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Barrow County, Georgia
Barrow County Courthouse.jpg
Barrow County Courthouse in Winder
Map of Georgia highlighting Barrow County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded July 7, 1914; 108 years ago (1914)
Named for David Crenshaw Barrow Jr.
Seat Winder
Largest city Winder
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

163 sq mi (422 km²)
160 sq mi (414 km²)
2.6 sq mi (7 km²), 1.6%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

83,505
534.93/sq mi (110/km²)
Congressional district 10th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.barrowga.org

Barrow County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 83,505.[1] The county seat is Winder.[2]

Barrow County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[]

The area that today is Barrow County was settled prior to the start of the 19th century. An Indian trail that ran through the county attracted settlers. To protect the settlers from the Cherokee and Creek Indians, the state built a frontier fort during 1792 called Fort Yargo, now a state park. Winder, the county seat, was known as Jug Tavern during this time.

Barrow County was the scene of one of the few Union defeats during Sherman's Atlanta Campaign known as Stoneman's Raid.

During the 1880s, rail was expanded and Barrow County played host to two railroads, the Seaboard Air Line and the Gainesville and Midland. One of the railroad builders for the Seaboard Air Line Railroad was John H. Winder of North Carolina. Jug Tavern's name was changed to Winder by the Georgia General Assembly on Dec. 20, 1893 to honor the railroad builder.


David Crenshaw Barrow, Jr Barrow County was created from portions of Gwinnett, Jackson, and Walton counties when Georgia voters approved a constitutional amendment on November 3, 1914 making Barrow County the 149th Georgia county out of 159. Barrow County was named after David Crenshaw Barrow, Jr. a University of Georgia mathematics and engineering professor who was later Chancellor serving in that position from 1906 to 1925. Barrow died on January 11, 1929 in Athens and is buried in Oconee Hill Cemetery in Athens.[3]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 163 square miles (420 km2), of which 160 square miles (410 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (1.6%) is water.[4] The entirety of Barrow County is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin.[5]

Adjacent counties[]

Transportation[]

Major highways[]

  • I-85.svg Interstate 85
  • US 29.svg U.S. Route 29
  • U.S. Route 29 Business
  • Georgia 8.svg State Route 8
  • Georgia 11.svg State Route 11
  • Georgia 53.svg State Route 53
  • Georgia 81.svg State Route 81
  • Georgia 82.svg State Route 82
  • Georgia 124.svg State Route 124
  • Georgia 211.svg State Route 211
  • Georgia 316.svg State Route 316
  • Georgia 324.svg State Route 324
  • Georgia 330.svg State Route 330
  • Georgia 403.svg State Route 403 (unsigned designation for I-85)

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1920 13,188
1930 12,401 −6.0%
1940 13,064 5.3%
1950 13,115 0.4%
1960 14,485 10.4%
1970 16,859 16.4%
1980 21,354 26.7%
1990 29,721 39.2%
2000 46,144 55.3%
2010 69,367 50.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census[]

As of the census of 2000, there were 46,144 people, 16,354 households, and 12,543 families living in the county. The population density was 284 people per square mile (110/km2). There were 17,304 housing units at an average density of 107 per square mile (41/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 84.84% White, 10.72% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 2.20% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.50% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. 3.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Barrow County is considered a part of the Atlanta, GA combined statistical area despite its comparatively small population.

There were 16,354 households, out of which 39.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.30% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.30% were non-families. 18.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 34.50% from 25 to 44, 19.50% from 45 to 64, and 9.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,019, and the median income for a family was $50,722. Males had a median income of $34,510 versus $23,369 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,350. About 6.20% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.10% of those under age 18 and 14.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 69,367 people, 23,971 households, and 18,214 families living in the county.[10] The population density was 432.7 inhabitants per square mile (167.1 /km2). There were 26,400 housing units at an average density of 164.7 per square mile (63.6 /km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 78.8% white, 11.4% black or African American, 3.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.7% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8.7% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 20.6% were American, 10.7% were Irish, 9.1% were German, and 8.5% were English.[12]

