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Brigham Young, Jr. was born 18 December 1836 in Kirtland, Geauga County, Ohio to Brigham Young (1801-1877) and Mary Ann Angell (1808-1882) and died 11 April 1903 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah of unspecified causes. He married Catherine Curtis Spencer (1836-1922) 15 March 1855 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah. He married Jane Maria Carrington (1840-1905) 1857 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah. Brigham Young (1801-1877), Alfred the Great (849-899)/s, Charlemagne (747-814)/s, Henry II of England (1133-1189)/s, Hugh Capet (c940-996)/s, William I of England (1027-1087)/s, Rollo of Normandy (860-932)/s.

Biography

Brigham Young, Jr. (December 18, 1836 – April 11, 1903) served as president of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) from 1899 until his death. His tenure was interrupted for one week in 1901 when Joseph F. Smith was the president of the Quorum.

Parentage

Son of Brigham Young (1801-1877), President and Apostle of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. His father was a widower, with two little girls, and while living in Kirtland, he met Sister Mary Ann Angell. The gift of tongues rested down Upon Elder Young and the interpretation thereof was given by someone present. The Spirit bore record through that tongue that these two faithful souls were designed by God for each other. They were united in marriage, and Sister Mary Ann assumed the care of the motherless children.

Brigham, the third child of this marriage, was born amid all the untoward circumstances of the early days in the Church. He was a twin; his sister, Mary, who was brought to death's door in infancy through an accident which was the direct result of the mobbings and drivings of the Saints. Many afflictions he bore to reach the Rocky Mountains with his family.

Young's twin sister Mary died at age seven from the effects of injuries received at age two in a wagon accident. At age twelve. Young drove an ox cart along the Mormon Trail, reaching Salt Lake City in 1848. Young served as a guard and scout in the following years operating in Salt Lake Valley and the surrounding canyons.


Early Utah Service

In Utah Territory, Young became a member of the reconstituted Nauvoo Legion. He was involved in the rescue of the Willie and Martin Companies of Mormon handcart pioneers. He also served in the Utah War with the troops that worked to halt the advance of Johnston's Army.

In 1861, Young was made a member of the Salt Lake Stake high council.


Apostolic Calling

He was ordained in 1864 an Apostle by his father, Brigham Young, and being selected as a counselor in the First Presidency. He was called by his father to take charge of the affairs of the Church in Cache valley, for which purpose he relocated to Logan. However, in 1873 he was chosen as one of the assistant five counselors to Pres. Brigham Young, and acted in that capacity until his father's death.

Brigham Young, Sr. ordained three of his sons, Brigham Young, Jr., Joseph Angell Young and John Willard Young, as apostles in 1864, without public announcement or adding them to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.

Unlike his bothers, Brigham Young, Jr would later become part of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles four years later in 1868, after the death of Heber C. Kimball and George A. Smith joining the First Presidency. In 1868, he was also a Representative to the Territory of Utah Legislative Assembly. Young Jr. also served as a counselor to his father in the First Presidency of the church from April 8, 1873, until his father's death on August 29, 1877.

European Mission

From 1862 to 1863, Young served as a church missionary in England, spending most of the time in London.[2] During this time, he also accompanied Joseph F. Smith on a trip to Paris, France.[2]

In 1864, Young returned to Europe, this time with his wife Catherine as his companion. He was an assistant to mission president Daniel H. Wells. In 1865, when Wells left for Utah, Young succeeded him as president of the European Mission.[2] Brigham and Catherine's son Joseph Angel Young II was born in England in 1866 while he was still serving as mission president.[4]

As president of the European Mission of the church in 1866 and 1867, Young preached in France, Switzerland, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Russia, the United Kingdom, and Ireland. Young also oversaw the emigration of British Latter-day Saints to Utah Territory.[5] It was from a conversation as Young was about to return to Utah at the end of his time as mission president that Charles W. Penrose wrote the hymn, "Beautiful Zion For Me".[6]

From October 1890 until February 1893 Young served for a second time as the president of the European Mission.[7] The mission was headquartered in Liverpool, and Young directly supervised missionary work in the British Isles while also serving as a leader over the mission presidents of the various missions on the European continent.

Mormon Colony Leader

Gravestone for Brigham Young Jr - SLC Cemetery - Plot: I_22_1_1E

n the western United States, Young was involved in the colonization of Cache Valley, southern Utah and the extension of Mormon settlements into New Mexico and Arizona. Young was also involved at times with the Mormon colonies in Mexico.[3]

In 1867, Young was involved with the formation of the Deseret Sunday School Union to provide centralized direction to the Sunday schools of the church.[8]

During 1868, Young acted as his father's agent in finding workers for the Utah portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad.[2]

From 1869 until 1877, Young presided over the Latter-day Saints in Cache Valley, closely assisted by William B. Preston, who was serving as the regional presiding bishop.[9] During this time, Young co-owned a feed and livery stable in Soda Springs, Idaho, with Solomon Hale.[2]

In 1877, Young, Erastus Snow and Wilford Woodruff (1807-1898) dedicated parts of the St. George Temple.

