Familypedia
Advertisement
This article is based on the corresponding article in another wiki. For Familypedia purposes, it requires significantly more historical detail on phases of this location's development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there. Also desirable are links to organizations that may be repositories of genealogical information..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can.


Boyd County, Kentucky
Boyd County Courthouse Kentucky.jpg
The Boyd County Courthouse in Catlettsburg, with a statue of John Milton Elliott
Motto: Unity and Progress
Map of Kentucky highlighting Boyd County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the U.S. highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1860
Named for Linn Boyd
Seat Catlettsburg
Largest city Ashland
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

162 sq mi (420 km²)
160 sq mi (414 km²)
2.2 sq mi (6 km²), 1.3%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

48,261 decrease
310/sq mi (120/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website http://boydcountyky.gov/

Boyd County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. The county seat is Catlettsburg,[1] and its largest city is Ashland. The county was formed in 1860.[2] Its 160 square miles (410 km2) are found at the northeastern edge of the state near the Ohio River and Big Sandy River, nestled in the verdant rolling hills of Appalachia. Boyd County is in the Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[]

Boyd County was the 107th of 120 counties formed in the state of Kentucky and was established in 1860 from parts of surrounding Greenup, Carter, and Lawrence counties.[2] It was named for Linn Boyd of Paducah, former U.S. congressman, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, who died in 1859 soon after being elected lieutenant governor of Kentucky.[3]

The earliest evidence of human habitation in Boyd County exists in the forms of numerous earthen mounds containing human skeletons and burial goods giving evidence that prehistoric Native Americans inhabited the area. A 1973 archeological find revealed a serpent-shaped mound built of rocks dating to 2000 BC and stretching for 900 feet (270 m) along a ridge parallel to the Big Sandy River south of Catlettsburg.[4]

One of the early settlers in what is now Boyd County was Charles ("One-handed Charley") Smith, from Virginia. A veteran of the French and Indian War who had served under Col. George Washington in 1754, Smith received for that service roughly 400 acres (1.6 km2) around Chadwicks Creek, where he built a cabin in 1774.[4] Smith died in 1776 and in 1797 this land passed to Alexander Catlett for whom the town of Catlettsburg is named.

The Poage family arrived from Staunton, Virginia, in October 1799 and formed Poage's Landing, later renamed the city of Ashland.[5]

The first courthouse built in 1861 was replaced in 1912.[6]

Industry[]

Members of the Poage family built the steam-powered Clinton iron furnace in 1832, the earliest industry in present-day Boyd County. A total of twenty-nine charcoal-fueled iron furnaces operated on the Kentucky side of the Ohio River, seven of them in present-day Boyd County.

The Kentucky Iron, Coal and Manufacturing Company was incorporated on March 8, 1854, and it laid out the town of Ashland, then within Greenup County. The company purchased thousands of acres of coal, timber, and ore lands throughout the county. It invested US$210,000 in bonds of the Lexington & Big Sandy River Railroad Company, with the stipulation that the eastern division of that line extend into Ashland instead of ending, as originally planned, in Catlettsburg. The early presence of the railroad in Ashland was largely responsible for this city becoming the dominant municipality of the county.

Ashland furnace was sold to American Rolling Mill Company in 1921, which developed into Armco Steel Corporation. In 1963 Armco constructed the Amanda furnace, one of the largest blast furnaces in the world. Known today as AK Steel, the industry remains a major employer in northeastern Kentucky.

Ashland Oil, Inc., at one time the largest corporation headquartered in Kentucky, was started in 1924 at Leach Station, south of Catlettsburg, by Paul G. Blazer.[7] Best known for their Valvoline Oil products, Ashland Oil relocated to Covington, Kentucky in 1999, merged with Marathon Oil, and sold its remaining petroleum shares to Marathon in 2005, dissolving their petroleum division. The original oil refinery, located in Catlettsburg, is still in operation today and is currently owned by Marathon Petroleum Corporation.

Calgon Carbon constructed the Big Sandy Plant in 1961 and it has since become the world's largest producer of granular activated carbon. The facility produces in excess of 100 million pounds of granular activated carbon annually.[8]

Alcohol sales[]

On November 3, 2020, residents voted in favor of allowing full retail sales of alcohol countywide.[9] Prior to November 2020, Boyd County only allowed alcohol sales in restaurants that seated over 100 people and derived at least 70% of their income from food sales.[10] The one exception was three election precincts within the city of Ashland, covering the downtown area, where all retail alcohol sales were permitted.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 162 square miles (420 km2), of which 160 square miles (410 km2) is land and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) (1.3%) is water.[11]

