Carol Davila was born 1828 in Parma, Province of Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy and died 24 August 1884 Bucharest, Romania of unspecified causes.

Carol Davila (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈkarol daviˈla]; 1828 – 24 August 1884) was a prestigious Romanian physician of Italian ancestry.


He started from humble beginnings, most probably as an abandoned child, and the surname Davila was bestowed on him by his adoptive family and guirdian

Davila studied medicine at the University of Paris, graduating in February 1853. In March 1853, he arrived in Romania. He was the organizer of the military medical service for the Romanian Army and of the country's public health system. Davila, together with Nicolae Kretzulescu, inaugurated medical training in Romania in 1857, by founding the National School of Medicine and Pharmacy. It was he who had determined government authorities to issue the first official instructions concerning the health care of factory workers and the organisation of medical districts in the country.

It was due to his many activities that several scientific associations appeared in Romania: the Medical Society (1857), the Red Cross Society (1876), the Natural Sciences Society (1876). With his assistance, two medical journals entered print: the Medical Register (1862) and the Medical Gazette (1865). During the Independence War (1877-1878) he was the head of the Army's sanitary service. Davila is also credited with the invention of the Davila tincture for the treatment of cholera, an opioid-based oral solution in use for symptomatic management of diarrhea.

Bust of Carol Davila by Brâncuşi

Today, the University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Bucharest, the largest of its kind in Romania, is named in his honor.

Statue of Carol Davila by Karl Storck, in front of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Bucharest

On 14 January 1874, his wife, Ana Racoviţă, was accidentally poisoned when a colleague of Davila's gave her strychnine instead of quinine.

Carol Davila's son Alexandru was a noted dramatist and friend of King Carol I.


  • Syphilis Prophylaxis (1853)
  • Athmospheric Air (1871).

External links

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Offspring of Carol Davila and Ana Racoviţă (1834-1874)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Alexandru Davila (1862-1929) 12 February 1862 Golești, Argeş County, Romania 19 October 1929 Bucharest, Romania Hortense Keminger (c1865-c1935)


Footnotes (including sources)