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Beaufort County, South Carolina
The Arsenal - Beaufort, SC.jpg
The Arsenal at Beaufort Historic District.
Seal of Beaufort County, South Carolina
Seal
Map of South Carolina highlighting Beaufort County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1769
Seat Beaufort
Largest town Hilton Head Island
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

923 sq mi (2,391 km²)
576 sq mi (1,492 km²)
347 sq mi (899 km²), 38
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

187,117
Congressional districts 1st, 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.beaufortcountysc.gov

Beaufort County ( /ˈbjuːfərt/ BEW-fərt) is a county in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2020 census, its population was 187,117.[1] Its county seat is Beaufort.[2]

Beaufort County is part of the Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Beaufort County is one of the South's fastest-growing counties, primarily because of development south of the Broad River clustered along the U.S. Highway 278 corridor.[3] The county's northern portions have also grown steadily, due in part to the strong federal military presence around the city of Beaufort. The county's two portions are connected by the Broad River Bridge, which carries South Carolina Highway 170.

Beaufort County has been identified as the most at-risk county in the United States for combined damage from climate change in the medium term.[4]

History[]

From the early days of plantations, African slaves outnumbered the European minority in the colony. The plantations on the Sea Islands had large concentrations of slaves, and frequently limited interaction with whites. The islands were sites of the development of the Gullah culture, which preserved elements from a variety of West African roots; the people also developed the Gullah language, a creole language. The county was majority black nearly to the mid-20th century.

Union troops took control of Beaufort County and occupied the area beginning in 1861. Many slaves escaped and went to Union lines. In some cases, planters had moved inland for refuge, leaving their slaves on the Sea Islands. Slaves began to organize schools and other parts of their communities early in the war in this county, especially on the islands. The Army founded Mitchellville on Hilton Head by March 1863 as a village where blacks could practice self-governance, and in 1865 it had 1500 residents. After the war, the Drayton family reclaimed this land for its use. In some cases, the Union Army allocated plots for blacks for housing and cultivating crops.[5]

When freedmen were granted citizenship and the franchise after the American Civil War by constitutional amendments, most joined the Republican Party. Although not the only black majority state, South Carolina was the only southern state during Reconstruction to elect a black majority of representatives to the state legislature.[5] Beaufort County had many prominent black leaders, such as Robert Smalls, Jonathan Jasper Wright, William James Whipper, Julius I. Washington, and Thomas E. Miller.[5]

Increasing violence during election campaigns in the state from 1868 on was used by white insurgents and paramilitary groups to suppress black voting; results were also dependent on fraud. In 1876, the Democrats regained control of the state legislature and governor's office, although results were disputed. While black Republicans continued to be elected to local office in Beaufort County and other areas through the next decades, in 1895 the Democrat-dominated state legislature passed a new constitution that effectively disfranchised most blacks through making voter registration and voting more difficult. They were excluded from the political system and kept in second-class status for decades. In 1903 the county "was reported to have 3,434 literate black males to 927 whites," but due to the discriminatory practices, nearly all blacks were barred from voting.[5]

From 1900 through 1950, Beaufort County's economy suffered from the decline in agriculture, which together with oppressive social conditions of Jim Crow contributed to the blacks making a Great Migration out of the South. African Americans went to northern and midwestern industrial cities for jobs and became an urbanized population. The total county population of 35,495 in 1900 dropped by more than one third to 1930, and did not reach the 1900 population level again until well after 1950, when the population was 26,933. Southern Democrats in Congress helped gain the establishment of military installations in the county and state, which added more population and stimulated area jobs in the second half of the 20th century.

In addition, vacation and resort areas were developed that attracted increasing numbers of tourists through the winter season, and then others all year-round as retirees.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 923 square miles (2,390 km2), of which 576 square miles (1,490 km2) is land and 347 square miles (900 km2) (38%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[]

National protected areas[]

  • Ernest F. Hollings ACE Basin National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Pinckney Island National Wildlife Refuge

