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Brigham Young was born 1 June 1801 in Whittingham, Windham County, Vermont, United States to John Hayden Young (1763-1839) and Abigail Nabby Howe (1765-1815) and died 29 August 1877 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States of peritonitis. He married Miriam Angeline Works (1806-1832) 8 October 1824 in Cayuga County, New York, United States. He married Mary Ann Angell (1808-1882) . He married Lucy Ann Decker (1822-1890) . He married Augusta Adams (1802-1886) . He married Harriet Elizabeth Cook (1824-1898) . He married Clarissa Clara Decker (1828-) .


Brigham Young was the second president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, leading the church after the death of Joseph Smith (1805-1844). He is most remembered for leading the major exodus in 1846-1847 from Nauvoo, Illinois to settle Salt Lake City in central Utah. From there he organized many Mormon settlements across the Utah Territory.

Conversion to Mormonism

See the story of First Missionary Journey of Samuel Smith to the nearby town of Mendon, NY in Spring 1830. At the time it was thought this mission was a failure since he could only hand out just one Book of Mormon and was otherwise met with much rejection and discouragement. But in just two years time, that one book would come into the hands of the Greene, Young and Kimball families which would be the source by which many thousands would join the new church and also the source of many future prominent church leaders.

This Judith Mehr rendition depicts struggles endured by members of Zion's Camp, an expeditionary force to help Church members in Jackson County redeem their brethren.

Soon the Young Family move to join the saints in Kirtland, Ohio, he was there by 1834 when he participated in the march to Missouri of Zion's Camp (1834).

Missouri Persecutions

(See Wikipedia)

Nauvoo Era

Migration to Utah

Brigham Young led several wagon trains across the plains to settle the Salt Lake Valley. After his first arrival on what would become "Pioneer Day", 24-July-1847. He would return to Winter Quarters (North Omaha, Nebraska) to conduct important church business, including the reorganization of the First Presidency of the Church (see D&C Section 136). The following year, 1848, he led a larger wagon company into the Salt Lake Valley with much of his extended family and many other members of the church.

Brigham Young 1847 Pioneer Company


Numbered amoung the participants in the Brigham Young 1847 Pioneer Company, than vanguard company of Mormon Pioneers led by senior church apostle, Brigham Young (1801-1877). The left [[Winter Quarters, Nebraska| Winter Quarters on 5th April 1847 and traveled to found Salt Lake City, arriving their on the 24th of July with 142 men, 3 women, 2 children and 72 wagons.

Lion House


The Lion House was the Brigham Young home in Salt Lake City for his wives and 55 children. The 2020 History of the Church - Saints Vol II gives a vivid description of family life there.

In Salt Lake City Brigham built two majestic homes just a block south from the Mormon Tabernacle, the first was called Lion House and the second was Bee Hive. In these two home would reside the vast majority of his family. The house had large social rooms downstairs to host major family communal activities.

Built in 1856 by Brigham Young, Lion House derives its name from the stone lion statue resting over the front entrance. "Lion of the Lord" was also a nickname of Brigham Young, who served as President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1847 until his death in 1877.

The solid construction of both buildings gives witness to Brigham's vast experience as a carpenter and cabinet-maker.

Today the bottom floor of the Lion House is a functional, cafeteria-style restaurant called "The Lion House Pantry" which is open to the public. It is located adjacent to the LDS church's main headquarters and heavily-visited Temple Square, and therefore serves many of the employees and visitors there each day.

Bee Hive


The Beehive House was built between 1853 and 1855 and served as home to Brigham Young when he was President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and governor of the Utah Territory.

The home was designed by Young's brother-in-law and architect of the Salt Lake Temple, Truman Osborn Angell (1810-1887), who also designed the Lion House. It was constructed of adobe and sandstone.

Young was a polygamist, and the Beehive House was designed to accommodate his large family. The Lion House also became his official residence as governor of Utah Territory and president of the LDS Church. Upon its completion, Young briefly shared the Beehive House with his senior (and only legally recognized) wife Mary Ann Angell (1808-1882), though she chose to make her home in the White House, a smaller residence on the property. Young's first polygamous wife, Lucy Ann Decker (1822-1890), possibly due to her seniority, became hostess of the Beehive House and lived there with her nine children.