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 8,573
1880 12,165 41.9%
1890 14,033 15.4%
1900 18,834 34.2%
1910 23,444 24.5%
1920 29,281 24.9%
1930 43,849 49.8%
1940 45,938 4.8%
1950 49,949 8.7%
1960 52,163 4.4%
1970 52,376 0.4%
1980 55,513 6.0%
1990 51,150 −7.9%
2000 49,752 −2.7%
2010 49,542 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2020[16]

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 49,752 people, 20,010 households, and 14,107 families residing in the county. The population density was 311 per square mile (120 /km2). There were 21,976 housing units at an average density of 137 per square mile (53 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.97% White, 2.55% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.14% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 1.12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,010 households, out of which 28.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.70% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.86.

The age distribution was 21.80% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 25.60% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,749, and the median income for a family was $41,125. Males had a median income of $35,728 versus $22,591 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,212. About 11.50% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.40% of those under age 18 and 12.10% of those age 65 or over.

Infrastructure[]

Federal Correctional Institution, Ashland

The Federal Bureau of Prisons operates the Federal Correctional Institution, Ashland in Summit, unincorporated Boyd County,[18][19] 5 miles (8.0 km) southwest of Ashland.[20]

Kentucky State Police Post 14 is located on U.S. 60 in Summit, next to Armco Park. In addition to Boyd County, troopers from Post 14 serve Carter, Greenup and Lawrence Counties.[21]

Politics[]

Similar to many other Eastern Kentucky counties, Boyd County voted primarily for Democratic candidates at the presidential level before shifting hard to the right in the 2000s. However, local Democratic support remains strong, as Democrat Andy Beshear won the county by about 6 points over incumbent Republican Matt Bevin in the 2019 gubernatorial election.

Voter registration[]

Boyd County Voter Registration & Party Enrollment as of February 17, 2020[22]
Political Party Total Voters Percentage
Template:Party color cell Democratic 20,542 50.85%
Template:Party color cell Republican 16,144 39.96%
Template:Party color cell Independent 2,031 5.03%
Template:Party color cell Others 1,529 3.78%
Template:Party color cell Libertarian 128 0.32%
Template:Party color cell Green 17 0.04%
Template:Party color cell Constitution 8 0.02%
Total 40,399 100%
United States presidential election results for Boyd County, Kentucky[23]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 14,295 65.72% 7,083 32.56% 373 1.71%
2016 13,591 66.45% 6,021 29.44% 842 4.12%
2012 10,884 57.14% 7,776 40.82% 389 2.04%
2008 11,430 55.30% 8,886 42.99% 354 1.71%
2004 11,501 52.81% 10,132 46.53% 144 0.66%
2000 9,247 48.21% 9,541 49.74% 394 2.05%
1996 7,054 37.34% 9,668 51.17% 2,171 11.49%
1992 7,387 34.93% 10,496 49.63% 3,264 15.43%
1988 9,379 49.39% 9,552 50.31% 57 0.30%
1984 10,925 52.98% 9,601 46.56% 95 0.46%
1980 10,367 47.79% 10,702 49.33% 626 2.89%
1976 9,106 44.51% 11,150 54.50% 203 0.99%
1972 12,812 65.92% 6,434 33.10% 191 0.98%
1968 8,632 45.43% 7,914 41.65% 2,455 12.92%
1964 6,941 37.65% 11,436 62.03% 60 0.33%
1960 11,305 55.42% 9,094 44.58% 0 0.00%
1956 11,502 57.28% 8,546 42.56% 34 0.17%
1952 10,426 50.32% 10,245 49.44% 49 0.24%
1948 6,707 41.98% 9,006 56.38% 262 1.64%
1944 6,868 45.66% 8,130 54.06% 42 0.28%
1940 7,322 42.41% 9,868 57.16% 75 0.43%
1936 6,650 40.32% 9,762 59.19% 80 0.49%
1932 6,853 44.67% 8,315 54.19% 175 1.14%
1928 9,118 66.38% 4,611 33.57% 7 0.05%
1924 6,062 55.55% 4,079 37.38% 772 7.07%
1920 6,334 54.78% 5,103 44.13% 126 1.09%
1916 2,883 50.20% 2,738 47.68% 122 2.12%
1912 1,271 28.11% 1,772 39.19% 1,478 32.69%
1908 2,894 58.30% 1,950 39.28% 120 2.42%
1904 2,544 58.28% 1,716 39.31% 105 2.41%
1900 1,995 56.45% 1,514 42.84% 25 0.71%
1896 2,087 61.26% 1,241 36.43% 79 2.32%
1892 1,526 48.85% 1,537 49.20% 61 1.95%
1888 1,531 53.72% 1,302 45.68% 17 0.60%
1884 1,335 54.33% 1,106 45.01% 16 0.65%
1880 959 48.70% 794 40.33% 216 10.97%



Education[]

Colleges[]

Ashland Community and Technical College, in Ashland, is one of 16 two-year, open-admissions colleges of the Kentucky Community and Technical College System. Morehead State University also has a satellite campus located in Ashland.

