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Banka district
बाँका जिला
—  District of Bihar  —
Location of Banka district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Bhagalpur
Headquarters Banka, Bihar
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Banka
 • Total 3,019 km2 (1,166 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,608,773
 • Density 530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Literacy 43.4 per cent[1]
 • Sex ratio 908
Average annual precipitation 1200 mm
Website Official website

Banka is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar in India.


Banka is the homeland of great revolutionary Satish Prasad Jha, one of seven martyrs who hoisted the flag of India at the Secretariat building near Patna on 11 August 1942. Jha was born in Khadihara near Dhakamod, Banka. Sri Kirti Narain Singh and Sri Navpatrika Prasad Singh of Narayanpur were the first District congress Presidents of Bhagalpur District.Veteran reformer and freedom fighter Sri Ramni Mohan Singh from Narayanpur was the founder-president of the Banka Congress committee. To protest the prevalent custom of non-education for women, Ramni Mohan Singh offered his first child, Smt. Bindhyavasini Devi, MA Hindi (Shantiniketan) into social service; she was elected MLA from Banka (1957–1967). Banka has been an attractive destination for veteran socialists. Madhu Limaye represented the constituency two times. George Fernandis and Rajnarayan also contested the parliamentary election from this constituency. On the other side, there were number of veteran leaders in Congress party: Smt Vindhyavasini Devi, MLA ( 1957–1967),Smt. Shakuntala Devi ex M.P., ex chief minister of Bihar Chandrashekhar Singh,Sri Chaturbhuj Singh Ex. M.L.A., Ex Rajyasabha MP Kamakhya Prasad Singh, ex MP Manorama Singh, and ex MLA Jai Prakash Mishra. The Late Shri Digvijay Singh (14 November 1955 – 24 June 2010) was an Indian politician from the state of Bihar and was an independent Member of the Parliament of India, representing Banka in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament.Bnka palyed vital role in freedom of India. Sri Sharbeswar Prasad Singh of Narayanpur is the veteran congress member of Banka District.He is on of the oldest freedom fighter of banka.He was also the congress persident of Banka for many year.

Digvijay Singh served as a Member of the Parliament of India five times – three times in the Lok Sabha (1998, 1999, 2009) and two times in the Rajya Sabha (1990, 2004). He served as Union Minister of State in the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government (1999–2004) and Chandrashekhar Government (1990–1991). He was also a successful sports administrator, having served as President of the National Rifle Association of India since 1999. He was one of the three (George Fernandis, Digvijay Singh, and Nitish Kumar) founding members of the Samta party. Now Putul Singh is the member of parliament from this constituency.

Sanjeev kumar singh president of The Banka congress comitee.


The district, part of Bhagalpur Division, has its headquarters at Banka town. Banka district occupies an area of 3,020 square kilometres (1,170 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to Canada's Akimiski Island.[3]


Banka has been ranked as the third least-developed district in India, after Kalahandi and Rayagada (Orissa); a smaller urban population could contribute to this ranking.

The timber industry in Banka, once thriving, suffered during the Rashtriya Janata Dal regime but has gained momentum in recent years. There are not many sawmills left, but there is potential. Due to government policy, it is difficult to flourish. The source of raw timber is also a problem; the local industry is very dependent on local sources of timber, as opposed to cheaper foreign sources like Malaysia and New Zealand.

Due in large part to the efforts of the late Digvijay Singh, Banka is starting to become a destination for large investment. A thermal power project promoted by Abhijit Industries, Kolkata, is coming up in Bounsi, Banka, and the sugarcane industry is flourishing in Amarpur. Green Energy Solutions, Bangalore, is another renewable energy company. Through a patented technology of rural portable generators, all 6.5 lac Indian villages can be electrified immediately by using available bullocks or other draught animals as a source of power generation. A generator production plant is being set up near Barahat.[4]

Banka is gradually becoming a religious tourism hotspot for Hinduism and Jainism. Old Mandar Parvat (also known as Mandarachar Parvat in Puran) has many place to visit. A Jain temple at the summit, in close proximity to a Vishnu temple, is a sign of religious tolerance. Every year in January, Bounsi Mela is organised, which depicts the village life of the Mandar region. A Ratha-Yatra procession of Lord Madhusudanah occurs every year on the same day as the Rath Yatra procession in Puri. Fourteenth-century Vaishnava saint Chaitanya Mahaprabhu started this Rath Yatra during his visit to Mandar.

Banka is a largely agrarian economy and is considered the rice bowl of Bihar. The main crops are rice, wheat, corn, and lentils. Amarpur is the densely-populated block of Banka district. The Amarpur belt produces sugar cane and is home to gur sugar mills.

