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Cleveland County, Oklahoma
Cleveland County Court House.jpg
Cleveland County Courthouse
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Cleveland County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the U.S. highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded 1890
Named for Grover Cleveland[1]
Seat Norman
Largest city Norman
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

558 sq mi (1,445 km²)
536 sq mi (1,388 km²)
22 sq mi (57 km²), 3.98%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

295,528
502/sq mi (194/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.ccok.us

Cleveland County is a county in the central part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 295,528 at the 2020 census.[2] It is the third most populous county in Oklahoma. Its county seat is Norman.[3] Cleveland County is part of the Oklahoma City, OK Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Oklahoma City-Shawnee, OK Combined Statistical Area.

History[]

Originally occupied by the Quapaw tribe, the Quapaw ceded the area to the U.S. Government soon after the Louisiana Purchase in 1818. During the late 1820s and 1830s, the area was given to the Creek and Seminole tribes after their forced removal from the southeastern United States. An agreement between the two tribes resulted in this area being part of the Seminole Nation, located west of the Creek Nation.

In 1866, these tribes were forced to cede the area to the Federal Government for siding with the Confederacy during the American Civil War. The area became part of the Unassigned Lands and was opened for white settlement on April 22, 1889.

After the passage of the Organic Act in 1890, Cleveland County was organized as County 3 and Norman became the county seat. For a short time, Cleveland County was known as Little River County, until an election in 1890. The voters selected the name Cleveland in honor of President Grover Cleveland over the name Lincoln.[4]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 558 square miles (1,445.2 km2), of which 536 square miles (1,388.2 km2) is land and 22 square miles (57.0 km2) (3.98%) is water.[5] It is the seventh smallest county in the state.

Cleveland County contains the reservoir Lake Thunderbird 5,349 acres (21.647 km2), constructed between 1962 and 1965.

Cleveland County is the origin of the Little River, a tributary of the Canadian River, 90 miles (140 km) long. The Canadian River defines the southern border of Cleveland County.

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1890 6,605
1900 16,388 148.1%
1910 18,843 15.0%
1920 19,389 2.9%
1930 24,948 28.7%
1940 27,728 11.1%
1950 41,443 49.5%
1960 47,600 14.9%
1970 81,839 71.9%
1980 133,173 62.7%
1990 174,253 30.8%
2000 208,016 19.4%
2010 255,755 22.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

Age pyramid for Cleveland County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census of 2010,[7] there were 255,755 people, 98,306 households, and 64,182 families residing in the county. The population density was 458 people per square mile (177/km²). There were 104,821 housing units at an average density of 188 per square mile (72.5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.3% white, 4.2% black or African American, 4.7% Native American, 3.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.3% from other races, and 5.6% from two or more races. Seven percent of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 98,306 households, of which almost half (49.9%) included married couples living together and more than a third (34.7%) were non-families. Almost a third (32.9%) included children under the age of 18, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present. More than a fourth (25.9%) of households consisted of a sole individual and 6.9% were individuals 65 years of age or older living alone. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 14.2% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.7 years. For every 100 females there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.1 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $53,759, and the median income for a family was $67,412. Males had a median income of $45,580 versus $34,801 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,640. About 7.2% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[]

