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Buxar district
बक्सर जिला
—  District of Bihar  —
Location of Buxar district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Patna
Headquarters Buxar
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Buxar
 • Total 1,624 km2 (627 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,403,462
 • Density 860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
 • Literacy 57.49 per cent[1]
 • Sex ratio 901
Major highways NH 84
Website Official website

Buxar district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. The district headquarters are located at Buxar.



This place was also known as "Siddhashram", "Vedgarbhapuri", "Karush", "Tapovan", "Chaitrath", "VyaghraSar", "Buxar" in ancient history. The History of Buxar dates back even prior to the period of Ramayana. The word Buxar is said to have been derived from VyaghraSar. The tiger face of Rishi Vedshira, an outcome of the curse of the sage Rishi Durvasha, was restored after bathing in a holy tank which was later named as Vyaghra Sar.

According to mythology, sage Vishwamitra the family guru of Lord Rama and eighty eight thousand saints, had their sacred ashram at the banks of holy river Ganges that reside inside the modern District Buxar. He was disturbed in the yagna (sacrificial offering) by the demons. The place where due killing of the famous Rakshasi (demoness) Tadika by Lord Rama, is said to fall within the present Buxar town area. Besides, Lord Rama and his younger brother Laxman took their teachings at Buxar.

It is also said that Ahilya, the wife of Gautam Rishi restored her human body from that of stone and got salvation by a mere touch of the feet of Lord Rama. This place is presently known as Ahirauli and is situated six kilometers away from the Buxar town. The Kanwaldah Pokhara also known as VyaghraSar is a tourist spot nowadays.[2]


Buxar district occupies an area of 1,703 square kilometres (658 sq mi),[3] comparatively equivalent to Australia's Bathurst Island.[4]


Main economic activity of the district is agriculture and related trade. Rice and wheat are main crops. Sugarcane production, once prominent, has come down since closure of the local sugar factory.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Buxar one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5]


The town Buxar is located on the bank of river Ganges (Ganga). A road bridge over Ganges connects Buxar with Ballia District of neighboring state Uttar Pradesh. The town is connected to the state capital Patna by rail and road routes. Substantial proportion of trade activities are with well connected towns and cities in Uttar Pradesh such as Varanasi, Ballia and Ghazipur.


According to the 2011 census Buxar district has a population of 1,707,643,[6] roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia[7] or the US state of Nebraska.[8] This gives it a ranking of 285th in India (out of a total of 640).[6] The district has a population density of 1,003 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,600 /sq mi) .[6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.77 %.[6] Buxar has a sex ratio of 922 females for every 1000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of 71.77 %.[6]


Panchkoshi Parikrama[]

Many people once in a year taka round of this religious area called Panchkoshi Parikrama. They perform it in five days by halting in night in five villages surrounding Buxar. During this visit they cook five different kinds of food. One of them is called litti-bhanta. This recipe is famous in Bihar, Litti is ball like structure made of wheat powder by filling the black gram roasted powder mixed with salt and spices called sattu. Bhanta (Round Brinjal) roasted in the fire of dung along with potato and tomato finally all are smashed after removing its peel and taken with litti which is also roasted in the same fire.



  1. ^ "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2001". Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2010-10-05. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  4. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Bathurst Island 1,693km2" 
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est." 
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Nebraska 1,826,341" 

External links[]

Template:Patna Division Template:Patna Division topics

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Buxar district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.