An issue for many smaller village industries in Bihar is lack of branding for products. High-quality, locally produced goods, even in large volumes, contribute to lower earnings for business owners because of a lack of awareness of more profitable business practices.

Banka is strategically located near the source of raw materials for heavy industries. Its proximity to Jharkhand (bordering Deoghar, Dumka, and Godda) and the river Chandan makes it a very strong contender for coal based power plant investment and other heavy Industry.

In 2006 the Indian government named Banka one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5]


  • Banka
  • Amarpur
  • Shambhuganj
  • Belhar
  • Phulidumar
  • Katoria
  • Chandan
  • Baunsi
  • Barahat
  • Dhoraiya
  • Rajoun

Out of 11 blocks, 9 are Naxal affected.

Villages: Kakwara, Rajoun, Amarpur, Dhoraiya, Katoria, Bausi, Shambhuganj, Pakaria, Pararia, Barahat, Belhar, Chandan, Samukhia More, Balarpur,Saruka,Kathoun,Naripa,Karsani,Uprama,Subkha,Nima,Laskari,Nawada,Durgapur,Tilakpur,Barouni,Parghari,Malti,Khaira.


A railway line connecting the existing Bhagalpur-Bounsi line to Rampurhat, which is well-connected to Howrah, is being developed, as is a line connecting Sultanganj to Jasidih through Banka.


According to the 2011 census Banka district has a population of 2,029,339,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Slovenia[7] or the US state of New Mexico.[8] This gives it a ranking of 228th in India (out of a total of 640).[6] The district has a population density of 672 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,740 /sq mi) .[6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 26.14 %.[6] Banka has a sex ratio of 907 females for every 1000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of 60.12 %.[6]

It has a population of 1,608,773 (as of 2001). There are 1,409,352 Hindus and 190,051 Muslims (11.81%).


Languages used in the district include Angika, an Indo-Aryan language written in the Devanagari script and spoken by at least 725 000 people in the Angika Region.[9]


A famous temple dedicated to the Hindu goddess Durga is located in Karharia, Banka. Every year during Durga Puja, devotees from many parts of India visit this temple. Two temples—Narshimha (one of the incarnations of Vishnu) Temple and Digamber Jain Tirthanakar—are located at the top of a mountain known as Mandar Parbat, which is about 500 metres (1,600 ft) tall and made of a single piece of stone. The management of the Narsimha temple is under a trust. There is also a very old Avantika Nath temple at the bottom of Mandar Parvat. The Avantika Nath Temple Trust, founded by the late Babu Biro Singh of the village of Sabalpur, looks after the temple. Kailash Pathak is the Sevayat of the Avantika Nath temple.

A Mahalakshmi temple is located in front of Paapharni Pond. Recently a Lakshminarayan Temple was built in the center of Paapharni through the contributions of local people. It is managed by a trust headed by Fateh Bahadur Singh of erstwhile Sabalpur state.

The district is known for its rich tribal culture and its handicrafts and hand looms. The homemade Khadi and silk of the area are popular.

Flora and fauna[]

Banka is a district with full of greenery and forests. The Katoriya, Suiya, and Chandan blocks are mostly covered by forests.


In 1945, freedom fighters established Mandar Vidyapith, a Nationalistic university, in Banka to impart Indian education, after the model of Gujarat Vidyapith, Kashi Vidyapith, and Bihar Vidyapith universities. The university was founded by social worker Ramani Mohan Singh of Narayanpur and Anand Shankar Madhavan. It was located on land provided by the late Harivallav Narayan Singh, a social reformer, freedom fighter, and landlord of Azadnagar, Sabalpur. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first president of the Indian Republic, was the founding president of Mandar Vidyapith, and Dr. Anugraha Narayan Singh was its first acting president. Anand Shankar Madhavan, a Gandhian and lover of Hindi literature from south India, was the first Acharya and Kulpati (Chancellor) of the university; Acharya Givind Jha of Lakhpura was Upkulpati (vice chancellor) and Professor Ramshankar was HOD Economics and principal. After independence, the Gandhian dream of a Hindi university was unsuccessful.

In 1993 an English medium school, Adwaita Mission, was started by one of Madhvan's Anandmargi disciples, Mr Aditya, and is being run inside the campus of old Mandar Vidyapith.


  1. ^ "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2001". Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2010-10-05. 
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  3. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Akimiski Island 3,001km2" 
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Slovenia 2,000,092 July 2011 est." 
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "New Mexico - 2,059,179" 
  9. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed (2009). "Angika: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 

External links[]

Template:Bhagalpur Division Template:Bhagalpur Division topics

6°17′N 1°13′W / 6.29, -1.21

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