From 1877 to 1880, Young and George Q. Cannon served as editors of the Deseret News.

In 1878, Young and Moses Thatcher selected the site for the Latter-day Saint settlement in the Star Valley of Wyoming. In August 1878, Young dedicated the valley as a place for the gathering of the Latter-day Saints.

In February 1883, Young went on a tour among the Navajo and Hopi peoples with many other church leaders, including Heber Jeddy Grant.[13]

In 1883, Young convinced the residents of Jonesville, Arizona, to rename it Lehi.[14] It is today part of Mesa, Arizona.

President of the Twelve

Young was ordained an apostle before Joseph F. Smith but was not placed in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles until after Joseph F. Smith. It was not until 1900 that a clear decision was made which gave Smith seniority in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles over Young, since Smith had been a member of the First Presidency since becoming an apostle. Young had served as the President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles since the previous president, Franklin Dewey Richards (1821-1899), had died on December 9, 1899.

When church president Lorenzo Snow died on October 10, 1901, Smith served as President of the Quorum until he was made church president on October 17, 1901. The death of Snow dissolved the First Presidency, returning First Counselor Joseph F. Smith to the Quorum of the Twelve as President of the Quorum. The LDS Church at that time did not draw a distinction between President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles and Acting President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. In that time, the person who in the modern church would be called the Acting President was set apart as the President of the Quorum. The second-most senior apostle was not set apart as the President of the Quorum if they were a member of the First Presidency, which Smith was. One week later, Smith is made President of the Church and Young again becomes President of the Quorum. Therefore, when Smith became president, Young again assumed the position of President of the Quorum of the Twelve. Young is the only person to have served two non-consecutive terms as President of the Quorum.


Marriage & Family

Young practiced plural marriage. His first wife was Catherine Curtis Spencer.


1st Marriage : Spencer

Brigham Young Jr (1836-1903)

Young married Catherine Curtis Spencer, a daughter of Orson Spencer with exactly the same name as her mother, on November 15, 1855. Among their children was Brigham Spencer Young, who would later serve as president of the Northwestern States Mission of the church.

2nd Marriage: Jane Carrington

In 1857, Young married his second wife, Jane Carrington, a daughter of Albert Carrington.[2]

3rd Marriage: Abigail Stevens

Young's wife Abigail Stevens (1870-1954) was one of his younger wives. Their daughter Klara Young Cheney, born in Fruitland, New Mexico, in 1894, turned 100 years old in 1994.[16] Abigail and Brigham Jr.'s last daughter, Marian Young, was also born at Fruitland on January 25, 1899. She died on November 22, 2004, less than two months short of her 106th birthday. She was the last grandchild of Brigham Young to die.

  1. Walter Stevens Young (1888-1935)
  2. Klea Young (1891-)
  3. Klara Young (1894-1994) - lived to age 100
  4. Marian Young (1899-2004) - last surviving granddaughter of Brigham Young (1801-1877), she lived to age 106.
  5. Brigham Young (1900-1973)
  6. Vera Young (1902-1984)


Children


Offspring of Brigham Young, Jr. and Catherine Curtis Spencer (1836-1922)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Alice Roxy Young (1856-1946)
Brigham S Young (1857-1945)
Howard Orson Young (1859-1922)
Lawrence Henry Young (1861-1940)
Mabel Alexandra Young (1865-1940)
Joseph Angel Young (1866-1934)
George Spencer Young (1868-1958)
Eugene Howe Young (1872-1903)
Catherine Curtis Jennings (1875-1902)
Cora Aurelia Young (1879-1963)


Offspring of Brigham Young, Jr. and Abigail Stevens (1870-1954)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Walter Stevens Young (1888-1935)
Klea Young (1891-)
Klara Young (1894-1994) 7 December 1894 Fruitland, San Juan County, New Mexico 9 May 1996 Scottsdale, Maricopa County, Arizona Silas Lavell Cheney (1893-1971)
Marian Young (1899-2004) 15 January 1899 Fruitland, San Juan County, New Mexico 22 November 2004 Orson Joseph Morgan (1896-1982)
Brigham Young (1900-1973)
Vera Young (1902-1984)


Offspring of Brigham Young, Jr. and Jane Maria Carrington (1840-1905)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Albert Carrington Young (1858-1930) 10 October 1858 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States 24 March 1930 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States Josephine Young (1860-1912)
Mary Eliza Croxall (1866-1955)
Mary Marie Young (1861-1928)
John Washington Young (1864-1934)
Luna Young (1868-1931)
Julian Emerson Young (1875-1961)
Jennie A Young (1878-1880)



Siblings


Offspring of Brigham Young (1801-1877) and Miriam Angeline Works (1806-1832)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Elizabeth Young (1825-1903) 26 September 1825 Port Byron, Cayuga County, New York, United States 2 February 1903 Lewisville, Jefferson County, Idaho, United States Edmund Lovell Ellsworth (1819-1893)
Vilate Young (1830-1902) 1 June 1830 Mendon, Monroe County, New York, United States 18 November 1902 Lewisville, Jefferson County, Idaho, United States Charles Franklin Decker (1824-1901)