The Beehive House served as the executive mansion of Utah Territory from 1852 to 1855 and was where Young entertained guests. The home is connected by a suite of rooms to the Lion House. This suite included Young's offices and his private bedroom where he died in 1877.

Beginning in the late 1880s, Young's son, John W. Young, added a large Victorian style addition to the rear of the building, and heavily remodeled the older portion of the home. Although the Young family lost the home, when it was sold at auction in 1893 to satisfy debts held by John W. Young.[2] John Beck, a successful miner and businessman, lived in the home for a short time before it was also sold to satisfy his creditors. Eventually it was purchased by the Church, and was used as the official home of church presidents Lorenzo Snow and his successor Joseph F. Smith, both of whom died in the mansion. Smith, who died in 1918, was the last church presidents to practice polygamy at the time of his death and shared the residence with four of his wives.

Marriage and family

Brigham Young was perhaps the most famous polygamist of the early Latter Day Saint movement, marrying a total of 55 wives, 54 of them after becoming a Latter Day Saint. He stated that upon being taught about plural marriage, "It was the first time in my life that I desired the grave." By the time of his death, Young had 59 children by 16 of his wives; 46 of his children reached adulthood.

Sources have varied on the number of Young's wives, due to differences in what scholars have considered to be a "wife". There were 55 women that Young was sealed to during his lifetime. While the majority of the sealings were "for eternity", some were "for time only". Researchers believe that not all of the 55 marriages were conjugal. Young did not live with a number of his wives or publicly hold them out as wives, which has led to confusion on the number and identities. This is in part due to the complexity of how wives were identified in the Mormon society at the time.

“Young's ability to keep dozens of wives from quarreling and so many children from overwhelming him would in itself prove that he must have been a remarkable, not to say a master, diplomat. ”

Of Young's 55 wives, 21 had never been married before; 16 were widows; six were divorced; six had living husbands; and the marital status of six others are unknown. In 1856, Young built the Lion House to accommodate his sizable family. This building remains a Salt Lake City landmark, together with the Beehive House, another Young family home. A contemporary of Young wrote: "It was amusing to walk by Brigham Young's big house, a long rambling building with innumerable doors. Each wife has an establishment of her own, consisting of parlor, bedroom, and a front door, the key of which she keeps in her pocket." At the time of Young's death, 19 of his wives had predeceased him, he was divorced from ten, and 23 survived him. The status of four was unknown. One of his wives, Zina Huntington Young, served as the third president of the Relief Society. In his will, Young shared his estate with the 16 surviving wives who had lived with him; the six surviving non-conjugal wives were not mentioned in the will.

Some of the childless wives found their purpose in life in helping raise the brood of Brigham. One wife who had no liking for anything domestic became the keeper of accounts. Those who like to sew, cook or launder could do so to their heart's content.

With the exception of [[Ann Eliza Webb (1844-1917) (Wife #52), (Who sued for divorce in highly controversial case) all of his wives seemed to get along peaceably and happily. Until the arrival of Amelia Folsom, Brigham played no favorites and was attached to all his children.

1st Marriage: Mariam Works

Married Miriam Angeline Works (1806-1832) in 1824, Cayuga County, New York. She bore him two children and then died just two months after their baptism into the LDS Church.

  1. Elizabeth Young (1825-1903) -
  2. 'Vilate Young (1830-1902) -

2nd Marriage: Mary Ann Angell

Mary Ann Angell Young (1808-1882)

Mary Ann Angell (1808-1882) was married on 18 Feb 1834 in Kirtland OH to Brigham shortly after the death of his first wife. She is the sister of famous church architect Truman Osborn Angell (1810-1887). Brigham would later marry also her mother (wife #29) and older sister (wife #27) in 1846. They had six children:

  1. Joseph Angell Young (1834-1875) - LDS Apostle, key participant in the Martin Handcart Company Rescue, member of Utah Territorial Legislature and LDS Missionary to England.
    1. Father of Richard Whitehead Young (1858-1919), a U.S. Army Brigadier General and an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines during the time that the Philippines was a U.S. Territory.
  2. Mary Ann Young (1836-1843) (twin) - twin sister Mary died at age seven from the effects of injuries received at age two in a wagon accident.
  3. Brigham Young (1836-1903) (twin / AKA: Brigham Young, Jr.) - Apostle in LDS Church, serving as President of the Twelve during the adminstration of Joseph F. Smith / At age twelve. Young drove an ox cart along the Mormon Trail, reaching Salt Lake City in 1848.
  4. Alice Young (1839-1874)
  5. Luna Caroline Young (1842-1922)
  6. John Willard Young (1844-1924) - He is one of the few individuals to have been an apostle of the LDS Church and a member of the First Presidency without ever having been a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.

