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Cayuga County, New York
Cayuga County Court House Auburn.jpg
Cayuga County Courthouse
Seal of Cayuga County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Cayuga County
Location in the state of New York (state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded 1799
Named for Cayuga people
Seat Auburn
Largest city Auburn
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

864 sq mi (2,238 km²)
692 sq mi (1,792 km²)
172 sq mi (445 km²), 20
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

76,248
110.3/sq mi (43/km²)
Congressional district 24th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.cayuga.ny.us

Cayuga County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2020 census, the population was 76,248.[1] Its county seat and largest city is Auburn.[2] The county was named for the Cayuga people, one of the tribes of Indians in the Iroquois Confederation.

Cayuga County comprises the Auburn, NY Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Syracuse-Auburn, NY Combined Statistical Area.

History[]

When counties were established in the Province of New York in 1683, the present Cayuga County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of the present state of New York and all of the present state of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766, by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770, by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York. In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada.

In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in honor of the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.

In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.

Herkimer County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery County (the others being Otsego and Tioga Counties) in 1791.

Onondaga County was formed in 1794 by the splitting of Herkimer County.

Cayuga County was formed in 1799 by the splitting of Onondaga County. This county was, however, much larger than the present Cayuga County. It then included the present Seneca and Tompkins Counties.

In 1804, Seneca County was formed by the splitting of Cayuga County. Then in 1817, in turn, a portion of Seneca County was combined with a piece of the remainder of Cayuga County to form Tompkins County.

In the late 19th and early 20th century, this region attracted European immigrants who developed farms or took over existing ones, particularly from Italy and Poland.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 864 square miles (2,240 km2), of which 692 square miles (1,790 km2) is land and 172 square miles (450 km2) (20%) is water.[3]

Cayuga County is located in the west central part of the state, in the Finger Lakes region. Owasco Lake is in the center of the county, and Cayuga Lake forms part of the western boundary. Lake Ontario is on the northern border, and Skaneateles Lake and Cross Lake form part of the eastern border. Cayuga County has more waterfront land than any other county in the state not adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean.

Adjacent counties[]

Major highways[]

  • I-90.svg Interstate 90 (New York State Thruway)
  • US 20.svg U.S. Route 20
  • NY-3.svg New York State Route 3
  • NY-5.svg New York State Route 5
  • NY-31.svg New York State Route 31
  • NY-34.svg New York State Route 34
  • NY-38.svg New York State Route 38
  • NY-90.svg New York State Route 90
  • NY-104.svg New York State Route 104

National protected area[]

  • Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 15,871
1810 29,843 88.0%
1820 38,897 30.3%
1830 47,948 23.3%
1840 50,338 5.0%
1850 55,458 10.2%
1860 55,767 0.6%
1870 59,550 6.8%
1880 65,081 9.3%
1890 65,302 0.3%
1900 66,234 1.4%
1910 67,106 1.3%
1920 65,221 −2.8%
1930 64,751 −0.7%
1940 65,508 1.2%
1950 70,136 7.1%
1960 73,942 5.4%
1970 77,439 4.7%
1980 79,894 3.2%
1990 82,313 3.0%
2000 81,963 −0.4%
2010 80,026 −2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790–1960[5] 1900–1990[6]
1990–2000[7] 2010–2020[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 81,963 people, 30,558 households, and 20,840 families residing in the county. The population density was 118 people per square mile (46/km2). There were 35,477 housing units at an average density of 51 per square mile (20/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.34% White, 3.99% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. 1.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.3% were of Irish, 16.0% English, 15.7% Italian, 11.3% German, 9.5% American and 6.3% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.[9] 94.9% spoke English, 2.0% Spanish and 1.0% Italian as their first language.

There were 30,558 households, out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.00% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.10% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,487, and the median income for a family was $44,973. Males had a median income of $33,356 versus $23,919 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,003. About 7.80% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.90% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.

At 2.3%, Cayuga County has the highest share of Ukrainian Americans of any county in New York State.[10] The Ukrainian-American population in Cayuga County is heavily concentrated in the Auburn area.

Government and politics[]

United States presidential election results for Cayuga County, New York[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 19,632 53.33% 16,359 44.44% 818 2.22%
2016 17,384 52.41% 13,522 40.76% 2,266 6.83%
2012 13,454 43.18% 17,007 54.58% 700 2.25%
2008 15,243 44.80% 18,128 53.28% 651 1.91%
2004 17,743 49.22% 17,534 48.64% 775 2.15%
2000 14,988 44.11% 17,031 50.12% 1,959 5.77%
1996 11,093 34.78% 15,879 49.79% 4,922 15.43%
1992 12,065 33.82% 13,088 36.69% 10,518 29.49%
1988 16,934 52.45% 15,044 46.60% 307 0.95%
1984 21,451 63.50% 12,207 36.14% 121 0.36%
1980 17,945 54.78% 11,708 35.74% 3,103 9.47%
1976 19,775 59.31% 13,348 40.03% 220 0.66%
1972 22,774 67.08% 11,097 32.68% 81 0.24%
1968 16,167 49.49% 14,604 44.71% 1,895 5.80%
1964 11,453 32.20% 24,090 67.73% 23 0.06%
1960 20,437 54.18% 17,257 45.75% 28 0.07%
1956 26,503 72.08% 10,268 27.92% 0 0.00%
1952 25,037 68.08% 11,695 31.80% 46 0.13%
1948 19,017 56.35% 14,317 42.42% 413 1.22%
1944 18,680 57.25% 13,849 42.44% 100 0.31%
1940 21,032 59.80% 13,985 39.76% 156 0.44%
1936 20,203 60.85% 12,158 36.62% 839 2.53%
1932 17,280 55.66% 12,989 41.84% 774 2.49%
1928 20,202 62.11% 11,787 36.24% 536 1.65%
1924 17,252 63.66% 7,369 27.19% 2,479 9.15%
1920 15,234 67.68% 6,343 28.18% 933 4.14%
1916 7,831 53.31% 6,391 43.51% 467 3.18%
1912 5,788 42.01% 4,691 34.05% 3,298 23.94%
1908 9,699 58.34% 5,789 34.82% 1,136 6.83%
1904 10,708 62.88% 5,707 33.52% 613 3.60%
1900 10,328 59.99% 6,330 36.77% 559 3.25%
1896 10,024 61.38% 5,846 35.80% 460 2.82%
1892 8,341 53.95% 5,999 38.80% 1,121 7.25%
1888 9,646 57.78% 6,380 38.22% 668 4.00%
1884 9,205 56.62% 6,041 37.16% 1,012 6.22%



