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Bureau County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Bureau County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Seat Princeton
Largest city Princeton
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

873 sq mi (2,262 km²)
869 sq mi (2,250 km²)
5 sq mi (12 km²), 0.54%
 - (2000)
 - Density

41/sq mi (16/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Bureau County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2000 census, the population was 35,503. Its county seat is Princeton6.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,262 km² (873 sq mi). 2,250 km² (869 sq mi) of it is land and 12 km² (5 sq mi) of it (0.54%) is water.

Adjacent Counties[]

Big Bureau Creek is the main body of water.


Bureau County was organized out of Putnam County in 1837. It is named for Pierre de Beuro, a "half-breed" (French and Native American?), who, around 1818, established a trading post near where Bureau Creek empties into the Illinois River.

Like so many other areas in the Midwest, this county was on a "line" of the Underground Railroad. There was a "station" at the home of Owen Lovejoy in Princeton.


2000 census age pyramid for Bureau County.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1900 41,112
1910 43,975 7.0%
1920 42,648 −3.0%
1930 38,845 −8.9%
1940 37,600 −3.2%
1950 37,711 0.3%
1960 37,594 −0.3%
1970 38,541 2.5%
1980 39,114 1.5%
1990 35,688 −8.8%
2000 35,503 −0.5%
IL Counties 1900-1990

As of the census² of 2000, there were 35,503 people, 14,182 households, and 9,884 families residing in the county. The population density was 16/km² (41/sq mi). There were 15,331 housing units at an average density of 7/km² (18/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 96.79% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.28% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 4.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

By 2005 the county's population was 92.2% non-Hispanic white. African-Americans had almost doubled their share of the population to 0.6%. Asians were also at 0.6% of the population. The Latino population was now 6.1% of the county total.[1]

In 2000 there were 14,182 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.30% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,233, and the median income for a family was $48,488. Males had a median income of $35,690 versus $21,315 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,542. About 5.40% of families and 7.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.90% of those under age 18 and 6.00% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[]

External links[]


Coordinates: 41°25′N 89°32′W / 41.41, -89.53

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Bureau County, Illinois. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.