Of the 23,971 households, 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.0% were non-families, and 18.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.28. The median age was 33.6 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $48,958 and the median income for a family was $55,415. Males had a median income of $42,869 versus $33,175 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,882. About 9.4% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 14.2% of those age 65 or over.[13]

2020 census[]

Barrow County racial composition[14]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 55,582 66.56%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 10,141 12.14%
Native American 130 0.16%
Asian 3,233 3.87%
Pacific Islander 17 0.02%
Other/Mixed 3,842 4.6%
Hispanic or Latino 10,560 12.65%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 83,505 people,[15] 27,765 households, and 20,948 families residing in the county.

Education[]

Winder-Barrow Cluster:

  • Winder-Barrow High School
  • Richard B. Russell Middle School
  • Winder-Barrow Middle School (1956-2013)
  • Bear Creek Middle School (WBMS replacement)
  • Holsenbeck Elementary School
  • Bramlett Elementary School
  • Statham Elementary School
  • County Line Elementary

Apalachee Cluster:

  • Apalachee High School
  • Westside Middle School
  • Haymon-Morris Middle School
  • Auburn Elementary School
  • Kennedy Elementary School
  • Bethlehem Elementary School
  • Yargo Elementary School

Barrow Arts & Sciences Academy

Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Auburn
  • Statham
  • Winder

Towns[]

  • Bethlehem
  • Braselton
  • Carl

Census-designated place[]

  • Russell

Other unincorporated communities[]

  • Barrow Heights

Politics[]

United States presidential election results for Barrow County, Georgia[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 26,804 70.64% 10,453 27.55% 689 1.82%
2016 21,108 72.35% 6,580 22.55% 1,486 5.09%
2012 18,725 74.10% 6,028 23.85% 517 2.05%
2008 17,625 71.55% 6,657 27.02% 351 1.42%
2004 13,520 76.17% 4,095 23.07% 135 0.76%
2000 7,925 65.49% 3,657 30.22% 520 4.30%
1996 5,342 51.65% 3,928 37.98% 1,072 10.37%
1992 4,328 43.36% 3,991 39.98% 1,663 16.66%
1988 4,738 65.64% 2,442 33.83% 38 0.53%
1984 4,123 63.53% 2,367 36.47% 0 0.00%
1980 2,284 36.20% 3,876 61.44% 149 2.36%
1976 1,364 22.29% 4,756 77.71% 0 0.00%
1972 3,423 79.79% 867 20.21% 0 0.00%
1968 1,372 26.52% 1,070 20.68% 2,731 52.79%
1964 2,316 50.42% 2,277 49.58% 0 0.00%
1960 577 17.30% 2,759 82.70% 0 0.00%
1956 442 16.32% 2,266 83.68% 0 0.00%
1952 236 9.07% 2,367 90.93% 0 0.00%
1948 155 7.55% 1,554 75.69% 344 16.76%
1944 257 14.52% 1,513 85.48% 0 0.00%
1940 219 11.91% 1,615 87.82% 5 0.27%
1936 172 12.69% 1,181 87.16% 2 0.15%
1932 23 2.01% 1,111 97.03% 11 0.96%
1928 684 58.81% 479 41.19% 0 0.00%
1924 88 11.55% 501 65.75% 173 22.70%
1920 412 36.05% 731 63.95% 0 0.00%
1916 102 10.60% 712 74.01% 148 15.38%



See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Barrow County, Georgia

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13013.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "Barrow County Georgia History" (in en). http://www.barrowga.org/about/history.aspx. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  5. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13013. 
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13013. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13013. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13013. 
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US13013&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  15. ^ "Barrow County Quickfacts | CENSUS.gov". March 11, 2022. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/barrowcountygeorgia/PST045221. 
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 33°59′N 83°43′W / 33.99, -83.71


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Barrow County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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