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Caldwell County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Caldwell County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded December 29, 1836
Named for John Caldwell, Native American scout
Seat Kingston
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

431 sq mi (1,116 km²)
429.34 sq mi (1,112 km²)
1.66 sq mi (4 km²),
 - (2010)
 - Density

Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Caldwell County is a county located in Northwest Missouri in the United States. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the county had a population was 9,424.[1] Its county seat is Kingston[2]. The county was organized December 29, 1836 as a haven for the Mormons, who had been previously driven from Jackson County in November 1833 and had been refugees in adjacent Clay County ever since. The county was one of the principal settings of the 1838 Missouri Mormon War, which led to the expulsion of all Latter-Day Saints from Missouri following the issuance of a so-called "extermination order" by then Governor Lilburn Boggs. The county was named by Alexander Doniphan to honor John Caldwell, who participated in the George Rogers Clark Native American Campaign of 1786 and was the second Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky. (Caldwell County, Kentucky is also named in his honor.)

Caldwell County is part of the Kansas City Metropolitan Area.


Visit History of Caldwell County, Missouri for more information

Mormon settlement[]

Caldwell County was originally part of Ray County. The first white settler was Jesse Mann, Sr., who settled one-half mile northeast of the public square of Kingston on Shoal Creek in 1831. The early settlers moved back south in 1832 for better protection during the Black Hawk War uprising.

A few Mormon settlers, who had been evicted from Jackson County, Missouri, moved into the county in 1832, and included Jacob Haun, whose mill on Shoal Creek would become the scene of the bloodiest battle in the Mormon War, known as the Haun's Mill Massacre.

The settlers established Salem, the first town in the county, two miles southeast of Kingston. A larger number of Mormons moved to the county in the fall of 1836. The Missouri General Assembly created Caldwell County in December 1836, with the understanding that it would be dedicated to Mormon settlers. Its county seat was Far West, Missouri. By 1838 Far West reported a population of 4,000.[3]

The major figures of early Mormon history, including Joseph Smith, Jr., Hyrum Smith, Brigham Young, John Taylor, Edward Partridge, Sidney Rigdon, Parley P. Pratt and John D. Lee, were included in the migration.

Mormon War[]

Mormon settlers moved further north into Daviess County, particularly at Adam-ondi-Ahman after Smith proclaimed that it was the Biblical place where Adam and Eve were banished after leaving the Garden of Eden. He said it would be a gathering place on the Judgment Day. The Mormon War erupted following a skirmish between original Missouri settlers and Mormon settlers in the Gallatin Election Day Battle.

After the Missouri militia was routed in the Battle of Crooked Creek, Governor Lilburn Boggs issued Missouri Executive Order 44 to evict the Mormons from the state. Three days later, a group from Livingston County killed 18 Mormons in the Haun's Mill massacre. Troops laid siege to Far West, where Smith surrendered in October 1838. The settlers agreed to leave; they abandoned Far West and regrouped in Nauvoo, Illinois.

Following the dissolution of Far West, the county seat was moved to present-day Kingston.

Notable natives[]

  • James Cash Penney, founder of JCPenney
  • Charles J. Hughes, Jr., U.S. Senator from Colorado (1909-1911)
  • Frank B. Klepper, U.S. Representative from Missouri (1905-1907)
  • Zack Wheat, Major League Baseball player


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 1,458
1850 2,310 58.4%
1860 5,034 117.9%
1870 11,390 126.3%
1880 13,646 19.8%
1890 15,152 11.0%
1900 16,656 9.9%
1910 14,605 −12.3%
1920 13,849 −5.2%
1930 12,509 −9.7%
1940 11,629 −7.0%
1950 9,929 −14.6%
1960 8,830 −11.1%
1970 8,351 −5.4%
1980 8,660 3.7%
1990 8,380 −3.2%
2000 8,969 7.0%
2010 9,424 5.1%
Est. 2012 9,415 5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 8,969 people, 3,523 households, and 2,501 families residing in the county. The population density was 8/km² (21/mi²). There were 4,493 housing units at an average density of 4/km² (10/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.56% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 0.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,523 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51, and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,240, and the median income for a family was $37,087. Males had a median income of $28,710 versus $19,523 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,343. 11.90% of the population and 9.70% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 15.10% of those under the age of 18 and 12.90% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.