3rd Marriage: Lucy Ann Decker

Lucy Ann Decker (1822-1890) - first plural wife of Brigham

Lucy Ann Decker (1822-1890) was the first plural wife of Brigham Young. She married him at age 20 (20 Jan 1842 at Nauvoo, Illinois) after leaving her first husband who was an alcoholic and abusive. In 1848 she followed him to Salt Lake City, where she and her children became primary occupants of the Lion House.

Her sister Clarissa Clara Decker (1828-) also married Brigham as his 4th plural wife (#6) and their mother, Harriet Page Wheeler (1803-1871) was a plural wife to Brigham's younger brother, Lorenzo Dow Young (1807-1895). Both of these two ladies were part of the first pioneer company to Utah in July 1847.

The Lion House in Salt Lake City

  1. Brigham Heber Young (1845-1928) - - real estate and insurance agent - he married the daughter of William Clayton (1814-1879), english convert, Utah pioneer and songwriter famous for the popular LDS hymn, Come, Come, Ye Saints.
  2. Fanny Decker Young (1849-1892) - md George Washington Thatcher
  3. Ernest Irving Young (1851-1879) - Md Sybella White Johnson
  4. Arta D'Christa Young (1855-1916) - md Susan Snow, - daughter of LDS Apostle Erastus Fairbanks Snow (1818-1888).
  5. Feramorz Little Young (1858-1881) - joined US Naval Academy. He died at age 23 of typhoid fever on board ship returning from his mission to Mexico with Apostle Moses Thatcher and was buried at sea off the coast of Florida.
  6. Clarissa Hamilton Young (1860-) - md John Daniel Spencer

4th Marriage: Augusta Adams

Augusta Adams (1802-1886), left behind her husband (Henry Cobb (1798-1872), a wealthy Quaker, and seven of their children, prompting Boston newspaper reporters to question who the father was of her infant, whom she had named Brigham Young Cobb. She became the third wife in his current household. No known children. She married to Brigham on 2 November 1843 in Nauvoo.

5th Marriage: Harriet Cook

Harriet Elizabeth Cook (1824-1898) - born in Oneida County, New York and md 02 Nov 1843 at Nauvoo. Only 1 child together. Her only recorded marriage.

  1. Oscar Brigham Young (1846-1910) -

6th Marriage: Clara Decker

Clara Decker (1822-1890)

Clarissa Clara Decker (1828-) married Brigham on 08 May 1844 in Nauvoo, Illinois at age 16. Younger sister of Lucy Ann Decker (1822-1890) (#3 above). She was of the three women to be part of the first pioneer company to the Salt Lake Valley in 1847. She lived in the home on State Street, near the former site of the famous Social Hall.

  1. Jeannette Young (1849-1930) - md Robert Easton
  2. Nabbie Howe Young (1852-) - md Orson Clawson
  3. Jedediah Grant Young (1855-1856)
  4. Albert Jeddie Young (1858-)
  5. Charlotte Talula Young (1861-) - md Augustus M Wood

7th Marriage: Emily Dow Partridge

The daughter of 1st LDS Bishop, Edward Partridge (1793-1840), Emily Dow Partridge (1824-1899) and her sister Eliza Maria Partridge (1820-1886) were both plural wives of the Mormon Prophet, Joseph Smith (1805-1844). Neither had any children from that marriage. After his assasination, Eliza married to Amasa Lyman and Emily married (Sept 1844) to the next Mormon leader, Brigham Young (1801-1877), by whom she had 7 children.

  1. Edward Partridge Young (1845-1852)
  2. Emily Augusta Young (1849-1926)
  3. Caroline Partridge Young (1851-1903) - Plural wife of LDS Apostle George Quayle Cannon (1827-1901).
  4. Joseph Don Carlos Young (1855-1938) - distinquished architect of many civic and church buildings in Utah. Last surviving son of Brigham Young.
  5. Miriam Young (1857-) - died young
  6. Josephine Young (1860-1912) - md the son of her step-brother.
  7. Lura Young (1862-1862) - died young

8th Marriage: Clarissa Ross

Married Clarissa Ross (1814-1858) on 10 Sept 1844 at Nauvoo. 4 Children.