Cleveland County is rather conservative for a county influenced by a college town. While most such counties swung heavily to the Democrats in the 1990s, Cleveland County has gone Republican in all but one presidential election since 1952, and last went Democratic for president in 1964. This closely mirrors the growing Republican trend in Oklahoma as a whole. Since the election of Barack Obama in 2008 and the growing rural-urban polarization in the United States, Cleveland County has swung to the left and despite still leaning towards the GOP, is now one of the few counties in Oklahoma increasingly friendly to Democrats; other examples are Oklahoma County to the north and Tulsa County to the northeast. In the 2020 presidential election, Donald Trump won Cleveland County by almost exactly 14%, the smallest margin for a Republican candidate since the 1992 election.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019[8]
Party Number of voters Percentage
Democratic 53,233 33.59%
Republican 76,067 48.00%
Others 29,184 18.42%
Total 158,484 100%
United States presidential election results for Cleveland County, Oklahoma[9]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 66,677 55.67% 49,827 41.60% 3,274 2.73%
2016 62,538 57.14% 38,829 35.48% 8,083 7.39%
2012 59,116 62.97% 34,771 37.03% 0 0.00%
2008 64,749 62.00% 39,681 38.00% 0 0.00%
2004 65,720 65.90% 34,007 34.10% 0 0.00%
2000 47,393 62.22% 27,792 36.49% 986 1.29%
1996 36,457 52.24% 26,038 37.31% 7,288 10.44%
1992 35,561 44.10% 24,404 30.27% 20,664 25.63%
1988 36,313 61.62% 22,067 37.44% 553 0.94%
1984 42,806 71.70% 16,512 27.66% 387 0.65%
1980 31,178 61.86% 14,536 28.84% 4,687 9.30%
1976 22,098 51.06% 20,054 46.33% 1,129 2.61%
1972 25,777 68.71% 11,126 29.66% 615 1.64%
1968 12,446 48.29% 8,617 33.43% 4,711 18.28%
1964 9,656 45.43% 11,599 54.57% 0 0.00%
1960 9,292 59.23% 6,397 40.77% 0 0.00%
1956 7,766 56.47% 5,987 43.53% 0 0.00%
1952 8,149 56.83% 6,190 43.17% 0 0.00%
1948 3,671 35.90% 6,556 64.10% 0 0.00%
1944 3,642 40.91% 5,240 58.86% 21 0.24%
1940 3,660 37.93% 5,933 61.48% 57 0.59%
1936 2,643 29.30% 6,304 69.87% 75 0.83%
1932 1,868 23.84% 5,969 76.16% 0 0.00%
1928 3,738 61.35% 2,291 37.60% 64 1.05%
1924 1,672 33.39% 2,841 56.73% 495 9.88%
1920 2,283 45.80% 2,397 48.08% 305 6.12%
1916 885 27.36% 1,753 54.19% 597 18.45%
1912 938 32.74% 1,471 51.34% 456 15.92%
1908 1,092 36.33% 1,437 47.80% 477 15.87%



Education[]

The University of Oklahoma is located in Norman. It is the largest university in Oklahoma with approximately 30,000 students.

Libraries[]

Pioneer Library System operates branch libraries in ten cities in Cleveland, McClain and Pottawatomie counties.[10]

Transportation[]

Airports[]

The University of Oklahoma Westheimer Airport is owned by the University of Oklahoma and located 3 nautical miles (5.6 km) northwest of Norman.

Major highways[]

  • I-35.svg Interstate 35
  • I-44.svg Interstate 44
  • US 62.svg U.S. Highway 62
  • US 77.svg U.S. Highway 77
  • Oklahoma State Highway 9.svg State Highway 9
  • Oklahoma State Highway 37.svg State Highway 37
  • Oklahoma State Highway 39.svg State Highway 39
  • Oklahoma State Highway 77H.svg State Highway 77H

Communities[]

† Oklahoma City is located primarily in Oklahoma County, but a small part extends into Cleveland County.

NRHP sites[]

The following sites in Cleveland County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

  • Bavinger House, Norman
  • Beta Theta Pi Fraternity House, Norman
  • Bizzell Library, Norman
  • Casa Blanca, Norman
  • Cleveland County Courthouse, Norman
  • DeBarr Historic District, Norman
  • Patricio Gimeno House, Norman
  • Oscar B. Jacobson House, Norman
  • Ledbetter House, Norman
  • Mardock Mission, Stella
  • Moore Public School Building, Moore
  • Moore-Lindsay House, Norman
  • Norman City Park New Deal Resources, Norman
  • Norman Historic District, Norman
  • Norman Public Library, Norman
  • Boyd House (University of Oklahoma), Norman
  • Santa Fe Depot, Norman
  • Sooner Theater Building,
  • United States Post Office--Norman, Norman
  • James C. Nance Bridge, Lexington/Purcell

References[]

External links[]

Coordinates: 35°12′N 97°20′W / 35.20, -97.33


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Cleveland County, Oklahoma. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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