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1861 Wagon train in Echo Canyon

Brigham Young 1847 Pioneer Company - Members of this company left Winter Quarters as early as April 5th to join with the larger group. Everyone gathered to a place about 20 miles from Winter Quarters on the banks of the Platte River. There they worked repairing wagons, organizing supplies, and chopping firewood. It wasn't until the 16th of April that the company was officially organized into the hundreds, fifties, and tens, with captains appointed and they started on their way.

Company History[]

Once organized, this vanguard pioneer company consisted of 142 men, 3 women, 2 children, and 72 wagons under the direction of Brigham Young (1801-1877), senior ranking apostle at the time in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. They traveled 1031 miles before reaching their destination. Some members of the company traveled ahead and arrived in the Salt Lake Valley as early as the July 21, 1847. By the 24th of July, the entire company had arrived and founded a new city called Salt Lake City. The company included 73 wagons (1 for every two pioneers), 93 horses, 52 mules, 66 oxen, 19 cows, 17 dogs and some chickens.

Soon after arriving in Salt Lake City, this group was joined by a group led by Amasa Lyman of the Mormon Battalion and Mississippi Saints that stayed the winter of 1846 in Pueblo, Colorado. Most members of the pioneer company returned to Winter Quarters.

Stephen Markham was captain of the Night Guard. 48 men divided into four shifts of 12 each. Each shift to watch half the night on every other night.

List of Pioneers[]