  1. Mary Eliza Young (1847-1871)
  2. Clarissa Maria Young (1849-1935)
  3. Willard Young (1852-1936)
  4. Phoebe Louisa Young (1854-1931)

9th Marriage: Louisa Beaman

Louisa Beaman (1815-1850) married Brigham on 19 Sept 1844 in Nauvoo, Illinois, becoming his ninth wife. She was previously one of the first plural wives of Joseph Smith (1805-1844), being married to him in 1841.

Louisa had 5 children that all pre-deceased her before her own death at age 35 in Salt Lake City.

  1. Moroni Young (1847-1847)
  2. Hyrum Young (1848-1848)
  3. Joseph Young (1848-1848)
  4. Alma Burtts Young (1848-1850)
  5. Alva Beaman Young (1848-1850)

10th Marriage: Eliza R Snow

Eliza Roxcy Snow (1804-1887), married Brigham on 3 Oct 1844 in Nauvoo, Illinois. She had been a plural wife to Joseph Smith and later become the 2nd President of the General Relief Society of the LDS Church and ardent supporter of polygamy. She wrote much poetry that later became hymns of the church. She bore no children with either husband.

11th Marriage: Elizabeth Fairchild

Married Elizabeth Fairchild (1828-1910) (age 16) on Oct 3, 1844, at Nauvoo IL. First marriage / divorced in 1855.

12th Marriage: Clarissa Blake

Married Clarissa Blake (1796-) (age 48) on Oct 8, 1844 at Nauvoo IL. widow of—Morse; married to Mormon husband Lyman Homiston. No Children

13th Marriage: Rebecca Holman

Married Rebecca Greenleaf Holman (1824-1849) (age 20) on Oct 9, 1844 at Nauvoo IL. first marriage. Died at Council Bluffs, Iowa. No Children.

14th Marriage: Diana Chase

Married Diana Severance Chase (1827-1886) (age 17) on Oct 10, 1844 at Nauvoo IL. first marriage. divorced prior to 1849. No children, remarried in Ogden, Utah in 1849.

15th Marriage: Susanne Snively

Married Susanna Snively (1815-1892) (age 29) on Oct 31, 1844 at Nauvoo IL. first marriage. 1 daughter.

President Young owned a large farm on the outskirts of Salt Lake City on which he erected a farmhouse. It was here that Susan Snively Young lived for many years, cooking for the men who worked on the farm, caring for the poultry and overseeing the making of the butter and cheese which supplied his large family with part of their living.

  1. Julia Young (1853-1889)

16th Marriage: Olive Frost

Married Olive Grey Frost (1816-1846) (age 28) on Nov 7, 1844 at Nauvoo IL. first marriage. plural widow of Joseph Smith, Jr. Sealed to Joseph Smith, Jr. for eternity and Young for life. They married Brigham in 1844, and she bore him no children, about a year later in childbirth.

17th Marriage: Mary Ann Clark

Married Mary Ann Clark (1816-) (age 43) on Jan 15, 1845 at Nauvoo IL. first marriage. Previously married to —— Powers (unknown if she was widowed, divorced, or separated). Divorced in June 1851.

18th Marriage: Margaret Pierce

Married Margaret Pierce (1823-1907) (age 22) on 16 Jan 1845. She was the widow of Morris Whitesides. sealed to Morris Whitesides for eternity and Young for time; 1 child. She had only one son:

  1. Brigham Morris Young (1855-1931) who married the daughter of Lorenzo Snow (1814-1901), 5th President of the LDS Church.

19th Marriage: Mary Pierce

Married Mary Harvey Pierce (1821-1847) (age 25) on 16 Jan 1845. First marriage, no children.

20th Marriage: Emmeline Free

Married Emmeline Free (1826-1875) (age 18) on 30 Apr 1845. First marriage, 10 children.

