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Boone County, Indiana
Boone County Indiana Courthouse.jpg
Boone County Courthouse in Lebanon
Map of Indiana highlighting Boone County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1 April 1830 (created)
1831 (organized)
Named for Daniel Boone
Seat Lebanon
Largest city Zionsville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

423.25 sq mi (1,096 km²)
422.91 sq mi (1,095 km²)
0.34 sq mi (1 km²), 0.08%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

70,812
158.4/sq mi (61/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 5th
Website boonecounty.in.gov/
Footnotes: Indiana county number 6

Boone County is a county in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2020, the population was 70,812.[1] The county seat (and the county's only incorporated city) is Lebanon.[2] Indiana's center of population is located in eastern Boone County, just northwest of the town of Sheridan in neighboring Hamilton County.[3]

History[]

In 1787, the fledgling United States defined the Northwest Territory, which included the area of present-day Indiana. In 1800, Congress separated Ohio from the Northwest Territory, designating the rest of the land as the Indiana Territory.[4] President Thomas Jefferson chose William Henry Harrison as the territory's first governor, and Vincennes was established as the territorial capital.[5] After the Michigan Territory was separated and the Illinois Territory was formed, Indiana was reduced to its current size and geography.[4] By December 1816 the Indiana Territory was admitted to the Union as a state.

Starting in 1794, Native American titles to Indiana lands were extinguished by usurpation, purchase, or war and treaty. The United States acquired land from the Native Americans in the 1809 treaty of Fort Wayne, and by the treaty of St. Mary's in 1818 considerably more territory became property of the government. This included the future Boone County, designating areas covered by the Delaware New Purchase.

Boone County was created by the state legislature on 1 April 1830, with Jamestown (which had been first settled that year) named as the initial county seat. The county was named for frontiersman Daniel Boone.[6] The interim county commissioners met on 1 May of the following year to identify a permanent seat of government, which by law had to be within 2 miles (3.2 km) of the county's center; the [future] city of Lebanon was selected to serve this purpose.[7]

Geography[]

Boone County lies near the center of the state. It is 24 miles (38.6 km) from east to west and 17.5 miles (28.2 km) from north to south. It contains about 418.5 square miles (108,500 hectares), two-thirds of which is in cultivation. Its central position, excellent soil, and available water power have been in its favor.[8] The highest point of the county (984 feet/300 meters ASL) is a small hill two miles (3.2 km) northeast of Lebanon.[9] The upper part of the county is drained by Sugar Creek, flowing westward into Montgomery County; the southwest part of the county is drained by Big Raccoon Creek, also flowing west-southwestward into Montgomery. The southeast part of the county is drained by Eagle Creek and its tributaries, flowing southward into Marion County.[10]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 423.25 square miles (1,096.2 km2), of which 422.91 square miles (1,095.3 km2) (or 99.92%) is land and 0.34 square miles (0.88 km2) (or 0.08%) is water.[11]

Adjacent counties[]

Cities[]

  • Lebanon - county seat

Towns[]

  • Advance
  • Jamestown
  • Thorntown
  • Ulen
  • Whitestown
  • Zionsville

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Big Springs
  • Brendan Wood
  • Dale
  • Dover
  • Eagle Village
  • Eaglewood Estates[13]
  • Elizaville
  • Fayette
  • Fox Hollow
  • Gadsden
  • Hazel College[14]
  • Hazelrigg
  • Herr
  • Max
  • Mechanicsburg
  • Milledgeville
  • New Brunswick
  • Northfield
  • Northfield Village[15]
  • Pike
  • Rosston
  • Royalton
  • Russell Lake[16]
  • Shannondale (partial)
  • Shepherd
  • Stringtown
  • Terhune
  • The Woodlands
  • Ward
  • Waugh

Townships[]

  • Center
  • Clinton
  • Eagle
  • Harrison
  • Jackson
  • Jefferson
  • Marion
  • Perry
  • Sugar Creek
  • Union
  • Washington
  • Worth

Major highways[]

