Colonial Boston – The Boston Common in 1768

The Boston Brahmin or Boston elite are members of Boston's traditional upper class.[1] They form an integral part of the historic core of the East Coast establishment, and are often associated with the distinctive Boston Brahmin accent, Harvard University, and traditional Anglo-American customs and clothing. Descendants of the earliest English colonists, such as those who came to America on the Mayflower or the Arbella, are often considered to be the most representative of the Boston Brahmins.[2]

The term was coined by the physician and writer Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., in an 1860 article in the Atlantic Monthly.[3] The term Brahmin refers to the highest ranking caste of people in the traditional Hindu system of castes. In the United States, it has been applied to the old, wealthy New England families of British Protestant origin which were influential in the development of American institutions and culture.

The term effectively underscores the strong conviction of the New England gentry that they were a people set apart by destiny to guide the American experiment as their ancestors had played a leading role in founding it. The term also illustrates the erudite and exclusive nature of the New England gentry as perceived by outsiders, and may also refer to their interest in Eastern religions, fostered perhaps by the impact in the 19th century of the transcendentalist writings of New England literary icons such as Ralph Waldo Emerson and Walt Whitman, and the enlightened appeal of Universalist Unitarian movements of the same period.


Typical dress of the Boston elite

The nature of the Brahmins is hinted at by the doggerel "Boston Toast" by Holy Cross alumnus John Collins Bossidy:

And this is good old Boston,
The home of the bean and the cod,
Where the Lowells talk only to Cabots,
And the Cabots talk only to God.[4][5]

While some 19th-century Brahmin families of large fortune were of bourgeois origin, others were of aristocratic origin. The new families were often the first to seek, in typically British fashion, suitable marriage alliances with those old aristocratic New England families that were descended from landowners in England to elevate and cement their social standing. The Winthrops, Dudleys, Saltonstalls, Winslows, Lowells, and Lymans (descended from English magistrates, gentry, and aristocracy) were, by and large, happy with this arrangement. All of Boston's "Brahmin elite", therefore, maintained the received culture of the old English gentry, including cultivating the personal excellence that they imagined maintained the distinction between gentlemen and freemen, and between women and ladies. They saw it as their duty to maintain what they defined as high standards of excellence, duty, and restraint. Cultivated, urbane, and dignified, a Boston Brahmin was supposed to be the very essence of enlightened aristocracy.[6][7] The ideal Brahmin was not only wealthy, but displayed what was considered suitable personal virtues and character traits.

The Brahmin was expected to maintain the customary English reserve in his dress, manner, and deportment, cultivate the arts, support charities such as hospitals and colleges, and assume the role of community leader.[8]:14 Although the ideal called on him to transcend commonplace business values, in practice many found the thrill of economic success quite attractive. The Brahmins warned each other against avarice and insisted upon personal responsibility. Scandal and divorce were unacceptable. The total system was buttressed by the strong extended family ties present in Boston society. Young men attended the same prep schools, colleges, and private clubs,[9] and heirs married heiresses. Family not only served as an economic asset, but also as a means of moral restraint. Most belong to the Unitarian or Episcopal churches, although some were Congregationalists or Methodists. Politically they were successively Federalists, Whigs, and Republicans. They were marked by their manners and once distinctive elocution, the Boston Brahmin accent, a version of the New England accent. Their distinctive Anglo-American manner of dress has been much imitated and is the foundation of the style now informally known as preppy. Many of the Brahmin families trace their ancestry back to the original 17th- and 18th-century colonial ruling class consisting of Massachusetts governors and magistrates, Harvard presidents, distinguished clergy and fellows of the Royal Society of London (a leading scientific body), while others entered New England aristocratic society during the 19th century with their profits from commerce and trade, often marrying into established Brahmin families such as the Welds, Saltonstalls, Lymans, Sargents, Emersons, Winslows, Warrens and Winthrops.

Brahmin families[]

Adams Family[]

American statesmen, Governor of Massachusetts, and founding father, Samuel Adams

Amory Family[]

Appleton Family[]

American merchant, Samuel Appleton (1766-1853).