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 18,753
1800 20,428 8.9%
1810 25,887 26.7%
1820 32,199 24.4%
1830 37,032 15.0%
1840 35,794 −3.3%
1850 38,805 8.4%
1860 40,053 3.2%
1870 34,359 −14.2%
1880 30,176 −12.2%
1890 34,119 13.1%
1900 35,495 4.0%
1910 30,355 −14.5%
1920 22,269 −26.6%
1930 21,815 −2.0%
1940 22,037 1.0%
1950 26,993 22.5%
1960 44,187 63.7%
1970 51,136 15.7%
1980 65,364 27.8%
1990 86,425 32.2%
2000 120,937 39.9%
2010 162,233 34.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census[]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 120,937 people, 45,532 households, and 33,056 families living in the county. The population density was 206 people per square mile (80/km2). There were 60,509 housing units at an average density of 103 per square mile (40/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 70.66% White, 23.98% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.79% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.84% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. 6.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 45,532 households, out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 21.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.30% under the age of 18, 12.00% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 15.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,992, and the median income for a family was $52,704. Males had a median income of $30,541 versus $25,284 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,377. About 8.00% of families and 10.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.40% of those under age 18 and 6.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 162,233 people, 64,945 households, and 45,322 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 281.5 inhabitants per square mile (108.7 /km2). There were 93,023 housing units at an average density of 161.4 per square mile (62.3 /km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 71.9% white, 19.3% black or African American, 1.2% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 5.2% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 12.1% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 15.5% were German, 13.4% were Irish, 13.1% were English, 5.4% were Italian, and 5.0% were American.[14]

Of the 64,945 households, 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.2% were non-families, and 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 40.6 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $55,286 and the median income for a family was $65,071. Males had a median income of $41,059 versus $33,959 for females. The per capita income for the county was $32,731. About 7.4% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.3% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.[15]

2020 census[]

Beaufort County racial composition[16]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 126,704 67.71%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 27,545 14.72%
Native American 354 0.19%
Asian 2,381 1.27%
Pacific Islander 119 0.06%
Other/Mixed 6,603 3.53%
Hispanic or Latino 23,411 12.51%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 187,117 people, 73,043 households, and 50,500 families residing in the county.

Government[]

Beaufort County is governed under the council-administrator form of government. Beaufort County Council is an elected body responsible for passing ordinances, setting county policies and developing an annual budget for the administration of public services to citizens. The chairman is elected to a two-year term by council at the first meeting in January following a general election. The vice chairman is charged with carrying out the duties of the chairman in his or her absence. Council members serve four-year staggered terms. Each council member represents one of 11 districts within the county.

County Council
District Council Member
District 1 Gerald Dawson
District 2 Paul Sommerville (vice chairman)
District 3 York Glover
District 4 Alice Howard
District 5 Brian Flewelling
District 6 Joseph Passiment (chairman)
District 7 Michael Covert
District 8 Chris Hervochon
District 9 Mark Lawson
District 10 Larry McEllyn
District 11 Stu Rodman

Education[]

Colleges and universities[]

  • University of South Carolina Beaufort

Community, junior, and technical colleges[]

  • Technical College of the Lowcountry

High schools[]

  • Battery Creek High School
  • Beaufort High School
  • Beaufort Jasper Academy for Career Excellence
  • Bluffton High School
  • Hilton Head Island High School
  • John Paul II Catholic School
  • May River High School
  • Whale Branch Early College High School
  • Bridges Preparatory School

Communities[]

Beaufort County is included within the Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was estimated to be 211,614 in 2016.

Cities[]

  • Beaufort (county seat)

Towns[]

  • Bluffton
  • Hilton Head Island
  • Port Royal
  • Yemassee (partly in Hampton County)

Census-designated places[]

  • Burton
  • Laurel Bay
  • Shell Point

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Brighton Beach
  • Dale
  • Frogmore
  • Lady's Island
  • Lobeco
  • Parris Island
  • Pocotaligo
  • Pritchardville
  • Sheldon
  • Sun City
  • Seabrook

Named islands[]

Some islands are also towns.

  • Barataria Island
  • Bull Island
  • Callawassie Island
  • Cane Island
  • Coosaw Island
  • Dataw Island
  • Daufuskie Island
  • Fripp Island
  • Grays Hill
  • Harbor Island
  • Hilton Head Island
  • Hunting Island
  • Lady's Island
  • Lemon Island
  • Little Capers Island (uninhabited)
  • Morgan Island
  • Parris Island
  • Poppy Hill
  • Port Royal Island
  • Pritchard Island (uninhabited research station)
  • Saint Helena Island
  • Spring Island
  • St. Phillips Island
  • Warsaw Island

Notable people[]

