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Clarke County, Georgia
County Courthouse and Judicial Center in Athens.JPG
Clarke County courthouse in Athens
Seal of Clarke County, Georgia
Seal
Map of Georgia highlighting Clarke County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1801; 220 years ago (1801)
Named for Elijah Clarke
Seat Athens
Largest city Athens
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

121 sq mi (313 km²)
119 sq mi (308 km²)
1.8 sq mi (5 km²), 1.5%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

128,671
1,048/sq mi (405/km²)
Congressional districts 9th, 10th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.athensclarkecounty.com

Clarke County is located in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 128,671.[1] Its county seat is Athens,[2] with which it is a consolidated city-county.

Clarke County is included in the Athens-Clarke County, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area.

History[]

Clarke County was created in 1801 by an act of the Georgia General Assembly on December 5. It was named for Revolutionary War hero Elijah Clarke and included 250 square miles (647.5 km2) that was formerly part of Jackson County. Colonel Clarke played a leading role the 1779 victory at the Battle of Kettle Creek in Wilkes County. The Elijah Clarke Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution erected a monument to him in Broad Street in Athens.

As the population of the county grew in the early 19th century, its agricultural and cotton industries prospered. The adjacent plantation harvests flowed through city mills. Manufacturing and textile production operations were the major industries in Clarke County, especially after the railroad reached Athens in 1841. Athens and Clarke County were second only to Savannah and Chatham County in the amount of capital invested in manufacturing in the 1840s.

Two skirmishes were fought in Clarke County in 1864, during the American Civil War, one near Barber's Creek and the other near Mitchell's Road. Athens was occupied by the Union Army on May 29 and a provost-marshal took charge. Formal military occupation of the ended by December 1864, though Union troops remained in the county until early 1866.

In 1801 the Clarke County Commission had selected Watkinsville (now in Oconee County) as the county seat. All county offices, including the courts and jail, moved to Athens when the seat was moved on November 24, 1871. County meetings took place in the old Athens town hall, until a new courthouse was constructed in 1876. The present courthouse was built in 1914.

On February 12, 1875, in response to complaints over the relocation of the county seat to Athens, the state legislature created Oconee County from the southwest portion of Clarke County, making Watkinsville its seat. Clarke County thus lost one-third of its population and three-fifths of its land area.

The position of "commissioner of roads and revenue" was created by the legislature for what are today known as county commissioners. As an extension of the state, the county would conduct welfare and health programs, build and maintain roads, and hold courts of law.

On March 29, 1973, the Georgia legislature increased the number of county commissioners from 3 to 5, also adding a county administrator.

In 1990, the residents voted to unify the city and county governments creating Athens-Clarke County, the second (after Columbus-Muscogee County) unified city-county government in the state of Georgia.

Geography[]

Clarke County is located at 33°57′20″N 83°22′60″W / 33.955464, -83.383245Coordinates: 33°57′20″N 83°22′60″W / 33.955464, -83.383245.[3] The county is located in the Piedmont region of the state.

The vast majority of Clarke County is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin, with a very small portion of the county's eastern edge, north of Winterville, located in the Broad River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin.[4]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 121 square miles (310 km2), of which 119 square miles (310 km2) is land and 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) (1.5%) is water.[3] It is the smallest county by area in Georgia.[5]

Adjacent counties[]

Transportation[]

Major highways[]

  • US 29.svg U.S. Route 29
  • US 78.svg U.S. Route 78
  • Business plate.svg
    US 78.svg U.S. Route 78 Business
  • US 129.svg U.S. Route 129
  • US 441.svg U.S. Route 441
  • Georgia 8.svg State Route 8
  • Georgia 10.svg State Route 10
  • Georgia 10 Loop.svg State Route 10 Loop
  • Georgia 15.svg State Route 15
  • Georgia 15 Alternate.svg State Route 15 Alternate
  • Georgia 72.svg State Route 72
  • Georgia 422.svg State Route 422 (unsigned designation for State Route 10 Loop)

Pedestrians and cycling[]

  • Athens North Oconee River Greenway
  • Firefly Trail

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 7,628
1820 8,767 14.9%
1830 10,176 16.1%
1840 10,522 3.4%
1850 11,119 5.7%
1860 11,218 0.9%
1870 12,941 15.4%
1880 11,702 −9.6%
1890 15,186 29.8%
1900 17,708 16.6%
1910 23,273 31.4%
1920 26,111 12.2%
1930 25,613 −1.9%
1940 28,398 10.9%
1950 36,550 28.7%
1960 45,363 24.1%
1970 65,177 43.7%
1980 74,498 14.3%
1990 87,594 17.6%
2000 101,489 15.9%
2010 116,714 15.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census[]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 101,489 people, 39,706 households, and 19,694 families living in the county. The population density was 840 people per square mile (324/km2). There were 42,126 housing units at an average density of 349 per square mile (135/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 64.89% White, 27.25% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 3.13% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.08% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. 6.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 39,706 households, out of which 22.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.60% were married couples living together, 13.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.40% were non-families. 29.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 17.80% under the age of 18, 31.30% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 15.40% from 45 to 64, and 8.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.20 males.