Patrilineal line:[10]

Other notable relatives:

  1. Charles Appleton Longfellow (1844-1893) - Snuck away to join the Civil War where he was gravely wounded. He inspired Longfellow's poem I Heard the Bells on Christmas Day.
  2. Ernest Wadsworth Longfellow (1845-1921) - renowned artist and art collector who donated a sizeable collection to the Boston Museum of Art.
  3. Frances Longfellow (1847-1848) - When the younger Fanny was born on April 7, 1847, Dr. Nathan Cooley Keep administered ether as the first obstetric anesthetic in the United States to Fanny Longfellow
  4. Alice Mary Longfellow (1850-1928) - noteworth philanthropist and historical preservationist. Never married.
  5. Edith Longfellow (1853-1915) - married Boston lawyer, Richard Henry Dana III, son of the popular writer Richard Henry Dana, Jr., author of Two Years Before the Mast.
  6. Anne Allegra Longfellow (1855-1934) - the youngest daughter of the poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807-1882), she married a Boston lawyer. Her father immortalized her in his poem "The Children's Hour" as "laughing Allegra," referring to her middle name.

Bacon Family[]

U.S. Congressman and lawyer, Robert Low Bacon (1884-1938)

Bates Family[]

Philanthropist, business magnate, namesake of Bates College, Benjamin Bates.

Originally from Boston and Britain, also descended from John Alden (c1599-1687) of the Mayflower.

  • Benjamin Bates I (c. 1651–1710);[11][12] merchant banker, family patriarch
  • Benjamin Bates II (1716 – c. 1820);[13] member of the Hell Fire Club, revolutionary
  • Benjamin Bates IV (1808–1878); philanthropist, namesake and benefactor of Bates College
  • John Grenville Bates (1880-1944) - a co-founder of the American Kennel Club[2] and former President and Show Chairman of the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show.
  • Joshua Bates (1788-1864); Barings Bank partner, managed many Brahmin family fortunes, advised Adams family on Court protocol, his only daughter became wife to a Belgian prime minister.

Boylston Family[]

Bradlee Family[]

Direct line:[14][15][16]

Cabot Family[]

The Boston Brahmin Cabot family descended from John Cabot (b. 1680 in Jersey, one of the Channel Islands), who emigrated from his birthplace to Salem, Massachusetts in 1700.


Chaffee Family[]

Lt Gen Adna R Chaffee (1842-1914) - Civil War Veteran and US Military Governor of the Philippine Islands

Originally of Hingham, Massachusetts:


Choate Family[]

Federal judge, founder of Choate Rosemary Hall, William Gardner Choate


Coffin Family[]

Officer of the Royal British Navy, Sir Isaac Coffin (1759-1839)

Originally of Newbury and Nantucket:


Coolidge Family[]

Calvin Coolidge, 30th President of the United States.


Cooper Family[]

Congregational minister, Samuel Cooper

  • John Cooper (1609–1669): colonist
  • Samuel Cooper (1725-1783): clergyman - Noted Clergyman of the American Revolution -Pastor of Brattle Street Church - Co-Founder of American Academy of Arts & Sciences - Chaplain of the General Court (1758-1770 / 1777-1783)
  • Samuel D. Cooper, Jr. (1750–1824): revolutionary
  • Samuel D. Cooper III (1778–1853): trade merchant
  • Frederick Taber Cooper (1864-1937): writer, Ph.D.


Crowninshield Family[]

Colonist, Benjamin Williams Crowninshield

Descendants by marriage:


Cushing Family[]

Originally of Hingham, Massachusetts:

  • Caleb Cushing (1800–1879): U.S. congressman and Attorney General
  • John Perkins Cushing (1787–1862): China trade merchant, investor
  • Thomas Cushing (1725–1788): statesman, revolutionary
  • William Cushing (1732–1810): U.S. Supreme Court justice
  • Harvey Cushing (1869–1939): neurosurgeon

Descendant by marriage:

  • Albert Cushing Read (1887–1967): naval officer


Dana Family[]

  • Richard Dana (1699–1772): colonial Boston politician
  • Francis Dana (1743–1811): revolutionary
  • Richard Henry Dana, Sr. (1787–1879): lawyer, author
  • Richard Henry Dana, Jr. (1815–1882): lawyer, author (Two Years Before the Mast)