  • Pat Conroy, author
  • Joe Frazier, boxer
  • Candice Glover, American Idol Season 12 winner
  • Bob Inglis, politician
  • Greg Jones, football player
  • Thomas E. Miller, educator, lawyer, politician, son of Declaration signor Thomas E. Heyward, Jr.
  • James Saxon, football player
  • Duncan Sheik, musician
  • Wayne Simmons, football player
  • Robert Smalls, politician
  • Stan Smith, tennis player
  • Devin Taylor, football player
  • D.J. Trahan, golfer
  • Kathryn R. Wall, author[17]

Politics[]

United States presidential election results for Beaufort County, South Carolina[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 53,194 54.37% 43,419 44.38% 1,222 1.25%
2016 42,922 54.66% 32,138 40.93% 3,464 4.41%
2012 42,687 58.24% 29,848 40.72% 762 1.04%
2008 37,821 54.92% 30,396 44.14% 653 0.95%
2004 33,331 60.34% 21,505 38.93% 399 0.72%
2000 25,561 57.90% 17,487 39.61% 1,100 2.49%
1996 17,575 53.00% 13,532 40.81% 2,055 6.20%
1992 14,735 47.10% 11,466 36.65% 5,086 16.26%
1988 16,184 64.68% 8,691 34.73% 146 0.58%
1984 13,668 64.72% 7,347 34.79% 103 0.49%
1980 8,620 51.62% 7,415 44.40% 665 3.98%
1976 5,935 49.34% 6,049 50.29% 45 0.37%
1972 5,929 64.12% 3,237 35.01% 81 0.88%
1968 2,983 36.29% 3,740 45.49% 1,498 18.22%
1964 3,432 55.54% 2,747 44.46% 0 0.00%
1960 2,021 52.89% 1,800 47.11% 0 0.00%
1956 1,051 37.85% 710 25.57% 1,016 36.59%
1952 1,599 59.11% 1,106 40.89% 0 0.00%
1948 150 11.93% 253 20.13% 854 67.94%
1944 108 13.55% 594 74.53% 95 11.92%
1940 91 13.52% 582 86.48% 0 0.00%
1936 43 7.90% 501 92.10% 0 0.00%
1932 63 10.10% 555 88.94% 6 0.96%
1928 124 22.92% 414 76.52% 3 0.55%
1924 64 14.61% 365 83.33% 9 2.05%
1920 149 35.99% 265 64.01% 0 0.00%
1916 105 21.65% 376 77.53% 4 0.82%
1912 50 8.68% 464 80.56% 62 10.76%
1908 272 34.26% 522 65.74% 0 0.00%
1904 319 43.46% 415 56.54% 0 0.00%
1900 385 50.46% 378 49.54% 0 0.00%
1896 444 60.57% 289 39.43% 0 0.00%
1892 268 60.50% 175 39.50% 0 0.00%



Beaufort County leans Republican and has voted for that party's presidential nominee in every election since 1980. Even in the first half of the 20th century, Beaufort was routinely one of the counties in South Carolina which gave the Republicans the highest percentage of the vote. In 1920, for example, Republican nominee Warren G. Harding won only 4% of the total vote in South Carolina, but 36% in Beaufort County.

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Beaufort County, South Carolina
  • Spanish Moss Trail

Footnotes[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/45/45013.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "U.S. County Population Estimates, 2015". United States Census Bureau. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  4. ^ "New Climate Maps Show a Transformed United States" (in en). https://projects.propublica.org/climate-migration. 
  5. ^ a b c d Giselle White-Perry, "The Reconstruction Legacy of Renty Franklin Greaves of Beaufort County, South Carolina", Prologue Magazine, Fall 2010, Vol. 42, No. 3, accessed 14 November 2014
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_45.txt. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/sc190090.txt. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US45013. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US45013. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US45013. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US45013. 
  16. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US45013&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  17. ^ "Kathryn Wall". Cincinnati Media. http://www.kathrynwall.com/. 
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

Further reading[]

  • Lawrence S. Rowland, The History of Beaufort County, South Carolina. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1996.
  • Stephen R. Wise and Lawrence S. Rowland, Rebellion, Reconstruction, and Redemption, 1861-1893: The History of Beaufort County, South Carolina, Volume 2. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 2015.

External links[]

Coordinates: 32°21′N 80°41′W / 32.35, -80.69

Template:South Carolina Lowcountry


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Beaufort County, South Carolina. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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