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Bartow County, Georgia
Old Courthouse of Cartersville, Georgia.jpg
The Bartow County Courthouse, built in 1902.
Map of Georgia highlighting Bartow County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 3, 1832; 189 years ago (1832)
Named for Francis S. Bartow
Seat Cartersville
Largest city Cartersville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

470 sq mi (1,217 km²)
460 sq mi (1,191 km²)
11 sq mi (28 km²), 2.2%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

108,901
218/sq mi (84/km²)
Congressional district 11th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.bartowga.org/

Bartow County is located in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 108,901.[1] The county seat is Cartersville.[2]

Traditionally considered part of northwest Georgia, Bartow County is now included in the Atlanta metropolitan area, mainly in the southeastern part near Cartersville, which has become an exurb more than 40 miles (64 km) from downtown Atlanta on I-75. It has a sole commissioner government, and is the largest county by population of the few remaining in Georgia with a sole commissioner.

History[]

Bartow County was created from the Cherokee lands of the Cherokee County territory on December 3, 1832, and named Cass County, after General Lewis Cass (1782–1866) Secretary of War under President Andrew Jackson, Minister to France and Secretary of State under President James Buchanan,[3] who was instrumental in the removal of Native Americans from the area. However, the county was renamed on December 6, 1861, in honor of Francis S. Bartow because of Cass's support of the Union,[4] even though Bartow never visited in the county, living 200 miles (320 km) away near Savannah all of his life. Cass had supported the doctrine of popular sovereignty, the right of each state to determine its own laws independently of the Federal government, the platform of conservative Southerners who removed his name. The first county seat was at Cassville, but after the burning of the county courthouse and the Sherman Occupation, the seat moved to Cartersville, where it remains.

The county was profoundly affected by the Civil War, setting it back economically for many decades. May 18 and 19, 1864, General George Henry Thomas led the Army of the Cumberland after General William J. Hardee's Corps of the Army of Tennessee, and General James B. McPherson led his Federal Army of the Tennessee flanking Hardee's army to the west. This huge army was disruptive and sought food. Elements were out of control and sacked homes depleting meager supplies.[5]

Property destruction and the deaths of one-third of the county's soldiers during the war caused financial and social calamity for many.

Slaves gained their freedom, and for over a decade exercised the political franchise through the Republican Party. In 1870, about one black family in 12 owned real estate. More of the blacks lived in white-headed households, working as domestic servants and laborers. The great majority of freed people were day laborers or farm laborers, while a sizable minority occupied skilled positions such as blacksmiths, wheelwrights, and iron workers.[6]

By the late 1870s, hardship was experienced by everyone.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 470 square miles (1,217 km2), of which 460 square miles (1,191 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) or 2.2% is water.[7]

The bulk of Bartow County is located in the Etowah River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin (Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin). The northeastern portion of the county around Rydal is located in the Coosawattee River sub-basin of the same ACT River Basin, while an even smaller northwestern section around Adairsville is located in the Oostanaula River sub-basin of the larger ACT River Basin.[8]

The Etowah is mostly part of Lake Allatoona in southeast Bartow and southwest Cherokee counties, with the Allatoona Dam near Cartersville also impounding Allatoona Creek into northwest Cobb county. The peninsula between the two major arms of the lake is home to Red Top Mountain State Park, east-southeast of Cartersville and just southeast of the dam.

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 9,390
1850 13,300 41.6%
1860 15,724 18.2%
1870 16,566 5.4%
1880 18,690 12.8%
1890 20,616 10.3%
1900 20,823 1.0%
1910 25,388 21.9%
1920 24,527 −3.4%
1930 25,364 3.4%
1940 25,283 −0.3%
1950 27,370 8.3%
1960 28,267 3.3%
1970 32,663 15.6%
1980 40,760 24.8%
1990 55,911 37.2%
2000 76,019 36.0%
2010 100,157 31.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census[]

As of 2000, there were 76,019 people, 27,176 households, and 21,034 families living in the county. The population density was 64/km2 (166/mi2). There were 28,751 housing units at an average density of 24 persons/km2 (63 persons/mi2). The racial makeup of the county was 87.79% White, 8.68% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.62% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. 3.32% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 27,176 households, out of which 38.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.90% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 22.60% were non-families. 18.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.90% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 33.00% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,660, and the median income for a family was $49,198. Males had a median income of $35,136 versus $24,906 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,989. 8.60% of the population and 6.60% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 9.60% were under the age of 18 and 12.20% were 65 or older.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 100,157 people, 35,782 households, and 26,529 families living in the county.[13] The population density was 217.9 inhabitants per square mile (84.1 /km2). There were 39,823 housing units at an average density of 86.7 per square mile (33.5 /km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 82.7% white, 10.2% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.8% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.7% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 13.9% were American, 10.0% were Irish, 9.3% were English, and 7.8% were German.[15]

Of the 35,782 households, 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.9% were non-families, and 21.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.20. The median age was 36.2 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $49,216 and the median income for a family was $56,281. Males had a median income of $42,835 versus $31,225 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,241. About 10.8% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.9% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.[16]

2020 census[]

Bartow County racial composition[17]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 80,159 73.61%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 11,309 10.38%
Native American 254 0.23%
Asian 1,169 1.07%
Pacific Islander 40 0.04%
Other/Mixed 5,219 4.79%
Hispanic or Latino 10,751 9.87%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 108,901 people, 39,742 households, and 28,529 families residing in the county.