Offspring of Brigham Young (1801-1877) and Mary Ann Angell (1808-1882)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Joseph Angell Young (1834-1875) 14 October 1834 Kirtland, Geauga County, Ohio 5 August 1875 Manti, Sanpete County, Utah Margaret Whitehead (1838-1916)
Clara Federata Stenhouse (1850-1893)
Mary Ann Ayers (1831-)
Athalia Elizabeth Grant (1836-1907)
Mary Ann Young (1836-1843) 18 December 1836 Kirtland, Geauga County, Ohio 27 August 1843 Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois
Brigham Young (1836-1903) 18 December 1836 Kirtland, Geauga County, Ohio 11 April 1903 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah Catherine Curtis Spencer (1836-1922)
Helen E Armstrong (1856-1939)
Abigail Stevens (1870-1954)
Jane Maria Carrington (1840-1905)
Rhoda Elizabeth Perkins (1862-1927)
Alice Young (1839-1874) 4 September 1839 Montrose, Lee County, Iowa 2 November 1874 St. George, Washington County, Utah Hiram Bradley Clawson (1826-1912)
Luna Caroline Young (1842-1922) 20 August 1842 Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois 17 November 1922 Logan, Cache County, Utah George Washington Thatcher (1840-1902)
John Willard Young (1844-1924) 1 October 1844 Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois 11 February 1924 New York City, New York Elizabeth Canfield (1845-1916)
Lucy Maria Canfield (1847-1915)
Adolphine Bertha Christine Damke (1859-1924)
Clara Lucinda Jones (1846-1885)
Luella Van Cott (1861-1920)


Offspring of Brigham Young (1801-1877) and Lucy Ann Decker (1822-1890)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Brigham Heber Young (1845-1928) 19 June 1845 Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois, United States 3 June 1928 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States Vilate Ruth Clayton (1844-1918)
Fanny Decker Young (1849-1892) 25 January 1849 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah 21 January 1892 Salt Lake City, Utah George Washington Thatcher (1840-1902)
Ernest Irving Young (1851-1879) 29 April 1851 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States 8 October 1879 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States Sybella White Johnson (1854-1926)
Arta D'Christa Young (1855-1916) 16 April 1855 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States 7 April 1916 Ogden, Weber County, Utah, United States Susan Snow (1856-1917)
Feramorz Little Young (1858-1881) 16 September 1858 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States 27 September 1881 Off coast of Jupiter, Florida
Clarissa Hamilton Young (1860-) 23 July 1860 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah John Daniel Spencer (1858-1947)


Offspring of Brigham Young (1801-1877) and Harriet Elizabeth Cook (1824-1898)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Oscar Brigham Young (1846-1910) 10 February 1846 Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois, United States 4 August 1910 Provo, Utah County, Utah, United States Paralee Russell (1845-c1905)
Annie Marie Roseberry (1855-1936)


Offspring of Brigham Young (1801-1877) and Clarissa Clara Decker (1828-)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Jeannette Young (1849-1930)
Nabbie Howe Young (1852-)
Jedediah Grant Young (1855-1856)
Albert Jeddie Young (1858-)
Charlotte Talula Young (1861-)


Offspring of Brigham Young (1801-1877) and Emily Dow Partridge (1824-1899)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Edward Partridge Young (1845-1852) 30 October 1845 Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois, United States 26 November 1852 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States
Emily Augusta Young (1849-1926) 1 March 1849 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States 19 March 1926 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States Hiram Bradley Clawson (1826-1912)
Caroline Partridge Young (1851-1903) 1 February 1851 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States 2 July 1903 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States Mark Croxall (1844-1889)
George Quayle Cannon (1827-1901)
Joseph Don Carlos Young (1855-1938) 6 May 1855 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States 19 October 1938 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States Alice Naomi Dowden (1864-1950)
Marian Penelope Hardy (1861-1919)
Miriam Young (1857-)
Josephine Young (1860-1912) 21 February 1860 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States 9 May 1912 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States Albert Carrington Young (1858-1930)
Lura Young (1862-1862) 2 April 1862 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States 4 November 1862 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States


Offspring of Brigham Young (1801-1877) and Louisa Beaman (1815-1850)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Moroni Young (1847-1847) 8 January 1847 Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois, United States 10 August 1847 Winter Quarters, Douglas County, Nebraska, United States
Hyrum Young (1848-1848) 1848 Winter Quarters, Douglas County, Nebraska, United States 1848 Winter Quarters, Douglas County, Nebraska, United States
Joseph Young (1848-1848) 1848 Winter Quarters, Douglas County, Nebraska, United States 1848 Winter Quarters, Douglas County, Nebraska, United States
Alma Burtts Young (1848-1850) 1848 Winter Quarters, Douglas County, Nebraska, United States 1850 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States
Alva Beaman Young (1848-1850) 1848 Winter Quarters, Douglas County, Nebraska, United States 1850 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States


Offspring of Brigham Young (1801-1877) and Susanna Snively (1815-1892)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Julia Young (1853-1889) 3 June 1853 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States 1889 Charles Samuel Burton (1855-1923)


References


Residences

Footnotes (including sources)

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