  • I-65.svg Interstate 65
  • I-74.svg Interstate 74
  • I-465.svg Interstate 465
  • I-865.svg Interstate 865
  • US 52.svg U.S. Route 52
  • US 136.svg U.S. Route 136
  • US 421.svg U.S. Route 421
  • Indiana 32.svg Indiana State Road 32
  • Indiana 38.svg Indiana State Road 38
  • Indiana 39.svg Indiana State Road 39
  • Indiana 47.svg Indiana State Road 47
  • Indiana 75.svg Indiana State Road 75
  • Indiana 234.svg Indiana State Road 234
  • Indiana 267.svg Indiana State Road 267

Airport[]

  • KTYQ - Indianapolis Executive Airport

Railroads[]

  • CSX Transportation

Education[]

Public schools in Boone County are administered by the Lebanon Community School Corporation, Western Boone County Community School District, Zionsville Community Schools, and Sheridan Community Schools.

Climate and weather[]

Climate chart for Lebanon, Indiana
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.44
 
34
18
 
 
2.35
 
41
22
 
 
3.40
 
52
31
 
 
3.82
 
65
40
 
 
4.47
 
75
50
 
 
4.15
 
84
60
 
 
4.54
 
86
63
 
 
3.55
 
85
61
 
 
3.01
 
79
53
 
 
2.88
 
67
43
 
 
3.70
 
52
34
 
 
3.06
 
39
23
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: The Weather Channel[17]

In recent years, average temperatures in Lebanon have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−32.8 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 112 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.35 inches (60 mm) in February to 4.54 inches (115 mm) in July.[17]

Government[]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The legislative branch of the county's government; controls and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected to four-year terms from county districts. They set salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[18][19]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county; commissioners are elected county-wide to staggered four-year terms. One commissioner serves as president. The commissioners execute acts legislated by the council, collect revenue, and manage the county government.[18][19]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that handles civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[19]

County Officials: The county has other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. They are elected to four-year terms. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare a party affiliation and to be residents of the county.[19]

Boone County is part of Indiana's 4th and 5th congressional districts, Indiana Senate districts 21 and 23,[20] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 28, 38 and 87.[21]

Prior to 1940, Boone County was a Democratic-leaning swing county in presidential elections, backing the national winner in every election from 1912 to 1936. From 1940 on, it has become a Republican stronghold, with no Democratic presidential candidate since Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964 even managing to win forty percent of the county's votes.

United States presidential election results for Boone County, Indiana[22]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 22,351 57.80% 15,244 39.42% 1,073 2.77%
2016 19,654 60.41% 10,181 31.29% 2,702 8.30%
2012 18,808 67.70% 8,328 29.98% 646 2.33%
2008 16,622 62.27% 9,752 36.54% 318 1.19%
2004 17,055 74.48% 5,636 24.61% 207 0.90%
2000 13,161 71.54% 4,763 25.89% 472 2.57%
1996 11,338 64.44% 4,625 26.28% 1,633 9.28%
1992 9,485 54.64% 3,982 22.94% 3,891 22.42%
1988 11,608 73.44% 4,168 26.37% 30 0.19%
1984 11,790 74.38% 3,982 25.12% 78 0.49%
1980 10,484 66.11% 4,535 28.60% 840 5.30%
1976 9,214 61.48% 5,686 37.94% 86 0.57%
1972 9,874 75.10% 3,235 24.61% 38 0.29%
1968 7,905 58.96% 4,118 30.72% 1,384 10.32%
1964 7,419 52.32% 6,716 47.36% 46 0.32%
1960 8,979 62.28% 5,377 37.30% 60 0.42%
1956 8,573 61.56% 5,318 38.19% 35 0.25%
1952 8,619 63.04% 4,986 36.47% 68 0.50%
1948 6,450 55.67% 5,037 43.47% 99 0.85%
1944 6,823 56.00% 5,292 43.43% 70 0.57%
1940 7,066 53.26% 6,152 46.37% 49 0.37%
1936 5,739 45.57% 6,775 53.80% 79 0.63%
1932 5,309 42.68% 6,900 55.47% 231 1.86%
1928 6,556 58.81% 4,500 40.37% 91 0.82%
1924 6,256 52.57% 5,466 45.93% 178 1.50%
1920 6,650 50.93% 6,178 47.31% 230 1.76%
1916 3,333 46.97% 3,513 49.51% 250 3.52%
1912 1,181 17.55% 3,280 48.74% 2,269 33.71%
1908 3,471 48.22% 3,525 48.97% 202 2.81%
1904 3,633 50.20% 3,263 45.09% 341 4.71%
1900 3,360 46.46% 3,718 51.41% 154 2.13%
1896 3,449 47.23% 3,800 52.03% 54 0.74%
1892 3,136 46.82% 3,104 46.34% 458 6.84%
1888 3,441 48.95% 3,324 47.29% 264 3.76%



Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 621
1840 8,121 1,207.7%
1850 11,631 43.2%
1860 16,753 44.0%
1870 22,593 34.9%
1880 25,922 14.7%
1890 26,572 2.5%
1900 26,321 −0.9%
1910 24,673 −6.3%
1920 23,575 −4.5%
1930 22,290 −5.5%
1940 22,081 −0.9%
1950 23,993 8.7%
1960 27,543 14.8%
1970 30,870 12.1%
1980 36,446 18.1%
1990 38,147 4.7%
2000 46,107 20.9%
2010 56,640 22.8%
US Decennial Census[23]
1790-1960[24] 1900-1990[25]
1990-2000[26] 2010-2020[1]

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 56,640 people, 21,149 households, and 15,509 families in the county.[27] The population density was 133.9 inhabitants per square mile (51.7 /km2). There were 22,754 housing units at an average density of 53.8 per square mile (20.8 /km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 95.3% white, 1.7% Asian, 0.9% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.2% of the population.[27] In terms of ancestry, 28.9% were German, 19.3% were English, 14.1% were Irish, and 9.0% were American.[28]

Of the 21,149 households, 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.1% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.7% were non-families, and 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.12. The median age was 38.6 years.[27]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $81,401. Males had a median income of $57,251 versus $41,309 for females. The per capita income for the county was $38,696. About 6.1% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.[29]

See also[]

  • List of public art in Boone County, Indiana
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Boone County, Indiana

References[]

  1. ^ a b "Boone County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/18/18011.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "Population and Population Centers by State: 2000". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/geo/www/cenpop/statecenters.txt. 
  4. ^ a b "Government at Crossroads: An Indiana chronology". 5 January 2008. http://www.heraldbulletin.com/news/local_news/government-at-crossroads-an-indiana-chronology/article_3a07aa44-1cd4-5028-82e7-96b907121b31.html?mode=jqm. 
  5. ^ Brill, Marlene Targ (2005). Indiana. Marshall Cavendish. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-7614-2020-0. 
  6. ^ Harden and Spahr 1887, p. 10.
  7. ^ Harden and Spahr 1887, p. 37.
  8. ^ Boone County Genealogy and History (Indiana Genealogy.org, accessed 1 November 2020)
  9. ^ High Point of Boone County, Indiana (PeakBagger.com, accessed 1 November 2020)
  10. ^ Boone County IN (Google Maps, accessed 1 November 2020)
  11. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY10/0500000US18011. 
  12. ^ "History of Boone County". Boone County. http://boonecounty.in.gov/County-Information/History. 
  13. ^ Eaglewood Estates IN (Google Maps, accessed 1 November 2020)
  14. ^ Hazel College/Center Township IN (Google Maps, accessed 1 November 2020)
  15. ^ Northfield Village/Lebanon IN (Google Maps, accessed 1 November 2020)
  16. ^ Russell Lake (Google Maps, accessed 1 November 2020)
  17. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Lebanon, Indiana". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USIN0357. 
  18. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title36/ar2/ch3.html. 
  19. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title3/ar10/ch2.pdf. 
  20. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. http://www.in.gov/sos/elections/3006.htm. 
  21. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. http://www.in.gov/sos/elections/3005.htm. 
  22. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  23. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  24. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  25. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/in190090.txt. 
  26. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  27. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US18011. 
  28. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0400000US18%7c0500000US18011. 
  29. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0400000US18%7c0500000US18011. 

Bibliography[]

External links[]

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Coordinates: 40°03′N 86°28′W / 40.05, -86.47


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Boone County, Indiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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