Danforth Family

  • Nicholas Danforth, Gent. (1589-1639), immigrant, arrived in 1634 Massachusetts Bay Colony
    • Dep. Gov. Judge Thomas Danforth (1623-1699), treasurer of Harvard, Steward of Harvard, Deputy Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Lord Proprietor of southern Maine until 1680, Justifce of the Massachusetts Bay Colony Superior Court, proprietor of 15,000 acres.
    • Rev. Samuel Danforth (1626-1674), authority, one of the five founding fellows of Harvard, ordained on 24 Sep 1650, pastor of The First Church of Roxbury, Boston
    • Jonathan Danforth (c1627-1712), Founder of Billiercia, Massachusetts Bay Colony


Delano Family

  • Columbus Delano (1809–1896): U.S. Secretary of the Interior
  • Jane Delano (1862–1919): founder of the American Red Cross Nursing Service
  • Paul Delano (1745–1842): naval officer
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882–1945): President of the United States
  • Frederic A. Delano (1863-1953): civic reformer and railroad president


Derby Family

  • Capt. Richard Derby, Jr. (1712-1783), founder of the Derby shipping firm, had a net worth of $70,000 at the time of his death
    • Capt. Richard Derby III (1736-1781), Member of Provincial Congress
    • Elias Hasket "King" Derby, America's first millionaire and the Founder of the East India Shipping trade
      • Gen. Elias Hasket Derby, Jr. (1766-1826, military general and a shipping merchant
    • Capt. John Derby (1741-1812), delivered the news of the beginning and the end of the American Revolutionary War to the British in secret


Dudley Family

  • Thomas Dudley (1576–1653): Governor of Massachusetts, a founder of Harvard College
  • Anne Dudley Bradstreet (1612–1672): first American poet, wife of Royal Governor Simon Bradstreet
  • Joseph Dudley (1647–1720): Royal Governor of Massachusetts, President of the Dominion of New England, Chief Justice of New York, Member of Parliament, Lt. Governor of the Isle of Wight
  • Paul Dudley (1675–1751): Chief Justice of Massachusetts, member of the Royal Society, founder of the Dudleian lectures at Harvard
  • Paul Dudley Sargent (1745–1828): Army colonel and Revolutionary War hero
  • Dudley Saltonstall (1738–1796): Naval commodore during the Revolution and successful privateer


American historian and president of Yale University, Timothy Dwight

Dwight Family

  • Timothy Dwight IV (1752–1817): president of Yale University
  • Joseph Dwight (1703–1765): lawyer, French and Indian War veteran
  • James Dwight Dana (1813–1895): geologist


President of Harvard University, Charles William Eliot

Eliot Family

  • Charles William Eliot (1834–1926): president of Harvard University
    • Charles Eliot (1859–1897): landscape architect
    • Samuel A. Eliot II (1862–1950): president of the American Unitarian Association
  • William Greenleaf Eliot (1811–1887): educator, Unitarian minister, and civic leader
    • Henry Ware Eliot (1843–1919) industrialist and philanthropist, co-founder of Washington University
  • Samuel Eliot Morison (1887–1976): maritime author
  • Theodore Lyman Eliot (1928-...), diplomat

Descendant by marriage:

  • Charles Eliot Norton (1827–1908): author


Massachusetts minister, William Emerson

Emerson Family


Endicott Family



  • Augustus Bradford Endicott (1818–1910): politician
      • Philip Endicott Young (1885–1955): industrialist
    • Henry Bradford Endicott (1853–1920): industrialist
      • Henry Wendell Endicott (1880–1954)


Fabens Family

Of Marblehead and Salem:[18]

  • William Fabens (1810–1883): lawyer, member of Assembly, Senate[19]
    • William Chandler Fabens (1843–1903): Lynn attorney,[20][21] namesake of Fabens Building
  • Samuel Augustus Fabens (1813–1899): master mariner in the East India and California trade[22][23]
  • Francis Alfred Fabens (1814–1872): mercantile businessman, San Francisco judge, attorney[24]
  • Joseph Warren Fabens (1821–1875): U.S. Consul at Cayenne, businessman, Envoy Extraordinary of the Dominican Republic[25]
  • George Wilson Fabens (1857–1939): attorney, land commissioner and superintendent of Southern Pacific Railroad, namesake of Fabens, Texas[26][27]