# "Tens #" Position Name Return Status Notes
001 001 Cptn10 Wilford Woodruff (1807-1898) Stayed? Apostle, Missionary and future President of the Church
002 001 Jacob D Burnham ?
003 001 Joseph Egbert ?
004 001 Marcus B Thorpe
005 001 George Wardle
006 001 John S Fowler
007 001 Orson W Pratt (1811-1881) Stayed? Apostle of the Church
008 001 John M Freeman
009 001 George Albert Smith (1817-1875) ?? Apostle of the Church
010 002 Cptn10 Thomas Grover
011 002 Barnabas L Adams (1812-1869) Returned 1848
012 002 Amasa M Lyman (1813-1877) Apostle of the Church - Detached at Pueblo, Colorado to lead in sick detachment of Mormon Battalion and Mississippi Saints, arriving in SLC just a couple of days behind this company.
013 002 Albert Carrington (1813-1889) Future Apostle of the Church
014 002 George W Brown
015 002 Scribe Willard Richards (1804-1854) Returned 1848 Apostle of the Church returned in 1848 with a large company of saints, Clerk to Brigham Young
016 002 Jesse C Little
017 002 Ezra T Benson (1811-1869) Apostle of the Church
018 002 Roswell Stevens
019 002 Sterling Driggs
020 002 Scribe Thomas Bullock Returned Secretary to Brigham Young
021 003 Cptn10 Phineas H Young (1799-1879) Stayed Older brother to Brigham Young, later bishop of Salt Lake 2nd Ward.
022 003 Thomas Tanner
023 003 Addison Everett
024 003 Lorenzo D Young (1807-1895) Stayed with Family Younger brother to Brigham Young- Bishop of Salt Lake 18th Ward.
025 003 Harriet W Young (1803-1871) Stayed Plural Wife of Lorenzo (1 of only 3 women in company.) She had been suffering terribly from malaria fever and pleaded to be included thinking it will help her condition. She then was allowed to bring her two children.
026 003 Isaac Perry Decker (1840-1916) Stayed Stepson of Lorenzo, 1 of two children.
027 003 Lorenzo Z Young (1844?) Stayed Son of Lorenzo, 1 of two children.
028 003 Joseph S Schoefield
029 003 John Y Green
030 003 Lt Gen Brigham Young (1801-1877) Returned Senior Apostle of the Church
031 003 Clarissa Decker (1828-1889) Plural Wife of Brigham
032 003 Truman Osborn Angell (1810-1887) Architect of Temples
033 003 Bryant Stringham
034 003 Cptn 100 Albert P Rockwood Captain of First 100
035 004 Cptn10 Luke S Johnson (1807-1861) Former apostle of the church, returned to serve as Bishop in Tooele.
036 004 Edmund Ellsworth
037 004 George R Grant
038 004 Samuel Fox
039 004 Eli H Peirce
040 004 Jacob Weiler
041 004 John Holman
042 004 S Alvarus Hanks
043 004 Millen Atwood
044 004 Tunis Rappleye
045 004 William Dykes
046 005 Cptn10 Stephen H Goddard
047 005 Henry Sherwood
048 005 Sylvester H Earl
049 005 Samuel H Marble
050 005 William Henrie
051 005 Cptn50 Tarlton Lewis
052 005 Zebedee Coltrin (1804-1887) Returned 1851 Story of used rattlesnake oil to cure Black Scurvy on leg. Returned to Iowa then served a mission before returning to Salt Lake.
053 005 John Dixon
054 005 George Scholes
055 005 William A Empey
056 006 Cptn10 Charles Shumway
057 006 Thomas Woolsey
058 006 Erastus Snow (1818-1888) Returned Future Apostle
059 006 William S Wardsworth
060 006 Simoen Howd
061 006 Andrew P Shumway
062 006 Chauncey Loveland
063 006 James Craig
064 006 William P Vance
065 006 Seeley Owen
066 007 Cptn10 / Cptn50 James Case
067 007 William Smoot
068 007 William Carter
069 007 Burr Frost Stayed One of the two Blacksmiths for the group.
070 007 Benjamin F Stewart
071 007 Eric Glines
072 007 Artemas Johnson
073 007 B Franklin Dewey
074 007 Datus Ensign
075 007 H Monroe Frink
076 007 Ozro Eastman Non-member friend of the church
077 008 Cptn10 Seth Taft
078 008 Stephen Kelsey
079 008 Charles D Barnum
080 008 Rufus Allen
081 008 James W Stewart
082 008 Levi N Kendall
083 008 David Grant
084 008 Horace Thornton
085 008 John S Eldredge
086 008 Almon S Williams
087 008 Robert T Thomas
088 008 Elijah Newman
089 008 Francis Boggs
090 009 Cptn10 Heber C Kimball (1801-1868) Apostle of the Church and Counselor to Brigham Young.
091 009 Ellen Sanders (1823-1871) Plural Wife of Heber
092 009 William A King
093 009 Hosea Cushing
094 009 George Billings
095 009 Philo Johnson
096 009 Howard Egan
097 009 Thomas P Cloward
098 009 Robert E Baird
099 009 Edwon Whipple
100 009 William Clayton (1814-1879) Company historian & scribe. Clayton is credited with inventing a version of the modern odometer, during this trip across the plains from Nauvoo, Illinois to Utah, with the help of apostle and mathematician Orson Pratt. Clayton was assigned to record the number of miles the company traveled each day.
101 010 Cptn10 Appleton M Harmon
102 010 Horace K Whitney (1795-1850)
103 010 Orrin P Rockwell
104 010 R Jackson Redden
105 010 Francis M Pomeroy
106 010 Aaron F Farr (1818-1903)
107 010 Nathaniel Fairbanks
108 010 Carlos Murray
109 010 Orson K Whitney
110 010 Nathaniel T Brown
111 010 Major / Cptn50 John Pack
112 011 Cptn10 John S Higbee
113 011 Solomon Chamberlain
114 011 Joseph Rooker
115 011 John H Tippetts
116 011 Henson Walker
117 011 John Wheeler
118 011 Conrad Kleinman
119 011 Perry Fitzgerald
120 011 James Davenport
121 011 Benjamin W Rolfe ??? Non-member friend of the church
122 012 Cptn10 Norton Jacobs
123 012 George Woodward
124 012 Lewis Barney
125 012 Andrew S Gibbons
126 012 John W Norton
127 012 Charles A Harper
128 012 Colonel Stephen Markham (1800-1878) Captain of the Night Guard
Captain of 2nd 100
129 012 George Mills
130 012 Josepn Hancock
131 013 Cptn10 / Cptn50 / Major Shadrach Roundy (1789-1872) Stayed One of the first pioneers to plow the Salt Lake Valley for farming.
132 013 Levi Jackman
133 013 Actg Cptn10 John Brown (1820-1896) Return 1848 Leader of Mississippi Saints -returned to get his family. Acting Captain of ten since Bro Roundy was major.
134 013 David Powell
135 013 Oscar Crosby Former negro slave
136 013 Hans C Hanson
137 013 Lyman Curtis
138 013 Matthews Ivory
139 013 Mark Lay Former negro slave
140 014 Cptn10 Joseph Matthew
141 014 John S Gleason
142 014 Alexander P Chessley
143 014 Norman Taylor
144 014 Gilbard Summe
145 014 Charles A Burke
146 014 Rodney Badger
147 014 Green Flake Former negro slave


Reference Sources[]

  • Ensign to the Nations, Russell C. Rich, 1972 (Deseret Books)


Recap[]

Brigham Young 1847 Pioneer Company[]

Wagontrain1861.jpg

Numbered amoung the participants in the Brigham Young 1847 Pioneer Company, than vanguard company of Mormon Pioneers led by senior church apostle, Brigham Young (1801-1877). The left [[Winter Quarters, Nebraska| Winter Quarters on 5th April 1847 and traveled to found Salt Lake City, arriving their on the 24th of July with 142 men, 3 women, 2 children and 72 wagons.

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