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Beaufort County, North Carolina
Beaufort County Courthouse.JPG
Beaufort County Courthouse
Seal of Beaufort County, North Carolina
Seal
Map of North Carolina highlighting Beaufort County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1739
Named for Henry, Duke of Beaufort
Seat Washington
Largest city Washington
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

958 sq mi (2,481 km²)
827 sq mi (2,142 km²)
131 sq mi (339 km²), 14%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

44,652
53.8/sq mi (21/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.beaufort.nc.us

Beaufort County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 44,652.[1] Its county seat is Washington.[2] The county was founded in 1705 as Pamptecough Precinct. Originally included in Bath County, it was renamed Beaufort Precinct in 1712 and became Beaufort County in 1739.[3][4]

History[]

Beaufort County was first called Pamptecough. The name was changed about 1712 to Beaufort, named for Henry Somerset, 2nd Duke of Beaufort, who became one of Carolina's Lords Proprietor around 1709.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 958 square miles (2,480 km2), of which 827 square miles (2,140 km2) is land and 131 square miles (340 km2) (14%) is water.[5] It is the fifth-largest county in North Carolina by total area. It is split in half by the Pamlico River and the mouth of the Pamlico River.

State and local protected lands[]

  • Goose Creek Game Land (part)
  • Goose Creek State Park
  • Van Swamp Game Lands (part)

Adjacent counties[]

Major water-bodies[]

  • Goose Creek
  • Intracoastal Waterway
  • Pamlico River
  • Pungo River
  • South River
  • Tar River

Major highways[]

  • US 17
  • US 264

  • US 264 Bus.
  • NC 32
  • NC 33
  • NC 45
  • NC 92
  • NC 99
  • NC 102
  • NC 171
  • NC 306

Other major infrastructure[]

  • Bayview-Aurora Ferry
  • Washington-Warren Field Airport (OCW)

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 5,405
1800 6,242 15.5%
1810 7,203 15.4%
1820 9,850 36.7%
1830 10,969 11.4%
1840 12,225 11.5%
1850 13,816 13.0%
1860 14,766 6.9%
1870 13,011 −11.9%
1880 17,474 34.3%
1890 21,072 20.6%
1900 26,404 25.3%
1910 30,877 16.9%
1920 31,024 0.5%
1930 35,026 12.9%
1940 36,431 4.0%
1950 37,134 1.9%
1960 36,014 −3.0%
1970 35,980 −0.1%
1980 40,355 12.2%
1990 42,283 4.8%
2000 44,958 6.3%
2010 47,759 6.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2020[10]

Beaufort County comprises the Washington, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Greenville-Washington, NC Combined Statistical Area.

2020 census[]

Beaufort County racial composition[11]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 29,431 65.91%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 10,195 22.83%
Native American 90 0.2%
Asian 164 0.37%
Pacific Islander 16 0.04%
Other/Mixed 1,323 2.96%
Hispanic or Latino 3,433 7.69%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 44,652 people, 19,701 households, and 12,638 families residing in the county.

2000 census[]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 44,958 people, 18,319 households, and 12,951 families residing in the county. The population density was 54 people per square mile (21/km2). There were 22,139 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 68.44% White, 29.03% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.42% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 3.24% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 18,319 households, out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.60% were married couples living together, 13.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.40% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 26.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,066, and the median income for a family was $37,893. Males had a median income of $30,483 versus $21,339 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,722. About 15.20% of families and 19.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.60% of those under age 18 and 19.30% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2010 the largest self-reported ancestry groups in Beaufort County, North Carolina were:

  • English - 14.4%
  • "American" - 11.9%
  • German - 6.6%
  • Irish - 6.0%
  • Scottish - 2.5%
  • French - 1.6%
  • Italian - 1.5%[13]

Communities[]

City[]

  • Washington (county seat and largest city)

Map of Beaufort County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Towns[]

  • Aurora
  • Bath
  • Belhaven
  • Chocowinity
  • Pantego
  • Washington Park

Census-designated places[]

  • Bayview
  • Cypress Landing
  • Pinetown
  • River Road

Other unincorporated communities[]

  • Blounts Creek
  • Edward
  • Royal

Population ranking[]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2021 estimates of Beaufort County.[14]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2021 Estimate)
1 Washington City 9,493
2 River Road CDP 4,333
3 Belhaven Town 1,758
4 Chocowinity Town 880
5 Aurora Town 555
6 Washington Park Town 437
7 Bayview CDP 338
8 Bath Town 245
9 Pantego Town 171
10 Pinetown CDP 151

Politics, law and government[]

Beaufort is a typical “Solid South” county in its voting patterns. It voted Democratic consistently up through 1964, even resisting the lure of voting against Al Smith’s Catholic faith and opposition to Prohibition in 1928 when North Carolina went Republican for the only time between 1876 and 1964. However, the increasing social and racial liberalism of the Democratic Party turned its electorate to George Wallace in 1968 and overwhelmingly to Richard Nixon against George McGovern four years later. Since then, Beaufort has been a strongly Republican county, with the last Democrat to carry it being Jimmy Carter in 1976.