According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the county has a total area of 430 square miles (1,113.7 km2), of which 0.09% is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[]

Major highways[]

  • US 36.svg U.S. Route 36
  • MO-13.svg Route 13
  • MO-116.svg Route 116

Cities and towns[]

  • Braymer
  • Breckenridge
  • Cowgill
  • Hamilton


Caldwell County is divided into 12 townships:

  • Breckenridge
  • Davis
  • Fairview
  • Gomer
  • Grant
  • Hamilton
  • Kidder
  • Kingston
  • Lincoln
  • Mirabile
  • New York
  • Rockford


Public Schools[]

  • Breckenridge R-I School District – Braymer
    • Breckinridge Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Breckinridge High School (07-12)
  • Cowgill R-VI School District – Cowgill
    • Cowgill Elementary School (K-06)
  • Mirabile C-1 School District – Polo
    • Mirabile Elementary School (PK-08)



The Republican Party controls politics at the local level in Caldwell County. Republicans hold all but four of the elected positions in the county.

Caldwell County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Beverly Alden Republican
Circuit Clerk Carrie Miller Democratic
County Clerk Beverly Bryant Democratic
Collector June Grooms Republican
C.R. (Bud) Motsinger Republican
(District 1)
Donald Raymond Cox Democratic
(District 2)
Gerald McBrayer Republican
Coroner Dana Brown Democratic
Prosecuting Attorney Brady C. Kopek Republican
Public Administrator Richard Lee Republican
Recorder Julie Hill Republican
Sheriff Jerry Galloway Republican
Treasurer June Grooms Republican


Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 44.58% 2,014 52.26% 2,361 3.16% 143
2004 56.40% 2,419 41.87% 1,796 1.73% 74
2000 52.01% 2,006 44.10% 1,701 3.89% 150
1996 38.04% 1,314 58.80% 2,031 3.16% 109

All of Caldwell County is a part of Missouri’s 8th District in the Missouri House of Representatives and is currently represented by Jim Neely (R-Cameron).

Missouri House of Representatives - District 8 – Caldwell County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican James W. (Jim) Neely 2,687 67.67 -1.63
Democratic James T. (Jim) Crenshaw 1,284 32.34 +1.63

All of Caldwell County is a part of Missouri’s 21st District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by David Pearce (R-Warrensburg).

Missouri Senate - District 21 – Caldwell County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican David Pearce 2,669 66.74 -33.26
Democratic ElGene Ver Dught 1,039 25.98 +25.98
Libertarian Steven Hedrick 291 7.28 +7.28


All of Caldwell County is included in Missouri’s 6th Congressional District and is currently represented by Sam Graves (R-Tarkio) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri’s 6th Congressional District – Caldwell County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sam Graves 2,898 70.60 -4.80
Democratic Kyle Yarber 1,027 25.01 +0.47
Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 180 4.38 +4.38

All of Caldwell County, along with the rest of the state of Missouri, is represented in the U.S. Senate by Claire McCaskill (D-Kirkwood) and Roy Blunt (R-Strafford). McCaskill was elected to a second term in 2012, although Caldwell County was carried by her Republican opponent, Congressman Todd Akin.

U.S. Senate - Class I - Caldwell County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Todd Akin 1,880 45.48 -2.53
Democratic Claire McCaskill 1,832 44.32 -2.04
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 422 10.21 +5.71

Blunt was elected in 2010 over Missouri Secretary of State Robin Carnahan.

U.S. Senate - Class III - Caldwell County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Roy Blunt 2,083 62.70 -0.92
Democratic Robin Carnahan 979 29.47 -5.28
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 149 4.49 +3.59
Constitution Jerry Beck 111 3.34 +2.61
Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 58.15% 2,654 39.75% 1,814 2.10% 96
2004 60.75% 2,593 38.54% 1,645 0.61% 30
2000 57.66% 2,220 38.65% 1,488 3.69% 142
1996 42.21% 1,464 42.88% 1,487 14.91% 517

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)[]

  • Former U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 616, than any candidate from either party in Caldwell County during the 2008 presidential primary.

Template:Missouri Republican primary, 2008 Template:Missouri Democratic primary, 2008

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Caldwell County, Missouri



External links[]

Coordinates: 39°40′N 93°59′W / 39.66, -93.98

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Caldwell County, Missouri. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.