The per capita income in the county was $20,948 in 2008,[11] and the median income for a family was $36,039. Males had a median income of $30,482 versus $23,069 for females. In 2008, 32.2% of the county's population were living below the poverty line.[12] As a result, Clarke ranked #4 on City Data's list of "Top 101 cities with the highest percentage of residents living in poverty in 2007".[12]

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 116,714 people, 45,414 households, and 22,044 families living in the county.[13] The population density was 979.1 inhabitants per square mile (378.0 /km2). There were 51,068 housing units at an average density of 428.4 per square mile (165.4 /km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 61.9% white, 26.6% black or African American, 4.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 4.9% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 10.4% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 10.9% were English, 9.9% were German, 9.0% were Irish, and 6.6% were American.[15]

Of the 45,414 households, 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.3% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 51.5% were non-families, and 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 25.9 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $34,253 and the median income for a family was $51,687. Males had a median income of $37,896 versus $30,574 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,839. About 16.6% of families and 33.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.2% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.[16]

2020 census[]

Clarke County racial composition[17]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 72,201 56.11%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 31,367 24.38%
Native American 297 0.23%
Asian 4,920 3.82%
Pacific Islander 66 0.05%
Other/Mixed 5,484 4.26%
Hispanic or Latino 14,336 11.14%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 128,671 people, 52,124 households, and 24,041 families residing in the county.

Education[]

Politics[]

Clarke County has long been a Democratic Party stronghold in presidential elections. This predates the recent trend of Democratic gains in counties dominated by large universities. It has only backed the Republican candidate in three presidential elections, the fiercely divided realigning election of 1968 and the 49-state landslides of 1972 and 1984.

United States presidential election results for Clarke County, Georgia[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 14,450 28.10% 36,055 70.12% 916 1.78%
2016 12,717 27.96% 29,603 65.10% 3,156 6.94%
2012 13,815 34.10% 25,431 62.77% 1,269 3.13%
2008 15,333 33.58% 29,591 64.80% 742 1.62%
2004 15,052 40.20% 21,718 58.00% 673 1.80%
2000 11,850 41.00% 15,167 52.47% 1,887 6.53%
1996 10,504 38.41% 15,206 55.61% 1,636 5.98%
1992 10,459 36.07% 15,403 53.12% 3,136 10.81%
1988 11,150 49.66% 11,154 49.68% 148 0.66%
1984 11,503 53.17% 10,132 46.83% 0 0.00%
1980 8,094 40.68% 10,519 52.86% 1,286 6.46%
1976 6,610 36.82% 11,342 63.18% 0 0.00%
1972 11,465 65.31% 6,090 34.69% 0 0.00%
1968 5,800 39.17% 5,556 37.52% 3,452 23.31%
1964 4,875 39.33% 7,519 60.67% 0 0.00%
1960 2,250 31.86% 4,812 68.14% 0 0.00%
1956 2,107 33.11% 4,257 66.89% 0 0.00%
1952 1,588 24.46% 4,904 75.54% 0 0.00%
1948 707 16.38% 3,095 71.69% 515 11.93%
1944 274 8.09% 3,112 91.91% 0 0.00%
1940 246 7.81% 2,894 91.87% 10 0.32%
1936 160 5.72% 2,632 94.13% 4 0.14%
1932 159 7.35% 1,992 92.05% 13 0.60%
1928 724 33.97% 1,407 66.03% 0 0.00%
1924 267 14.35% 1,530 82.26% 63 3.39%
1920 217 13.26% 1,419 86.74% 0 0.00%
1916 31 2.63% 1,036 87.80% 113 9.58%
1912 81 7.34% 956 86.67% 66 5.98%
1908 207 20.20% 720 70.24% 98 9.56%
1904 118 11.69% 773 76.61% 118 11.69%
1900 199 21.89% 672 73.93% 38 4.18%
1896 419 35.66% 707 60.17% 49 4.17%
1892 545 35.97% 835 55.12% 135 8.91%
1888 660 44.99% 801 54.60% 6 0.41%
1884 765 49.58% 778 50.42% 0 0.00%
1880 765 48.88% 800 51.12% 0 0.00%



Communities[]

  • Athens (county seat)
  • Bogart
  • Winterville

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Clarke County, Georgia

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13059.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  4. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. 
  5. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins. Macon, GA: Winship Press. pp. 44. ISBN 0-915430-00-2. http://www.kenkrakow.com/gpn/c.pdf. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  11. ^ "Athens-Clarke County, Georgia (GA) income map, earnings map, and wages data" (in en). http://www.city-data.com/income/income-Athens-Clarke-County-Georgia.html. 
  12. ^ a b "Athens-Clarke County, Georgia (GA) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders" (in en). http://www.city-data.com/city/Athens-Clarke-County-Georgia.html. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13059. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13059. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13059. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13059. 
  17. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US13059&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Clarke County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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