Education[]

Public education in Bartow County is administered by Bartow County School District and Cartersville City Schools.

Excel Christian Academy and The Trinity School are private institutions.

Politics[]

Bartow County has voted Republican consistently since 1984.[18] Mitt Romney carried the county in 2012 with 75 percent of the vote. Barack Obama won a small minority of votes in the county, at 23.5 percent, that same year, making Bartow one of the least Democratic counties in Georgia.

United States presidential election results for Bartow County, Georgia[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 37,672 74.62% 12,091 23.95% 723 1.43%
2016 29,911 75.28% 8,212 20.67% 1,610 4.05%
2012 26,876 74.87% 8,396 23.39% 625 1.74%
2008 25,976 71.81% 9,662 26.71% 537 1.48%
2004 22,311 73.66% 7,741 25.56% 239 0.79%
2000 14,720 64.62% 7,508 32.96% 553 2.43%
1996 9,250 51.32% 6,853 38.02% 1,922 10.66%
1992 7,742 45.57% 6,675 39.29% 2,573 15.14%
1988 8,039 61.63% 4,884 37.44% 121 0.93%
1984 7,104 59.78% 4,780 40.22% 0 0.00%
1980 3,135 28.89% 7,490 69.01% 228 2.10%
1976 1,876 18.68% 8,166 81.32% 0 0.00%
1972 4,836 75.26% 1,590 24.74% 0 0.00%
1968 2,045 24.78% 2,154 26.11% 4,052 49.11%
1964 2,813 37.77% 4,635 62.23% 0 0.00%
1960 1,292 26.71% 3,545 73.29% 0 0.00%
1956 1,536 29.68% 3,640 70.32% 0 0.00%
1952 1,183 22.94% 3,973 77.06% 0 0.00%
1948 440 14.34% 2,384 77.71% 244 7.95%
1944 506 20.90% 1,915 79.10% 0 0.00%
1940 318 15.44% 1,734 84.17% 8 0.39%
1936 444 16.57% 2,228 83.13% 8 0.30%
1932 121 7.22% 1,546 92.19% 10 0.60%
1928 838 50.24% 830 49.76% 0 0.00%
1924 482 34.60% 846 60.73% 65 4.67%
1920 754 44.99% 922 55.01% 0 0.00%
1916 326 18.70% 1,325 76.02% 92 5.28%
1912 553 34.45% 963 60.00% 89 5.55%
1908 780 48.99% 726 45.60% 86 5.40%
1904 406 30.41% 791 59.25% 138 10.34%
1900 823 46.37% 891 50.20% 61 3.44%
1896 808 42.84% 1,026 54.40% 52 2.76%
1892 445 20.79% 1,327 62.01% 368 17.20%
1888 290 22.48% 916 71.01% 84 6.51%
1884 584 36.07% 1,035 63.93% 0 0.00%
1880 827 30.14% 1,917 69.86% 0 0.00%



Transportation[]

Major highways[]

  • I-75.svg Interstate 75
  • US 41.svg U.S. Route 41
  • US 411.svg U.S. Route 411
  • Georgia 3.svg State Route 3
  • Georgia 20.svg State Route 20
  • Georgia 20 Spur.svg State Route 20 Spur
  • Georgia 61.svg State Route 61
  • Georgia 113.svg State Route 113
  • Georgia 140.svg State Route 140
  • Georgia 293.svg State Route 293
  • Georgia 293 Connector.svg State Route 293 Connector
  • Georgia 401.svg State Route 401 (unsigned designation for I-75)

Secondary highways[]

  • Euharlee Road
  • Old S.R. 293. Portion south of Emerson and east of U.S. 41 into Cobb County.
  • Old Alabama Road. Future route of S.R. 113.
  • Burnt Hickory Road
  • Taylorsville-Macedonia Road
  • Macedonia Road
  • Halls Station Road
  • Spring Place Road
  • Cassville-White Road
  • Glade Road
  • Red Top Mountain Rd
  • Peeples Valley Rd
  • Cassville Rd (Old U.S. 41)

Museums[]