  1. Ella Elizabeth Empey Young (1847-1890)
  2. Marinda Hyde Young (1849-1883)
  3. Hyrum Smith Young (1851-1925)
  4. Emmeline Amanda Young (1853-)
  5. Louisa Wells Young (1855-)
  6. Lorenzo Dow Young (1856-1905)
  7. Alonzo Young (1858-1918)
  8. Ruth Young (1861-1944)
  9. Daniel Wells Young (1863-1863)
  10. Ardelle Elwin Young (1864-1900)

21st Marriage: Mary Rollins

Married Mary Elizabeth Rollins (1818-1913) (age 26) on 22 May 1845, wife of Adam Lightner (1810-1885) a non-member with whom she remained living. Plural wife widow of Joseph Smith. Sealed to Joseph Smith, Jr. for eternity and Young for time; remained living with Lightner. No Children.

22nd Marriage: Margaret Alley

Married Margaret Maria Alley (1825-1852) (age 20) on 14 Jan 1846. First marriage, 2 children.

  1. Evelyn Louise Young (1850-1917)
  2. Mohonri Moriancumer Young (1852-1884)

23rd Marriage: Olive Andrews

Married Olive Andrews (1818-) (age 27) on 15 Jan 1846. was born on 24 Sep 1818 in Livermore, Maine. Olive Andrews was sealed to Joseph Smith (by proxy after his death). Married to Brigham as plural wife #23 for time only . Nothing more is known of her.

24th Marriage: Emily Haws

Married Emily Haws (1823-) (age 22) on 15 Jan 1846. Widow of William Whitemarsh.

25th Marriage: Martha Bowker

Married Martha Bowker (1822-1890) (age 23) on 21 Jan 1846. First marriage, 1 children.

  1. Ida C Young (1860-1927) -

26th Marriage: Ellen Rockwood

Married Ellen Rockwood (1826-1866) (age 16) on 21 Jan 1846. Her first marriage, Ellen moved from Holliston MA with her Uncle Jesse Haven and her Aunt Elizabeth, in 1838, and went to Far West, Missouri, with the Saints. She arrived in Salt Lake Valley with the family in September 1848. She had no children...

27th Marriage: Jemima Angell

Married Jemima Angell (1804-1869) on 28 Jan 1846 (age 42) in Nauvoo, Illinois. She was divorced from Valentine Young (no relation). sister of Wife #2 Mary Ann Angell (1808-1882) and daughter of Wife #29 Phebe Ann Morton (1786-1854). No Children.

28th Marriage: Abigail Works

Married Abigail Marks (1781-1846) on 28 Jan 1846 in Nauvoo. She was the widow of Asa Works (1763-1845). Sealed to Works for eternity and Young for time; Abigail Marks was the mother of Young's first wife, Miriam Angeline Works (1806-1832).

29th Marriage: Phebe Morton

Married Phebe Ann Morton (1786-1854) on 28 Jan 1846 in Nauvoo. She was the divorced mother of Brigham's second wife Mary Ann Angell (1808-1882). Sealed to Solomon Angell (1806-1881) for eternity and Young for time. No Children.

30th Marriage: Cynthia Porter

Married Cynthia Porter (1783-1861) (aged 62) on 28 Jan 1846 in Nauvoo. She was previously married to William Weston (unknown if she was widowed, divorced, or separated)

31st Marriage: Mary Nelson

Married Mary Eliza Nelson (1808-1886) (aged 33) on 31 Jan 1846 in Nauvoo. The widow of John P. Greene, sealed to John P. Greene for eternity and Young for time; divorced by 1850. No Children.

32nd Marriage: Rhoda Richards

Married Rhoda Richards (1784-1879) on 31 Jan 1846 in Nauvoo IL. Rhoda was his 1st cousin, and a widow to the prophet, Joseph Smith (1805-1844). Sealed to Joseph Smith, Jr. for eternity and Young for time. She was age 61 and he 44 at this time. She had no children from either marriage.

33rd Marriage: Zina Huntington

Married to Zina Diantha Huntington (1821-1901) on 2 Feb 1846 in Nauvoo. She was a polygamous wife of Joseph Smith (1805-1844), and later Brigham Young, each of whom she married while she was still married to her first husband, Henry Bailey Jacobs (1817-1886).

Husband was Henry Bailey Jacobs, who was aware of Zina's plural marriage to Smith. Jacobs wrote, "[W]hatever the Prophet did was right, without making the wisdom of God's authorities bend to the reasoning of any man." (Compton 1997, pp. 81–82)

Soon after Smith's death in 1844, Zina was married to Brigham Young. In May 1846, Young called Henry Jacobs to serve a mission to England. During Jacobs's absence, Zina began living openly in a marital relationship with Young and continued to do so for the rest of her life, without ever obtaining a divorce from Jacobs. 1 Child.