Forbes Family

  • John Murray Forbes (1813–1898): industrialist
  • John Forbes Kerry (b. 1943): United States Secretary of State, senator from Massachusetts (1985–2013)
  • Elliot Forbes (1917–2006): conductor and musicologist
  • Robert Bennet Forbes (1804–1889): sea captain, China merchant, ship owner, writer


American businessman and art collector, John Lowell Gardner

Gardner Family

Originally of Essex county:


  • Jonathan Gillett (1609–1677): colonist
  • Edward Bates Gillett (1817–1899): Attorney
    • Frederick Huntington Gillett (1851–1935): 37th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
    • Arthur Lincoln Gillett (1859–1938): clergyman


  • Mark Healey (1791–1872): originally of New Hampshire, merchant and first president of the Merchant's Bank[29]
    • Caroline Wells Healey (1822–1912), writer, feminist, and abolitionist
    • Charles Henry Appleton Dall (1816–1886), first Unitarian minister to India
      • William Healey Dall (1845–1912), malacologist, paleontologist, and explorer of Alaska


Holmes Family


Jackson Family


Lawrence Family

Descendant by marriage: Abbott Lawrence Lowell (1856–1943): president of Harvard University


Lodge Family



  • Richard Lyman (1580–1640): a founder of Hartford, Connecticut; cousin of Lord Mayor of London Sir John Lyman of the Lyman Baronets of England
  • Roswell Lyman: China trade merchant, had an interest in The Ann & Hope
  • Theodore Lyman (1753–1839): China trade merchant, commissioned Samuel McIntire to build one of New England's finest country houses, The Vale
  • Theodore Lyman II (1792–1849): brigadier general of militia, Massachusetts state representative, mayor of Boston
  • Theodore Lyman III (1833–1897): natural scientist, aide-de-camp to Major General Meade during the American Civil War, and United States congressman from Massachusetts
  • Theodore Lyman IV (1874–1954): director of Jefferson Physics Lab, Harvard; eponym of the Lyman series of spectral lines. The crater Lyman on the far side of the Moon is named after him, as is the Lyman Physics Building at Harvard.
  • George Williams Lyman (1786–1880): developed textile mills, director of the Boston and Lowell Railroad and the Columbian Bank, president of the Massachusetts Hospital Life Insurance Company. His first wife was Elizabeth Gray Otis, the daughter of Harrison Gray Otis (U.S. senator and mayor of Boston) and Sally Foster Otis, prominent Bostonians who built a noted Federal-style mansion still standing.
        • Arthur T. Lyman (1832–1915), and his sisters Sarah (Mrs. Philip H. Sears) and Lydia (Mrs. Robert Treat Paine)
          • Arthur T. Lyman, Jr. (1861–1933): married Susan Cabot. Director and officer of textile manufacturing companies and the Massachusetts Life Insurance Company. Board member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra and the Waltham Hospital. He was active in politics as president of the Democratic Club of Massachusetts, chairman of the State Democratic Committee.


Minot Family


Norcross Family

Original from Watertown, Massachusetts

  • Otis Norcross (1811–1882): mayor of Boston
  • Eleanor Norcross (1854–1923): artist


Otis Family


Parkman Family


Entrepreneur and philanthropist who founded the House of Morgan and the Peabody Institute, George Peabody

Peabody Family

  • Catherine Endicott Peabody (1808–1833)
  • Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804–1894): American educator who opened the first English-language kindergarten in the United States
  • Endicott Peabody (1857–1944): Episcopal priest and founder of the Groton School for Boys
  • Endicott "Chubb" Peabody (1920–1997): governor of Massachusetts
  • George Peabody (1795–1869): entrepreneur and philanthropist who founded the House of Morgan[31] and the Peabody Institute
  • Joseph Peabody (1757–1844): merchant, shipowner, and philanthropist whose company sailed clipper ships in the Old China Trade from its base in Salem, Massachusetts
  • Mary Tyler Peabody Mann (1806–1887): American author
  • Nathaniel Peabody (1774–1855)
  • Richard R. Peabody (1892–1936): author of The Common Sense of Drinking, a major influence on Alcoholics Anonymous founder Bill Wilson
  • Sophia Amelia Peabody Hawthorne (1809–1871): painter, illustrator, and wife of American author Nathaniel Hawthorne


