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Clinton County, Illinois
Clinton County Courthouse
Map of Illinois highlighting Clinton County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1824
Named for DeWitt Clinton
Seat Carlyle
Largest city Breese
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

503 sq mi (1,303 km²)
474 sq mi (1,228 km²)
29 sq mi (75 km²), 5.8
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

36,899
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.clintonco.illinois.gov

Clinton County is located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 36,899.[1] Its county seat is Carlyle.[2]

In 1960, the United States Census Bureau placed the mean center of U.S. population in Clinton County.[3]

Clinton County is part of the St. Louis, MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[]

In 1805, prior to the establishment of the county, the territorial government established a post road from its capital (Vincennes, Indiana) to St. Louis, Missouri, passing through the county.[4] In 1808 a wagon road was laid out through the future Clinton County. It extended from the Goshen Settlement to the Ohio salt works and crossed the Kaskaskia River at Carlyle.[5]

Clinton County was created on 27 December 1824, from portions of Washington, Fayette, and Bond Counties. It was named for the seventh Governor of New York, DeWitt Clinton, who helped build the Erie Canal.[6]

Crossing the Kaskaskia became much easier when the bridge now known as the General Dean Suspension Bridge was built in 1859, at a cost of $40,000.[7] Before the bridge was constructed, crossings involved a ferry or a mud bridge.[8][9] The Illinois General Assembly set aside $20,000 for bridge restoration in 1951, and in 1953 the bridge was named after William F. Dean.[7]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 503 square miles (1,300 km2), of which 474 square miles (1,230 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (5.8%) is water.[10] Eldon Hazlet State Recreation Area and South Shore State Park are in Clinton County. Its southern border is the Kaskaskia River.

Climate and weather[]

Climate chart for Carlyle, Illinois
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.17
 
36
19
 
 
2.41
 
43
23
 
 
3.82
 
54
33
 
 
3.91
 
65
43
 
 
4.23
 
75
53
 
 
4.44
 
84
62
 
 
3.69
 
88
67
 
 
2.84
 
86
65
 
 
3.05
 
79
57
 
 
3.01
 
68
45
 
 
3.84
 
54
35
 
 
3.23
 
42
24
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: The Weather Channel[11]


In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Carlyle have ranged from a low of 19 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30.0 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in July 1980. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.17 inches (55 mm) in January to 4.44 inches (113 mm) in June.[11]

Major highways[]

  • I-64.svg Interstate 64
  • US 50.svg US Route 50
  • Illinois 127.svg Illinois Route 127
  • Illinois 160.svg Illinois Route 160
  • Illinois 161.svg Illinois Route 161
  • Illinois 177.svg Illinois Route 177

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 2,330
1840 3,718 59.6%
1850 5,139 38.2%
1860 10,941 112.9%
1870 16,285 48.8%
1880 18,714 14.9%
1890 17,411 −7.0%
1900 19,824 13.9%
1910 22,832 15.2%
1920 22,947 0.5%
1930 21,369 −6.9%
1940 22,912 7.2%
1950 22,594 −1.4%
1960 24,029 6.4%
1970 28,315 17.8%
1980 32,617 15.2%
1990 33,944 4.1%
2000 35,535 4.7%
2010 37,762 6.3%
US Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census age pyramid for Clinton County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 37,762 people, 14,005 households, and 9,760 families residing in the county.[16] The population density was 79.7 inhabitants per square mile (30.8 /km2). There were 15,311 housing units at an average density of 32.3 per square mile (12.5 /km2).[10] The racial makeup of the county was 93.4% white, 3.5% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.2% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 54.8% were German, 9.8% were Irish, 5.8% were English, and 5.6% were American.[17]

Of the 14,005 households, 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.3% were non-families, and 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.02. The median age was 39.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $55,278 and the median income for a family was $66,682. Males had a median income of $45,119 versus $34,051 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,392. About 5.2% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.[18]

Education[]

  • Carlyle Community Unit School District 1
  • Patoka Community Unit School District 100
  • Sandoval Community Unit School District 501
  • Wesclin Community Unit School District 3
  • Central Community High School, Breese
  • Mater Dei Catholic High School, Breese

Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Breese
  • Carlyle
  • Centralia (part)
  • Trenton
  • Wamac (part)

Villages[]

  • Albers
  • Aviston
  • Bartelso
  • Beckemeyer
  • Damiansville
  • Germantown
  • Hoffman
  • Huey
  • Keyesport (part)
  • New Baden (part)
  • Saint Rose
  • Shattuc

Townships[]

  • Breese
  • Brookside
  • Carlyle
  • Clement
  • Germantown
  • Irishtown
  • Lake
  • Looking Glass
  • Meridian
  • Saint Rose
  • Santa Fe
  • Sugar Creek
  • Wade
  • Wheatfield

Unincorporated Communities[]

  • Boulder
  • Ferrin
  • Harbor Light Bay
  • Jamestown
  • Marydale
  • New Memphis
  • New Memphis Station
  • North Harbor
  • Panorama Hills
  • Posey
  • Royal Lake Resort
  • Shattuc
  • Snearlyille
  • Stottletown
  • Wertenberg

Politics[]

As part of German Catholic Central Illinois, nineteenth-century Clinton County was opposed to the “YankeeCivil War and the Northern Illinois residents who supported it and the Republican Party. Consequently, the county was solidly Democratic for the six decades after the Civil War, turning Republican only due to opposition to Woodrow Wilson’s post-World War I policies towards Germany. Its first flirt with Republicanism was short-lived: in 1924 Clinton was the nation's southeasternmost county – and the solitary one in Illinois – to give a plurality to Robert M. La Follette, and in 1928 its residents voted powerfully for coreligionist Al Smith despite a landslide loss nationally.

