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Chickasaw County, Iowa
2009-0528-NewHampton-ChickasawCtycourthouse.jpg
Chickasaw County court house built in 1929
Map of Iowa highlighting Chickasaw County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the U.S. highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded January 15, 1851
Named for Chickasaw people
Seat New Hampton
Largest city New Hampton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

506 sq mi (1,311 km²)
504 sq mi (1,305 km²)
1.3 sq mi (3 km²), 0.3
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

12,012
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website https://chickasawcounty.iowa.gov/

Chickasaw County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2020 census, the population was 12,012.[1] Its county seat is New Hampton.[2] The county was named for the southern Indian Nation whose chief was Bradford.

History[]

Chickasaw County was founded in January 1851. It was named after the Chickasaw tribe, which lived in the Southern United States at the time.

The first nonindigenous settlers arrived in 1848 and the first county seat was from 1854 in Bradford, in the southwestern corner of the county. In the spring of 1857, the seat was moved to New Hampton, located near the geographic center, and was then called Chickasaw Center. The first county offices were housed in private houses and in the school building. The first courthouse, a wood-frame building, was erected in 1865. That building was enlarged in 1876, but a fire on March 26, 1880, destroyed it (townspeople managed to save the records).[3] A brick/stone replacement structure was completed in 1881, and included a soaring clock tower. This building was enlarged in 1905 and again in 1906, but by the twenties it again was too small. The present structure, featuring Bedford stone, was built in 1929 and put into use in 1930.

Geography[]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 506 square miles (1,310 km2), of which 504 square miles (1,310 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) (0.3%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[]

Highways[]

  • US 18 (IA).svg U.S. Highway 18
  • US 63 (IA).svg U.S. Highway 63
  • US 218 (IA).svg U.S. Highway 218
  • Iowa 24.svg Iowa Highway 24
  • Iowa 27.svg Iowa Highway 27
  • Iowa 346.svg Iowa Highway 346

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 4,336
1870 10,180 134.8%
1880 14,534 42.8%
1890 15,019 3.3%
1900 17,037 13.4%
1910 15,375 −9.8%
1920 15,431 0.4%
1930 14,637 −5.1%
1940 15,227 4.0%
1950 15,228 0%
1960 15,034 −1.3%
1970 14,969 −0.4%
1980 15,437 3.1%
1990 13,295 −13.9%
2000 13,095 −1.5%
2010 12,439 −5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2020[9]

Population of Chickasaw County from US census data

2020 census[]

The 2020 census recorded a population of 12,012 in the county, with a population density of 23.7488/sq mi (9.1695/km2). 96.29% of the population reported being of one race. 89.67% were non-Hispanic White, 0.67% were Black, 4.00% were Hispanic, 0.17% were Native American, 0.25% were Asian, 0.06% were Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and 5.18% were some other race or more than one race. There were 5,534 housing units of which 5,022 were occupied.[1]

2010 census[]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 12,439 in the county, with a population density of 24.632/sq mi (9.510/km2). There were 5,679 housing units, of which 5,204 were occupied.[10]

2000 census[]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Chickasaw County

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 13,095 people, 5,192 households, and 3,644 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km2). There were 5,593 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.75% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 0.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,192 households, out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 6.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.10% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,649, and the median income for a family was $44,306. Males had a median income of $30,099 versus $21,309 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,237. About 5.90% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.90% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.

Chickasaw County posted the highest county unemployment rate in Iowa in the 2000 Census with 8% of the workforce unemployed. This figure, however, was still relatively low compared to the problems faced by many other counties in the Midwest.

Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Alta Vista
  • Bassett
  • Fredericksburg
  • Ionia
  • Lawler
  • Nashua
  • New Hampton
  • North Washington
  • Protivin

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Boyd
  • Bradford
  • Deerfield
  • Jerico[12]
  • Little Turkey[12]
  • Saude[12]

Townships[]

  • Bradford
  • Chickasaw
  • Dayton
  • Deerfield
  • Dresden
  • Fredericksburg
  • Jacksonville
  • New Hampton
  • Richland
  • Stapleton
  • Utica
  • Washington

Population ranking[]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Chickasaw County.[1]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2020 Census)
1 New Hampton City 3,494
2 Nashua (partially in Floyd County) City 1,551
3 Fredericksburg City 987
4 Lawler City 406
5 Ionia City 226
6 Protivin (mostly in Howard County) City 269
7 Alta Vista City 227
8 North Washington City 112
9 Bassett City 45

Politics[]

United States presidential election results for Chickasaw County, Iowa[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,308 64.97% 2,233 33.68% 90 1.36%
2016 3,742 58.15% 2,266 35.21% 427 6.64%
2012 2,836 43.74% 3,554 54.81% 94 1.45%
2008 2,557 38.82% 3,923 59.57% 106 1.61%
2004 3,040 44.67% 3,708 54.48% 58 0.85%
2000 2,936 44.59% 3,435 52.17% 213 3.24%
1996 2,191 34.45% 3,355 52.75% 814 12.80%
1992 2,129 32.06% 2,913 43.87% 1,598 24.07%
1988 2,549 41.54% 3,530 57.53% 57 0.93%
1984 3,661 52.93% 3,186 46.06% 70 1.01%
1980 3,929 52.86% 2,935 39.49% 569 7.66%
1976 3,432 49.11% 3,503 50.13% 53 0.76%
1972 3,836 54.57% 3,134 44.58% 60 0.85%
1968 3,510 51.89% 2,966 43.85% 288 4.26%
1964 2,632 36.65% 4,545 63.28% 5 0.07%
1960 3,822 48.45% 4,063 51.50% 4 0.05%
1956 4,205 56.10% 3,275 43.70% 15 0.20%
1952 5,022 63.18% 2,921 36.75% 6 0.08%
1948 3,449 45.45% 4,071 53.64% 69 0.91%
1944 3,575 51.59% 3,328 48.03% 26 0.38%
1940 4,440 52.71% 3,981 47.26% 2 0.02%
1936 3,143 39.96% 4,458 56.67% 265 3.37%
1932 2,585 33.68% 5,047 65.75% 44 0.57%
1928 3,712 50.20% 3,665 49.57% 17 0.23%
1924 3,416 46.50% 1,736 23.63% 2,195 29.88%
1920 4,517 66.98% 2,171 32.19% 56 0.83%
1916 1,999 53.61% 1,697 45.51% 33 0.88%
1912 1,022 28.15% 1,891 52.08% 718 19.77%
1908 1,571 44.87% 1,877 53.61% 53 1.51%
1904 1,972 51.74% 1,790 46.97% 49 1.29%
1900 2,085 49.71% 2,063 49.19% 46 1.10%
1896 1,967 48.20% 2,084 51.07% 30 0.74%
1892 1,516 43.95% 1,878 54.45% 55 1.59%
1888 1,561 48.33% 1,604 49.66% 65 2.01%
1884 1,425 46.54% 1,621 52.94% 16 0.52%
1880 1,314 47.00% 1,018 36.41% 464 16.60%



See also[]

References[]

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  1. ^ a b c "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". United states Census Bureau. https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial/2020/data/01-Redistricting_File--PL_94-171/Iowa/. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ Chickasaw County
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". US Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  5. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ia190090.txt. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/19/19037.html. 
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - State -- County". US Census Bureau – American FactFinder. http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL2.ST05&prodType=table. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  12. ^ a b c Chickasaw County - Google Maps (accessed August 15, 2018)
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

Coordinates: 43°03′36″N 92°19′08″W / 43.06, -92.31889


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Chickasaw County, Iowa. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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