  • Bartow History Museum[20] opened in 1987 and is located in the historic 1869 Courthouse in downtown Cartersville. Artifacts, photographs, documents and a variety of permanent exhibits focus on the settlement and development of Bartow County, Georgia, beginning with the early nineteenth century when the Cherokee inhabited the area. Early European settler life, the iron ore and bauxite industries, Civil War strife, post-war recovery, the Great Depression era, early textile industries and notable figures are depicted through interactive exhibits in the permanent gallery space. The museum offers a wide variety of education programs, and lectures.
  • Booth Western Art Museum,[21] an Affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution, is a 120,000-square-foot (11,000 m2) museum located in Cartersville. Guests are invited to See America's Story through contemporary Western artwork, Presidential portraits and letters, Civil War art, more than 200 Native American artifacts, and Sagebrush Ranch children's gallery. Open since August 2003, Booth Museum is the second largest art museum in the state of Georgia, and houses the largest permanent exhibition space for Western art in the country.
  • Tellus Science Museum,[22] an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution, is a world-class 120,000-square-foot (11,000 m2) museum is located in Cartersville, just off I-75 at exit 293. The museum features four main galleries: The Weinman Mineral Gallery, The Fossil Gallery, Science in Motion and The Collins Family My Big Backyard. There is also a 120-seat digital planetarium and an observatory with a state-of-the-art 20-inch telescope located at Tellus.
  • Euharlee History Museum,[23] is located adjacent to the Euharlee Covered Bridge in Euharlee, Georgia, about 9 miles west of downtown Cartersville. The museum opened in 1997 and is a cooperation between the Euharlee Historical Society and the City of Euharlee.
  • Adairsville Rail Depot Age of Steam Museum,[24] is located in a restored 1847 railroad depot on the Historic Public Square, in Adairsville along with a locally operated Welcome Center. The Museum displays artifacts and pictures covering almost 150 years of life in the area, including the Civil War, the chenille boom, railroad history, early farming implements, and weapons.

Recreation[]

  • Bartow County Georgia Hiking Trails[25]
  • Etowah Indian Mounds

Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Cartersville
  • Emerson
  • Adairsville
  • Euharlee
  • White
  • Kingston
  • Taylorsville

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Atco
  • Cassville
  • Rowland Springs
  • Stilesboro
  • Rydal (south of Pine Log)
  • Folsom
  • Center
  • Funkhouser
  • Allatoona (mostly lost to Lake Allatoona, but portion remains at Allatoona Pass)

Historical communities[]

Allatoona Aylmer ATCO Aubrey Bartow
Best's Birmingham Bochee Bolivar Cass Line
Cass Station Cassville (Manassas) Cave Cement Center
Clifford Connaseena Corbin Dewey Etowah
Etowah Valley (see Rowland Springs) Eves Ferrobutte (see Rogers Station) Five Forks Flexatile (see Funkhouser)
Folsom Ford Grassdale Gum Springs Halls Station (see Linwood)
Iron Hill Ironville Junta Ladds Ligon
Linwood (see Hall's Station) Little Prairie Malbone McCallie McGinnis
Mountain House Murchisons Nolans Pine Log (see Rydal) Rogers Station (aka Rogersville)
Rowland Springs (see Etowah Valley) Ruby Rydal (see Pine Log) Sanfordsville Sophia
Stamp Creek Stilesboro Sugar Hill Woolley's Wyvern

[26]

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Bartow County, Georgia

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13015.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ [1],
  4. ^ "Bartow County". Calhoun Times: pp. 13. September 1, 2004. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=IP4vAAAAIBAJ&sjid=2jsDAAAAIBAJ&pg=4196%2C213560. 
  5. ^ Howard, Frances Thomas (2007). In and Out of the Lines. Cartesville, Georgia: Etowah Valley Historical Society. pp. 9, overleaf. 
  6. ^ Keith S. Hébert, "The Bitter Trial of Defeat and Emancipation: Reconstruction in Bartow County, Georgia, 1865–1872," Georgia Historical Quarterly, Spring 2008, Vol. 92 Issue 1, pp 65–92
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  8. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13015. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13015. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13015. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13015. 
  17. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US13015&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  18. ^ Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  20. ^ "Bartow History Museum - Cartersville, Georgia - Bartow History Center". http://www.bartowhistorymuseum.org. 
  21. ^ "The Booth Western Art Museum - Cartersville, GA". http://www.boothmuseum.org. 
  22. ^ Museum, Tellus Science. "Tellus Science Museum - Cartersville, GA". http://www.tellusmuseum.org. 
  23. ^ "Euharlee Welcome Center and History Museum". https://www.facebook.com/euharleehistorymuseum. 
  24. ^ Adairsville Rail Depot Museum
  25. ^ "Bartow County Georgia Hiking Trails". http://www.mountaintravelguide.com/georgia/Bartow/Hiking/BartowHiking.htm. 
  26. ^ Place names supplied by Etowah Valley Historical Society -- EVHS

External links[]

Coordinates: 34°14′N 84°50′W / 34.24, -84.84


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Bartow County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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