1936, despite a landslide win for Franklin D. Roosevelt, saw Clinton County, like many other German Catholic counties in the Midwest, show a more permanent trend away from the Democratic Party: owing to a strong vote for Union Party candidate William Lemke, Roosevelt only won a plurality, and with powerful local opposition to World War II Wendell Willkie and Thomas E. Dewey won over 62 percent of the county's vote in the two elections held whilst World War II was in progress. Since then only Catholic John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson during his 1964 landslide have obtained a majority in the county for the Democratic Party, although Bill Clinton did win pluralities in both 1992 and 1996.

United States presidential election results for Clinton County, Illinois[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 14,304 74.45% 4,493 23.38% 417 2.17%
2016 12,412 71.26% 3,945 22.65% 1,062 6.10%
2012 10,524 63.86% 5,596 33.95% 361 2.19%
2008 9,357 54.04% 7,657 44.22% 300 1.73%
2004 10,219 59.65% 6,797 39.68% 115 0.67%
2000 8,588 55.67% 6,436 41.72% 403 2.61%
1996 6,065 43.81% 6,104 44.09% 1,675 12.10%
1992 5,771 36.47% 6,686 42.26% 3,365 21.27%
1988 7,681 56.15% 5,935 43.38% 64 0.47%
1984 9,233 66.43% 4,628 33.30% 38 0.27%
1980 8,500 62.53% 4,470 32.88% 623 4.58%
1976 7,245 53.00% 6,275 45.90% 151 1.10%
1972 7,931 62.39% 4,756 37.41% 25 0.20%
1968 6,561 53.78% 4,453 36.50% 1,185 9.71%
1964 4,692 39.00% 7,339 61.00% 0 0.00%
1960 5,709 47.96% 6,188 51.99% 6 0.05%
1956 7,378 63.46% 4,242 36.48% 7 0.06%
1952 6,760 58.18% 4,853 41.76% 7 0.06%
1948 5,128 51.47% 4,773 47.91% 62 0.62%
1944 6,753 62.82% 3,944 36.69% 53 0.49%
1940 7,582 62.00% 4,558 37.27% 90 0.74%
1936 3,653 32.78% 5,355 48.05% 2,137 19.17%
1932 2,548 24.35% 7,736 73.92% 182 1.74%
1928 3,031 30.77% 6,774 68.76% 47 0.48%
1924 2,358 29.69% 1,693 21.32% 3,891 48.99%
1920 4,564 63.71% 1,661 23.19% 939 13.11%
1916 3,423 42.59% 4,201 52.27% 413 5.14%
1912 973 20.48% 2,674 56.29% 1,103 23.22%
1908 2,104 39.11% 3,016 56.06% 260 4.83%
1904 1,848 43.02% 2,153 50.12% 295 6.87%
1900 1,964 41.60% 2,637 55.86% 120 2.54%
1896 1,863 41.75% 2,572 57.64% 27 0.61%
1892 1,361 34.68% 2,393 60.97% 171 4.36%



See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Clinton County, Illinois

References[]

Specific
  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/17/17027.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "Mean Center of Population for the United States: 1790 to 2000". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/geo/www/cenpop/meanctr.pdf. 
  4. ^ Douglas K. Meyer (2000). Making the Heartland Quilt. SIU Press. p. 58. ISBN 0-8093-2289-7. https://books.google.com/books?id=NF33WbcUKgUC&pg=PA58. 
  5. ^ 1913 Commercial History of Clinton County, Illinois Script error: No such module "webarchive". from clinton.ilgenweb.net. Retrieved 10 November 2010
  6. ^ Allan H. Keith, Historical Stories: About Greenville and Bond County, IL. Retrieved August 15, 2007.
  7. ^ a b Attractions & Outdoor Recreation Script error: No such module "webarchive"., City of Carlyle, Official site
  8. ^ "Suspension Bridge, Spanning Kaskaskia River, Carlyle, Clinton, IL". Historic American Buildings Survey. Library of Congress. https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/il0143/. 
  9. ^ Plaque on site, Photograph of plaque at Bridgemeister Script error: No such module "webarchive"..
  10. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY10/0500000US17027. 
  11. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Carlyle IL". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USIL0188. 
  12. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/il190090.txt. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  16. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US17027. 
  17. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the United States – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US17027. 
  18. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US17027. 
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
General


External links[]

Coordinates: 38°37′N 89°25′W / 38.61, -89.42


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Clinton County, Illinois. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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