Public school districts[]

  • Boyd County Public School District serves the city of Catlettsburg and the surrounding county communities outside the city of Ashland and Westwood CDP
  • Ashland Independent School District serving the city of Ashland.
  • Fairview Independent School District serving the census-designated place of Westwood .

Private schools[]

  • Holy Family School. Holy Family School is affiliated with the Holy Family Catholic Church and currently offers K-12 education.
  • Rose Hill Christian. Rose Hill is affiliated with the Rose Hill Baptist Church and also offers K-12 education.
  • Calvary Christian School. Calvary Christian School was housed at Grassland Community Church until it closed in August 2012. A group of parents and teachers continued the school immediately following the closure, formed a new board and renamed it Faith Christian Academy. Faith Christian Academy continued for an additional three school years in grades K4 - 8 and was affiliated with the Holy Family Collegiate High School for grades 9 - 12. It formally closed in fall 2016.

Other schools[]

Communities[]

Cities[]

Census-designated places[]

  • Cannonsburg
  • Ironville
  • Westwood

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Burnaugh
  • Coalton
  • Durbin
  • Kavanaugh
  • Kilgore
  • Lockwood
  • Meads
  • Normal
  • Princess
  • Rockdale
  • Rush
  • Summit
  • Unity
  • Westwood

See also[]

  • Ashland Commercial Historic District
  • Catlett House
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Boyd County, Kentucky

References[]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  2. ^ a b "Boyd County". Kyenc.org. December 21, 1921. http://www.kyenc.org/entry/b/BOYDC01.html. 
  3. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. pp. 34. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_luoxAQAAMAAJ. 
  4. ^ a b Thompson, George E. You Live Where?: Interesting and Unusual Facts about where We Live, p. 150. iUniverse (New York), 2009. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
  5. ^ A history of Ashland, Kentucky, 1854-2004. Ashland Bicentennial Committee. 2004. 11 August 2014.
  6. ^ Hogan, Roseann Reinemuth (1992). Kentucky Ancestry: A Guide to Genealogical and Historical Research. Ancestry Publishing. pp. 198. ISBN 9780916489496. https://books.google.com/books?id=hAVlVS29NKIC&q=%22bell+county%22+1914+1918+1976&pg=PA198. 
  7. ^ Kleber, John E.. John E. Kleber Editor-in Chief, The Kentucky Encyclopedia: Blazer, Paul Garrett (Lexington : University of Kentucky Press, 1992) Page 87. ISBN 0813128838. https://books.google.com/books?id=8eFSK4o--M0C&q=kentucky+press+association+kentuckian+of+the+year&pg=PA87. 
  8. ^ Calgon Carbon Big Sandy Plant Script error: No such module "webarchive". Retrieved 2014-03-21.
  9. ^ "Election 2020 — Boyd thirsty for growth: Voters make county go wet". http://www.dailyindependent.com/news/election-2020-boyd-thirsty-for-growth-voters-make-county-go-wet/article_eec8efce-1e42-11eb-ba28-57a7e99107a8.html. 
  10. ^ "All precincts but one vote yes". Ashland Independent. http://www.dailyindependent.com/local/local_story_143000419.html?keyword=topstory. 
  11. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_21.txt. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ky190090.txt. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  16. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/21/21019.html. 
  17. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  18. ^ "FCI Ashland Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on February 1, 2011. "FCI ASHLAND FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION ST. ROUTE 716 ASHLAND, KY 41105."
  19. ^ "Admissions & Orientation (A&O) Handbook." Federal Correctional Institution, Ashland. 1 (1/51). Retrieved on February 1, 2011. "The Federal Correctional Institution of Ashland, Kentucky, is located five miles southwest of Ashland in Summit, Kentucky."
  20. ^ "FCI Ashland." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on February 1, 2011.
  21. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.kentuckystatepolice.org/posts/post14.htm. 
  22. ^ "Archived copy". https://elect.ky.gov/Resources/Documents/voterstatscounty-20200217-074534.pdf. 
  23. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

Template:Eastern Mountain Coal Fields (Kentucky)

Coordinates: 38°22′N 82°41′W / 38.36, -82.69


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Boyd County, Kentucky. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Advertisement