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Box Elder County, Utah
Box Elder County Courthouse.jpeg
Box Elder County Courthouse, January 2010
Map of Utah highlighting Box Elder County
Location in the state of Utah
Map of the U.S. highlighting Utah
Utah's location in the U.S.
Founded January 5, 1856
Named for Box elder tree
Seat Brigham City
Largest city Brigham City
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

6,729 sq mi (17,428 km²)
5,746 sq mi (14,882 km²)
934 sq mi (2,419 km²), 15
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

57,666
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.boxeldercounty.org

Box Elder County is a county at the northwestern corner of Utah, United States. As of 2020, the population is 57,666. Its county seat and largest city is Brigham City.[1] The county was named for the box elder trees that abound in the county.

Box Elder County is part of the Ogden-Clearfield, UT Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem, UT Combined Statistical Area. Box Elder County.

History[]

Corinne. Staff of the Daily Reporter. Box Elder County, Utah., 1869 - 1878

Box Elder County float, 1912

Box Elder County (details)

The county was created by the Utah Territory legislature on January 5, 1856, with territory partitioned from Weber County. Its boundaries were altered in 1862 by adjustments between counties, and in 1866 when all its area in the now-existent state of Nevada (which had gained territorial status in 1861, and statehood in 1864) was formally partitioned. The county boundaries were finally altered in 1880 by adjustments between Salt Lake and Weber counties. Its boundary has remained unchanged since 1880.[2]

The California Trail followed Goose Creek from a point just north of the Idaho/Utah border southwest across northwestern Box Elder County to Little Goose Creek in northeastern Elko County, Nevada.[3] The link-up of the first transcontinental railroad occurred at Promontory Summit, Utah in 1869.

The Spiral Jetty, an earthwork sculpture by Robert Smithson, was built on the north shore of the Great Salt Lake in Box Elder County in 1970.

Geography[]

Box Elder County lies at the NW corner of Utah. Its west border abuts the east border of the state of Nevada and its north border abuts the south border of the state of Idaho. Its territory includes large tracts of barren desert, contrasted by high, forested mountains. The Wasatch Front lies along the south-eastern border, where the main cities are found.[4] The terrain generally slopes to the south (toward the Great Salt Lake), although the NW corner of the county slopes to the north, allowing runoff from that area to flow to the Snake River drainage. The county's highest point is a mountain ridge near the NW corner, at 9,180' (2798m) ASL.[5] The county has a total area of 6,729 square miles (17,430 km2), of which 5,746 square miles (14,880 km2) is land and 984 square miles (2,550 km2) (15%) is water.[6] It is the fourth-largest county in Utah by area.

In the east lie the Wellsville Mountains, a branch of the Wasatch Range. In the west is a large, mostly uninhabited desert area. The Great Salt Lake lies in the southeastern corner of the county. The combined Interstate 15/Interstate 84 runs northward in the eastern part of the county. The two routes diverge at Tremonton, with I-84 heading northwest past Snowville into central and western Idaho, and I-15 heading north past Plymouth and Portage into eastern Idaho.

Major highways[]

  • I-15
  • I-15 Bus.
  • I-84
  • I-84 Bus.
  • US-89
  • US-91
  • SR-13
  • SR-30
  • SR-38
  • SR-42
  • SR-82
  • SR-83
  • SR-102

Adjacent counties[]

National protected areas[]

  • Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge
  • Caribou-Targhee National Forest (part)
  • Golden Spike National Historic Site
  • Sawtooth National Forest (part)
  • Wasatch-Cache National Forest (part)

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 1,608
1870 4,855 201.9%
1880 6,761 39.3%
1890 7,642 13.0%
1900 10,009 31.0%
1910 13,894 38.8%
1920 18,788 35.2%
1930 17,810 −5.2%
1940 18,832 5.7%
1950 19,734 4.8%
1960 25,061 27.0%
1970 28,129 12.2%
1980 33,222 18.1%
1990 36,485 9.8%
2000 42,745 17.2%
2010 49,975 16.9%
US Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2020[11]

2000 census[]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 42,745 people, 13,144 households, and 10,804 families in the county. The population density was 7.44/sqmi (2.87/km2). There were 14,209 housing units at an average density of 2.47/sqmi (0.95/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.87% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.88% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 3.45% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. 6.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,144 households, out of which 47.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.00% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.80% were non-families. Of the 13,144 households, 281 are unmarried partner households: 247 heterosexual, 22 same-sex male, and 12 same-sex female. 16.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.22 and the average family size was 3.63.

The county population contained 36.10% under the age of 18, 10.50% from 18 to 24, 25.40% from 25 to 44, 17.70% from 45 to 64, and 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 101.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,630, and the median income for a family was $49,421. Males had a median income of $38,814 versus $22,435 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,625. About 5.80% of families and 7.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.30% of those under age 18 and 5.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 census,[12] there were 49,975 people, 16,058 households, and 12,891 families in the county. The population density was 8.70/sqmi (3.36/km2). There were 17,326 housing units at an average density of 3.02/sqmi (1.16/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.77% White, 0.34% Black or African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.89% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 3.77% from other races, and 2.24% from two or more races. 8.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 16,058 households, out of which 41.32% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.44% were married couples living together, 8.69% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.72% were non-families. 17.16% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.39% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.50.

The county population contained 36.60% under the age of 20, 5.55% from 20 to 24, 25.37% from 25 to 44, 21.35% from 45 to 64, and 11.13% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30.6 years. For every 100 females there were 101.59 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.61 males.