Perkins Family

  • James Perkins (1761–1822): founder of the Boston Athenaeum, pioneer of the China trade, merchant, philanthropist
  • Thomas Handasyd Perkins (1764–1854): merchant, philanthropist
  • Charles Perkins (1823–1886): art historian, philanthropist, founder of the Museum of Fine Arts
  • Edward Perkins (1856–1905): constitutional lawyer
  • Maxwell Perkins (1884–1947): literary editor of Hemingway, Faulkner, Fitzgerald


Educator and founder of Phillips Exeter Academy, John Phillips

Phillips Family

  • Christopher H. Phillips (1920–2008): politician and diplomat
  • Samuel Phillips, Jr. (1752–1802): politician, founder of Phillips Academy
  • John Phillips (1719–1795): educator, founder of Phillips Exeter Academy
  • John Sanborn Phillips (1861-1949): publisher of McClure's Magazine
  • Wendell Phillips (1811–1884): abolitionist
  • William Phillips (1920–2008): diplomat

Other notable relatives:

  • Samuel Phillips Huntington (1927-2008): Harvard Political Science Professor and Author; grandson of John Sanborn Phillips
  • Charles F. Brush (1849-1929): inventor and philanthropist
  • Bill Gates (1955-): billionaire software pioneer and philanthropist


  • Timothy Pickering, 3rd United States Secretary of State, 2nd United States Secretary of War, 5th United States Postmaster General, American Revolutionary War colonel, Adjutant General of the American Revolutionary  Continental Army


Putnam Family


Quincy Family


Rice Family

Originally of Sudbury, Massachusetts:

  • Deacon Edmund Rice (1594–1663): colonist
  • Alexander Hamilton Rice (1818–1895): industrialist, mayor of Boston, governor of Massachusetts, U.S. congressman
    • Alexander Hamilton Rice, Jr. (1875–1956): physician, geographer and explorer
  • Americus Vespucius Rice (1835–1904): general, U.S. congressman
  • Edmund Rice (1842–1906): U.S. Army general, Medal of Honor recipient
  • Edmund Rice (1819–1889): U.S. congressman
  • Henry Mower Rice (1816–1894): U.S. senator
  • Luther Rice (1783–1836): Baptist clergyman, missionary to India
  • Thomas Rice (1768–1854): U.S. congressman
  • William Marsh Rice (1816–1900): businessman, founder of Rice University
  • William North Rice (1845–1928): geologist, educator
  • William Whitney Rice (1826–1896): U.S. congressman
  • William B. Rice (1840–1909): industrialist, philanthropist


Saltonstall Family

  • Leverett Saltonstall I (1783–1845): politician, educator[32]
  • Leverett Saltonstall (1892–1979): U.S. senator
    • William L. Saltonstall (1927–2009): politician
  • Philip Saltonstall Weld (1915–1984): World War II commando, environmentalist


  • Colonel Epes Sargent (1690–1762): colonel of militia before the Revolution and a justice of the general session court for more than 30 years
    • Paul Dudley Sargent (1745–1828): Revolutionary officer, one of the founding overseers of Bowdoin College
      • Harrison Tweed (1885–1969): lawyer and civic leader
    • John Sargent (1750–1824): Loyalist officer during the American Revolution
      • Winthrop Sargent (1753–1820): patriot, governor, politician, and writer; member of the Federalist Party
      • Judith Sargent Murray (1751–1820): feminist, essayist, playwright, and poet; her home is the Sargent House Museum
    • Daniel Sargent, Sr. (1730–1806): merchant, owned Sargent's Wharf in Boston
      • Daniel Sargent (1764–1842): merchant, politician
        • Daniel Sargent Curtis (1825–1908): lawyer, banker, trustee of the BPL, owner of Palazzo Barbaro
      • Henry Sargent (1770–1845): painter and military man
      • Henry Winthrop Sargent (1810–1882): horticulturist and landscape gardener
      • Lucius Manlius Sargent (1786–1867): author, antiquarian, and temperance advocate
      • John Singer Sargent (1856–1925): artist, considered the "leading portrait painter of his generation"
      • Charles Sprague Sargent (1841–1927): botanist, first director of Harvard University's Arnold Arboretum
      • Winthrop Sargent Gilman (1808–1884): head of the banking house of Gilman, Son & Co. in New York City
      • Epes Sargent (1813–1880): editor, poet and playwright
      • Francis W. Sargent (1915–1998): 64th governor of Massachusetts
      • Benjamin Crowninshield Bradlee (1921–2014) (Harvard-1942): editor of The Washington Post
      • Frances Sargent Osgood (1811–1850): poet, one of the most popular women writers during her time
      • Anna Maria Wells (née Foster; ca. 1794–1868): early American poet and writer for children