  1. Zina Prescendia Young (1850-1931) - married colonizer of Cardston Canada and descendants include American writer Orson Scott Card (1951)

34th Marriage: Amy Cooper

Married Amy Cecelia Cooper (1805-1852) (aged 41) on 3 Feb 1846 in Nauvoo. She was married to (non-Mormon?) Joseph Aldrich; separated later and he remarried.

35th Marriage: la Montaigne

Married Mary Ellen de la Montaigne (1804-1894) (aged 42) on 3 Feb 1846 in Nauvoo. She was divorced from James Boyd Woodward (1801-1870). Divorced from Brigham 13-Dec-1846-12-13 and remarried Woodward; both Woodward and de la Montaigne were adopted to Brigham Young at Nauvoo. They helped settle the Mormon Colony in San Bernardino, California where they remained for many years.

36th Marriage: Julia Foster

Married Julia Foster (1811-1891) (aged 36) on 3 Feb 1846 in Nauvoo. The widow of Mormon Jonathan Hampton, who died in Nauvoo in 1844. Stayed in Illinois when Brigham Young emigrated to Utah in 1847. Young sent for her in 1855, and she came with her children and managed the Lion House.

37th Marriage: Abigail Harback

Married Abigail Harbach (1790-1849) (aged 55) on 3 Feb 1846 in Nauvoo. She was previously married to John Calvin Hall (unknown if she was widowed, divorced, or separated). Looks like she never left her hometown of Sutton, Massachusetts.

38th Marriage: Mary Ann Turley

Married Mary Ann Turley (1827-1904) (aged 18) on 3 Feb 1846 in Nauvoo. Her first marriage, no children. They divorced in 1851. She later went to the Mormon Colony in San Bernardino, California and married there.

39th Marriage: Naamah Carter

Married Naamah Carter (1821-1868) (aged 24) on 6 Feb 1846 in Nauvoo. She was divorced from John S. Twiss.

40th Marriage: Nancy Cressy

Married Nancy Crissey (1780-1871) (aged 65) on 6 Feb 1846 in Nauvoo. She was the widow of Oliver Walker

41st Marriage: Jane Terry

Married Jane Terry (1819-1847) (aged 27) on 10 Feb 1847 in Winter Quarters (North Omaha, Nebraska). She was the widow of George W. Young (no relation). She requested on deathbed to be sealed to Brigham Young; died four days after marriage.

42nd Marriage: Lucy Bigelow

Lucy Bigelow (1830-1905), Her parents were earnest followers of the Mormon Church and were heavily persecuted in IL and by 1850 were established in Utah. Lucy and her older sister, Mary Jane (above), became wives of Brigham Young. Mary Jane obtained a divorce and married again, but Lucy remained a devoted wife to Brigham. They married in Winter Quarters on 20 March 1847 - the same day as did her older sister.

  1. Eudora Lovina Young (1852-1921) - md 1) Moreland Dunford in 1871 (then divorced), md 2) Wilford Woodruff (1807-1898) (4th President of LDS Church (then divorced) md 3) Albert Hagan.
  2. Susan Amelia Young (1856-1933) - A daughter and grandchildren from this union would receive wide acclaim: Susa Young Gates, a close associate of Susan B. Anthony and women's rights; and, Emma Lucy Gates Bowen, a world renown opera singer and wife to future LDS Apostle A. Bowen, Leah D. Widtsoe, author and nutritionist and wife of LDS Apostle Widtsoe; B. Cecil Gates, LDS composer.
  3. Rhoda Mabel Young (1863-1950) -

43rd Marriage: Mary Jane Bigelow

Mary Jane Bigelow (1827-1868) and her younger sister Lucy were both married to him on the same date, 20 Mar 1847, at Winter Quarters, per the journal of her niece Susan Amelia Young (1856-1933). Upon her arrival in the Salt Lake Valley, at her request, she was released from her vows by Brigham. But her sister remained faithfully married to him. No known children.

44th Marriage: Sarah Malin

Married Sarah Malin (1804-1858) on 18 April 1848. Age 43, her first marriage, but later divorced and she became a critic of polygamy. No Children.

45th Marriage: Eliza Burgess

Married Eliza Burgess (1827-1915) on 3 Oct 1852. Age 25, her first marriage. 1 Child.

