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Buchanan County, Virginia
Seal of Buchanan County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Buchanan County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1858
Seat Grundy
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

, 0.00%
 - (2000)
 - Density


Buchanan County is a county located in the U.S. state — officially, "Commonwealth" — of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 26,978. Its county seat is Grundy6.


The county was formed in 1858 from parts of Russell County and Tazewell County. It was named for James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States (1857-1861).

In 1880 the southwestern part of Buchanan County was combined with parts of Russell County and Wise County to become Dickenson County.

Paul Crouse (born in 1938) is the longest serving sheriff of Buchanan County (from 1984-2004). After the 2004 elections, he was defeated by Republican candidate and current Sheriff Ray Foster. Crouse has retired from law enforcement and his record still stands.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,305 km² (504 mi²). 1,305 km² (504 mi²) of it is land and 0 km² (0 mi²) of it (0.00%) is water.


The county is divided into seven supervisor districts: Garden, Hurricane, Knox, North Grundy, Prater, Rock Lick, and South Grundy.

Adjacent Counties[]


Age distribution of Buchanan County, Virginia

As of the census² of 2000, there were 26,978 people, 10,464 households, and 7,900 families residing in the county. The population density was 21/km² (54/mi²). There were 11,887 housing units at an average density of 9/km² (24/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.75% White, 2.62% Black or African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 0.33% from two or more races. 0.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,464 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.50% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 27.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 102.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,213, and the median income for a family was $27,328. Males had a median income of $29,540 versus $17,766 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,788. About 19.80% of families and 23.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.20% of those under age 18 and 16.90% of those age 65 or over.


Unincorporated Communities[]



Private Schools[]

  • Mountain Mission School, Grundy

Public High Schools[]

External links[]

Coordinates: 37°16′N 82°02′W / 37.27, -82.04

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Buchanan County, Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.