Sears Family

  • Richard Sears (1610–1676): colonist
  • David Sears II (1787–1871): philanthropist, merchant, landowner
  • Clara Endicott Sears (1863–1960): author, philanthropist
  • Mason Sears (1899–1973): politician and ambassador
  • Emily Sears: wife of Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.
  • John W. Sears (1930–2014): politician


Tarbox Family

  • John Tarbox (1645–1674): colonist
  • John K. Tarbox (1838–1887): U.S. congressman
  • Increase N. Tarbox (1815–1888): author


Thorndike Family

  • Israel Thorndike (1755–1832): merchant, politician
  • Augustus Thorndike (1896–1986): physician
  • George Thorndike Angell (1823–1909): lawyer, philanthropist


Tudor Family

  • William Tudor (1750–1819): lawyer, politician, founder of the Massachusetts Historical Society
  • William Tudor (1779–1830): cofounder of the North American Review and the Boston Athenaeum
  • Frederic Tudor (1783–1864): Boston's "Ice King", founder of the Tudor Ice Company
  • Tasha Tudor (1915–2008): illustrator and author of children's books


Major general and doctor, Joseph Warren
  • Richard Warren (1578–1628): London merchant, Mayflower passenger
  • James Warren (1726–1808): Army general, paymaster of American Army, president of Massachusetts Congress
  • Mercy Otis Warren (1728–1814): playwright, historian, pioneer feminist, revolutionary
  • Joseph Warren (1741–1775): major-general, hero/martyr of Bunker Hill, president of Massachusetts Congress, sent Paul Revere on his famous midnight ride
  • John Warren (1753–1815): founder of Harvard Medical School, surgeon at Bunker Hill, co-founder of the Massachusetts Medical Society
  • John Collins Warren (1778–1856): surgeon, gave first public demonstration of surgical anesthesia, a founder of The New England Journal of Medicine, president of the American Medical Association, founding dean of Harvard Medical School, and a founder of Massachusetts General Hospital
  • John Collins Warren, Jr. (1842–1947): surgeon and president of the American Surgical Association


Weld Family

  • Thomas Weld (born c. 1600): colonist, Puritan minister
  • William Gordon Weld (1775–1825): merchant
  • William Fletcher Weld (1800–1881): merchant, philanthropist
  • Ezra Greenleaf Weld (1801–1874): daguerreotypist
  • Theodore Dwight Weld (1803–1895): abolitionist
  • Stephen Minot Weld (1806–1867): politician, educator
  • George Walker Weld (1840–1905): philanthropist
  • Stephen Minot Weld, Jr. (1842–1920): Civil War general
  • Charles Goddard Weld (1857–1911): philanthropist
  • Isabel Weld Perkins (1877–1948): philanthropist
  • Philip Saltonstall Weld (1915–1984): World War II commando, environmentalist
  • Tuesday Weld (b. 1943): actress
  • William Weld (b. 1945): governor of Massachusetts


Wigglesworth Family

  • Michael Wigglesworth (1631–1705): colonist, clergyman
    • Edward Wigglesworth (1693–1765): clergyman, educator
  • Richard B. Wigglesworth (1891–1960): U.S. congressman


