928 99 17.65% 462 82.35% 0 0.00%
1924 21 7.69% 245 89.74% 7 2.56%
1920 80 36.20% 141 63.80% 0 0.00%
1916 94 17.77% 435 82.23% 0 0.00%
1912 5 2.66% 183 97.34% 0 0.00%
1908 36 16.82% 149 69.63% 29 13.55%
1904 8 1.48% 511 94.45% 22 4.07%
1900 87 15.37% 478 84.45% 1 0.18%
1896 62 10.46% 527 88.87% 4 0.67%
1892 54 6.86% 598 75.98% 135 17.15%
1888 43 11.05% 346 88.95% 0 0.00%
1884 0 0.00% 424 100.00% 0 0.00%
1880 341 38.97% 534 61.03% 0 0.00%



Communities[]

City[]

  • Newton

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Anna
  • Bethany
  • Crestview
  • Elmodel
  • Hardup
  • Hawkinstown
  • Hoggard Mill
  • Iveys Mill
  • Jones Spur
  • Lamar
  • Milford
  • Mimsville
  • Patmos
  • Phillipsburg
  • Pondtown
  • Red Store Crossroads

Ghost towns[]

  • Cheevertown
  • Dewsville
  • Fish Trap
  • Ledbetter

Source:[20]

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Baker County, Georgia

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13007.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ Candler, Allen Daniel; Evans, Clement Anselm (1906). Georgia: Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons. State historical association. p. 114. https://archive.org/details/georgiacomprisi00evangoog. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  5. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US13007&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13007. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13007. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13007. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13007. 
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  16. ^ Baker County School System Retrieved February 23, 2011.
  17. ^ David Leip's Presidential Atlas: 1956 statistics
  18. ^ The New York Times Electoral Map (Zoom in on Georgia)
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  20. ^ Baker County Historical Society (1991). The History of Baker County. Newton, Baker County, Georgia, USA: Baker County Historical Society. pp. 54–69. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 31°20′N 84°27′W / 31.33, -84.45


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Baker County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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