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Caldwell County, North Carolina
Caldwell County Courthouse - Lenoir, NC.jpg
Caldwell County Courthouse in Lenoir
Seal of Caldwell County, North Carolina
Seal
Map of North Carolina highlighting Caldwell County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1841
Named for Joseph Caldwell
Seat Lenoir
Largest city Lenoir
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

474 sq mi (1,228 km²)
472 sq mi (1,222 km²)
2.7 sq mi (7 km²), 0.6%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

80,652
171/sq mi (66/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website http://www.caldwellcountync.org/

Caldwell County is a county in the U.S. state of North Carolina. It is located in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains. As of the 2020 census, the population was 80,652.[1] Its county seat is Lenoir.[2] Caldwell County is part of the HickoryLenoirMorganton, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[]

The county was formed in 1841 from parts of Burke County and Wilkes County. It was named for Joseph Caldwell, presiding professor (1796–1797, 1799–1804) and the first president (1804–1812, 1816–1835) of the University of North Carolina.

A series of reductions in the county's territory followed. In 1847 parts of Caldwell County, Iredell County, and Wilkes County were combined to form Alexander County. In 1849 parts of Caldwell County, Ashe County, Wilkes County, and Yancey County were combined to form Watauga County. In 1861, parts of Caldwell County, Burke County, McDowell County, Watauga County, and Yancey County were combined to form Mitchell County. Finally, in 1911 parts of Caldwell County, Mitchell County, and Watauga County were combined to form Avery County.

Geography[]

The rocky outcropping of Blowing Rock in the town of Blowing Rock, North Carolina.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 474 square miles (1,230 km2), of which 472 square miles (1,220 km2) is land and 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2) (0.6%) is water.[3]

Caldwell County is divided into three distinct geographic sections: the Blue Ridge Mountains, which dominate the northern and western parts of the county; the gently rolling Piedmont country in the middle and southern parts of the county; and the Brushy Mountains, an isolated remnant of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The "Brushies", as they are often called, run across much of Caldwell County's eastern section. Hibriten Mountain, located within the city limits of Lenoir, the county's largest city, marks the western end of the Brushy Mountain range. In the western part of the county is the Wilson Creek area.

National protected areas[]

  • Blue Ridge Parkway (part)
  • Pisgah National Forest (part)

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 6,317
1860 7,497 18.7%
1870 8,476 13.1%
1880 10,291 21.4%
1890 12,298 19.5%
1900 15,694 27.6%
1910 20,579 31.1%
1920 19,984 −2.9%
1930 28,016 40.2%
1940 35,795 27.8%
1950 43,352 21.1%
1960 49,552 14.3%
1970 56,699 14.4%
1980 67,746 19.5%
1990 70,709 4.4%
2000 77,415 9.5%
2010 83,029 7.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[4][5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2020[9]

2020 census[]

Caldwell County racial composition[10]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 67,868 84.15%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 3,843 4.76%
Native American 196 0.24%
Asian 527 0.65%
Pacific Islander 15 0.02%
Other/Mixed 3,280 4.07%
Hispanic or Latino 4,923 6.1%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 80,652 people, 32,513 households, and 20,975 families residing in the county.

2010 census[]

As of the census of 2010,[11] there were 83,029 people, 33,388 households, and 23,456 families residing in the county. The population density was 176.1 people per square mile (109.4/km2). There were 37,659 housing units at an average density of 79.9 per square mile (49.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.24% White, 4.92% Black or African American, 0.52% Asian, 0.31% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.47% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. The Hispanic or Latino (of any race) population was 4.57%.

There were 33,388 households, of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.16% were married couples living together, 12.52% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.75% were non-families. 25.39% of all households were made up of individuals living alone, and 41.16% of those households had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.91.

Of the county's entire population, 22.63% was under the age of 18, 18.33% were 18 to 34, 22.44% were 35 to 49, 21.17% were 50 to 64, and 15.44% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.3 years. For every 100 females there were 96.84 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.06 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,853, and the median income for a family was $47,028. Males had a median income of $36,429 versus $31,221 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,397. About 15.3% of families and 20.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 51.8% of single mothers and 13.2% of people age 65 or over.