United States presidential election results for Beaufort County, North Carolina[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 16,437 62.46% 9,633 36.61% 245 0.93%
2016 14,543 60.75% 8,764 36.61% 631 2.64%
2012 13,977 59.17% 9,435 39.94% 208 0.88%
2008 13,460 58.50% 9,454 41.09% 96 0.42%
2004 12,432 63.68% 7,025 35.99% 65 0.33%
2000 10,531 60.83% 6,634 38.32% 148 0.85%
1996 8,154 53.59% 6,172 40.57% 889 5.84%
1992 7,337 45.91% 6,445 40.33% 2,198 13.75%
1988 8,190 60.35% 5,352 39.44% 28 0.21%
1984 9,284 60.66% 5,987 39.12% 33 0.22%
1980 6,773 51.95% 6,024 46.21% 240 1.84%
1976 4,677 44.68% 5,728 54.72% 62 0.59%
1972 6,915 69.65% 2,901 29.22% 112 1.13%
1968 2,669 23.03% 3,232 27.89% 5,686 49.07%
1964 3,595 37.12% 6,090 62.88% 0 0.00%
1960 2,694 30.85% 6,039 69.15% 0 0.00%
1956 2,277 28.44% 5,730 71.56% 0 0.00%
1952 2,404 30.69% 5,429 69.31% 0 0.00%
1948 1,055 17.50% 4,675 77.53% 300 4.98%
1944 1,133 19.40% 4,706 80.60% 0 0.00%
1940 936 14.48% 5,528 85.52% 0 0.00%
1936 964 13.58% 6,133 86.42% 0 0.00%
1932 839 13.05% 5,552 86.33% 40 0.62%
1928 2,521 41.64% 3,533 58.36% 0 0.00%
1924 1,502 32.35% 3,048 65.65% 93 2.00%
1920 2,266 39.15% 3,522 60.85% 0 0.00%
1916 1,274 39.42% 1,957 60.55% 1 0.03%
1912 295 11.76% 1,605 63.97% 609 24.27%
1908 1,304 41.23% 1,828 57.79% 31 0.98%
1904 867 32.47% 1,803 67.53% 0 0.00%
1900 1,799 43.72% 2,316 56.28% 0 0.00%
1896 2,207 46.53% 2,513 52.98% 23 0.48%
1892 1,612 45.27% 1,865 52.37% 84 2.36%
1888 1,833 45.92% 2,033 50.93% 126 3.16%
1884 1,713 46.20% 1,995 53.80% 0 0.00%
1880 1,723 49.38% 1,766 50.62% 0 0.00%



Beaufort County is a member of the Mid-East Commission regional council of governments.

Beaufort County is one of the proposed sites for a Navy outlying landing field. This practice airfield would allow pilots to simulate landings on an aircraft carrier. Construction, which has not yet begun, is controversial due to its potential ecological impact.

Education[]

Beaufort County Schools is the local public school system.

See also[]

  • List of counties in North Carolina
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Beaufort County, North Carolina
  • North Carolina Ferry System
  • North Carolina State Parks
  • Bath, North Carolina, first provincial capital before Edenton.

Coordinates: 35°29′N 76°50′W / 35.48, -76.84

References[]

  1. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau Quickfacts: Beaufort County". 2022-04-18. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/beaufortcountynorthcarolina/INC110219. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "North Carolina: Individual County Chronologies". North Carolina Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2009. http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/NC_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm. 
  4. ^ "Beaufort County". State Library of North Carolina. January 1, 2006. http://ncpedia.org/geography/beaufort. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_37.txt. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/nc190090.txt. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  10. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/37/37013.html. 
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US37013&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  13. ^ "Archived copy". http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US37013. 
  14. ^ "Beaufort County NC - Cities, Towns, Neighborhoods, & Subdivisions". https://northcarolina.hometownlocator.com/counties/cities,cfips,013,c,beaufort.cfm. 
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Beaufort County, North Carolina. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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