Cayuga County is considered a swing county in national elections. In 2000, Democrat Al Gore won Cayuga County with 50% of the vote to George W. Bush's 44%. In 2004, however, incumbent President Bush defeated John Kerry by a narrow margin of only 0.58%, or 49.22% to 48.64%. In 2008 it was won by Democrat Barack Obama with 53% of the vote, to Republican John McCain's 45%.

In statewide elections it has gone for Democrats: both Eliot Spitzer and Hillary Clinton won it in 2006 with more than 60% of the vote. In 2010, Democrat Andrew Cuomo defeated Republican Carl Paladino 53% to 40% for the governorship, with 3% going to Green Party candidate Howie Hawkins. Also in 2010, both Democratic US Senators, Kirsten Gillibrand and Chuck Schumer, carried Cayuga County. Gillibrand won 54% of the vote, while Schumer won 61%.

The Cayuga County Legislature consists of 15 members, each of whom are elected from single-member districts.

Voter registration as of April 1, 2016[12]
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
Template:Party color cell Democratic 14,745 1,341 16,086 33.08%
Template:Party color cell Republican 16,299 1,122 17,421 35.83%
Template:Party color cell Unaffiliated 9,517 1,091 10,608 21.82%
Template:Party color cell Other[nb 1] 4,069 438 4,507 9.27%
Total 44,630 3,992 48,622 100%

Communities[]

File:Cayuga County.JPG

A map of the towns and villages in Cayuga County

Larger Settlements[]

# Location Population Type Sector
1 Auburn 27,687 City Center
2 Melrose Park 2,294 CDP Center
3 Weedsport 1,815 Village North
4 Port Byron 1,290 Village North
5 Moravia 1,282 Village South
6 Union Springs 1,197 Village Center
7 Aurora 724 Village South
7 Fair Haven 724 Village North
9 Cayuga 549 Village Center
10 Cato 532 Village North
11 Meridian 309 Village North

† - County Seat

Towns[]

  • Aurelius
  • Brutus
  • Cato
  • Conquest
  • Fleming
  • Genoa
  • Ira
  • Ledyard
  • Locke
  • Mentz
  • Montezuma
  • Moravia
  • Niles
  • Owasco
  • Scipio
  • Sempronius
  • Sennett
  • Springport
  • Sterling
  • Summerhill
  • Throop
  • Venice
  • Victory

Hamlets[]

  • Kelloggsville
  • Sherwood
  • Westbury

Notable people[]

Marker at the burial site of Helmer and his wife on the north side of Cottle Road in the Town of Brutus, New York. Their grave stones were moved to the Weedsport Rural Cemetery.

  • Charles Bogardus (1841–1929), Illinois state legislator and businessman
  • William H. Carpenter (1821-1885), U.S. Consul to Foochow, China 1861–1865 and a founding member of Cayuga County Historical Society in 1877.
  • Adam Helmer, (c.1754–1830), American Revolutionary War hero in the Mohawk Valley and surrounding regions of New York
  • William H. Seward (1801–1872), U. S. Secretary of State, Governor of New York, abolitionist
  • Harriet Tubman (1822–1913), Conductor on the Underground Railroad, Civil War hero, abolitionist, suffragette

See also[]

  • Cayuga Community College Office of Public Safety
  • Cayuga County Community College
  • Cayuga County Sheriff's Office
  • List of counties in New York
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Cayuga County, New York
  • USS Cayuga County (LST-529)

Notes[]

  1. ^ Included are voters affiliated with the Conservative Party, Green Party, Working Families Party, Independence Party, Women's Equality Party, Reform Party, and other small parties.

References[]

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Cayuga County, New York". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/cayugacountynewyork/PST045221. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_36.txt. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ny190090.txt. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  10. ^ ""'It's just a tragedy': Auburn's Ukrainian community reacts to invasion"". Auburn Pub. https://www.newspressnow.com/life/religion/its-just-a-tragedy-auburns-ukrainian-community-reacts-to-invasion/article_add1780c-12a9-52ce-b768-5335a01f307a.html. 
  11. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  12. ^ "NYSVoter Enrollment by County, Party Affiliation and Status". New York State Board of Elections. April 2016. http://www.elections.ny.gov/NYSBOE/enrollment/county/county_apr16.pdf. 

External links[]

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Coordinates: 42°56′N 76°34′W / 42.94, -76.56


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Cayuga County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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