Bond County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Bond County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1817
Seat Greenville
Largest city Greenville
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

383 sq mi (991 km²)
380 sq mi (985 km²)
2 sq mi (6 km²), 0.64%
 - (2000)
 - Density

46/sq mi (18/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Bond County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois It is part of the St. Louis Metro Area . As of the 2000 census, the population is 17,633. Its county seat is Greenville6.


Bond County was formed in 1817 out of Madison County. It was named for Shadrach Bond, who was then the delegate from the Illinois Territory to the United States Congress, and who thereupon became the first governor of Illinois, serving from 1818 to 1822.[1]

When Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas gave speeches in Greenville in 1858 during a campaign for the United States Senate, Douglas said: "Ladies and gentlemen it gives me great and supreme gratification and pleasure to see this vast concourse of people assembled to hear me upon this my first visit to Old Bond."[1] The Illinois State Register reported of the occasion: "I've seen many gatherings in Old Bond county but I never saw anything equal to this and I never expect to."[1]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 991 km² (383 sq mi). 985 km² (380 sq mi) of it is land and 6 km² (2 sq mi) of it (0.64%) is water.

Adjacent Counties[]


2000 census age pyramid for Bond County.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1900 16,078
1910 17,075 6.2%
1920 16,045 −6.0%
1930 14,406 −10.2%
1940 14,540 0.9%
1950 14,157 −2.6%
1960 14,060 −0.7%
1970 14,012 −0.3%
1980 16,224 15.8%
1990 14,991 −7.6%
2000 17,633 17.6%
IL Counties 1900-1990

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 17,633 people, 6,155 households, and 4,345 families residing in the county. The population density was 18/km² (46/sq mi). There were 6,690 housing units at an average density of 7/km² (18/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 90.74% White, 7.41% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 1.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Bond County Courthouse in Greenville

There were 6,155 households out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.40% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county the population was spread out with 21.90% under the age of 18, 11.60% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 116.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 119.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,680, and the median income for a family was $45,413. Males had a median income of $31,849 versus $21,295 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,947. About 6.70% of families and 9.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.70% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[]

Coordinates: 38°53′N 89°26′W / 38.88, -89.44


  1. ^ a b c Allan H. Keith, Historical Stories: About Greenville and Bond County, IL. Consulted on August 15, 2007.

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