Winthrop Family

  • John Winthrop (1588–1649): governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony[33]
  • Lucy Winthrop Downing, mother of diplomat Sir George Downing, 1st Baronet, founder of New York, of Downing Street, London, and ultimately of Downing College, Cambridge UK. Lucy's letter to her brother Governor Winthrop provided the impetus for the founding of Harvard College.
  • John Winthrop: married Anne Dudley, granddaughter of Thomas Dudley
    • John Winthrop (1714–1779): acting president of Harvard, pioneer of American science
  • Thomas Lindall Winthrop (1760–1841): lieutenant governor of Massachusetts
  • Robert Charles Winthrop (1809–1894): lawyer, politician, philanthropist

See also[]

  • Philadelphia Main Line
  • Old Philadelphians
  • First Families of Virginia
  • Colonial families of Maryland
  • American gentry
  • Dominant minority
  • Elitism
  • Golden Square Mile
  • Preppy
  • Socialite
  • Upper class
  • White Anglo-Saxon Protestant
  • Yankee


  1. ^ "People & Events: Boston Brahmins". PBS Online. Retrieved 29 November 2015. 
  2. ^ Greenwood, Andrew (11 August 2011). An Introduction to the Unitarian and Universalist Traditions. Cambridge University Press. p. LX. Retrieved 27 August 2015. 
  3. ^ Oliver Wendell Holmes, "The Brahmin Caste of New England", The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 5, Issue 27, Chapter 1 (1860). The series of articles that this article was part of eventually became his novel Elsie Venner, and the first chapter of that novel was about the Brahmin caste.
  4. ^ Andrews, Robert (ed.) (1996). Famous Lines: A Columbia Dictionary of Familiar Quotations. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-10218-6. 
  5. ^ McPhee, John. Giving Good Weight. p. 163. 
  6. ^ Ronald Story, Harvard and the Boston Upper Class: The Forging of an Aristocracy, 1800–1870 (1985).
  7. ^ Paul Goodman, "Ethics and Enterprise: The Values of a Boston Elite, 1800–1860", American Quarterly, Sept 1966, Vol. 18 Issue 3, pp 437–451.
  8. ^ Peter S. Field Ralph Waldo Emerson: The Making of a Democratic Intellectual Rowman & Littlefield, 2003. ISBN 0847688429. ISBN 978-0847688425
  9. ^ Ronald Story, "Harvard Students, the Boston Elite, and the New England Preparatory System, 1800–1870", History of Education Quarterly, Fall 1975, Vol. 15 Issue 3, pp 281–298.
  10. ^ Farrell, Betty (1993). Elite Families: Class and Power in Nineteenth-Century Boston. SUNY Press. ISBN 1438402325. 
  11. ^ There is some speculation on the actual date of birth of the patriarch of the Bates family, with many agreeing on the
  12. ^ "Benjamin Bates, Sr.". 
  13. ^ "Benjamin Bates, Jr.". 
  14. ^ Sarah Bradlee (1740-1835)
  15. ^ Quinn, Bradleeq. "Sarah Bradlee". Boston Tea Party Museum. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
  16. ^ Quinn, Bradlee. "David Bradlee". Internet Archive. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
  17. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named JosephCabotJr
  18. ^ Perkins, Geo. A. (George Augustus), "Some of the descendants of Jonathan Fabens of Marblehead", 1881. Online at
  19. ^ Perkins
  20. ^ Perkins
  21. ^ William Chandler Fabens
  22. ^ Perkins
  23. ^ Capt Samuel Augustus Fabens
  24. ^ Perkins
  25. ^ Perkins
  26. ^ "History of Fabens, Texas". Fabens Independent School District
  27. ^ George Wilson Fabens
  28. ^ Hall, Alexandra [2009]. The New Brahmins. Boston Magazine
  29. ^
  30. ^ John J. Waters, The Otis Family in Provincial and Revolutionary Massachusetts (U. of North Carolina Press, 1968)
  31. ^
  32. ^ Robert Moody, The Saltonstall Papers, 1607–1815: Selected and Edited and with Biographies of Ten Members of the Saltonstall Family in Six Generations. Vol. 1, 1607–1789 vol 2 1791–1815 (1975).
  33. ^ Malcolm Freiberg, "The Winthrops and Their Papers", Massachusetts Historical Society Proceedings, 1968, Vol. 80, pp 55–70

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