  1. Alfales Young (1853-1920)

46th Marriage: Mary Oldfield

Married Mary Oldfield (1791-1875) on 16 Dec 1852. Age 59, widow of Eli Kelsey.

47th Marriage: Eliza Babcock

Married Eliza Babcock (1828-1868) before 1853. Divorced in 1852.

48th Marriage: Catherine Reese

Married Catherine Reese (1804-1860) on 10 June 1855. Age 51, widow of Zephaniah Clawson, and they are the grandparents of LDS Apostle Rudger Judd Clawson (1857-1943) who had the second longest tenure as President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.

49th Marriage: Harriet Barney

Married Harriet Emeline Barney (1830-1911) on 14 Mar 1856. Age 25, divorced from W. H. H. Sagers, 2 children. Harriet was the daughter of Zion's Camp (1834) veteran Royal Barney (1808-1890).

  1. Phineas Howe Young (1862-1903)
  2. Infant Young (1865-1865)

50th Marriage: Amelia Folsom

Married Harriett Amelia Folsom (1838-1910) on 24 Jan 1863, Age 24, first marriage. Brigham built for her "Amelia's Palace", because "he fell passionately in love" as well as buying her expensive gifts, carriages and jewelry. But she bore him no children.[1]

51st Marriage: Mary Van Cott

Married Mary Van Cott (1844-1884) on 8 January 1865, she bore him his last child. She was previously married to James Cobb, Brigham's stepson by was of his marriage to James' mother, Augusta Adams (1802-1886), wife #4 above.

  1. Fanny Van Cott Young (1870-1950) - she married the son of Mormon pioneer William Clayton (1814-1879). - only child of this marriage.

52nd Marriage: Ann Webb

Married Ann Eliza Webb (1844-1917) on 7 Apr 1868, divorced from James L. Dee. She sued Brigham for divorce in 1873 (the only wife to do so) in a highly controversial case, and later became an outspoken critic of polygamy. What made the court case so controversial, is that the Utah judge was an avowed anti-Mormon that wanted to crush Brigham Young, but in order to grant Ann Eliza alimony payments, he would have to first recognize a polygamous marriage is legal in the territory.

53rd Marriage: Elizabeth Jones

Married Elizabeth Jones (1812-1895) on 3 July 1869, widow of David T. Lewis and Dan Jones

54th Marriage: Lydia Farnsworth

Married Lydia Farnsworth (1808-1897) on 8 May 1870, age 61, married to Elijah Mayhew (1807-1896), Sealed to Brigham Young for eternity but remained living with husband Mayhew, who also had several plural wives.

55th Marriage : Hannah Tapfield

Married Hannah Tapfield (1808-1886) on 8 Dec 1872, age 65, married to non-Mormon Thomas Owen King (1800-1874), Sealed to Brigham Young for eternity but remained living with husband King.

The following is only a partial list of his children, due to limitations in Familypedia's SMW(which is being reviewed).


Offspring of Brigham Young and Miriam Angeline Works (1806-1832)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Elizabeth Young (1825-1903) 26 September 1825 Port Byron, Cayuga County, New York, United States 2 February 1903 Lewisville, Jefferson County, Idaho, United States Edmund Lovell Ellsworth (1819-1893)
Vilate Young (1830-1902) 1 June 1830 Mendon, Monroe County, New York, United States 18 November 1902 Lewisville, Jefferson County, Idaho, United States Charles Franklin Decker (1824-1901)

