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Baxter County, Arkansas
Baxter County Arkansas Courthouse.JPG
Baxter County courthouse in Mountain Home, Arkansas
Map of Arkansas highlighting Baxter County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 24, 1873
Seat Mountain Home
Largest city Mountain Home
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

586.74 sq mi (1,520 km²)
554.36 sq mi (1,436 km²)
32.38 sq mi (84 km²), 5.52%
 - (2010)
 - Density

77/sq mi (29.7/km²)
Congressional district 1st

Baxter County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. It is in the northern part of the state, and shares a border with Missouri. It is commonly referred to as the Twin Lakes Area because it is bordered by two of Arkansas' largest lakes, Bull Shoals Lake and Norfork Lake. On its southern border is the Norfork Tailwater and the Buffalo National River.

The county seat is Mountain Home,[1] which is ranked as the 2nd Best Fishing Town in America by Field and Stream magazine and Baxter County today it is primarily known as a retirement and resort destination. Its Big Creek Golf Course has consistently earned 5 star ratings in Golf Digest magazine and is ranked in its top 10 places to play. It has also been rated the number 1 public course in Arkansas for four years in a row.

Baxter County is Arkansas's 66th county, formed on 24 March 1873 and named for Elisha Baxter, the tenth governor of Arkansas.

As of the 2000 census, the county's population was 38,386 in 2000. As of July 2007, the county's population is 41,307.[2] The Mountain Home Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Baxter County.

The Baxter Bulletin weekly newspaper was named in 1973 by the Newspaper Enterprise Association as the "Best Overall Weekly Newspaper in the United States" in the over 10,000-circulation category. At the time it was published by Harold E. Martin and was the largest weekly paper in Arkansas.


According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 586.74 square miles (1,519.6 km2), of which 554.36 square miles (1,435.8 km2) (or 94.48%) is land and 32.38 square miles (83.9 km2) (or 5.52%) is water.[3]

List Of Highways[]

  • US 62 (1961).svgUS 412.svg US 62/US 412
  • US 62B.svg U.S. Route 62 Business
  • Arkansas 5.svg Arkansas Highway 5
  • Arkansas 14.svg Arkansas Highway 14
  • Arkansas 101.svg Arkansas Highway 101
  • Arkansas 126.svg Arkansas Highway 126
  • Arkansas 177.svg Arkansas Highway 177
  • Arkansas 178.svg Arkansas Highway 178
  • Arkansas 201.svg Arkansas Highway 201
  • Arkansas 202.svg Arkansas Highway 202
  • Arkansas 201S.svg Arkansas Highway 201 Spur
  • Arkansas 263.svg Arkansas Highway 263
  • Arkansas 341.svg Arkansas Highway 341
  • Arkansas 342.svg Arkansas Highway 342
  • Arkansas 345.svg Arkansas Highway 345

Adjacent counties[]

National protected areas[]

  • Buffalo National River (part)
  • Ozark National Forest (part)


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1880 6,004
1890 8,527 42.0%
1900 9,298 9.0%
1910 10,389 11.7%
1920 10,216 −1.7%
1930 9,519 −6.8%
1940 10,281 8.0%
1950 11,683 13.6%
1960 9,943 −14.9%
1970 15,319 54.1%
1980 27,409 78.9%
1990 31,186 13.8%
2000 38,386 23.1%
2010 41,513 8.1%
UVA Census Browser 1880-1950[4]
Arkansas Counties 1900-1990[5]

Age pyramid Baxter County[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 38,386 people, 17,052 households, and 11,799 families residing in the county. The population density was 69 people per square mile (27/km²). There were 19,891 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.81% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. 1.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 17,052 households out of which 22.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.00% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.65.

In the county the population was spread out with 19.00% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 21.10% from 25 to 44, 27.40% from 45 to 64, and 26.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 92.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,106, and the median income for a family was $34,578. Males had a median income of $25,976 versus $18,923 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,859. About 7.90% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.70% of those under age 18 and 8.90% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2010 Baxter County had a population of 41,513. The racial makeup was 95.96% Non-Hispanic whites, 0.16% blacks, 0.56% Native Americans, 0.41% Asians, 0.04% Pacific Islanders, 1.25% Non-Hispanics reporting more than one race and 1.66% Hispanic or Latino.

Cities and towns[]

  • Big Flat
  • Briarcliff
  • Cotter
  • Gassville
  • Norfork
  • Salesville


File:Baxter County Arkansas 2010 Township Map small.jpg

Townships in Baxter County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Baxter County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses.


  • Bayou
  • Big Flat (Big Flat)
  • Buckhorn (Briarcliff, small portion of Norfork, Salesville)
  • Buford
  • Greenwood
  • Grover (Lakeview, Midway)
  • Independence (Midway, small portion of Mountain Home)
  • Logan (Midway)
  • Lone Rock (small portion of Norfork)
  • Matney
  • Mill
  • Mountain Home (Mountain Home)
  • North Fork (Norfork)
  • Pigeon
  • Union (Briarcliff)
  • Whiteville (Cotter, Gassville, small portion of Mountain Home)

Notable residents - past and present[]

Carolyn D. Wright, poet

  • Richard Antrim - American naval Rear Admiral; World War II veteran and Medal of Honor recipient
  • Wes Bentley - an American film actor
  • Lonnie D. Bentley - is a Professor and the Department Head of Computer and Information Technology at Purdue University
  • Robbie Branscum - writer of children's books and young adult fiction
  • Richard A. Knaak - an American author; wrote the Minotaur Wars and other contributions to Dragonlance
  • Roy Stone - blacksmith and wagon maker
  • Carolyn D. Wright - poet, was born in Mountain Home.

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Baxter County, Arkansas


External links[]

Coordinates: 36°18′25″N 92°21′17″W / 36.30694, -92.35472

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Baxter County, Arkansas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.