2015[]

As of 2015, the largest self reported ancestry groups in Box Elder County were:

  • 26.0% were of English ancestry
  • 12.7% were of German ancestry
  • 9.3% were of American ancestry
  • 8.4% were of Danish ancestry
  • 5.5% were of Irish ancestry
  • 4.5% were of Scottish ancestry[13]

Education[]

Elementary[]

  • Century
  • Discovery
  • Fielding
  • Foothill
  • Garland
  • Grouse Creek
  • Lake View
  • McKinley
  • Mountain View
  • North Park
  • Park Valley
  • Snowville
  • Three Mile Creek
  • Willard

Intermediate[]

  • Alice C. Harris
  • Adele C. Young

Middle[]

  • Bear River
  • Box Elder

High[]

  • Bear River
  • Box Elder
  • Dale Young Community

Speciality schools[]

  • Early Learning Center
  • Independent Life Skills Center

Politics and Government[]

Box Elder voters are overwhelmingly Republican. In no national election since 1944 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate, and the last Democrat to obtain one-quarter of the county's vote was Hubert Humphrey in 1968.

State Elected Offices
Position District Name Affiliation First Elected
style="background-color:#FF3333;" width=10px | " |  Senate 17 Scott Sandall Republican 2018[14]
style="background-color:#FF3333;" width=10px | " |  House of Representatives 1 Joel Ferry Republican 2018[15]
style="background-color:#FF3333;" width=10px | " |  House of Representatives 29 Matthew Gwynn Republican 2020[16]
  Board of Education 1 Jennie Earl Nonpartisan 2018[17]
United States presidential election results for Box Elder County, Utah[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 21,548 78.87% 4,473 16.37% 1,299 4.75%
2016 12,230 61.53% 2,282 11.48% 5,366 26.99%
2012 17,101 88.11% 1,984 10.22% 323 1.66%
2008 15,228 79.24% 3,311 17.23% 678 3.53%
2004 15,751 85.75% 2,244 12.22% 373 2.03%
2000 12,288 79.36% 2,555 16.50% 640 4.13%
1996 8,373 62.65% 3,170 23.72% 1,822 13.63%
1992 7,712 49.58% 2,186 14.05% 5,657 36.37%
1988 12,585 81.40% 2,736 17.70% 140 0.91%
1984 13,243 86.65% 1,983 12.98% 57 0.37%
1980 12,500 82.72% 2,142 14.18% 469 3.10%
1976 9,319 69.02% 3,353 24.84% 829 6.14%
1972 9,880 77.22% 2,134 16.68% 780 6.10%
1968 7,680 65.71% 3,093 26.46% 915 7.83%
1964 6,851 57.26% 5,113 42.74% 0 0.00%
1960 6,594 63.23% 3,831 36.74% 3 0.03%
1956 5,804 68.34% 2,689 31.66% 0 0.00%
1952 5,850 66.22% 2,984 33.78% 0 0.00%
1948 3,790 50.70% 3,667 49.06% 18 0.24%
1944 3,058 42.47% 4,138 57.46% 5 0.07%
1940 3,248 40.67% 4,736 59.30% 2 0.03%
1936 2,180 30.15% 5,001 69.16% 50 0.69%
1932 3,048 44.65% 3,695 54.12% 84 1.23%
1928 3,317 56.94% 2,488 42.71% 20 0.34%
1924 3,086 56.18% 1,841 33.52% 566 10.30%
1920 3,421 58.86% 2,330 40.09% 61 1.05%
1916 2,416 44.67% 2,957 54.68% 35 0.65%
1912 1,650 40.61% 1,402 34.51% 1,011 24.88%
1908 2,396 62.15% 1,417 36.76% 42 1.09%
1904 2,400 66.76% 1,151 32.02% 44 1.22%
1900 1,635 52.72% 1,460 47.08% 6 0.19%
1896 735 28.12% 1,879 71.88% 0 0.00%



Communities[]

Map of Box Elder County municipalities and CDPs

Cities[]

Towns[]

  • Deweyville
  • Elwood
  • Fielding
  • Howell
  • Mantua
  • Plymouth
  • Portage
  • Snowville

Census designated places[]

  • Riverside
  • South Willard
  • Thatcher

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Bothwell
  • Collinston
  • Grouse Creek
  • Harper Ward
  • Lynn
  • Park Valley
  • Penrose
  • Promontory
  • Thatcher
  • Yost

Ghost towns[]

  • Blue Creek
  • Cedar Creek
  • Golden
  • Hardup
  • Jackson
  • Kelton
  • Kosmo
  • Lucin
  • Matlin
  • Promontory Point
  • Russian Settlement
  • Saline
  • Terrace
  • Washakie

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  2. ^ "[[Newberry Library]]. Individual County Chronologies - Box Elder County UT (accessed March 25, 2019)". https://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/UT_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm. 
  3. ^ "California Trail". Trails West. http://emigranttrailswest.org/virtual-tour/california-trail/. 
  4. ^ Box Elder County UT Google Maps (accessed 13 March 2019)
  5. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Box Elder County UT" Google Maps (accessed 13 March 2019)". https://www.daftlogic.com/sandbox-google-maps-find-altitude.htm. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_49.txt. 
  7. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ut190090.txt. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  11. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/49/49003.html. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  13. ^ Bureau, US Census. "American FactFinder - Results". https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/15_5YR/DP02/0500000US49003. 
  14. ^ "Senator Sandall Utah Senate". https://senate.utah.gov/sen/SANDASD/. 
  15. ^ "Rep. Ferry, Joel" (in en-US). https://house.utah.gov/rep/FERRYJ/. 
  16. ^ "Rep. Gwynn, Matthew" (in en-US). https://house.utah.gov/rep/GWYNNM/. 
  17. ^ "Jennie Earl". https://www.schools.utah.gov/board/members/utah/jennieearl. 
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

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