Offspring of Brigham Young and Mary Ann Angell (1808-1882)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Joseph Angell Young (1834-1875) 14 October 1834 Kirtland, Geauga County, Ohio 5 August 1875 Manti, Sanpete County, Utah Margaret Whitehead (1838-1916) Clara Federata Stenhouse (1850-1893) Mary Ann Ayers (1831-) Margaret Whitehead (1838-1916) Clara Federata Stenhouse (1850-1893) Mary Ann Ayers (1831-) Athalia Elizabeth Grant (1836-1907)
Mary Ann Young (1836-1843) 18 December 1836 Kirtland, Geauga County, Ohio 27 August 1843 Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois
Brigham Young (1836-1903) 18 December 1836 Kirtland, Geauga County, Ohio 11 April 1903 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah Catherine Curtis Spencer (1836-1922) Helen E Armstrong (1856-1939) Abigail Stevens (1870-1954) Jane Maria Carrington (1840-1905) Catherine Curtis Spencer (1836-1922) Helen E Armstrong (1856-1939) Abigail Stevens (1870-1954) Jane Maria Carrington (1840-1905) Rhoda Elizabeth Perkins (1862-1927)
Alice Young (1839-1874) 4 September 1839 Montrose, Lee County, Iowa 2 November 1874 St. George, Washington County, Utah Hiram Bradley Clawson (1826-1912)
Luna Caroline Young (1842-1922) 20 August 1842 Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois 17 November 1922 Logan, Cache County, Utah George Washington Thatcher (1840-1902)
John Willard Young (1844-1924) 1 October 1844 Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois 11 February 1924 New York City, New York Elizabeth Canfield (1845-1916) Lucy Maria Canfield (1847-1915) Adolphine Bertha Christine Damke (1859-1924) Clara Lucinda Jones (1846-1885) Elizabeth Canfield (1845-1916) Lucy Maria Canfield (1847-1915) Adolphine Bertha Christine Damke (1859-1924) Clara Lucinda Jones (1846-1885) Luella Van Cott (1861-1920)

Offspring of Brigham Young and Lucy Ann Decker (1822-1890)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Brigham Heber Young (1845-1928) 19 June 1845 Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois, United States 3 June 1928 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States Vilate Ruth Clayton (1844-1918)
Fanny Decker Young (1849-1892) 25 January 1849 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah 21 January 1892 Salt Lake City, Utah George Washington Thatcher (1840-1902)
Ernest Irving Young (1851-1879) 29 April 1851 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States 8 October 1879 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States Sybella White Johnson (1854-1926)
Arta D'Christa Young (1855-1916) 16 April 1855 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States 7 April 1916 Ogden, Weber County, Utah, United States Susan Snow (1856-1917)
Feramorz Little Young (1858-1881) 16 September 1858 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States 27 September 1881 Off coast of Jupiter, Florida
Clarissa Hamilton Young (1860-) 23 July 1860 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah John Daniel Spencer (1858-1947)

Offspring of Brigham Young and Harriet Elizabeth Cook (1824-1898)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Oscar Brigham Young (1846-1910) 10 February 1846 Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois, United States 4 August 1910 Provo, Utah County, Utah, United States Paralee Russell (1845-c1905) Paralee Russell (1845-c1905) Annie Marie Roseberry (1855-1936)

Offspring of Brigham Young and Clarissa Clara Decker (1828-)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Jeannette Young (1849-1930)
Nabbie Howe Young (1852-)
Jedediah Grant Young (1855-1856)
Albert Jeddie Young (1858-)
Charlotte Talula Young (1861-)


Vital records

Salt Lake gravesite



Famous descendants

Three of Young's sons were ordained as LDS Church apostles by their father: Brigham Young, Jr.,[44] John Willard Young,[44] and Joseph Angell Young.[44] Other leaders in the LDS Church who were descended from Young include his children Maria Young Dougall and B. Morris Young. A daughter, Susa Young Gates, was a prominent women's rights activist in Utah.[45][46] Another daughter, Zina Young Card, was the wife of Charles O. Card who founded the first Mormon settlement in Canada - Cardston, Alberta - and who was referred to as "Canada's Brigham Young." A son, Don Carlos Young, was an LDS Church architect. A granddaughter, Leah D. Widtsoe, was wife of apostle John A. Widtsoe and herself a leading expert in home economics.[45][46] Other grandchildren include sculptor Mahonri Young;[47] Richard Whitehead Young, U.S. Army Brigadier General and an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines;[48] William Hooper Young, a convicted murderer;[49][50] opera singer Emma Lucy Gates Bowen; Zina Card Brown, wife of Canadian military officer and apostle Hugh B. Brown; Zola Grace Brown, first wife of FLDS Church president Rulon Jeffs; hymnwriter Hugh W. Dougall; and sociologist Kimball Young. More distant descendants include Mormon critic Sandra Tanner, novelist Orson Scott Card,[51] and NFL Hall of Fame athlete Steve Young.[52]

In 1902, 25 years after his death, the New York Times established that Young's direct descendants numbered more than 1000.[53]

See also

Footnotes (including sources)

‡ General
  • Various sources.

MainTour, boom98765


  1. ^ Men to Match My Mountains pg 268-270