Law and government[]

The county is governed by a five-member Board of Commissioners. They are elected by popular vote and appoint a County Manager to handle daily operations.[12][13] The members of the Board of Commissioners are Jeff Branch, Randy Church, Mike LaBrose, Donnie Potter, and Robbie Wilkie.[14] Caldwell County's sheriff is Alan C. Jones.[15] The Clerk of Superior Court is Angela Ashley Kidd.[16] The County's Register of Deeds is Wayne Rash.[17] Caldwell County is a member of the regional Western Piedmont Council of Governments.[18]

In the North Carolina General Assembly, the county is represented by Republican Warren Daniel in the North Carolina Senate, as part of N.C. Senate District 46, and by Republican Destin Hall in the North Carolina House of Representatives, as N.C. House District 87.[19][20]

Caldwell County is part of North Carolina's 5th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives and is represented by Republican Virginia Foxx. The county was moved from North Carolina's 11th congressional district in 2021 due to court ordered redistricting in North Carolina. North Carolina's congressional districts for 2023 and beyond have not yet been approved. [21][22][23][24]

Caldwell County's partisan lean is very Republican. Of the county's elected legislative representatives at the county, state, and national level, all are Republicans. Since 2010, the average federal election vote in Caldwell County goes over 70% Republican.[25][26][27][28][29]

United States presidential election results for Caldwell County, North Carolina[30]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 32,119 74.99% 10,245 23.92% 465 1.09%
2016 26,621 73.30% 8,425 23.20% 1,274 3.51%
2012 23,229 66.88% 10,898 31.38% 605 1.74%
2008 22,526 64.08% 12,081 34.36% 548 1.56%
2004 21,186 67.58% 9,999 31.90% 163 0.52%
2000 17,337 66.39% 8,588 32.89% 190 0.73%
1996 12,653 55.18% 8,050 35.11% 2,228 9.72%
1992 12,543 49.04% 9,033 35.32% 4,000 15.64%
1988 15,176 65.78% 7,862 34.08% 33 0.14%
1984 17,024 69.79% 7,311 29.97% 59 0.24%
1980 12,965 58.11% 8,738 39.17% 607 2.72%
1976 9,872 45.15% 11,894 54.39% 100 0.46%
1972 12,976 71.41% 4,886 26.89% 309 1.70%
1968 10,433 51.46% 4,746 23.41% 5,095 25.13%
1964 8,733 44.60% 10,846 55.40% 0 0.00%
1960 11,553 56.98% 8,722 43.02% 0 0.00%
1956 10,833 61.22% 6,861 38.78% 0 0.00%
1952 9,160 54.87% 7,533 45.13% 0 0.00%
1948 4,987 46.24% 5,033 46.67% 765 7.09%
1944 4,365 44.61% 5,419 55.39% 0 0.00%
1940 3,005 32.18% 6,334 67.82% 0 0.00%
1936 3,421 33.44% 6,809 66.56% 0 0.00%
1932 3,750 40.43% 5,479 59.07% 46 0.50%
1928 4,207 64.74% 2,291 35.26% 0 0.00%
1924 2,503 42.59% 3,348 56.97% 26 0.44%
1920 3,298 52.95% 2,931 47.05% 0 0.00%
1916 1,659 49.02% 1,725 50.98% 0 0.00%
1912 482 14.66% 1,627 49.50% 1,178 35.84%
1908 1,745 55.22% 1,413 44.72% 2 0.06%
1904 1,419 53.95% 1,169 44.45% 42 1.60%
1900 1,317 53.47% 1,111 45.11% 35 1.42%
1896 967 39.23% 1,428 57.93% 70 2.84%
1892 614 28.99% 1,172 55.34% 332 15.68%
1888 723 36.48% 1,258 63.47% 1 0.05%
1884 426 25.31% 1,257 74.69% 0 0.00%
1880 442 30.50% 988 68.18% 19 1.31%



Education[]

Elementary schools[]

  • Baton
  • Davenport
  • Dudley Shoals
  • Gamewell
  • Granite Falls
  • Hudson
  • Lower Creek
  • Sawmills
  • Valmead
  • West Lenoir
  • Whitnel

K-8 schools[]

  • Collettsville
  • Happy Valley
  • Kings Creek
  • Oak Hill (defunct as of 2020)

Middle schools[]

  • Gamewell
  • Granite Falls
  • Hudson
  • William Lenoir

High schools[]

  • Caldwell Applied Sciences Academy
  • Caldwell Early College
  • Hibriten
  • South Caldwell
  • West Caldwell

Alternative schools[]

  • Horizons Elementary
  • Gateway School

Private schools[]

  • Heritage Christian School (K-12)

College[]

  • Caldwell Community College & Technical Institute[31]
  • Appalachian State University Center at Caldwell (a distance education site for Appalachian State University)[32]

Transportation[]

Major highways[]

US 321 is the busiest highway in the county with an annual average daily traffic count of 39,000.[33]

Other major highways include:

  • NC 18
  • US 64
  • NC 90
  • US 321A
  • NC 268
  • US 221

The Blue Ridge Parkway also crosses the northern tip of the county.

Railroads[]

Caldwell County has one railroad, the Caldwell County Railroad which interchanges with the Norfolk Southern Railway in Hickory, North Carolina.[34]

Communities[]

Map of Caldwell County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

County Seat[]

Towns[]

  • Blowing Rock
  • Cajah's Mountain
  • Gamewell
  • Granite Falls
  • Hudson
  • Rhodhiss
  • Sawmills

Village[]

  • Cedar Rock

Census-designated place[]

  • Northlakes

Other unincorporated communities[]

  • Collettsville
  • Patterson

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Caldwell County, North Carolina

References[]

  1. ^ "QuickFacts Caldwell County, North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/caldwellcountynorthcarolina,US/PST045219. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_37.txt. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. 
  5. ^ "Caldwell County, North Carolina; United States". U.S. Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/caldwellcountynorthcarolina,US/PST045219. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/nc190090.txt. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/37/37027.html. 
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US37027&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  11. ^ "Caldwell County North Carolina Quickfacts". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/37027. 
  12. ^ "NC SBE Contest Results". https://er.ncsbe.gov/?election_dt=03/15/2016&county_id=14&office=LOC&contest=9. 
  13. ^ "Administration". http://www.caldwellcountync.org/administration. 
  14. ^ "Commissioners". Caldwell County Government. http://www.caldwellcountync.org/administration/commissioners. 
  15. ^ "Sheriff's Office". Caldwell County Government. http://www.caldwellcountync.org/sheriff. 
  16. ^ "11/06/2018 OFFICIAL GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS - CALDWELL". North Carolina State Board of Elections. https://er.ncsbe.gov/?election_dt=11/06/2018&county_id=14&office=LOC&contest=0. 
  17. ^ "About Your Register". https://caldwellrod.org/about. 
  18. ^ "WPCOG". http://www.wpcog.org/. 
  19. ^ "Senator Warren Daniel (Republican, 2019-2020 Session)". https://www.ncleg.gov/Members/Biography/S/295. 
  20. ^ "Representative Destin Hall (Republican, 2017-2018 Session)". https://www.ncleg.net/gascripts/members/membersByDistrict.pl?sChamber=H&nDistrict=87. 
  21. ^ "HB 1029, 3rd Edition map". North Carolina General Assembly. https://webservices.ncleg.gov/ViewBillDocument/2019/6955/0/HB%201029,%203rd%20Edition%20-%2011x17%20Map. 
  22. ^ "Representatives". United States House of Representatives. https://www.house.gov/representatives#state-north-carolina. 
  23. ^ "Multitude of Candidates Have Filed for Avery County, State and Federal Government Offices; Foxx No Longer Will Represent Avery Following Court Ruling". High Country Press. 20 December 2019. https://www.hcpress.com/news/multitude-of-candidates-have-filed-for-avery-county-state-and-federal-government-offices-foxx-no-longer-will-represent-avery-following-court-ruling.html. 
  24. ^ "New NC political maps coming soon, as redistricting starts". The News & Observer. https://www.newsobserver.com/news/politics-government/article254754082.html. 
  25. ^ "NC SBE Contest Results". North Carolina State Board of Elections. https://er.ncsbe.gov/?election_dt=11/02/2010&county_id=14&office=FED&contest=0. 
  26. ^ "NC SBE Contest Results". North Carolina State Board of Elections. https://er.ncsbe.gov/?election_dt=11/06/2012&county_id=14&office=FED&contest=0. 
  27. ^ "NC SBE Contest Results". North Carolina State Board of Elections. https://er.ncsbe.gov/?election_dt=11/04/2014&county_id=14&office=FED&contest=0. 
  28. ^ "NC SBE Contest Results". North Carolina State Board of Elections. https://er.ncsbe.gov/?election_dt=11/08/2016&county_id=14&office=FED&contest=0. 
  29. ^ "NC SBE Contest Results". North Carolina State Board of Elections. https://er.ncsbe.gov/?election_dt=11/06/2018&county_id=14&office=FED&contest=0. 
  30. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  31. ^ "Caldwell County Schools - School Directory". Caldwell County Schools. http://sc.caldwellschools.com/education/components/layout/default.php?sectiondetailid=58624. 
  32. ^ "ASU Center at Caldwell (located on the Hudson Campus of Caldwell Community College and Tech Institute)". Appalachian State University. http://distance.appstate.edu/ala-partner-sites/161. 
  33. ^ "2014 AADT PDF Report". North Carolina Department of Transportation. http://www.ncdot.gov/projects/trafficsurvey/download/2014_AADT_PDF_REPORT.pdf. 
  34. ^ Infrastructure, Caldwell County Economic Development Commission (retrieved 16 June 2014)

External links[]

Coordinates: 35°57′N 81°33′W / 35.95, -81.55


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Caldwell County, North Carolina. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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